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The Championship Season: Bobby Fischer in 1972.  
Robert James Fischer
Number of games in database: 994
Years covered: 1953 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2780
Highest rating achieved in database: 2785
Overall record: +420 -86 =247 (72.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      241 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (182) 
    B90 B32 B88 B44 B57
 Ruy Lopez (119) 
    C92 C69 C95 C97 C98
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (75) 
    C92 C95 C97 C98 C89
 French Defense (65) 
    C19 C11 C18 C16 C15
 Caro-Kann (52) 
    B10 B11 B18 B14 B17
 French Winawer (40) 
    C19 C18 C16 C15 C17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (119) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 King's Indian (116) 
    E80 E62 E97 E60 E67
 Sicilian Najdorf (77) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 Nimzo Indian (23) 
    E45 E46 E40 E43 E21
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D79 D86 D98 D80 D85
 English (18) 
    A16 A15 A10 A19
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956 0-1
   R Byrne vs Fischer, 1963 0-1
   Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 1-0
   Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967 1-0
   Fischer vs Fine, 1963 1-0
   Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 0-1
   Fischer vs Tal, 1961 1-0
   Fischer vs Benko, 1963 1-0
   Letelier vs Fischer, 1960 0-1
   Fischer vs Reshevsky, 1958 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship 1957/58 (1957)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   U.S. Championship (1966)
   Netanya (1968)
   Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970)
   Vinkovci (1968)
   Buenos Aires (1970)
   Skopje (1967)
   Rovinj/Zagreb (1970)
   Fischer - Spassky (1992)
   Bled (1961)
   Mar del Plata (1959)
   Havana (1965)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   1964 Fischer simul exhibition tour by gauer
   Fischer vs The Russians by wanabe2000
   Match Fischer! by amadeus
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by wanabe2000
   Russians versus Fischer by Anatoly21
   Bjelica_125 by Gottschalk
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by KingG
   Fischer Favorites by atrifix
   Fischer 101 by rea
   Fischer's Finest by morphyvsfischer
   fischer best games by brager
   Bobby Fischer Rediscovered (Andy Soltis) by AdrianP
   Games by Fisher by gothic
   Bobby Fischer's Road to the World Championship by WeakSquare

   Morphy vs Duke Karl / Count Isouard, 1858
   R Byrne vs Fischer, 1963
   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886
   Korchnoi vs Fischer, 1970

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Robert James Fischer
Search Google for Robert James Fischer

(born Mar-09-1943, died Jan-17-2008, 64 years old) United States of America (citizen of Iceland)

[what is this?]
Robert James ("Bobby") Fischer was born on March 9, 1943 in Chicago. At 13, he won the stunning brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, which Hans Kmoch christened "The Game of the Century." At 14, he won the US Championship (1957/58), making him the youngest U.S. Champion ever.

Fischer's victory qualified him for the Portoroz Interzonal (1958). He tied for 5th–6th, which sufficed to advance him to the Candidates Tournament to decide the challenger to World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. It also made him, at 15, the youngest grandmaster ever - a record that stood until Judit Polgar broke it in 1991. At the Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959), Fischer finished fifth out of eight, the top non-Soviet player.

Fischer won the US Championship all eight times he played, in each case by at least a point. In the US Championship (1963/64) he achieved the only perfect score (11-0) in the history of the tournament.

He won the Stockholm Interzonal (1962) 2½ points ahead of Efim Geller and Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian. This made him a favorite to win the Curacao Candidates (1962), but he only finished fourth, behind Petrosian, Geller, and Paul Keres.

In a famous article in Sports Illustrated magazine, The Russians Have Fixed World Chess, Fischer accused the Soviets of cheating: Petrosian, Geller, and Keres had drawn all 12 of the games among themselves at Curaçao. Because of this, he refused to play in the next Candidates cycle. He did play in the Sousse Interzonal (1967), but left it while leading, because of a scheduling dispute occasioned by Fischer's refusal to play on Saturday, his Sabbath.

He won the Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970) by a record 3½ points. The following year, he shocked the chess world by sweeping the Fischer - Taimanov Candidates Quarterfinal (1971) and Fischer - Larsen Candidates Semifinal (1971) by identical 6-0 scores, the only perfect scores in the history of the Candidates Matches. He also won the first game of his Candidates final against former World Champion Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian, giving him a modern record of 20 consecutive wins at the highest level of competition. He won the Fischer - Petrosian Candidates Final (1971) by 6½-2½ to advance to the World Championship match against reigning champion Boris Spassky. This also gave him a FIDE rating of 2785, making him at that time the highest-rated player in history.

In Reykjavik, he won the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) by 12½-8½ to become the 11th World Chess Champion. In 1975, Fischer forfeited his title after FIDE refused to meet his conditions for a World Championship match with Anatoly Karpov. He then virtually disappeared from the public eye for nearly 20 years.

After ending his competitive career, he proposed a new variant of chess and a modified chess timing system. His idea of adding a time increment after each move is now standard, and his variant "Fischerandom" (or "Chess960") is gaining in popularity.(2)

Fischer resurfaced in 1992 to play a match against his old rival Spassky in Yugoslavia. Fischer won Fischer - Spassky (1992) 10-5 with 15 draws. The United States considered that Fischer, in playing this match in Yugoslavia, violated U.S. Treasury Department regulations that forbade transacting business with Yugoslavia. Fischer evaded authorities for twelve years until July 13, 2004, when he was arrested in Japan. On March 22, 2005, he was granted Icelandic citizenship and finally freed from Japan. He died of renal failure in Iceland on January 17, 2008 at the age of 64.

Fischer's anthology, My 60 Memorable Games, was published in 1969. It has been described as a "classic of objective and painstaking analysis"1, and is regarded as one of the great classics of chess literature.

(1) Hooper & Whyld. The Oxford Companion to Chess. 1992

(2) Wikipedia article: Bobby Fischer

(3) User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Fischer

 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 994  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. D Mayers vs Fischer 1-017 1953 Blitz GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. J Altusky vs Fischer 0-18 1954 Offhand GameC71 Ruy Lopez
3. Fischer vs J Altusky 1-012 1954 Offhand GameE90 King's Indian
4. Fischer vs V Pupols 0-144 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC40 King's Knight Opening
5. Fischer vs D Ames ½-½28 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC47 Four Knights
6. W Whisler vs Fischer ½-½25 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
7. A Humphrey vs Fischer ½-½33 1955 US Amateur ChE61 King's Indian
8. Fischer vs K Warner 0-128 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrB58 Sicilian
9. J Thomason vs Fischer 0-123 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE90 King's Indian
10. A W Conger vs Fischer 1-012 1955 Correspondence GameE70 King's Indian
11. K Smith vs Fischer ½-½51 1956 57th US OpenB95 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6...e6
12. Fischer vs P Lapiken 1-019 1956 57th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
13. Fischer vs W Stevens ½-½20 1956 57th US OpenC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
14. E Nash vs Fischer 0-148 1956 WashingtonB95 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6...e6
15. Fischer vs J Casado ½-½48 1956 Havana simB32 Sicilian
16. J Tamargo vs Fischer 0-140 1956 New York ManhattanB22 Sicilian, Alapin
17. Feuerstein vs Fischer ½-½22 1956 Eastern States OpenE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
18. Fischer vs A Di Camillo 1-041 1956 Washington D.C.C78 Ruy Lopez
19. Fischer vs M Pavey ½-½35 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
20. S Bernstein vs Fischer 0-133 1956 Montreal CA-openD02 Queen's Pawn Game
21. Shainswit vs Fischer ½-½27 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
22. Bisguier vs Fischer 1-033 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyE78 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, with Be2 and Nf3
23. Fischer vs N Hurttlen ½-½14 1956 Eastern States opC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
24. Fischer vs Seidman 1-039 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyA07 King's Indian Attack
25. W Whisler vs Fischer 0-128 1956 Candas op 92\\09E87 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox
 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 994  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Fischer wins | Fischer loses  

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Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: If you were given the choice of being a famous person like Bobby Fischer, to live his life exactly as he lived it, with all the successes and the bad decisions, culminating with such a sad demise, would you want to live it?
Jun-10-15  HeMateMe: <>
Jun-10-15  A.T PhoneHome: I wouldn't want to live Fischer's life, which is because I don't think there is anything deeper to Fischer's downhill trip than the surface suggests. I think I would find no deep meanings behind it all; the only things there would be are pain and anger.
Jun-10-15  diceman: <chancho: If you were given the choice of being a famous person like Bobby Fischer, to live his life exactly as he lived it, with all the successes and the bad decisions, culminating with such a sad demise, would you want to live it?>

Nope, by definition all these scenarios have fatal flaws.

I would have loved to play guitar like Jimi Hendrix.

...wouldn't want to die in my 20's.

Jun-10-15  john barleycorn: One for Fischer:

Jun-10-15  HeMateMe: I wonder if there has ever been any stories about the actual Fischer apartment, where he grew up in Brooklyn. In places like Paris, the history of an apartment might be kept for 100 years, and you can find out about every person who ever lived in an apartment.

In Bob's case, I wonder if the building is even standing? Or, do the present tenants know who used to live there? I think the apartment is in Flatbush Brooklyn, not a ghetto, but not an upscale area like Brooklyn Heights, either. I hope it didn't become a crack den, in the 90s?

Jun-10-15  A.T PhoneHome: <HeMateMe: I hope it didn't become a crack den, in the 90s?> Well if it did, that would be a sort of follow-up to Fischer's own "home cooking".
Jun-10-15  Petrosianic: <How different Bobby's "end game" would have been! Might he have taken his winnings, paid some back taxes, settled back in the USA. The Bekins heist would not have happened, which is really the beginnings of Bobby's venom which led him to those radio interviews starting in 1999. Yea Bobby said things that hurt many folks, but for it not for that threatening letter, I can't help but ponder how different it all would have turned out. Thoughts?>

The whole scenario presupposes that, had Fischer got away with breaking the law he would have turned into a completely different person by magic. In short, not very likely.

Jun-10-15  A.T PhoneHome: Usually the lawbreakers experience a change in life once they get caught.
Jun-10-15  diceman: <HeMateMe:
I think the apartment is in Flatbush Brooklyn, not a ghetto, but not an upscale area like Brooklyn Heights, either. I hope it didn't become a crack den, in the 90s?>

Not far from where I lived., considered the "in-spots" in Brooklyn.

Jun-10-15  HeMateMe: Is the Bekins heist the same thing as purse snatching?
Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: <Joshka> Poor misunderstood Fischer. After turning down millions of dollars in endorsements, the 1975 Fischer – Karpov match, and who know how many other title defenses, he was just tying to make a living. Then the U.S. Government has the audacity to send him a letter informing him that if he played a chess match with a cash prize in the then-Yugoslavia, that this would be in violation of Executive Order 12810, imposing sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro. It simply was possible that Fischer was not aware of the restrictions and the penalties for violating them, so the U.S. Treasury department was informing him. They might have even thought that they were providing him a service.

So what does Fischer do? He ignores the letter, goes to Yugoslavia anyway to play the match, and even holds a press conference where the spits on the letter. But the incident so damages his psyche that he proceeds to pay his owed back taxes, settle in the US, and retrieves his alleged collection of personal memorabilia from the Bekins Storage facility in Pasadena before they can be suposedly stolen. Assuming, of course, that they existed at all.

BTW, have you ever seen that letter? I couldn't find a legible official copy but here is a link to the contents of the letter: It is so threatening that I could hardly contain my fear when reading it (I was not involved in the Yugoslavia affair but, with the U.S. Government's involvement, you never know whether they might also come after you just because you read the letter).

Yes, I also can't help but ponder how different it would have all turned out if the U.S. Treasury Department had not sent Fischer that letter. And I also can't help but ponder what might have happened if Fischer had turned his considerable intellect to fields other than chess. If he had turned it towards medicine we surely would have cured cancer and other deadly diseases by now. If he had turned it towards politics he surely would have become president of the U.S. If he had turned it towards peacekeeping efforts I'm sure that the Arab-Israeli conflicts, the India-Pakistan conflicts, and all other major conflicts around the world would have been settled by now. And the list goes on an on. Sigh ... what the world missed when Fischer decided to dedicate himself to chess. But then, we have a legacy of beautiful games and that surely is more important than any other might-have-been accomplishments.

Jun-10-15  Petrosianic: if he played a chess match with a cash prize in the then-Yugoslavia, that this would be in violation of Executive Order 12810, imposing sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro.>

Not quite. This is a major piece of retroactive history about Fischer, that he didn't break the law, just an Executive Order (as if that makes it okay). No, he did break the law, specifically the International Emergency Economic Powers Act. All that the Executive Order did was order him to obey the law and warn what would happen if he didn't.

Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: <Petrosianic> You are technically correct that Executive Orders are not "laws" in the sense that they are not passed by a legislative body, e.g. Congress. But Executive Orders have the full force of law when they take authority from a legislative power such as the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, plus the National Emergencies Act and others as listed in Executive Order 12810 ( At least according to that paragon of jurisprudence, WikiPedia. So, while not technically a "law", I wouldn't want to violate one of these Executive Orders if the U.S. Government is has set its mind to enforce it, which in Fischer's case it apparently did.

So I guess a pertinent question is why the U.S. Government set its mind to enforce it in this instance. Why single out the greatest chess player that the U.S. ever produced? Perhaps it had to do with Fischer's behavior prior to the start of the 1992 match when during the pre-match conference, he spat on the letter. I guess if you're going to violate a U.S. Executive Order you shouldn't draw attention to that fact by spitting on it in public. Or, as Jim Croce sang:

"You don't tug on superman's cape
You don't spit into the wind
You don't pull the mask off that old lone ranger
And you don't mess around with Jim"

Then again, Fischer never did try to do things the easy way.

Jun-12-15  A.T PhoneHome: Fischer was a quirky mixture of idealism (wanting chess to be taken seriously) and inability to compromise, because to compromise was to push his dream of becoming World Champion a tiny bit further away.

That or he pushed himself towards the title and thought "Since I'm doing this, why not make people respect chess as a serious affair?".

Jun-12-15  cunctatorg: Fischer's deepest motivation regarding his 1992 choices (violation of the Executive Order + spitting on the letter in public) was his desire to make amends about his humiliation within the Pasadena Jailhouse, in fact his "legitimate" abuse... and -at this very point- he wasn't paranoid at all... You see, the policemen told him explicitly that they had their orders and furthermore they made clever and decisive use of his (reasonable) fear that he was mentally disturbed...
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <cunctatorg> Good point about his Pasadena jail lockup...........recall someone on was going to look into the official record about what happened, mugshots/ect....would be interesting to hear the OTHER side of the story from the police department. Bobby was even locked up for around a week in Japan PRIOR to the 2004 detention somewhere around 1999 or 2000. So still many accounts that should be public record have not surfaced in regards to Bobby's brushes with the law!!
Jun-14-15  A.T PhoneHome: <Joshka> You should consider a career as an attorney; seeing as the way the law enforcement treats people seems to interest you so much! :P heh
Jun-14-15  john barleycorn: < A.T PhoneHome: <Joshka> You should consider a career as an attorney;...>

more of a Fischer paparazzi.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <A.T PhoneHome> Over 30 some years in law enforcement is enough, thank you!;-) Just seems to me, that when doing studies on Fischer you need to take into account his brushes with the law. Really surprised Brady could not or WOULD not disclose the details of these two busts of Fischer and share details. Heck Bobby should have gone into practicing law considering all of his solo efforts in litigation!!
Jun-14-15  HeMateMe: Morphy memorized the Louisiana legal code. Fischer would have memorized the Bourbon street menus.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Big Pawn: Fischer meets Bob Hope - funny episode.

Jun-22-15  S4NKT: Fischer I listened to your radio interviews when you were alive and you inspired me.
Jun-23-15  Petrosianic: If you were inspired by his radio interviews, I take it you're posting from some correctional facility.

Better that you should have been inspired by his chess.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Diocletian: It is not possible that a valid 'law' could emanate from the likes of the third-generation criminal and traitor G.H.W. Bush. Read about this crime family, supporters of Hitler. ( If you're contemptuous of the Internet, you could try a well referenced book like Family of Secrets.) GHW Bush is the only person in the world who cannot remember where he was on Nov 22, 1963. ( He was in Dallas.)

The U.S. is perpetually at war in most of the world, committing genocide in one country after another. Maybe chess should be criminalized globally so as not to impede the accumulation of greater wealth by leaders who spit on the Constitution.

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