chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Theophilus Thompson
Theophilus Thompson 
Photograph courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.  
Number of games in database: 5
Years covered: 1874 to 1875
Overall record: +3 -2 =0 (60.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.


Search Sacrifice Explorer for Theophilus Thompson
Search Google for Theophilus Thompson


THEOPHILUS THOMPSON
(born Apr-21-1855, died 1948, 93 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]

Theophilus Augustus Thompson was born a slave on April 21, 1855 in Frederick, Maryland. He is considered the first recognized African-American chess player in the United States. Thompson was famous not only for his tournament play, but also his highly acclaimed 1873 book on endgame positions, Chess Problems: Either to Play and Mate.

His chess playing career was short as he disappeared almost as abruptly as he arrived. It has been rumored that he may have fallen prey to a racial lynching at a young age, but his disappearance remains a mystery.

1 - The Chess Drum http://www.thechessdrum.net/drummaj... 2 - The book, "Chess Problems", http://books.google.com/books?id=-G... 3 - Wikipedia article: Theophilus Thompson

Last updated: 2019-05-05 09:47:53

 page 1 of 1; 5 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Theophilus Thompson vs C H Blood 1-0241874corr.C45 Scotch Game
2. C H Blood vs Theophilus Thompson 0-1251874Corr.C51 Evans Gambit
3. Theophilus Thompson vs R Willing 0-1161875Maryland Chess Review Postal Card TournamentC58 Two Knights
4. W Shinkman vs Theophilus Thompson 1-0151875Maryland Chess Review Postal Card TournamentC33 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Theophilus Thompson vs L Bertolette 1-0201875Maryland Chess Review Postal Card TournamentC52 Evans Gambit
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Theophilus Thompson wins | Theophilus Thompson loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-21-09  myschkin: . . .

Foto:
http://chessbase.de/2009/chessdrum/...

Book (1873, Preface):
"Chess Problems: Either to Play and Mate, Or Compel Self-mate in Four Moves": http://blog.chess.com/batgirl/ameri...

...

Apr-25-05 <WorldChampeen> Reference:

http://www.thechessdrum.net/drummaj...

http://www.thechessdrum.net/histori...

Jan-18-10  blackburne: Theophilus Thompson

http://www.ajedrezdeataque.com/04%2...

--

Jan-18-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: Wow. Wouldn't you love to have a biography about his life?
Jan-18-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: Here's a problem from Thompson. Hardly up to modern standards, but intereseting anyway:


click for larger view

White to play and mate in 2

Jan-18-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Annie K.: <blackburne: Theophilus Thompson

http://www.ajedrezdeataque.com/04%2... >

Here's a link to a Google translation to English of the same page:

http://translate.google.com/transla...

May-22-10  Egghead: What's the solution to the problem?
May-22-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Egghead> Looks like 1.Ne4, threatening 2.Qa8#. 1...Kxe4 2.Bc6#, or 1...d3 2.Qxd3#.
May-22-10  Egghead: Thanks!
Aug-11-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: THE CHESSDRUM Dr. Daaim Shabazz has put forward some interesting comments on the important role that Theophilus Thompson has played with regard to the emancipation of Afro-American chess players in the United States - on the occasion of a (German-language) interview, please compare http://www.chessbase.de/nachrichten... .
Jan-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheTamale: Too bad more of his games didn't survive. At least he won the one we have.
Jan-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <TheTamale> Pity Thompson did not survive as well.

On an unrelated subject, if tamales are your bag, check out this place if you ever make it down to the Mississippi Delta:

http://www.tamaletrail.com/OH_joes....

Some good stuff!

Jan-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  chessgames.com: Thanks to Neil Brennen's article at the Chess Drum (http://www.thechessdrum.net/histori...) we were able to gather four more of Thompson's games.

W Shinkman vs T Thompson, 1875 is particularly curious, first in that we have a new rare game by the famous "Wizard of Grand Rapids" William Shinkman, but moreover Thompson had a very comfortable position at the point where he reportedly resigned. Perhaps the game score is not transcribed faithfully, or maybe there were additional moves.

Jan-22-13  IndigoViolet: If Obama had a son...
Jan-23-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: Thank you so much, dear people of ChessGames.com, that you have paid respect to <Theophilus Thompson> by making him <The Player of The Day January 21st, 2013> - on that very day that is <Martin Luther King Day 2013> ( ... and, BTW, just one day after <President Obama> has been sworn in for his 2nd term as President of the USA on January 20th, 2013 ...).

That tribute to <Theophilus Thompson> has been a great gesture!

Jan-23-13  MountainMatt: As a Christian, I can't help but smile at his first name. It is the name (or perhaps honorary title) of the addressee of both the Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts, and it literally means "friend of God" or "lover of God".

:)

Jan-23-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheTamale: <perfidious>: Maybe on a road trip sometime. Thanks for the tip!
Jan-25-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: With regard to the date of <Theophilus Thompson> leaving this world: the author <Neil Brennen> has pointed out to the fact that <Theophilus Thompson> might have lived until 1880 at least - based on the US Census 1880 that shows <Theophilus Thompson> being employed as an oysterman in Maryland.

Maybe <Theophilus Thompson> has even lived until 1920+ - based on the US Census 1920 that shows <Theophilus Thompson> being still alive at age 64, with a wife and a child, please compare http://www.thechessdrum.net/histori... !

Aug-09-13  Gallicrow: I found a reference to a Theophilius Thompson, born ~1849 in Maryland and living in Anne Arundel, Maryland in 1935!

This could well be the right person as the 1880 census has Theophilius Thompson living in Anne Arundel (his occupation then being an "oysterman").

Aug-09-13  DoctorD: <Gallicrow> - Theophilus or Theophilius?

For others interested, there are some articles I have written on his problems at the Chess Drum site. Unfortunately illness and other pesky issues have prevented me from making a full analysis of his problems. Some, especially, his selfmates, are quite good.

Sep-24-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: I found a casual reference to Thompson in 1887 which seems to indicate he was still alive and living in Frederick City, Maryland:

http://www.chessarch.com/excavation...

Mar-14-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: I found another Thompson game. I'll just leave a link for now and submit it as a new game after I enter it into my database:

http://www.chessarch.com/excavation...

Apr-21-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Theophilus Thompson.
Aug-13-17  KnightVBishop: Did he ever face Morphy?
May-05-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

A genteel mate in three from Theophilus.


click for larger view

White to play and mate in three (1873)

'Genteel' I like it when composers slip one of these confidence boosters into their collections which any reasonable player should be able to solve in their head. It shows they have compassion for those new to solving and a wee sense of humour.

Clue: Just keep leaving Black with only one legal move.

***

May-05-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Updates:

http://www.thechessdrum.net/blog/20...
http://www.thechessdrum.net/blog/20... (with a new photo)

search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any member Iincludinfgall Admin and Owners or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. If you think someone is an idiot, then provide evidence that their reasoning is invalid and/or idiotic, instead of just calling them an idiot. It's a subtle but important distinction, even in political discussions.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC