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Robert James Fischer
The Championship Season: Bobby Fischer in 1972.  
Number of games in database: 1,004
Years covered: 1953 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2780
Highest rating achieved in database: 2785

Overall record: +420 -86 =246 (72.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 252 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (186) 
    B90 B32 B88 B44 B57
 Ruy Lopez (121) 
    C92 C69 C95 C98 C97
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (75) 
    C92 C95 C97 C98 C89
 French Defense (65) 
    C19 C11 C18 C16 C15
 Caro-Kann (53) 
    B10 B11 B18 B14 B13
 French Winawer (40) 
    C19 C18 C16 C15 C17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (119) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 King's Indian (117) 
    E80 E62 E97 E60 E67
 Sicilian Najdorf (77) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 Nimzo Indian (23) 
    E45 E40 E46 E43 E21
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D86 D79 D98 D80 D73
 English (18) 
    A16 A15 A10 A19
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956 0-1
   Robert E Byrne vs Fischer, 1963 0-1
   Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 1-0
   Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967 1-0
   Fischer vs Fine, 1963 1-0
   Fischer vs Benko, 1963 1-0
   Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 0-1
   Letelier vs Fischer, 1960 0-1
   Fischer vs Tal, 1961 1-0
   Fischer vs Panno, 1970 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship (1966)
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   Vinkovci (1968)
   Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970)
   Buenos Aires (1970)
   Rovinj/Zagreb (1970)
   Netanya (1968)
   Skopje (1967)
   Fischer - Spassky (1992)
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   Zurich (1959)
   Curacao Candidates (1962)
   Havana (1965)
   Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   -ER by fredthebear
   1964 Fischer simul exhibition tour by gauer
   Fischer vs The Russians by wanabe2000
   Match Fischer! by amadeus
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by wanabe2000
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by fernando.laroca
   Russians versus Fischer by Anatoly21
   Bjelica_125 by Gottschalk
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by KingG
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by Jaredfchess
   Fischer Favorites by atrifix
   Fischer vs........ by TheTakenKing
   Fischer 101 by Parkov
   Fischer 101 by rea

   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886
   Korchnoi vs Fischer, 1970
   Unzicker vs Fischer, 1962
   Fischer vs Julio Bolbochan, 1962

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Robert James Fischer
Search Google for Robert James Fischer

(born Mar-09-1943, died Jan-17-2008, 64 years old) United States of America (federation/nationality Iceland)

[what is this?]

Robert James ("Bobby") Fischer was a chess prodigy born on March 9, 1943 in Chicago.

At 13, he won the stunning brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, which Hans Kmoch christened "The Game of the Century." At 14, he won the US Championship (1957/58), making him the youngest U.S. Champion ever. At age 15, Fischer became both the youngest grandmaster (at the time) and the youngest candidate for the World Championship.

Fischer's victory qualified him for the Portoroz Interzonal (1958). He tied for 5th-6th, which sufficed to advance him to the Candidates Tournament to decide the challenger to World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. It also made him, at 15, the youngest grandmaster ever - a record that stood until Judit Polgar broke it in 1991. At the Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959), Fischer finished fifth out of eight, the top non-Soviet player.

Fischer won the US Championship all eight times he played, in each case by at least a point. In the US Championship (1963/64) he achieved the only perfect score (11-0) in the history of the tournament.

He won the Stockholm Interzonal (1962) 2½ points ahead of Efim Geller and Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian. This made him a favorite to win the Curacao Candidates (1962), but he only finished fourth, behind Petrosian, Geller, and Paul Keres.

In a famous article in Sports Illustrated magazine, The Russians Have Fixed World Chess, Fischer accused the Soviets of cheating: Petrosian, Geller, and Keres had drawn all 12 of the games among themselves at Curaçao. Because of this, he refused to play in the next Candidates cycle. He did play in the Sousse Interzonal (1967), but left it while leading, because of a scheduling dispute occasioned by Fischer's refusal to play on Saturday, his Sabbath.

He won the Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970) by a record 3½ points. The following year, he shocked the chess world by sweeping the Fischer - Taimanov Candidates Quarterfinal (1971) and Fischer - Larsen Candidates Semifinal (1971) by identical 6-0 scores, the only perfect scores in the history of the Candidates Matches. He also won the first game of his Candidates final against former World Champion Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian, giving him a modern record of 20 consecutive wins at the highest level of competition. He won the Fischer - Petrosian Candidates Final (1971) by 6½-2½ to advance to the World Championship match against reigning champion Boris Spassky. This also gave him a FIDE rating of 2785, making him at that time the highest-rated player in history.

In Reykjavik, he won the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) by 12½-8½ to become the 11th World Chess Champion. In 1975, Fischer forfeited his title after FIDE refused to meet his conditions for a World Championship match with Anatoly Karpov. He then virtually disappeared from the public eye for nearly 20 years.

After ending his competitive career, he proposed a new variant of chess and a modified chess timing system. His idea of adding a time increment after each move is now standard, and his variant "Fischerandom" (or "Chess960") is gaining in popularity.(2)

Fischer resurfaced in 1992 to play a match against his old rival Spassky in Yugoslavia. Fischer won Fischer - Spassky (1992) 10-5 with 15 draws. The United States considered that Fischer, in playing this match in Yugoslavia, violated U.S. Treasury Department regulations that forbade transacting business with Yugoslavia. Fischer evaded authorities for twelve years until July 13, 2004, when he was arrested in Japan. On March 22, 2005, he was granted Icelandic citizenship and finally freed from Japan. He died of renal failure in Iceland on January 17, 2008 at the age of 64.

Fischer's anthology, My 60 Memorable Games, was published in 1969. It has been described as a "classic of objective and painstaking analysis,"1 and is regarded as one of the great classics of chess literature.

(1) Hooper & Whyld. The Oxford Companion to Chess. 1992

(2) Wikipedia article: Bobby Fischer

(3) User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Fischer

Last updated: 2017-05-02 23:48:19

 page 1 of 41; games 1-25 of 1,004  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. D Mayers vs Fischer 1-0171953Blitz GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. J Altusky vs Fischer 0-181954Offhand GameC71 Ruy Lopez
3. Fischer vs J Altusky 1-0121954Offhand GameE90 King's Indian
4. A W Conger vs Fischer 1-0121955Correspondence GameE70 King's Indian
5. A Humphrey vs Fischer ½-½331955US Amateur ChE61 King's Indian
6. Fischer vs K Warner 0-1281955Lincoln ch-US jrB58 Sicilian
7. W Whisler vs Fischer ½-½251955Lincoln ch-US jrE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
8. J Thomason vs Fischer 0-1231955Lincoln ch-US jrE90 King's Indian
9. Fischer vs D Ames ½-½281955Lincoln ch-US jrC47 Four Knights
10. Fischer vs V Pupols 0-1441955Lincoln ch-US jrC40 King's Knight Opening
11. Fischer vs S Baron 1-0531956New York ManhattanC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
12. Fischer vs M Pavey 0-1521956New York ManhattanA07 King's Indian Attack
13. A Turner vs Fischer 1-0531956New York ManhattanE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
14. J Tamargo vs Fischer 0-1401956New York ManhattanB22 Sicilian, Alapin
15. Fischer vs K Vine ½-½361956New York ManhattanB32 Sicilian
16. Fischer vs J A Casado ½-½481956Simul, 12bB32 Sicilian
17. Fischer vs E Nash 0-1511956US Amateur ChampionshipA05 Reti Opening
18. K Blake vs Fischer 0-1201956Philadelphia ch-jr (09)B59 Sicilian, Boleslavsky Variation, 7.Nb3
19. C Grossguth vs Fischer 0-1291956US Junior Ch.B92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
20. A M Swank vs Fischer 0-143195657th US OpenB20 Sicilian
21. Fischer vs H Gross ½-½17195657th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
22. C F Tears vs Fischer ½-½45195657th US OpenB25 Sicilian, Closed
23. Fischer vs P Lapiken 1-019195657th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
24. B E Owens vs Fischer ½-½43195657th US OpenE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
25. Fischer vs Santasiere ½-½19195657th US OpenA06 Reti Opening
 page 1 of 41; games 1-25 of 1,004  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Fischer wins | Fischer loses  

Now on DVD

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: Speaking of matches, I'd LOVE to have a United States Chess Champion determined thru head to head match play. For some reason these tourney winners do not resinate dominate chess superiority with me. In fact, If you were to hold a gun to my head, I might not be able to even say who is the US Chess Champion!! Is it Caruna?
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Thankfully for you, Josh, not too many people hold guns to heads over that question:)
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <tamar> Well, thanks yes, exactly my point!! If we had a series of matches, similar to candidates matches played years ago, we would have some built in drama and your average person would KNOW who is our United States Chess Champion!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Joshka> Why not have every national championship decided by matches? How many countries could afford to do that?

They tried doing those mini-match world championships and you see how successful that turned out to be.

Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: <AylerKupp: <todicav23> As the article says, this approach, at least the non-Markovian chain portion of it, has been tried before. And, as before, the author does not seem to understand chess engines all that much.>

I think it's a bit unfair to characterize the authors of these studies as <does not seem to understand chess engines all that much> because they didn't set their benchmarks to:

Chess Programs: All
Ply: Infinity

I am sure they are subjected to time/budget considerations. All they are probably doing is a pragmatic/practical approach of consistent definitions.

This statement:

<As the article says, this approach, at least the non-Markovian chain portion of it, has been tried before.>

Implies that no study is the final study,
but simply where we stand with current technology.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Eduardo Bermudez: HeMateMe: <The American people had nothing to do with his talent.> I thought the thousands of blitz games and skittles and tournament games against strong players and GMs in the New York City area made him a better player. Do you realy think he would have become the great player, if he had grown up in Fargo North Dakota?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eduardo Bermudez: "I thought the thousands of blitz games and skittles and tournament games against strong players and GMs in the New York City area made him a better player" The same is valid for Capablanca in early 1900s
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <TheFocus> Do not really care what type of system they use in Portugal, Colombia or Sweden, do you?? What mini-match World Championship?? Yes, that's another subject, I fully support head to head matches for the World Chess Championship not a tourney. I'm talking about getting rid of the tourney for the American Championship as well. The point being, folks will KNOW and REMEMBER who holds these titles, when they are won during match play, not tournament play. WE live in the wealthiest country on God's green earth. The stinginess in which chess is supported here, is another critique in which Bobby was 100% correct in!!!! Hold the United States Chess Championship on ESPN or something similar yearly, create drama!! Oh well, that's all we ever hear is that there is no interest or money for it.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: This year, the showdown could be billed as <The Speccy Kid versus the Chinese Kid>. Next year might be <The Chinese Kid versus Some Other Chinese Bloke>.

Yeah, that'll sell. Why didn't anyone think of this before!

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Joshka> Right. Chess is a non-sport in America so it wil never receive large corporate support.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <TheFocus: <Joshka> Right. Chess is a non-sport in America so it wil never receive large corporate support.>

Lots of federations would kill for the amount of support Rex Sinquefield is providing.

I think a match between So and either of Caruana or Nakamura would get some interest. I'd really like to see a three-way match tournament.

May-01-17  todicav23: It seems that 4 new games played by Fischer have been added recently. Does anyone know which games?
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Looking through Fischer's games, I see four that have no commentaries. Perhaps it is them?

315. Fischer - Hense
370. Fischer - Henriksen
372. Fischer - Jensen
635. Fischer - Zhukov

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Those are all games freshly culled from <[Source "Fischer in Action, Donaldson & Tangborn, Kindle ed., 2016"]>.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <The stinginess in which chess is supported here, is another critique in which Bobby was 100% correct in!!!!>

That's a complaint, not a critique. My advice would be not to scratch it.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <TheFocus> <Chess is a non sport> Oh, but playing card games and poker are a sport? Amazing how often you can see a bevy of 6 foot plus blondes almost half stark naked jumping up and down in the sand smacking a ball over a net, is that a sport? Chess doesn't get the support cause the folks with deep pockets who could and would donate to chess <philanthropists> squeeze nickels as if we were back in the depression. Yes, the St.Louis business man Rex Sinquefeld supports the game, but that's just one example where there could and should be a lot more.
Premium Chessgames Member
  moronovich: <Amazing how often you can see a bevy of 6 foot plus blondes almost half stark naked jumping up and down>

Ah,yeah,those were the days.

Less than 2 hours was sloppiness.

May-02-17  todicav23: <TheFocus: Looking through Fischer's games, I see four that have no commentaries. Perhaps it is them?

315. Fischer - Hense
370. Fischer - Henriksen
372. Fischer - Jensen
635. Fischer - Zhukov>


May-02-17  nolachess: Joshka - I would love to talk more. We really need to find some people in the chess community to interview about Jude and his relationship with the USCF!! Please feel free to email me at My partner, Derek Bridges, actually runs Jude's page, so if you reach out there he will definitely reply! Thanks!
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: There'll soon be another new Fischer game: Reshevsky vs Jesper Fischer, 1957
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: A must-see:

(Has this been posted before?)

Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: merci beaucoup zanzibar :)
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Yes, when I said it was must-see I had only seen the very beginning of the video - before Fischer obtained his release from Japanese detention.

I'm only now viewing the 2nd third of the video - when he's just landed in Iceland.

It's still must-see viewing - but it's also very painful to hear in full detail how contorted he's become.


Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: <zanzibar:
I'm only now viewing the 2nd third of the video - when he's just landed in Iceland.

It's still must-see viewing - but it's also very painful to hear in full detail how contorted he's become.>

Let me know what you think of this idea: Chess encourages paranoia because 1) the approach to chess problem-solving is based on a justified assumption that there's always a hostile adversary plotting against you and 2) it's a Manichean, bipolar world where everything's black and white. It's only natural for somebody who's obsessed with the game to apply that same warped approach to all the world's problems and to cast all the blame on some scapegoat, especially since the amount of time required to keep on top of the game at the highest levels prevents any profound knowledge of geopolitics, history or even current events. Scapegoats allow people like Fischer to cover up their vast areas of ignorance by blaming absolutely everything on "the Jews", for example, even though that was totally crazy considering he was at least half-Jewish himself.

Premium Chessgames Member
  PhilFeeley: <Chess encourages paranoia> If that were generally true, then we'd see a lot more of it among the top players. Can you name one? I can't. Fischer was unique. He had the disposition for it, in a time when the U.S. and Russia were highly distrustful of each other. No one else in the U.S. chess-playing community from his time exhibited any of these tendencies. He trained alone (mostly) isolated himself a lot and reinforced he paranoid delusions because nobody around him was able to disabuse him of them. We're just fortunate we have his games to remember.
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