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Gioachino Greco
Number of games in database: 79
Years covered: 1590 to 1625
Overall record: +79 -0 =0 (100.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (19) 
    C33 C34 C37 C38 C39
 Giuoco Piano (12) 
    C53 C54
 Bishop's Opening (6) 
 King's Pawn Game (5) 
 Philidor's Defense (4) 
With the Black pieces:
 King's Pawn Game (5) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Greco vs NN, 1619 1-0
   NN vs Greco, 1625 0-1
   Greco vs NN, 1620 1-0
   NN vs Greco, 1620 0-1
   Greco vs NN, 1620 1-0
   Greco vs NN, 1620 1-0
   Greco vs NN, 1620 1-0
   Greco vs NN, 1620 1-0
   Greco vs NN, 1620 1-0
   Greco vs NN, 1620 1-0

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   NN Needs Reinfeld, Chernev, Horowitz, Lasker by fredthebear
   Яяoи caяa by CharlieLuciano
   Il Greco by Runemaster
   SuperGMCheckIIIau's favorite games by SuperGMCheckIIIau
   melhor de Greco by toso51
   KG(A) Basic Tactics by crazedrat
   Greco under 10 move games by Pianoplayer
   Traps by MorphyMatt
   Games for Classes by lightchess

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Gioachino Greco
Search Google for Gioachino Greco

(born 1600, died 1634, 34 years old) Italy

[what is this?]
Gioachino Greco, also known as Il Calabrese, was born around 1600 in Celico, Italy near Cosenza in Calabria. In 1619, Greco started keeping a notebook of tactics and games, and he took up the custom of giving copies of his manuscripts to his wealthy patrons. In 1621 Greco took off to test himself against the rest of Europe, visiting Paris and later, London. He spent the last years of his life at King Philipp IV's court and died in the West Indies, seemingly from a disease that he contracted there around 1634. He bequeathed his earnings from chess to the Jesuits. After his early death, a game collection was published containing 150 games with his own annotations.

Wikipedia article: Gioachino Greco

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 79  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. NN vs Greco 0-116 1590 RomeC40 King's Knight Opening
2. Greco vs NN 1-011 1590 RomeC40 King's Knight Opening
3. Greco vs NN 1-08 1619 RomeB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
4. Greco vs NN 1-015 1620 Miscellaneous GameC38 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Greco vs NN 1-017 1620 Miscellaneous GameC53 Giuoco Piano
6. Greco vs NN 1-024 1620 Miscellaneous GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Greco vs NN 1-017 1620 Miscellaneous GameC57 Two Knights
8. Greco vs NN 1-06 1620 Miscellaneous GameD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
9. Greco vs NN 1-010 1620 UnknownC33 King's Gambit Accepted
10. Greco vs NN 1-032 1620 Miscellaneous GameB20 Sicilian
11. Greco vs NN 1-015 1620 Miscellaneous GameC23 Bishop's Opening
12. Greco vs NN 1-09 1620 Miscellaneous GameC53 Giuoco Piano
13. Greco vs NN 1-020 1620 Miscellaneous GameC39 King's Gambit Accepted
14. Greco vs NN 1-015 1620 Miscellaneous GameC42 Petrov Defense
15. Greco vs NN 1-011 1620 Miscellaneous GameC28 Vienna Game
16. Greco vs NN 1-011 1620 Miscellaneous GameC40 King's Knight Opening
17. Greco vs NN 1-020 1620 Miscellaneous GameC54 Giuoco Piano
18. Greco vs NN 1-010 1620 Miscellaneous GameA02 Bird's Opening
19. Greco vs NN 1-016 1620 Miscellaneous GameC38 King's Gambit Accepted
20. Greco vs NN 1-014 1620 Miscellaneous GameC53 Giuoco Piano
21. Greco vs NN 1-019 1620 Miscellaneous GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Greco vs NN 1-06 1620 Miscellaneous GameC41 Philidor Defense
23. NN vs Greco 0-115 1620 Miscellaneous GameC23 Bishop's Opening
24. Greco vs NN 1-011 1620 UnknownC33 King's Gambit Accepted
25. Greco vs NN 1-017 1620 Miscellaneous GameB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 79  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Greco wins | Greco loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 11 OF 11 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-06-09  Dredge Rivers: <kingscrusher> What's to analyse with the Latvian Gambit? It's garbage, end of story!
Sep-21-09  Karpova: In C.N. 6320 Jeremy Silman wrote to Edward Winter in order to express his admiration for Greco. It's a long Chess Note with some annotations also, so it's definitely worth checking out.

Here are some remarks:

Jeremy Silman: <There are many games which show Greco toying with his hopelessly over-matched opponents, and one gains the impression that he was a master of tactics and of open games, and that he was so far beyond other players of his time that it was, in effect, a case of a grandmaster versus players rated between 1000 and 1800. Once in a while, Greco would face someone who could fight back, which allows us to see Greco’s positional skills. It is possible that some, or even all, of the games were fabricated, but even if they were inventions they still show a chess understanding centuries ahead of his time.>

<My impression is that Greco was further ahead of his contemporaries than any player who came after him. He was clearly of grandmaster strength at tactics, his openings were (for his time) cutting-edge, and his play in open positions was world-class. Yes, he took liberties which would not stand up against stronger opponents, but I think that he was well aware of his opponents’ failings and thus had little or nothing to worry about – he swung the bat freely in an effort to create classic mates and attacks that no doubt amused him.

He had solid positional skills too.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: I love how SBC, just in passing, drops profound comments on the nature of games: <... modern chess proved to be more tactical, and therefore more strategical (as all tactics flow from good positions). ...>
Jun-05-10  SU1989: I recently started reading an openings book by the Turkish author Umit Unkan. In his book he gives the following game between Greco and a certain Marconi:

<White: Gioachino Greco, Black: Marconi. (Genoa, 1619) 1.e4 e6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Bd3 Nc6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.h4 0-0 6.e5 Nd5 7.Bxh7+ Kxh7 8.Ng5+ Kg8 9.Qh5 Bxg5 10.hxg5 f5 11.g6 and mate to follow>

Now, I am not sure if this game is in the database or not. However, considering that all Greco's opponents were NNs, I found it interesting that the name of this player was given in the book. Maybe not all Greco's games were composed?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <SU1989> The game is here: Greco vs NN, 1620 Unkan probably meant Mariano Morano but, as far as I know, none of Greco's opponents are identified.
Jun-05-10  SU1989: <Calli> Thanks for the link to the game. <as far as I know, none of Greco's opponents are identified.> That's why I found it very interesting that Unkan has provided a name. I had suspected that the name "Marconi" is stereotypically Italian and thus could have been made up, but a simple "Greco-Marconi" search gives this: (I believe it is in Spanish)

Premium Chessgames Member
  fm avari viraf: Greco Sir, Nescio Nomen is at your service always but pardon me of my Chess tactics!
Jan-14-11  kevins55555: Gee, the NN opponent must be easy!
Aug-11-12  torrefan: RIP master Greco. We were saddened by your untimely demise.



Aug-11-12  Petrosianic: Yeah, none of us will ever forget that day.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: NN certainly wasn't displeased to see him pass on, I'm sure. Had the two never met, there would be a mere 480 losses against NN's ledger.
Jan-27-13  dumbgai: Born "around 1600" but has two games dated 1590. ?
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: RIP master Greco.
May-27-13  Fiona Macleod: He's dead already??
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: If he came back today he'd need a couple of hours to catch up on theory then he'd be world champion again. Chess really is that easy.
Apr-10-14  Conrad93: Great player + way ahead of his time + domination over his contemporaries= greatest player ever, therefore Greco is the greatest player ever.
Apr-10-14  Conrad93: The same reasoning used by Morphy fanboys.
Aug-18-14  Ke2:
Jan-09-15  Avun Jahei: When I play the Giuco Piano (rarely) I usually play the moves of Greco's game Nr 45 (with White!), for it was the first game I studied in my life when I was a child. At least one time the resulting game was allmost exactly like the historical one

So I guess - though those games are certainely composed - he too did actually play most of them. Maybe more than once. Because they are, for the most part, just illustrations of common opening traps.

Jan-09-15  Avun Jahei: Giuoco Piano of course.
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <perfidious: NN certainly wasn't displeased to see him pass on, I'm sure. Had the two never met, there would be a mere 480 losses against NN's ledger.>

As you can see from the game list, Greco was so much NN's bęte noire that he beat NN twice 10 years before he (Greco) was born!

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <FSR> Superior talent will out!
Jan-22-16  Solomon2003: wow 100% incredible result
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Solomon2003: wow 100% incredible result...>

Dear <Solomon2003>, welcome to I really think you'll enjoy it here. Because it is a chess site, nearly everyone is a bit clever so it is usually a civilised place.

I have read your posts and I think you're going to be a valuable contributor here. Just find a game you like, then comment on it!

Feb-04-16  Solomon2003: thanks offramp
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