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The Championship Season: Bobby Fischer in 1972.  
Robert James Fischer
Number of games in database: 992
Years covered: 1953 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2780
Highest rating achieved in database: 2785
Overall record: +420 -86 =247 (72.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      239 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (182) 
    B90 B32 B88 B44 B57
 Ruy Lopez (119) 
    C92 C69 C95 C97 C98
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (75) 
    C92 C95 C97 C98 C89
 French Defense (68) 
    C19 C11 C18 C16 C15
 Caro-Kann (52) 
    B10 B11 B18 B14 B17
 French Winawer (40) 
    C19 C18 C16 C15 C17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (119) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 King's Indian (116) 
    E62 E80 E97 E60 E67
 Sicilian Najdorf (77) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 Nimzo Indian (23) 
    E45 E46 E40 E43 E21
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D79 D86 D98 D80 D85
 English (18) 
    A16 A15 A10 A19
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956 0-1
   R Byrne vs Fischer, 1963 0-1
   Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 1-0
   Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967 1-0
   Fischer vs Fine, 1963 1-0
   Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 0-1
   Fischer vs Tal, 1961 1-0
   Fischer vs Benko, 1963 1-0
   Letelier vs Fischer, 1960 0-1
   Fischer vs Reshevsky, 1958 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship 1957/58 (1957)
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   Vinkovci (1968)
   Netanya (1968)
   Buenos Aires (1970)
   Skopje (1967)
   Rovinj/Zagreb (1970)
   Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970)
   Fischer - Spassky (1992)
   Mar del Plata (1959)
   Havana (1965)
   Curacao Candidates (1962)
   Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Fischer vs The Russians by wanabe2000
   Match Fischer! by amadeus
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by wanabe2000
   Russians versus Fischer by Anatoly21
   Bjelica_125 by Gottschalk
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by KingG
   Fischer Favorites by atrifix
   Fischer 101 by rea
   fischer best games by brager
   Fischer's Finest by morphyvsfischer
   Bobby Fischer Rediscovered (Andy Soltis) by AdrianP
   Games by Fisher by gothic
   Bobby Fischer's Road to the World Championship by WeakSquare
   fav Capablanca & Fischer games by guoduke

   Morphy vs Duke Karl / Count Isouard, 1858
   R Byrne vs Fischer, 1963
   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961
   Korchnoi vs Fischer, 1970
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Robert James Fischer
Search Google for Robert James Fischer

(born Mar-09-1943, died Jan-17-2008) United States of America (citizen of Iceland)

[what is this?]
Robert James ("Bobby") Fischer was born on March 9, 1943 in Chicago. At 13, he won the stunning brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, which Hans Kmoch christened "The Game of the Century." At 14, he won the US Championship, becoming the youngest player ever to do so.

Fischer's victory qualified him for the 1958 Portorož Interzonal. He tied for 5th–6th, which sufficed to advance him to the Candidates Tournament to decide the challenger to World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. It also made him, at 15, the youngest grandmaster ever - a record that stood until Judit Polgar broke it in 1991. At the Candidates tournament, held in Bled/Zagreb/Belgrade, Yugoslavia, Fischer finished fifth out of eight, the top non-Soviet player.

Fischer won the US Championship all eight times he played, in each case by at least a point. In the US Championship 1963/64 (1963) he achieved the only perfect score (11-0) in the history of the tournament.

In 1962, he won the Stockholm Interzonal 2½ points ahead of Efim Geller and Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian. This made him one of the favorites to win the Candidates Tournament at Curaçao, but he only finished fourth, behind Petrosian, Geller, and Paul Keres.

In a famous article in Sports Illustrated, The Russians Have Fixed World Chess, Fischer accused the Soviets of cheating: Petrosian, Geller, and Keres had drawn all 12 of the games among themselves at Curaçao. Because of this, he refused to play in the next Candidates cycle. He did play in the 1967 Sousse Interzonal, but left it while leading, because of a scheduling dispute occasioned by Fischer's refusal to play on Saturday, his Sabbath.

In 1970 he won the Palma de Mallorca Interzonal by a record 3½ points. The following year, he shocked the chess world by sweeping the Fischer-Taimanov Candidates Match (1971) and the Fischer-Larsen Candidates Match (1971) by identical 6-0 scores. He also won the first game of his Candidates final against former World Champion Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian, giving him a modern record of 20 consecutive wins at the highest level of competition. He beat Petrosian by 6½-2½ to advance to the World Championship match against reigning champion Boris Spassky. This also gave him a FIDE rating of 2785, making him at that time the highest-rated player in history.

In Reykjavik, he won the Fischer-Spassky World Championship Match (1972) by 12½-8½ to become the 11th World Chess Champion. In 1975, Fischer forfeited his title after FIDE refused to meet his conditions for a World Championship match with Anatoly Karpov. He then vanished from the public eye for nearly 20 years.

After ending his competitive career, he proposed a new variant of chess and a modified chess timing system. His idea of adding a time increment after each move is now standard, and his variant "Fischerandom" (or "Chess960") is gaining in popularity.(2)

Fischer resurfaced in 1992 to play a match against his old rival Spassky in Yugoslavia, which he won 10-5 with 15 draws. This action allegedly violated U.S. Treasury Department regulations that forbade transacting business with Yugoslavia. Fischer evaded authorities for twelve years until July 13, 2004, when he was arrested in Japan. On March 22, 2005, he was granted Icelandic citizenship and finally freed from Japan. He died of renal failure in Iceland on January 17, 2008 at the age of 64.

Fischer's anthology, My 60 Memorable Games, was published in 1969. It has been described as a "classic of objective and painstaking analysis"1, and is regarded as one of the great classics of chess literature.

(1) Hooper & Whyld. The Oxford Companion to Chess. 1992

(2) Wikipedia article: Bobby Fischer

(3) User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Fischer

 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 992  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. D Mayers vs Fischer 1-017 1953 Blitz GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. J Altusky vs Fischer 0-18 1954 Offhand GameC71 Ruy Lopez
3. Fischer vs J Altusky 1-012 1954 Offhand GameE90 King's Indian
4. A W Conger vs Fischer 1-012 1955 Correspondence GameE70 King's Indian
5. Fischer vs V Pupols 0-144 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC40 King's Knight Opening
6. Fischer vs D Ames ½-½28 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC47 Four Knights
7. W Whisler vs Fischer ½-½25 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE76 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack
8. A Humphrey vs Fischer ½-½33 1955 US Amateur ChE61 King's Indian
9. Fischer vs K Warner 0-128 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrB58 Sicilian
10. J Thomason vs Fischer 0-123 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE90 King's Indian
11. B Owens vs Fischer ½-½43 1956 57th US OpenE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
12. Fischer vs M Fox 0-162 1956 Montreal CA-openA07 King's Indian Attack
13. A Turner vs Fischer 1-053 1956 New York ManhattanE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
14. Fischer vs S Popel ½-½38 1956 57th US OpenA07 King's Indian Attack
15. K Blake vs Fischer 0-120 1956 Philadelphia ch-jr (09)B59 Sicilian, Boleslavsky Variation, 7.Nb3
16. K Smith vs Fischer ½-½51 1956 57th US OpenB95 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6...e6
17. Fischer vs P Lapiken 1-019 1956 57th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
18. Fischer vs W Stevens ½-½20 1956 57th US OpenC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
19. E Nash vs Fischer 0-148 1956 WashingtonB95 Sicilian, Najdorf, 6...e6
20. Fischer vs J Casado ½-½48 1956 Havana simB32 Sicilian
21. J Tamargo vs Fischer 0-140 1956 New York ManhattanB22 Sicilian, Alapin
22. Fischer vs A Di Camillo 1-041 1956 Washington D.C.C78 Ruy Lopez
23. Fischer vs M Pavey ½-½35 1956 Third Rosenwald TrophyB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
24. S Bernstein vs Fischer 0-133 1956 Montreal CA-openD02 Queen's Pawn Game
25. Feuerstein vs Fischer ½-½22 1956 Eastern States OpenE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 992  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Fischer wins | Fischer loses  

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 1979 OF 1979 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-08-14  unferth: I'm fairly sure my memory of that comment predates my involvement with this site, or with the internet at all for that matter. can't recall which piece of paper it sprang from, though.
Aug-08-14  Petrosianic: The claim didn't seem plausible to me, just because of the evidence of the games. When someone is throwing a game, you usually see something like Matulovic vs. Taimanov. They arrive late, play fast, act really unconcerned, like their ego doesn't want anyone to think they're really trying.

Game 10 of the 1971 Petrosian-Korchnoi match is exactly what you'd expect from someone who was genuinely trying to win and even the score. Korchnoi launches an attack, throws in everything but the kitchen sink, the attack boomerangs, he's about to adjourn in a lost position, and says "I could resign here, or agree to a draw". They agree to a draw, even though Black is dead won.

That's not a 100% proof, but barring some kind of actual evidence, I'm convinced that White was trying to win this game:

Korchnoi vs Petrosian, 1971

Premium Chessgames Member
  Ke2: Does anyone know where to find the early version of the Pawn Sacrifice script that leaked?
Aug-09-14  moebiustip: I am also sceptical of Kaprov's claim that Korchnoi deliberately threw the match against Petrosian. G10 is very strong evidence that Korchnoi was trying to win. I always just thought that Petrosian was a bit stronger than Korchnoi throughout the 1960's-early 70's and that stylistically he was a very inconvenient opponent for Korchnoi. Also, let's not forget that Karpov made the unsubstantiated claim the Korchnoi also threw his Candidates match against Kasparov so as not to meet him (Karpov seems obessed with Korchnoi throwing matches)
Aug-09-14  tzar: <perfidious: <unferth: didn't Korchnoi at some point allege that he had been instructed to lose to Petrosian in the candidates because he had expressed the opinion that neither of them could stop Fischer?>>

Collusion case?
As always rumors. If you want facts, U.S. GMs who classified in the first places in the 1969 U.S. Championships "were invited" to renounce their rights for the Interzonal so that Fischer could play (later allowing him to be WC in 1972). This is a fact and not a rumor.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <tzar> We are already well aware of the whole business regarding Fischer--it has been rehashed twentyleven times in this forum.
Aug-09-14  tzar: <perfidious:> There are always newcomers to the forum and the fight for truth and objectivity never ends.
Aug-09-14  tzar: ...specially these days motivate me because in two days we have an important election between the red evil demon Putin related Kirsan...and the impeccable representative of modernity, democracy, Human Rights and honesty Kasparov.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Korchnoi throw a match--that's pretty funny.
Aug-09-14  fedalio: I've never understood why Korchnoi is treated like some semi deity at top tournaments (eg Gibraltar, London Chess Classic and probably others). He must have pre-arranged more top level games than anyone alive.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <fedalio....Korchnoi....must have pre-arranged more top level games than anyone alive.>

Assuming that the claim that Korchnoi was forced to fix his 1971 match with Petrosian is true, what other evidence do you have for accusing one of the toughest fighters of any era in this fashion?

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Korchnoi was resilient enough to criticize the authorities and be banned from chess travel for a year or two. At the same time his chess stipend was revoked by the state, and he was forbidden to give paid chess lectures. He had no way of making a living.

Someone who had brought respect to his country through the sporting world, always finishing high in big tournaments, treated like this? He then had the smarts to keep cool, get his travel rights back (don't show any indication of defecting) and escape.

Such people don't seem to me like they can be bought or threatened.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Korchnoi's ban was on playing internationally for one year, with his first foreign event afterwards being Hastings 1975-76.

Then came Amsterdam in summer 1976, the interview granted to a Dutch paper and his decision not to return to the not-so-tender ministrations of life behind the Curtain.

Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: <fedalio> If anyone was treated like a deity it was Fischer; what with scheduling changes, changes in playing conditions, etc. So I guess that Fischer must have had more top level games fixed than anybody, even Korchnoi.
Aug-10-14  MissScarlett: Under the heading, Without comment, from <Chess Facts and Fables>:

<From Chess Life, 20 April 1961, page 117:

Frances Parkinson Keyes' novel The Chess Players is under negotiation as a possible motion picture. Dealing with the life and love of Paul Morphy, there is speculation that Bobby Fischer may play the role of Morphy in the movie. (2982)>

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <AK> If we follow an illogical premise to its illogical conclusion, just so. That would explain why Fischer maundered on about the K-K games being 'fixed'; he had to project his 'failing' onto others.

(Cue heavy irony)

Premium Chessgames Member
  FredGambit: <Frances Parkinson Keyes' novel The Chess Players is under negotiation as a possible motion picture. Dealing with the life and love of Paul Morphy, there is speculation that Bobby Fischer may play the role of Morphy in the movie.>

Fischer portraying Morphy makes about as much sense as Karpov portraying Miroslav Filip.

Aug-10-14  MissScarlett: Oh, I don't know. They could have had Larry Evans as Howard Staunton. That's no more ridiculous than Americans playing Shakespeare.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: We have lots of brit actors who come over here, lose the british accent and play American characters. Daniel day lewis was great, as Lincoln. Meryl Streep did a nice job as Maggie Thatcher.
Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: Just found this article + picture

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Bob even played at prisons, while he was on tour. Chuck Manson often used sacrifices, in his games.
Aug-19-14  unferth: <john barleycorn> Andy Sacks, one of the two mentioned as drawing with Fischer, posts here occasionally & has discussed that simul on the page for the Fischer-Rogosin game.
Premium Chessgames Member
  john barleycorn: <unferth> thanks for the hint.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: This has probably been posted before, but this is a good 1961 article in Sports Illustrated, about Fischer and USA chess. When Bob was young and fresh *sigh*.


Aug-21-14  Petrosianic: A lot of the usual careless errors you get when non-chess magazines try to write about chess. But they made a mistake I've never seen before, claiming that Fischer beat Keres at Portoroz, when of course Keres wasn't even there. They were probably confusing the Interzonal with Zurich 1959.
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