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Adolph Karl Wilhelm Schliemann
Number of games in database: 5
Years covered: 1866 to 1868
Overall record: +2 -2 =1 (50.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

Most played openings
C80 Ruy Lopez, Open (2 games)

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(born Jun-21-1817, died Jan-19-1872, 54 years old) Germany

[what is this?]
Adolph Karl Wilhelm Schliemann was born in Mölln and died in Leipzig.

 page 1 of 1; 5 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. A Schliemann vs Beger  0-1431866BerlinC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. A Schliemann vs Beger  ½-½561866Berlin itC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
3. A Schliemann vs May  1-0281868HamburgB01 Scandinavian
4. A Schliemann vs C Gehrckens 1-0521868HamburgC67 Ruy Lopez
5. M Lange vs A Schliemann  1-0281868North German Chess CongressC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Schliemann wins | Schliemann loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: C63: Ruy Lopez Schliemann Defense

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5!?

click for larger view

from Leonid Shamkovich & Eric Schiller's book Spanish - Schliemann Jaenisch..

<The little-known Dr. Adolf Schliemann contributed much to the theory in a series of articles published in the 1860's. These would hardly have been sufficient to merit the naming of the opening after him, but fate intervened in the form of East-West rivalry, and now the opening is called the Schliemann Defence in English-speaking countries and the Jaenisch Gambit elsewhere. Although the authors prefer the latter term, both titles are used interchangeably in the present work.>

rest in peace, Adolf Schliemann..

May-22-12  thomastonk: <wordfunph> I have seen Schliemann's articles (Schachzeitung 1867-68) and verified that they deal with 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4. c3 and only now 4.. f5. This is by the way well-know, see for example the <Oxford companion to Chess>.
Jun-21-12  Eastfrisian: Any photos of him ?
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Reading about <Hamburg (1868)> tournament, <Deutsche Schachzeitung> lists him as Dr. Schliemann.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: According to, he was a jurist.

There was also this:

<Schliemann was an expert chess champion of strength. In Schwerin he founded in 1859 a chess club, which was the center of the Mecklenburg chess life, and organized each year end tournaments. [18] As president of the Schwerin Schachgesellschaft he visited in November 1863, the Berlin Chess Club and played 19 games against the champion Carl Mayet, Samuel Lousy and Gustav Neumann.>

<Under the Schliemann Defense or the Jaenisch Gambit is now the variation of the Ruy Lopez in the opening theory 1. e2-e4 e7-e5 2. Sg1-f3-c6 3. Sb8 Lf1 f7-f5 -B5 understood what has been already investigated in 1847 by Carl Jaenisch. [23]

Schliemann himself in an essay of 1867, however, in the Cordel Defense 1. e2-e4 e7-e5 2. Sg1-f3 Sb8-c6 3. Lf1-b5 Bf8-c5 after 4 c2-c3 f7-f5 (chart) recommended.>

(Ah, the joys of google translate)

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Schliemann seems to have a cousin who came to America during the Gold Rush, and in fact, has an entire book devoted to him:

<"Schliemann and the California Gold Rush: The 1850-1852 American travel ..." By Wout Arentzen, Christo Thanos>

They were cousins, and the one in America is documented as writing to the other in 1851.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Wasn't this the guy who came up with a plan to breach the French defence via a flank attack through Belgium?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi Zanzibar,

Adolph Schliemann's Wiki page:

Confirms his cousin was Heinrich Schliemann (1822 - 1890) who was a famous archaeologists credited with discovering the ruins of Troy. (the scene of the first Greek Gift)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

Alan Smith 'Quotes & Queries' No 6092 (BCM June 2017):

Quite how Schliemann’s name became attached to 3...f5 in the Ruy Lopez is a mystery. He was the author of another defence 3...Bc5 4.c3 f5 which is now named after Cordel, who never played it!

Here is the stem game of that line:

[Event "Schwerin"]
[Date "1867.??.??"]
[White "Kade"]
[Black "Schliemann, Adolph Karl Wilhelm"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C64"]
[PlyCount "36"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Bc5 4. c3 f5 5. d4 fxe4 6. Bxc6 dxc6 7. Nxe5 Bd6 8. Qh5+ g6 9. Nxg6 Nf6 10. Qh4 Rg8 11. Ne5 Bxe5 12. dxe5 Qd3 13. h3 Be6 14. exf6 O-O-O 15. Bd2 e3 16. f7 exd2+ 17. Kd1 Bxf7 18. Qf4 Bxa2 0-1

Source: Schachzeitung January 1868, p.22-23.


Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Interesting stuff...

I didn't know all that about the cousin, and am now curious about the opening (which I play a good bit on blitz - anything to avoid the exchange).

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

Schliemann's call name was Adolph, but in fact <Wilhelm Karl Adolph> was his right first name...


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