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Robert James Fischer
The Championship Season: Bobby Fischer in 1972.  
Number of games in database: 998
Years covered: 1953 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2780
Highest rating achieved in database: 2785
Overall record: +420 -86 =246 (72.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      246 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (183) 
    B90 B32 B88 B44 B57
 Ruy Lopez (119) 
    C92 C69 C95 C98 C97
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (75) 
    C92 C95 C98 C97 C89
 French Defense (65) 
    C19 C11 C18 C16 C15
 Caro-Kann (53) 
    B10 B11 B18 B14 B17
 French Winawer (40) 
    C19 C18 C16 C15 C17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (119) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 King's Indian (116) 
    E80 E62 E97 E60 E67
 Sicilian Najdorf (77) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 Nimzo Indian (23) 
    E45 E46 E40 E43 E21
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D86 D79 D80 D98 D83
 English (18) 
    A16 A15 A10 A19
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956 0-1
   Robert E Byrne vs Fischer, 1963 0-1
   Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 1-0
   Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967 1-0
   Fischer vs Fine, 1963 1-0
   Fischer vs Benko, 1963 1-0
   Fischer vs Tal, 1961 1-0
   Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 0-1
   Letelier vs Fischer, 1960 0-1
   Fischer vs Reshevsky, 1958 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   Vinkovci (1968)
   Netanya (1968)
   Rovinj/Zagreb (1970)
   Skopje (1967)
   Buenos Aires (1970)
   Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970)
   Fischer - Spassky (1992)
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   Zurich (1959)
   Curacao Candidates (1962)
   Mar del Plata (1959)
   Havana (1965)
   Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   -ER by fredthebear
   1964 Fischer simul exhibition tour by gauer
   Fischer vs The Russians by wanabe2000
   Match Fischer! by amadeus
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by wanabe2000
   Bjelica_125 by Gottschalk
   Russians versus Fischer by Anatoly21
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by Jaredfchess
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by KingG
   Fischer Favorites by atrifix
   Fischer 101 by rea
   Fischer's Finest by morphyvsfischer
   fischer best games by brager
   Bobby Fischer Rediscovered (Andy Soltis) by AdrianP

   Morphy vs Duke Karl / Count Isouard, 1858
   Robert E Byrne vs Fischer, 1963
   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886
   Korchnoi vs Fischer, 1970

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Robert James Fischer
Search Google for Robert James Fischer

(born Mar-09-1943, died Jan-17-2008, 64 years old) United States of America (federation/nationality Iceland)

[what is this?]
Robert James ("Bobby") Fischer was born on March 9, 1943 in Chicago. At 13, he won the stunning brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, which Hans Kmoch christened "The Game of the Century." At 14, he won the US Championship (1957/58), making him the youngest U.S. Champion ever.

Fischer's victory qualified him for the Portoroz Interzonal (1958). He tied for 5th–6th, which sufficed to advance him to the Candidates Tournament to decide the challenger to World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. It also made him, at 15, the youngest grandmaster ever - a record that stood until Judit Polgar broke it in 1991. At the Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959), Fischer finished fifth out of eight, the top non-Soviet player.

Fischer won the US Championship all eight times he played, in each case by at least a point. In the US Championship (1963/64) he achieved the only perfect score (11-0) in the history of the tournament.

He won the Stockholm Interzonal (1962) 2½ points ahead of Efim Geller and Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian. This made him a favorite to win the Curacao Candidates (1962), but he only finished fourth, behind Petrosian, Geller, and Paul Keres.

In a famous article in Sports Illustrated magazine, The Russians Have Fixed World Chess, Fischer accused the Soviets of cheating: Petrosian, Geller, and Keres had drawn all 12 of the games among themselves at Curaçao. Because of this, he refused to play in the next Candidates cycle. He did play in the Sousse Interzonal (1967), but left it while leading, because of a scheduling dispute occasioned by Fischer's refusal to play on Saturday, his Sabbath.

He won the Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970) by a record 3½ points. The following year, he shocked the chess world by sweeping the Fischer - Taimanov Candidates Quarterfinal (1971) and Fischer - Larsen Candidates Semifinal (1971) by identical 6-0 scores, the only perfect scores in the history of the Candidates Matches. He also won the first game of his Candidates final against former World Champion Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian, giving him a modern record of 20 consecutive wins at the highest level of competition. He won the Fischer - Petrosian Candidates Final (1971) by 6½-2½ to advance to the World Championship match against reigning champion Boris Spassky. This also gave him a FIDE rating of 2785, making him at that time the highest-rated player in history.

In Reykjavik, he won the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) by 12½-8½ to become the 11th World Chess Champion. In 1975, Fischer forfeited his title after FIDE refused to meet his conditions for a World Championship match with Anatoly Karpov. He then virtually disappeared from the public eye for nearly 20 years.

After ending his competitive career, he proposed a new variant of chess and a modified chess timing system. His idea of adding a time increment after each move is now standard, and his variant "Fischerandom" (or "Chess960") is gaining in popularity.(2)

Fischer resurfaced in 1992 to play a match against his old rival Spassky in Yugoslavia. Fischer won Fischer - Spassky (1992) 10-5 with 15 draws. The United States considered that Fischer, in playing this match in Yugoslavia, violated U.S. Treasury Department regulations that forbade transacting business with Yugoslavia. Fischer evaded authorities for twelve years until July 13, 2004, when he was arrested in Japan. On March 22, 2005, he was granted Icelandic citizenship and finally freed from Japan. He died of renal failure in Iceland on January 17, 2008 at the age of 64.

Fischer's anthology, My 60 Memorable Games, was published in 1969. It has been described as a "classic of objective and painstaking analysis,"1 and is regarded as one of the great classics of chess literature.

(1) Hooper & Whyld. The Oxford Companion to Chess. 1992

(2) Wikipedia article: Bobby Fischer

(3) User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Fischer

 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 998  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. D Mayers vs Fischer 1-017 1953 Blitz GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. J Altusky vs Fischer 0-18 1954 Offhand GameC71 Ruy Lopez
3. Fischer vs J Altusky 1-012 1954 Offhand GameE90 King's Indian
4. A W Conger vs Fischer 1-012 1955 Correspondence GameE70 King's Indian
5. A Humphrey vs Fischer ½-½33 1955 US Amateur ChE61 King's Indian
6. Fischer vs K Warner 0-128 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrB58 Sicilian
7. W Whisler vs Fischer ½-½25 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
8. J Thomason vs Fischer 0-123 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrE90 King's Indian
9. Fischer vs D Ames ½-½28 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC47 Four Knights
10. Fischer vs V Pupols 0-144 1955 Lincoln ch-US jrC40 King's Knight Opening
11. Fischer vs S Baron 1-053 1956 New York ManhattanC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
12. Fischer vs M Pavey 0-152 1956 New York ManhattanA07 King's Indian Attack
13. A Turner vs Fischer 1-053 1956 New York ManhattanE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
14. J Tamargo vs Fischer 0-140 1956 New York ManhattanB22 Sicilian, Alapin
15. Fischer vs K Vine ½-½36 1956 New York ManhattanB32 Sicilian
16. Fischer vs J Casado ½-½48 1956 Havana simB32 Sicilian
17. Fischer vs E Nash 0-151 1956 US Amateur ChampionshipA05 Reti Opening
18. K Blake vs Fischer 0-120 1956 Philadelphia ch-jr (09)B59 Sicilian, Boleslavsky Variation, 7.Nb3
19. C Grossguth vs Fischer 0-129 1956 US Junior Ch.B92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
20. A M Swank vs Fischer 0-143 1956 57th US OpenB20 Sicilian
21. Fischer vs H Gross ½-½17 1956 57th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
22. C F Tears vs Fischer ½-½45 1956 57th US OpenB25 Sicilian, Closed
23. Fischer vs P Lapiken 1-019 1956 57th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
24. B E Owens vs Fischer ½-½43 1956 57th US OpenE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
25. Fischer vs Santasiere ½-½19 1956 57th US OpenA06 Reti Opening
 page 1 of 40; games 1-25 of 998  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Fischer wins | Fischer loses  

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Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: I'd like to live in that galaxy where they have Fischer games on phonograph records
Jan-05-17  Howard: Petrosianic....I subscribed to Boys' Life for eight years, and I STILL remember that short story. It came out when I was in 8th grade.

Sally Simpson...that story wasn't exactly anything to brag about. The idea of some kid listening to the moves of Fischer's games while's so far-fetched it's not even funny.

The game in question, by the way, was Fischer-Najdorf, 1966. In fact, it's in Fischer's M60MG.

Jan-05-17  Petrosianic: I think they were trying to shoot for a genuine ethical dilemma, but the author didn't know enough about chess to create one.

It's interesting sometimes to see how much a writer does and doesn't know about chess when it makes its way into a program. Chess is often used as a symbol to show that a character is smart (or conniving) without having someone come out and say so. But i've seen shows where the writer seeemed to think, for example, that there was some virtue in giving check. Or that a good player should be able to win a game in 4 moves. On the other hand, I have an Ozzie and Harriet episode where Ricky correctly reels off the first 8 moves of the Lasker Defense and asks for an opinion.

I think the very best chess show I've seen is a Get Smart episode called "Smart the Assassin". It doesn't display any great knowledge of the game, but doesn't make any horrible mistakes either, and is really funny.

Jan-05-17  schweigzwang: Wait, was that Mary Lou Sullivan, the cheerleader in the story, the one Ricky Nelson was singing about?
Jan-05-17  Shams: <I think the very best chess show I've seen is a Get Smart episode called "Smart the Assassin". It doesn't display any great knowledge of the game, but doesn't make any horrible mistakes either, and is really funny.>

Family Ties had a great chess episode!

I don't recall the opening in the game Keaton plays against the Russian but the producers clearly did their homework and has them play real moves. Alas, only a 30-second teaser on youtube.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <Petrosianic> broke the forum!
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Would <The Seventh Seal> merit a mention?

<Cowboy Bebop> Bohemian Rhapsody episode also has some good chess action

<Chessmaster Hex> (audio only)

Jan-05-17  Petrosianic: <Shams> I saw this show in the late 70's. I don't even remember the name of it any more, but it was one of those "Touched By an Angel" style shows, where an angel meets somebody new every week and does something to improve their life.

So in this one show, the subject's big dream was to beat his club champion, Kropotkin. He thinks the angel is going to make him win, so he issues a challenge, and puts up his prized possession, a set supposedly owned by Staunton, to get him to accept the challenge.

He breaks his glasses just before the game, but thinks it won't matter, because it's in the bag. He plays the game anyway, with a friend calling out the moves to him.

So he sits down with White, and plays the following game: 1. f4 e5 2. fxe5 d6 3. exd6 Bxd6 4. Nc3?? Qh4+ 5. g3 Qxg3+ 6. hxg3 Bxg3++

What happened? Our hero just lost?? He asks for another chance, and the champion agrees to a rematch for the club title, but NOT for the set, which he refuses to risk. The champion's hot girlfriend thinks this is pretty sleazy, dumps him, and starts going out with our hero. Our hero feels that he's now FINALLY beaten Kropotkin.

I'd love to see this again, but don't even know the name of the series. I think the only way to find it would be to go through the TV Listings for, say, 1975-1979, and look at every single series to try to find one that was around this general theme.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <petrosian> best I could come up with:

And here's a master list:

Couldn't find your item though.

Jan-06-17  Retireborn: There's a recent chess movie set in Uganda, called Queen of Katwe:-

I hope to get hold of the blu ray next month.

Jan-06-17  Petrosianic: <zanzibar>

It definitely wasn't a Columbo or Mission Impossible episode, although both of these shows look interesting too. I own Mission Impossible Season 2, but haven't watched it yet, so I'll definitely see that one.

Jan-06-17  Petrosianic: There's a sci-fi writer who's ranked every episode of Mission Impossible in order. He ranked that one 82 out of 163, and says:

<82. “A Game of Chess” (Season 2, Episode 17)

The over-involved scenario of “A Game of Chess” entangles the IMF with an international thief (Don Francks) who is planning to steal a shipment of gold bullion from an enemy nation’s military police. The IMF must recover the gold and return it to its rightful owners, under the cover of a hotel-based chess tournament. The situation is even more contrived than usual, but it’s got entertaining visuals and some clever IMF trickery.>

So it sounds like a halfway decent story, but of course from the chess perspective the details are what will make it interesting. I'll definitely have to check it out.

By number crunching this guy's ratings, I found that he likes Season 1 best, followed by Season 3, then Season 2, and the rest are noticeably weaker.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: I covered the Mission Impossible chess episode a few years back.

I have the two games played there. The program was first shown in March 1968.

It's halfway down entitled 'Mission Improbable' (pretty witty eh?)

It's just after the story about me trying to fleece a 2nd hand shop out £3.00 so I could a chess set.

Jan-06-17  Petrosianic: Speaking of Mission Impossible and chess, I saw a Season 1 episode called "The Carriers" a while back, and Martin Landau used the name "Tigran Portisch" as an alias. I don't think that was a coincidence. The writer must have known something about chess.
Jan-06-17  Howard: Wasn't one of the last scenes in that Mission Impossible episode where some policewoman is in a limo, and she asks someone sitting with her in the back seat some chess trivia question regarding a well-known chess move?

The guy in the back seat refers the question to the chauffer, who not only gives the correct answer, but then he replies, "But I didn't know that policewomen were interested in chess?"

Personally, I saw that episode back around 1973 shortly after the you-know-what match. But it was shown in prime-time---apparently, the show was trying to capitalize on the short-lived chess craze that was taking place in the U.S. at the time.

Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: <...used the name "Tigran Portisch" as an alias. >

They got that from Fischer, who used this alias to rent his apartment in Pasadena.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: If a knowledgeable chess player had been Landau's landlord, Portisch would have been roached.
Jan-07-17  savagerules: I actually watched recently the Columbo episode where the hard-of-hearing chess champ manages to lose by a fool's mate during a simul, while being questioned by Columbo on the murder investigation.

The chess board and moves were accurate, surprisingly, but even a comatose master would not have got mated in 3 moves. I believe Falk (Columbo) was like a class C player in real life so he should have known better than to allow this farcial scene into the show.

Jan-07-17  todicav23: <savagerules: I actually watched recently the Columbo episode where the hard-of-hearing chess champ manages to lose by a fool's mate during a simul, while being questioned by Columbo on the murder investigation.

The chess board and moves were accurate, surprisingly, but even a comatose master would not have got mated in 3 moves. I believe Falk (Columbo) was like a class C player in real life so he should have known better than to allow this farcial scene into the show.>

Peter Falk with Seirawan and Korchnoi:

Jan-07-17  Howard: Oh, yes, that often-mentioned Columbo episode. Remind me to get the DVD from the public library--haven't seen it in at least 30 years.
Jan-09-17  todicav23:

According to this article proposed a new system, called Computer Aggregated Precision Score, to determine the strength of players based on computer analysis. We have:

Carlsen - 98.38 (in the past five years)
Karjakin - 97.97
Kasparov - 97.51
Fischer - 97.59

I'm not sure how they calculate these scores. I assume it is a measure of the accuracy of the players (higher score is better). Because modern players have access to computers it is expected that they are more accurate than Fischer and Kasparov.

It is surprising that Fischer is slightly more accurate than Kasparov, despite the fact that Kasparov had access to computers and databases (and of course better resources). But it is also true that Kasparov was looking for complex positions where the possibility of making mistakes was greater. Both Fischer and Kasparov took more risks compared with Carlsen.

Maybe someone with more free time can try to make sense of this system.

Jan-11-17  Shams: <todicav23> Thanks for the link and good post.
Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: <todicav23> The links provide little and occasionally inconsistent information. One section in refers to "engines" (plural) and another refers to "engine" (singular). It's an important distinction since engines don't always agree on their move rankings. So, if more than one engine is used, how is the "best" move determined? Majority voting is one way but, if 3 engines are used and all 3 differ in their move rankings (not as unusual as one might think), how is the "best" move detected? And are the evaluations weighted by the engines' ratings?

The article is also silent on identifying the engines used, the search depth(s) used (which need to be different for each engine in order to have equal confidence in their evaluations; Komodo 10 at d=25 will beat the pants off Stockfish 8 at the same depth, even though Stockfish 8 currently has a higher rating and scored higher in the latest TCEC competition), number of games analyzed per player, etc. And the factor "patterns of strength" is not explained in a way that contributes anything to its understanding.

So as far as I'm concerned more information is needed in order to make sense of this system. Maybe this will be forthcoming in the future.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Eventually the CAPS model might work, but the lack of specifics, which engines/depth etc., are used raises red flags.

I suspect just enough data has been crunched to produce the article as it is aimed as a promotion device to gain premium members.

The actual idea has merit, as engines have progressed hundreds of elo points beyond us, and are as near to a standard measuring device as has ever existed in chess.

Jan-11-17  unferth: I'd be curious to see how the numbers would change if they began analysis with move 16 (or even later) to eliminate bias from advances in opening prep, as this study did:

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