|Jul-18-07|| ||vonKrolock: Joseph Graham Campbell (May 1830 - 01-01-1891) English chess player and problemist. In 1858, having the reputation of being stronger than Harrwitz, Falkbeer, Brien, Wormald or Zytogorski, players against he was victorious in individual encounters, Campbell's friends prompted to arrange a match with Morphy, but the project aborted. Beat Barnes in a match in 1861 by 7 to 6, and it seems that he remained unbeaten in matches. With Anderseen, their brief meeting resulted in two friendly games, one won by Campbell, and the other drawn. G. A. MacDonnell, in "The Knights and Kings of Chess", London 1894, wrote: <"...he is to be bracketed with Morphy and Steinitz. Mr Campbell was also a distinguished problem composer, and is considered the pioneer of the modern style of composition.’|
‘No braver, more lovable, or more chivalrous knight ever fought under Caissa’s banner.’">
more in Edward Winter's current (July 2007) "Chess Notes", number 5048, "A nineteenth-century figure"
|Jul-19-07|| ||vonKrolock: The question of 'how strong was Campbell' is very interesting, but it seems that actually few of his games are known nowadays (in the bases) - one that I found can be a contribution [Event "London blindfold sim"]
[Black "Campbell,Joseph Graham"]
1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 e6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 Bc5 6.Nb3 Bb4 7.Bd3 Nf6 8.0-0 Bxc3
9.bxc3 0-0 10.Nd4 d5 11.exd5 Qxd5 12.Nxc6 Qxc6 13.Re1 b6 14.Be3 Bb7 15.f3 Qxc3 16.Bxb6 axb6
Paulsen accepted Campbell as an adversary in blind-simul, and was crushed...
|Jul-19-07|| ||RookFile: I'm sorry, but he is not to be bracketed in the same company of those who showed up and beat all comers.|
|Oct-17-08|| ||Karpova: More games from his match against Wormald:
Wormald, Robert Bownas - Campbell, 1-0
C42 London m2
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Nxe5 d6 4. Nf3 Nxe4 5. d4 d5 6. Bd3 Be7 7. O-O Bg4 8. c4 O-O 9. Nc3 Nxc3 10. bxc3 Nc6 11. Bf4 dxc4 12. Bxc4 Na5 13. Bd3 Bd6 14. Bxd6 cxd6 15. Re1 f5 16. h3 Bh5 17. Rc1 Qf6 18. d5 Rac8 19. c4 Rce8 20. Rxe8 Rxe8 21. Qa4 b6 22. Qd7 Re7 23. Qc8+ Kf7 24. Nd4 Qxd4 25. Qxf5+ Ke8 26. Qxh5+ g6 27. Qf3 Qb2 28. Qf4 Qxa2 29. c5 Qxd5 30. Bb5+ Nc6 31. Bxc6+ Qxc6 32. cxd6 Re4 33. d7+ Kxd7 34. Qf7+ Re7 35. Qxe7+ Kxe7 36. Rxc6 1-0
Campbell, - Wormald, Robert Bownas 1-0
C50 London m2
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. Nc3 d6 5. h3 Nf6 6. d3 h6 7. Be3 O-O 8. Qd2 Bxe3 9. Qxe3 Ne7 10. d4 Ng6 11. O-O-O Qe7 12. g3 Be6 13. d5 Bd7 14. Nd2 a6 15. f4 b5 16. Bd3 b4 17. Ne2 exf4 18. gxf4 Nxd5 19. Qg3 Nb6 20. Nf3 Rfc8 21. Rhg1 Qf8 22. f5 Ne5 23. Nxe5 dxe5 24. Qxe5 f6 25. Qg3 Be8 26. Nf4 Bf7 27. Ng6 Bxg6 28. Qxg6 Kh8 29. e5 Nd7 30. Rde1 fxe5 31. f6 Nxf6 32. Ref1 Qg8 33. Rxf6 Rf8 34. Qxh6+ 1-0
Campbell, - Wormald, Robert Bownas 1-0
C41 London m2
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Qxd4 Bd7 5. Be3 Nc6 6. Qd2 Nf6 7. Nc3 Be7 8. h3 O-O 9. O-O-O a6 10. g4 b5 11. Bd3 b4 12. Ne2 Ne5 13. Nxe5 dxe5 14. Ng3 Be6 15. g5 Nd7 16. Nf5 c5 17. h4 Re8 18. Qe2 Qa5 19. Bc4 Nb6 20. Bxe6 fxe6 21. Nxe7+ Rxe7 22. Kb1 Rc8 23. Rd6 Ra8 24. h5 Na4 25. Qc4 Qb5 26. Qxb5 axb5 27. g6 h6 28. Rhd1 Kf8 29. Rc6 Rea7 30. Rxe6 Nc3+ 31. bxc3 Rxa2 32. Bxc5+ Kg8 33. Re8+ Rxe8 34. Kxa2 1-0
Campbell, - Wormald, Robert Bownas 0-1
C44 London m2
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 Bc5 5. O-O d6 6. c3 dxc3 7. Nxc3 Nge7 8. Ng5 Ne5 9. Bf4 Nxc4 10. Qa4+ Bd7 11. Qxc4 O-O 12. Rad1 h6 13. Nf3 Ng6 14. Bc1 Bg4 15. Qd3 Ne5 16. Nxe5 Bxd1 17. Rxd1 dxe5 18. Qg3 Qf6 19. Nd5 Qg6 20. Qxe5 Rfe8 21. Qxc7 Qxe4 22. Be3 Rac8 23. Qg3 Kh8 24. h3 Red8 25. Bxc5 Rxc5 26. Ne3 Rxd1+ 27. Nxd1 Qe1+ 0-1
Campbell, - Wormald, Robert Bownas 0-1
C62 London m2
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Qxd4 Nc6 5. Bb5 Bd7 6. Bxc6 Bxc6 7. Bg5 f6 8. Be3 Ne7 9. Nc3 Ng6 10. O-O-O Be7 11. h4 Ne5 12. Nh2 Qc8 13. g4 Qe6 14. Nd5 Bxd5 15. exd5 Qd7 16. f4 Nf7 17. Rhg1 c5 18. Qc3 O-O-O 19. Qa5 Kb8 20. Rd3 Rc8 21. Ra3 b6 22. Qa6 g5 23. Nf3 gxf4 24. Bxf4 Ne5 25. Re1 Rc7 26. Nxe5 fxe5 27. Rxe5 Qxg4 28. Re4 Qxh4 29. Rae3 Bg5 30. Kb1 Qh5 31. Qd3 Bxf4 32. Rxf4 c4 33. Qd2 Rg8 34. a4 Rg1+ 35. Ka2 Qh1 36. Re8+ Kb7 37. Ka3 Ra1+ 38. Kb4 Rxa4+ 39. Kxa4 Qa1+ 0-1
Campbell, - Wormald, Robert Bownas ½-½
C01 London m2
1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 exd5 4. Nf3 Bd6 5. c4 c6 6. Nc3 Be6 7. Qb3 Qe7 8. Be3 dxc4 9. Bxc4 Bxc4 10. Qxc4 Nf6 11. O-O O-O 12. Rfe1 Qc7 13. Rac1 a6 14. d5 cxd5 15. Nxd5 Nxd5 16. Qxd5 Nc6 17. Qh5 Bf4 18. Rc4 Bxe3 19. Rxe3 Rad8 20. Ng5 h6 21. Ne4 Qe5 22. g4 Qxh5 23. gxh5 f5 24. Nc5 f4 25. Rd3 Rde8 26. Re4 Rxe4 27. Nxe4 Re8 28. Nc3 Ne5 29. Rd5 Kf7 30. Kg2 Ke6 31. Rd4 Kf5 32. f3 1/2-1/2
|Dec-29-09|| ||vonKrolock: <Karpova> Thanks for the scores|
His first published problem
J. G. Campbell
"Chess Player's Chronicle" 1854
click for larger view
hite to play and mate in five
J. Breuer: <"Mit Tempoverzögerung löst Weiss Zugzwang mit abschliessenden Hineinziehungspfern. Das erste Problem Campbell`s, aber bereits eine reife Leistung. Der Schlüssel ist ein echter Rätselzug nach dem Geschmack Campbell`s während seiner ganzen Lebenszeit">
|Feb-13-10|| ||vonKrolock: T. Harding in chesscafe.com: <"Campbell lived most of his life in London but according to the D.I.B. he was born in either Belfast or Cookstown, in what is now Northern Ireland. (According to Jeremy Gaige's Chess Personalia, it was Cookstown.) He is perhaps best remembered as the 1862 problemist who "won" the problem composing tourney organised by the British Chess Association in connection with the London 1862 Congress. The event took months to judge and was not well organised. When faults were discovered after the award was made, he was reduced to second place and then disqualified but according to D.I.B., Campbell refused to return the prize money, leading to a major controversy in the chess world, from which he withdrew until the 1880s."> |
There also a game not yet featured here:
J. G. Campbell – Robert Bownas Wormald
London, match, 1859
Ruy Lopez/Philidor Defence [C62]
From Cassell's Illustrated Family Paper, 2 July 1859
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 d6 4 d4 exd4 5 Qxd4 Bd7 6 Bxc6 Bxc6 7 Bg5 f6 8 Bh4 Ne7 9 Nc3 Ng6 10 Bg3 Be7 11 Qc4 Ne5 12 Nxe5 fxe5 13 0–0–0 Bg5+ 14 Kb1 Qe7 15 Nd5 Qf7 16 Rd3 Bxd5 17 exd5 0–0 18 Rf1 Qh5 19 Rb3 Bf4 20 Rxb7 Bxg3 21 fxg3 Rxf1+ 22 Qxf1 Rf8 23 Qe1 Qxh2 24 a3 Qxg2 25 Qa5 Qf1+ 26 Ka2 Qc4+ 27 Rb3 Qxc2 28 Rc3 Qg2 29 Rxc7 Rb8 30 Rxg7+ Kxg7 31 Qxa7+ ½–½
there with diagrams and some comments - article <"Masters and Patzers in the Biographical Dictionaries "> currently online in <"The Kibitzer"> column http://www.chesscafe.com/ later searchable in archives
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: Biographers, are we sure this player's name is Joseph?|
MacDonnell, in his <Knights and Kings of Chess> has an entire section devoted to a
<James G. Campbell> b 1830 d 1891
on p65 (84 pdf)
<Very few chess players of the present generation knew that Mr. James G. Campbell, whom they used to meet occasionally during the last five or six years at the British Chess Club, was about thirty years ago one of the most eminent players in Europe but such was the case. Mr. Campbell was born in Belfast, in 1830, and whilst he was yet boy came to live in London. In 1851 he began to visit Kling's Rooms in Oxford Street, and in less than eighteen months rose to be first-class amateur. After the closing of Kling's Salon, he migrated to Starey's in Rathbone Place, at that time the head quarters of such experts as Harrwitz, Falkbeer, Brien, Wormald, and Zytogorski. With all of these players, now famous in story, Campbell played matches and was victorious. am not quite certain as to Harrwitz but if he did not beat him in match, report credits him with having won majority of off-hand games. [...]>
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: Funny that <vonKrolock> citing the very same book in the very first post for this player, and didn't note the discrepancy.|
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: From Winter's site:
<These quotes come from the chapter on ‘James [sic – Joseph] G. Campbell’ (1830-1891) on pages 65-68 of The Knights and Kings of Chess by G.A. MacDonnell (London, 1894). MacDonnell being a relentlessly fizzy writer, it is worth comparing his remarks with chess magazines’ comments about Campbell following his death.
The obituary on page 67 of the February 1891 BCM stated that Campbell had died on 1 January, of pleurisy.>
Winter asserts the name is Joseph, yet he cites no source.
I find this problematic. Given the weight that Winter carries in such matters, almost everyone is bound to follow his example.
But I would like to adopt a "show-me" attitude.
For instance, Winter cites the BCM obit - which I am perusing just now, and it makes no mention of Joseph or James. Instead, it merely uses <Mr. J. G. Campbell>.
Since MacDonnell was a contemporary of the man, I would assume he would have known him personally.
Indeed, from MacDonnell's book, p67:
<Not long afterwards in the same year I was present at supper on the
occasion of Paulsen's blindfold seance at Simpson's, when Mr. Augustus Mongredien rose, as was his custom after supper, and delivered very pleasant speech, in the course of which he proposed to back Campbell in match against any player in England, offering himself to give £50 towards the stakes.>
So I still ask, what is the source for Joseph?
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: Winter ref: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...|
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: You can presumably find all of Winter's writings about Campbell indexed here - |
Unless I'm mistaken, Winter never cites a source in either of the two articles on Campbell.
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: I'm increasing inclined to think Winter (and <CG>) might be wrong on the name after finding a |
<James G. Campbell>
listed in this 1906 biographical source book:
It cites MacDonnell, and the ILW 10 Jan 1891 p55.
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: From the examples I saw, <Chess Player's Chronicle> used J.G. Campbell.|
I did find a <Joseph G. Campbell> in Sharpe's London magazine...
but it's not exactly a journal focused on chess. Plus, I couldn't quite determine the year (though v6-7 might suggest ~1851).
|Jan-16-16|| ||zanzibar: While I'm here...
<Winter indicates that MacDonnell gave his name incorrectly as 'James G. Campbell'. Sergeant also gives the latter.>
Such is the weight of Winter's authority that Edwards adopts his name, despite having two other sources using James.
|Jan-17-16|| ||zanzibar: Doing this google search
<"Joseph Graham Campbell" -site:chessgames.com>
yields a hit for <Oxford Companion to Chess>:
<Joseph Graham Campbell (1830-91), one of London's strongest players, was a problemist of note and achieved some notoriety through a problem tourney run in connection ...>
And also a BCM v32 1912
< As an example it will be interesting to recall a prize-winner from one ... of Johann Szirmay (1834-1868), August von Cywinski (died about 1866), and Joseph Graham Campbell (1830-1891).>
and these additional examples:
The Boy's Own Annual - Volume 13 - Page 366
<Walter Grimshaw was born at Dewsbury in Yorkshire on March 12, 1832, commenced chess with H. E. Kidson, at York, ... Joseph Graham Campbell was born at Cookstown in Ireland, in May 1830, then established himself as a merchant in >
DSZ v13 p77
<... unserer Schachfreunde zwei Positionen, die beide von dem berühmten Londoner Problemcomponisten Joseph Graham Campbell herrühren. ... 1868) und in der Januarnummer der Londoner monatliehen Schachzeitung (the Chess World).>
Searching for <Joseph G. Campbell> yields the previously mention Sharpe's London hit and
The Chess-Player's Annual - ed Charles Tomlinson, p77
<PROBLEM BY JOSEPH G. CAMPBELL, ESQ.>
(Sorry about the links - but you know, <CG> link mangling designed to simplify your life and all that)