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Robert James Fischer
The Championship Season: Bobby Fischer in 1972.  
Number of games in database: 1,052
Years covered: 1953 to 1992
Last FIDE rating: 2780
Highest rating achieved in database: 2785

Overall record: +420 -85 =245 (72.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 302 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (195) 
    B90 B32 B88 B44 B77
 Ruy Lopez (122) 
    C92 C69 C95 C98 C97
 French Defense (76) 
    C19 C11 C18 C16 C15
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (75) 
    C92 C95 C98 C97 C89
 Caro-Kann (50) 
    B11 B18 B10 B13 B14
 French Winawer (45) 
    C19 C18 C16 C15 C17
With the Black pieces:
 King's Indian (117) 
    E80 E62 E97 E60 E67
 Sicilian (115) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 Sicilian Najdorf (77) 
    B92 B99 B97 B90 B93
 Nimzo Indian (23) 
    E45 E46 E40 E43 E56
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D79 D86 D98 D80 D73
 English (18) 
    A16 A15 A10 A19
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956 0-1
   Robert E Byrne vs Fischer, 1963 0-1
   Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 1-0
   Fischer vs Myagmarsuren, 1967 1-0
   Fischer vs Fine, 1963 1-0
   Fischer vs Benko, 1963 1-0
   Letelier vs Fischer, 1960 0-1
   Fischer vs Tal, 1961 1-0
   Spassky vs Fischer, 1972 0-1
   Fischer vs Panno, 1970 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship 1957/58 (1957)
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   Netanya (1968)
   Vinkovci (1968)
   Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970)
   Skopje (1967)
   Buenos Aires (1970)
   Rovinj/Zagreb (1970)
   Fischer - Spassky (1992)
   Mar del Plata (1960)
   Curacao Candidates (1962)
   Mar del Plata (1959)
   Havana (1965)
   Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   -ER Fischer by fredthebear
   1964 Fischer simul exhibition tour by gauer
   Fischer vs The Russians by wanabe2000
   Match Fischer! by amadeus
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by fernando.laroca
   Bobby Fischer: Selected Games from 1955-1992 by wanabe2000
   Bjelica_125 by Gottschalk
   Russians versus Fischer by Anatoly21
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by ADopeAlias
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by KingG
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by demirchess
   Robert Fischer's Best Games by Jaredfchess
   A Legend on the Road (I) by MissScarlett
   Fischer Favorites by atrifix

   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961
   Unzicker vs Fischer, 1962
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886
   Korchnoi vs Fischer, 1970
   Fischer vs Julio Bolbochan, 1962

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Robert James Fischer
Search Google for Robert James Fischer

(born Mar-09-1943, died Jan-17-2008, 64 years old) United States of America (federation/nationality Iceland)

[what is this?]

Robert James ("Bobby") Fischer was a chess prodigy born on March 9, 1943 in Chicago.

At 13, he won the stunning brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, which Hans Kmoch christened "The Game of the Century." At 14, he won the US Championship (1957/58), making him the youngest U.S. Champion ever. At age 15, Fischer became both the youngest grandmaster (at the time) and the youngest candidate for the World Championship.

Fischer's victory qualified him for the Portoroz Interzonal (1958). He tied for 5th-6th, which sufficed to advance him to the Candidates Tournament to decide the challenger to World Champion Mikhail Botvinnik. It also made him, at 15, the youngest grandmaster ever - a record that stood until Judit Polgar broke it in 1991. At the Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959), Fischer finished fifth out of eight, the top non-Soviet player.

Fischer won the US Championship all eight times he played, in each case by at least a point. In the US Championship (1963/64) he achieved the only perfect score (11-0) in the history of the tournament.

He won the Stockholm Interzonal (1962) 2½ points ahead of Efim Geller and Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian. This made him a favorite to win the Curacao Candidates (1962), but he only finished fourth, behind Petrosian, Geller, and Paul Keres.

In a famous article in Sports Illustrated magazine, The Russians Have Fixed World Chess, Fischer accused the Soviets of cheating: Petrosian, Geller, and Keres had drawn all 12 of the games among themselves at Curaçao. Because of this, he refused to play in the next Candidates cycle. He did play in the Sousse Interzonal (1967), but left it while leading, because of a scheduling dispute occasioned by Fischer's refusal to play on Saturday, his Sabbath.

He won the Palma de Mallorca Interzonal (1970) by a record 3½ points. The following year, he shocked the chess world by sweeping the Fischer - Taimanov Candidates Quarterfinal (1971) and Fischer - Larsen Candidates Semifinal (1971) by identical 6-0 scores, the only perfect scores in the history of the Candidates Matches. He also won the first game of his Candidates final against former World Champion Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian, giving him a modern record of 20 consecutive wins at the highest level of competition. He won the Fischer - Petrosian Candidates Final (1971) by 6½-2½ to advance to the World Championship match against reigning champion Boris Spassky. This also gave him a FIDE rating of 2785, making him at that time the highest-rated player in history.

In Reykjavik, he won the Fischer - Spassky World Championship Match (1972) by 12½-8½ to become the 11th World Chess Champion. In 1975, Fischer forfeited his title after FIDE refused to meet his conditions for a World Championship match with Anatoly Karpov. He then virtually disappeared from the public eye for nearly 20 years.

After ending his competitive career, he proposed a new variant of chess and a modified chess timing system. His idea of adding a time increment after each move is now standard, and his variant "Fischerandom" (or "Chess960") is gaining in popularity.(2)

Fischer resurfaced in 1992 to play a match against his old rival Spassky in Yugoslavia. Fischer won Fischer - Spassky (1992) 10-5 with 15 draws. The United States considered that Fischer, in playing this match in Yugoslavia, violated U.S. Treasury Department regulations that forbade transacting business with Yugoslavia. Fischer evaded authorities for twelve years until July 13, 2004, when he was arrested in Japan. On March 22, 2005, he was granted Icelandic citizenship and finally freed from Japan. He died of renal failure in Iceland on January 17, 2008 at the age of 64. Gravestone photo:

Fischer's anthology, My 60 Memorable Games, was published in 1969. It has been described as a "classic of objective and painstaking analysis,"1 and is regarded as one of the great classics of chess literature.

(1) Hooper & Whyld. The Oxford Companion to Chess. 1992

(2) Wikipedia article: Bobby Fischer

(3) User: jessicafischerqueen 's YouTube documentary of Fischer

Last updated: 2018-09-23 15:50:12

 page 1 of 43; games 1-25 of 1,052  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. D Mayers vs Fischer 1-0171953Blitz GameC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Fischer vs J Altusky 1-0121954Offhand GameE90 King's Indian
3. J Altusky vs Fischer 0-181954Offhand GameC71 Ruy Lopez
4. A W Conger vs Fischer 1-0121955Correspondence GameE70 King's Indian
5. A Humphrey vs Fischer ½-½331955US Amateur ChE61 King's Indian
6. Fischer vs K Warner 0-1281955Lincoln ch-US jrB58 Sicilian
7. W Whisler vs Fischer ½-½251955Lincoln ch-US jrE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
8. J Thomason vs Fischer 0-1231955Lincoln ch-US jrE90 King's Indian
9. Fischer vs D Ames ½-½281955Lincoln ch-US jrC47 Four Knights
10. Fischer vs V Pupols 0-1441955Lincoln ch-US jrC40 King's Knight Opening
11. Fischer vs Franklin Saksena 1-0221955Lincoln ch-US jrC53 Giuoco Piano
12. Fischer vs S Baron 1-0531956New York ManhattanC98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
13. Fischer vs M Pavey 0-1521956New York ManhattanA07 King's Indian Attack
14. A Turner vs Fischer 1-0531956New York ManhattanE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
15. J Tamargo vs Fischer 0-1401956New York ManhattanB22 Sicilian, Alapin
16. Fischer vs K Vine ½-½361956New York ManhattanB32 Sicilian
17. Fischer vs J A Casado ½-½481956Simul, 12bB32 Sicilian
18. Fischer vs E Nash 0-1511956US Amateur ChampionshipA05 Reti Opening
19. K Blake vs Fischer 0-1201956Philadelphia ch-jr (09)B59 Sicilian, Boleslavsky Variation, 7.Nb3
20. C Grossguth vs Fischer 0-1291956US Junior Ch.B92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
21. A M Swank vs Fischer 0-143195657th US OpenB20 Sicilian
22. Fischer vs H Gross ½-½17195657th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
23. C F Tears vs Fischer ½-½45195657th US OpenB25 Sicilian, Closed
24. Fischer vs P Lapiken 1-019195657th US OpenA04 Reti Opening
25. B E Owens vs Fischer ½-½43195657th US OpenE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
 page 1 of 43; games 1-25 of 1,052  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Fischer wins | Fischer loses  

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Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: I'm SMOKIN you Ooooot


lol lol

Feb-04-18  nok: <YUGOSLAV's don't exist>

Wrong. Read the last paragraph.

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: <nok: <YUGOSLAV's don't exist> Wrong. Read the last paragraph.

AND ?? lol lol

I reckon you should stop reading my posts on here you GEEK .

Putting me on IGNORE is your salvation.

Feb-04-18  nok: I can't do that harry, you're my favorite poster.
Feb-05-18  Mountain1: < harrylime: I'm SMOKIN you Ooooot <Mountain1>

lol lol> sublime

Feb-05-18  Petrosianic: <harrylol>: <I reckon you are wingin it on this site .. lol>

No you don't, lol. Your ego is just bruised for being busted as a Fischer Hater.

<You seem to just make things up .. FAKE NEWS meets <Petrosianic> LOL LOL >

Duh, you silly lol. You admitt you can't find even any examples of it. Why lie about it lol? Is your ego bruised that bad?

Feb-05-18  Petrosianic: <zborris8>: <He did indeed think he was blocked out of victory in the candidates. >

Oh, I thought you meant blocked from playing. Yes, I know the article, and own a copy of that issue of SI. It was extremely disingenuous, and spoke a lot about how Fischer performed at Bled 1961, while concealing how he actually fared at Curacao. The reader is led to believe he was in the middle of the fight for first. If you'd like to get an idea of how the article was received, check out Eliot Hearst's column in the July 1964 Chess Life.

Also check out Korchnoi's interview in either the January 1977 or January 1978 Chess Life & Review. He gave interviews in both issues, and I forget in which one the question was asked. But in one of them, Tim Krabbe asked Korchnoi flat out about Fischer's accusation that he had thrown games. According to Korchnoi, he'd had friendly relations with Fischer ever since then, and Fischer had never so much as mentioned it to him. It was Korchnoi's opinion that Fischer had realized how ridiculous the charge was and quietly recanted it.

Feb-05-18  Howard: The Korchnoi interview was in the January, 1978 issue. I don't recall an interview from the January, 1977 issue though---remind me to check it when I get home later today.
Feb-05-18  Petrosianic: There was one right after he defected, and another one a year later.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zborris8: <Petrosianic - Kaleidoscope July 1964 > That was a rather informative article that set me straight. Hearst argues that Bobby suffered a bruised ego from Curacao and ran back home to the weaker tournaments in the USA. When questioned about his assessment of collusion, Fischer responded, "Are you a communist, too?" I think that's quite bizarre.

I enjoy reading about Fischer's life because he always surprises me, sometimes his craziness makes sense, but sometimes he was just crazy. I don't have access to Korchnoi's interview from 1977 and/or 1978. My CL&R archive ends in 1975.

Feb-05-18  Petrosianic: Yeah, that was a heck of a time to end the DVD Collection, at the end of 1975. They should have continued to October 1978, when the Burt Hochberg era ended. But I have an e-copy of the article. It is January 1977, and titled "Korchnoi Goes West". Here's the relevant part:

<Korchnoi's hiding was effective. Neither Russians nor press-hounds succeeded in tracking him down. He changed addresses three times in two weeks. One of his very few contacts with the outside world was a telegram sent to "Viktor Korchnoi, Police Headquarters, Amsterdam." It said: "My congratulations on your correct decision. Good luck in your new life. Best regards." It was signed Bobby Fischer.

"So it seems Fischer likes you," I said. "But after the Candidates' Matches of 1962 at Curacao, he accused you of throwing games to the other Russians."

"I think his mind was in a hurry when he said this, and that he regretted it later," said Korchnoi. "I have always had good relations with Robert Fischer. I have never talked about it with him, but it did not make me angry. It was nonsense, of course. It is well known in the chess world that it is very difficult even to prearrange a draw with me. And if I had won those games, I would have won the tournament.>

Now Korchnoi does go on to say that he and Fischer both suffered from the fact that the top players drew among themselves. But Fisher had no problem with that by itself. Petrosian and Tal did the same thing in 1959 without a peep from Fischer. Fischer's whole argument was that Korchnoi's throwing games is what made it possible for them to draw other games.

Now, another thing I'd call your attention to in the Eliot Hearst article is that it very clearly mentions that Fischer wanted matches that would go to the first one to win 10 games. A lot of people think that's something he came up with at the last minute to throw against Karpov, but not so. By 1975 he'd been interested in that match format for a very long time. He even wanted <Candidates Matches> to be played to 10 wins (!!). But then he also complained that the qualification process was too long. So the pieces of the puzzle don't always fit together.

Feb-05-18  TheFocus: Petrosianic: Yeah, that was a heck of a time to end the DVD Collection, at the end of 1975. They should have continued to October 1978, when the Burt Hochberg era ended.>

I also wondered about that. As I didn't join the USCF until 1980, I had to buy copies of the years 1976-1980.

Feb-05-18  Petrosianic: I think they figured that since 1975 is the year that Karpov-Fischer should have been played, that that was when to end it. But the fallout from Fischer continued long after. If you haven't seen the late 70's, then you didn't see anything about the Fischer-Gligoric match, or the negotiations for 1978.

People wonder how Karpov got the rematch clause. According to CL&R it was part of a deal that he struck with Ed Edmondson and the Americans, who wanted an Unlimited Match to be played. The agreement was Karpov would play an Unlimited Match instead of Best of 24, and in return he'd get a rematch clause. Of course it was only to 6 wins instead of 10, so it still wouldn't have made Fischer happy, but if you read the magazines of that era, a lot of people were convinced that an Unlimited Match would significantly reduce the number of draws.

If they don't release another collection, I may just have to scan all those issues in myself and try to make .pdf's of them. Burt Hochberg was the greatest editor Chess Life ever had, and all his stuff should be available.

Feb-05-18  TheFocus: <Petrosianic> <If they don't release another collection, I may just have to scan all those issues in myself and try to make .pdf's of them. Burt Hochberg was the greatest editor Chess Life ever had, and all his stuff should be available.>

Very true. Very good editor.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zborris8: Thanks Petrosian. Below is part of the interview that took place while Bobby was returning to Iceland from Japan, he mentioned his frustration at the Karpov negotiations. In his mind, Karpov refused to play him, and he also thought he had won the vote in Amersterdam for his 10 game proposal.
Man asks: "Do you regret stopping, do you regret not having defended your title againt Anatoly Karpov in 1975?"

Feb-06-18  Petrosianic: <In his mind, Karpov refused to play him>

That would be eaiser to argue if Fischer hadn't resigned the title before Karpov even became the challenger.

If it were only Karpov, there'd be a debate. But Fischer didn't play anyone else for 20 years either. Alekhine dodged Capablanca, but he didn't dodge everybody. Korchnoi had the money up in 1980 to play Fischer on his own terms and Fischer wouldn't play. If Fischer had wanted to screw FIDE there was never a better opportunity than that. Fischer was retired but just couldn't admit it to himself.

<and he also thought he had won the vote in Amersterdam for his 10 game proposal.>

Well, he did win that. In the end FIDE voted for the 10 Wins match, but not the tie clause that Fischer had said was unfair anyway.

Fischer's thinking on that was kind of convoluted. In the Edmondson reports (which are in the DVD Collection), Ed reported that Fischer still admitted that the tie clause was unfair, but thought that since he had played under it once, that he should get it once (because two wrongs make a right or some such).

Ed clarified it. You mean if you get it once you'll never ask for it again? Fischer said yes. The problem was still that his tie clause required the challenger to win by 2.

Feb-06-18  WorstPlayerEver: Well, didn't Fischer stated he wanted to be champ as long as Steinitz? See? It's jealousy.

If Fischer had played Karpov like he played Spassky, 100:1 Karpov would have made mincemeat out of Fischer.

Feb-06-18  Retireborn: <WPE> Not sure I agree. I think that, weighed down by three years of rust, Fischer would be unlikely to win, but it would still be a fight.

I think everybody understood that Fischer would not be playing in 1975 though. Why else was the candidates final extended to 24 games, whereas the 1971 final was apparently best of 12 games?

Feb-06-18  Petrosianic: <Why else was the candidates final extended to 24 games, whereas the 1971 final was apparently best of 12 games?>

That's a good question, and I'm not sure of the answer (was it extended, or was it always supposed to be that?)

As it turned out, the Quarterfinals were 3 wins or Best of 16. The Semifinals were 4 Wins or Best of 20. And the finals were 5 wins or Best of 24. I <think> that was the plan all along. At least I've never heard that it was changed after the fact. But Robert Byrne was going through Moscow (in his job as columnist) telling everyone that Korchnoi and Karpov were in fact playing for the World Championship, not the challenger's spot.

Feb-06-18  Petrosianic: Another thing to look for in the DVD Collection is Charles Kalme's mind-numbingly disingeuous article in November 1975, in which he argues that the Pure Wins match format will reduce the number of draws (he thought it would take no more than 23 games to reach 10 wins).

The problem is that he threw data out willy-nilly to try to make his point. he threw out Alekhine-Capablanca. He threw out the first Steinitz-Tchigorin match. He threw out the second botvinnik-Tal match. And he threw out 6 of the 7 1974 Candidates Matches.

You've got to realize that the 1974 Karpov-Korchnoi match really scared people. 19 draws in 24 games! A lot of people thought it was the fault of the format. The guy in the lead plays safe. If people need to win a certain amount of games, they'll be in a hurry to do it. So a LOT of people wanted to try a Pure Wins match again, thinking it would help the game.

Kalme stoked the fires in his article, arguing that the Wins OR Points format was the worst of all, and the Karpov-Korchnoi match proved it. The fact that the other 6 Candidates matches proved the exact opposite meant nothing to him. The one he liked is the only one that counted.

Then in 1978, Karpov and Korchnoi played again in a Pure Wins match, the format that's supposed to produce decisive results. And they drew 18 out of the first 24. Maybe it wasn't the format at all.

Then, the first Karpov-Kasparov match in 1984 produced the final kiss of death. In the Best of 24 match, the guy in the lead might play it safe. But in 1984 BOTH players played it safe and just waited for the other guy to make a mistake. There was no urgency for EITHER player to try to win. That was the end of the Unlimited Match.

Feb-06-18  Petrosianic: Also, anyone who thought that the 1974 match was a case of a guy getting a lead and sitting on it obviously never played over the games. They're REALLY hard fought games between two equally matched players. Very few short draws, the games averaged almost 50 moves each (and some of the decisive games dragged that number down). Very underrated match with a lot of exciting games.
Feb-06-18  Howard: Yes, the 1974 Karpov-Korchnoi match was rather underrated---the fact that it was saturated with draws, has caused a lot of people to pretty much ignore it over all these years.
Feb-06-18  todicav23: There's a new theory why Fischer quit: "While Fischer's career was booming, the Illuminati put pressure on the chess world to force Bobby out".

We also learn that "After 1992, Fischer went on to defeat any chess player he ever met, including beating Kasparov, Carlsen, Krammnik and Capablanca in a simul game, while playing blindfolded and giving them an advantage of knight, rook and three queens. The Jews payed Carlsen (who is 85.7% jewish) never to speak about it."

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Below is part of the interview that took place while Bobby was returning to Iceland from Japan, he mentioned his frustration at the Karpov negotiations. In his mind, Karpov refused to play him, and he also thought he had won the vote in Amersterdam for his 10 game proposal.
Man asks: "Do you regret stopping, do you regret not having defended your title againt Anatoly Karpov in 1975?">

Glad I clicked on this, because Fischer's interviews tend to be somewhat repetitive on the subject of chess, but this link reminded me that one of his arguments in favour of the 9-9 tie clause was his belief that Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927) also had a tie clause.

He believed it 1974, believed it in 2005, I'm sure he believed it to the end:

<Christian Sánchez (Rosario, Argentina) writes:

‘In a letter published on page 715 of the November 1974 issue of Chess Life & Review Fischer wrote:

“... the Capa-Alekhine match did have a draw clause at 5-5. Yes, Alekhine had to win by 6-4 to take the title just the same as my match proposal ...

The Russians are also making a big to-do about this tie clause even though they are well aware from their own books of these facts. Yet they pretend that I’m asking for an unprecedented advantage! (See page 18 ‘Ten Champions of the World’, Moscow 1972 in Russian for Capa-Alekhine regulations – fotocopy enclosed.)”

The next page quotes a cable sent to FIDE by Fischer:

“... Alekhine needed at least a margin of six wins to four to become world champion, whereas Capablanca needed only five wins to retain his title, draws not counting ...”’>

Curious that both he and Kasparov picked up this canard from Soviet chess literature.

Premium Chessgames Member
  The Boomerang: "If Fischer had played Karpov like he played Spassky, 100:1 Karpov would have made mincemeat out of Fischer."

Spassky was less thab Stellar games 1-10, and from 11-20 Fischer beat him 2-1 in wins.

Karpov beat a better Spassky 4-1 in 1974, so how did you calculate 100:1 odds??

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