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Wilhelm Steinitz
Steinitz 
 
Number of games in database: 891
Years covered: 1859 to 1899

Overall record: +453 -191 =154 (66.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 93 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Vienna Opening (93) 
    C25 C29 C28 C27 C26
 French Defense (74) 
    C00 C11 C01 C02 C13
 King's Gambit Accepted (51) 
    C39 C37 C38 C35 C33
 French (46) 
    C00 C11 C10 C13 C12
 King's Gambit Declined (33) 
    C30 C31
 Evans Gambit (25) 
    C51 C52
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (124) 
    C62 C70 C60 C64 C65
 Evans Gambit (72) 
    C52 C51
 Giuoco Piano (33) 
    C50 C53 C54
 King's Gambit Accepted (25) 
    C33 C39 C38 C34 C37
 Scotch Game (21) 
    C45
 Three Knights (16) 
    C46
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Steinitz vs Von Bardeleben, 1895 1-0
   Steinitz vs Chigorin, 1892 1-0
   Dubois vs Steinitz, 1862 0-1
   Steinitz vs Mongredien, 1863 1-0
   Zukertort vs Steinitz, 1886 0-1
   Steinitz vs Mongredien, 1862 1-0
   Steinitz vs Paulsen, 1870 1-0
   Steinitz vs Bird, 1866 1-0
   Steinitz vs Rock, 1863 1-0
   M Hewitt vs Steinitz, 1866 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Steinitz - Zukertort World Championship Match (1886)
   Steinitz - Chigorin World Championship Match (1889)
   Steinitz - Gunsberg World Championship Match (1890)
   Steinitz - Chigorin World Championship Rematch (1892)
   Lasker - Steinitz World Championship (1894)
   Lasker - Steinitz World Championship Rematch (1896)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Anderssen - Steinitz (1866)
   Steinitz - Zukertort (1872)
   Vienna (1873)
   Steinitz - Blackburne (1876)
   Vienna (1882)
   2nd City Chess Club Tournament (1894)
   Schiffers - Steinitz (1896)
   Baden-Baden (1870)
   London (1883)
   St. Petersburg 1895/96 (1895)
   Paris (1867)
   Vienna (1898)
   Hastings (1895)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   London (1899)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Steinitz! by amadeus
   The t_t Players: Staunton, Steinitz & Zukertort by fredthebear
   The Dark Side by lonchaney
   World Champion - Steinitz (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   World championship games A-Z by kevin86
   the rivals 1 by ughaibu
   1870s - 1890s Classic Chess Principles Arise by fredthebear
   Wilhelm Steinitz's Best Games by KingG
   Match Chigorin! by amadeus
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 1 by demirchess
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 1 by Chessdreamer
   Vienna 1898 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1898 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Vienna 1882 by suenteus po 147

GAMES ANNOTATED BY STEINITZ: [what is this?]
   Showalter vs Gossip, 1889
   J McConnell vs Steinitz, 1886
   Chigorin vs Gunsberg, 1889
   Max Weiss vs N MacLeod, 1889
   Pillsbury vs Schlechter, 1895
   >> 130 GAMES ANNOTATED BY STEINITZ


Search Sacrifice Explorer for Wilhelm Steinitz
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WILHELM STEINITZ
(born May-14-1836, died Aug-12-1900, 64 years old) Austria (federation/nationality United States of America)
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

Wilhelm Steinitz was the first official World Champion of chess.

Background

The last of thirteen sons of a hardware retailer, he was born in Prague in what was then the Kingdom of Bohemia within the Austrian Empire and which is now within the Czech republic. Like his father he was a Talmudic scholar, but then he left to study mathematics in the Vienna Polytechnic. He eventually dropped out of the Polytechnic to play chess professionally. Soon after, he played in the London tournament of 1862, and then settled in London for over twenty years, making his living at the London Chess Club. He emigrated to the USA in 1883, taking out US citizenship, living in New York for the rest of his life, and changing his first name to “William”.

Matches

He was recognized as the world's leading player, and considered to be the world champion by many, after he defeated the then-acknowledged number one chess player in the world (now that Paul Morphy had retired), Adolf Anderssen, in a match in 1866 which he won by 8-6. However, it was not until his victory in the Steinitz - Zukertort World Championship Match (1886) – where he sat beside a US flag - that he was recognised as the first undisputed world chess champion. He successfully defended his title three times in the Steinitz - Chigorin World Championship Match (1889), the Steinitz - Gunsberg World Championship Match (1890), and in the Steinitz - Chigorin World Championship Rematch (1892). In 1894, Emanuel Lasker won the crown from Steinitz by winning the Lasker - Steinitz World Championship (1894) and retained it by winning the Lasker - Steinitz World Championship Rematch (1896).

Steinitz was an extremely successful match player. Between 1860 and 1897, he played 36 matches, winning every serious match with the exception of his two matches against Lasker. Some of the prominent players of the day that he defeated in match play other than in his world championship matches included Max Lange, Serafino Dubois, Frederic Deacon, Dionisio M Martinez, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Anderssen, Augustus Mongredien, Henry Edward Bird, Johannes Zukertort, George Henry Mackenzie, and Celso Golmayo Zupide.

Tournaments

Steinitz was more adept at winning matches than tournaments in his early years, a factor, which alongside his prolonged absences from competition chess after 1873, may have prevented more widespread recognition of his dominance of chess as world champion until the first “official” world championship match in 1886. Nevertheless, between 1859 and his death in 1900, the only tournament in which he did not win prize money was his final tournament in London in 1899. His wins include the Vienna Championship of 1861 which he won with 30/31 and earned him the nickname the “Austrian Morphy”, the London Championship of 1862, Dublin 1865 (equal first with George Alcock MacDonnell), London 1872, equal first at Vienna 1873 and 1882 (the latter was the strongest tournament to that time, and Steinitz had just returned from 9 years of absence from tournament chess), and first in the New York Championship of 1894. Other successes include 3rd and 2nd at the Vienna Championships of 1859 and 1860 respectively, 2nd at Dundee in 1867, 3rd in Paris in 1867, 2nd in Baden Baden in 1870, 2nd in London in 1883, 5th at the Hastings super tournament in 1895, 2nd at the sextuple round robin St Petersburg quadrangular tournament behind Lasker and ahead of Harry Nelson Pillsbury and Mikhail Chigorin, 6th at Nuremburg in 1896, and 4th at Vienna in 1898.

Steinitz’s Legacy

The extent of Steinitz’s dominance in world chess is evident from the fact that from 1866, when he beat Adolf Anderssen, to 1894, when he relinquished the world crown to Emanuel Lasker, Steinitz won all his matches, sometimes by wide margins. His worst tournament performance in that period was third place in Paris in 1867. This period of Steinitz’s career was closely examined by Chessmetrics exponent and advocate, Jeff Sonas, who wrote an article in 2005 in which he found that Steinitz was further ahead of his contemporaries in the 1870s than Robert James Fischer was in his peak period (1970–1972), that he had the third-highest total number of years as the world's top player, behind Emanuel Lasker and Garry Kasparov, and that he placed 7th in a comparison the length of time great players were ranked in the world's top three.

Despite his pre-eminence in chess for those decades in the late 19th century, Steinitz’s main contribution to chess was as its first true theoretician. He rose to prominence in the 1860s on the back of highly competent handling of the romantic attacking style of chess that had been popularised by Morphy and Anderssen and which characterised the style of the era. However, in the Vienna tournament of 1873, he introduced a new positional style of play which not only commenced his run of 25 consecutive high level victories, but profoundly transformed the way chess was played from shortly after that time, when its efficacy was embraced by the chess world. It enabled him to establish his complete dominance over his long time rival, Johannes Zukertort, and to easily win the first official match for the World Championship.

Lasker summarised Steinitz’s ideas as follows:

"In the beginning of the game ignore the search for combinations, abstain from violent moves, aim for small advantages, accumulate them, and only after having attained these ends search for the combination – and then with all the power of will and intellect, because then the combination must exist, however deeply hidden."

Although these ideas were controversial and fiercely debated for some years in what has become known as the <Ink Wars>, Lasker and the next generation of the world’s best players acknowledged their debt to him.

"He was a thinker worthy of a seat in the halls of a University. A player, as the world believed he was, he was not; his studious temperament made that impossible; and thus he was conquered by a player ..." - <Emanuel Lasker>.

"He understood more about the use of squares than did Morphy, and contributed a great deal more to chess theory.' - <Bobby Fischer>.

Sources: Wikipedia article: Wilhelm Steinitz and <jessicafischerqueen>'s YouTube documentary http://www.youtube.com/playlist?lis... - in turn sourced mainly from <Kurt Landsberger's> biography "Bohemian Caesar."

Steinitz played on the following consultation teams: Steinitz / Bird / Blackburne, Steinitz / Boden, Burn / Steinitz / Zukertort, Steinitz / Allies, Steinitz / Zukertort, Schiffers / Steinitz, Steinitz / Chigorin, Steinitz / Blackburne & Blackburne / Steinitz / De Vere.

Last updated: 2017-02-11 20:05:54

 page 1 of 36; games 1-25 of 891  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Hamppe vs Steinitz 0-1231859ViennaC29 Vienna Gambit
2. Steinitz vs Lenhof 1-0321859ViennaC52 Evans Gambit
3. Lenhof vs Steinitz 0-1451859ViennaC23 Bishop's Opening
4. Steinitz vs Meitner 1-0341859ViennaC52 Evans Gambit
5. E Pilhal vs Steinitz 0-1211859ViennaC53 Giuoco Piano
6. Hamppe vs Steinitz 0-1281859ViennaC38 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Steinitz vs F Nowotny 1-0311859ch Vienna Chess ClubC55 Two Knights Defense
8. E Jenay vs Steinitz 0-1351860Vienna m1C44 King's Pawn Game
9. Steinitz vs Meitner 1-0261860ViennaC55 Two Knights Defense
10. Strauss vs Steinitz 0-1311860Vienna m3C51 Evans Gambit
11. E Jenay vs Steinitz 1-0221860Vienna m1C53 Giuoco Piano
12. Steinitz vs Strauss 1-0331860Vienna m3C29 Vienna Gambit
13. Hamppe vs Steinitz 0-1311860ViennaC27 Vienna Game
14. Steinitz vs NN 1-0121860UnknownC25 Vienna
15. Steinitz vs Lang 1-0231860Vienna m2C44 King's Pawn Game
16. Steinitz vs E Jenay 0-1321860Vienna m1A13 English
17. Steinitz vs Strauss 1-0291860ViennaC52 Evans Gambit
18. Steinitz vs Lang 1-0191860ViennaC37 King's Gambit Accepted
19. Steinitz vs E Jenay 1-0331860Vienna m1A13 English
20. Steinitz vs Reiner 1-0191860ViennaC51 Evans Gambit
21. Steinitz vs Reiner 1-0321860Vienna m4C51 Evans Gambit
22. Steinitz vs Lang 1-0291860ViennaC25 Vienna
23. Reiner vs Steinitz 0-1181860ViennaC44 King's Pawn Game
24. Steinitz vs NN 1-0151861Casual Game000 Chess variants
25. Steinitz vs NN 1-0311861ch Vienna Chess ClubC30 King's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 36; games 1-25 of 891  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Steinitz wins | Steinitz loses  
 

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Kibitzer's Corner
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Jun-04-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Ah, he was reafflicted a month after his April 7 release, and then taken to Manhattan State Hospital, where he remained till his death.

.

Jul-10-17  WorstPlayerEver: Pic of a younger Steinitz. Other players as well.

http://soloscacchi.altervista.org/?...

Sep-16-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Steinitz/Chigorin cartoon:

<http://www.chessgames.com/history/1...>

Nov-09-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  denopac: Steinitz's final resting place in Queens NYC is well worth the visit for anyone living in or visiting NYC. It's a short walk from L train station Bushwick/Aberdeen to Evergreens Cemetery. The marker is humble, giving only his name and dates, with an engraved chessboard only hinting at his extraordinary accomplishments.
Nov-09-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Is that bird poop on the chess board?

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial...

Curious that the inscriptions are in German, but William is used instead of Wilhelm.

Nov-10-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Born in Germany, ...>

Why, Steinitz was born in Prague.

<Curious that the inscriptions are in German, but William is used instead of Wilhelm.>

Steinitz formally changed his first name to William.

Nov-10-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  denopac: <Born in Germany, he defeated the reining World Chess Champion Adolf Anderssen in 1866>

That bio from findagrave can use some fact checking: as pointed out by <Gypsy>, he was born in Prague, and Anderssen was not a World Chess Champion. Plus it misspells "reigning" to boot.

The headstone gives his date of birth as 14 May, but Wikipedia gives 17 May.

<MissScarlett> I can assure you there was no bird poop on the chessboard when I visited two days ago.

Mar-07-18  pinoy king: an 1800 rated at best player. He would lose to most online blitz players. If an 1800 blitz player on chess.com played Steinitz in a 5 minute game, Steinitz would lose more often than not.
Mar-07-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: If Steinitz no better than a present-day 1800, what is Carlsen in <pinhead king>'s demented imagination? 1900? Perhaps 1950?

Mr Rawn has returned.

Mar-08-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <MissScarlett: Curious that the inscriptions are in German, but William is used instead of Wilhelm.>

The book published after his death was <A Memorial To <William> Steinitz by Charles Devidé. I'll bet Steinitz changed it when he became an American citizen.

Apr-06-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: <pinoy king: an 1800 rated at best player. He would lose to most online blitz players. If an 1800 blitz player on chess.com played Steinitz in a 5 minute game, Steinitz would lose more often than not.> This is glorious and most welcome news, which if true, means I can beat Steinitz! Where is he? I want to play him right away!!

*****

Apr-06-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: This business about Steinitz and blitz got me to look up when blitz first originated.

I found this article by batgirl aka <SBC>

https://www.chess.com/article/view/...

Jun-10-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Re. C.N. 4171:

<We should firstly like to be reassured that the above account from the New Orleans Times-Democrat (whose chess editor was a foe of Steinitz, James Séguin) accurately reflects what appeared in the New York Sun. At any rate, it is certainly a far cry from Chernev’s account.>

I think we can say that it does:

https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/...

The embarrassing climbdown wasn't long in coming:

https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/...

Jun-16-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Cheltenham Examiner, October 30th 1907, p.6:

<The Manchester City News has lately started a chess column, edited by Mr. R. J. Buckley — a well-known chess writer long resident in Birmingham. We say ditto to the following remarks by him in reply to a correspondent who had sent a wrong solution to a problem, and afterwards asked if incorrect "keys" made him smile.

We never smile at the mistakes of our friends. We in our time have made mistakes. Where is the chess player who has not had his fit of chess-blindness? Did not William Steinitz print a new defence to the King's Gambit, backed by two columns of analysis, when in the early stages the defence was smashable by a mate in two? Did not Dr. Tarrasch announce a deep, deep mate in five, when the mate could have been made on the move? And Steinitz was the world-champion for thirty years. And Tarrasch played through four great international tourneys without losing a game. Did not the sixteen judges of an international problem tourney throw out the great three-er of Kohtz and Koekelkorn on an alleged cook, when in reality there was no cook at all? Did not the Hastings International Committee award first prize to Professor Benyon's three-er, which was promptly cooked by a small boy? And did not the Gazetta Literaria award first prize to a two-er which had no solution at all? No, no; we never smile, in the sarcastic sense, at any slips our friends may make. We know too much about chess. Only the novice indulges in flouts and sneers.

Another friend, in thanking us for replies to queries, apologises for the trouble given. There was no trouble. On the contrary we enjoy the pleasure of giving any information we can. We don't know everything, but what we do know is quite at the disposal of our valued friends.>

Jul-26-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

'New' recovered Steinitz game vs Falconer Madan

Herr ‘Stemitz’ and the Librarian: http://www.kingpinchess.net/2018/06...

...

Jan-01-19  Telemus: Recently a number of unknown Steinitz games from his Vienna period were published by Peter Anderberg in the chess magazine CAISSA (see volumes 1+2/2018: http://caissa-journal.de/ausgaben/).

These games were also found by someone else who gave me this information when volume 1/2018 appeared (and asked for silence until the second article is published, which happened a few days ago).

I used Google books to generate the PGN. Let's start with the games from volume 1 of the Vienna magazine "Telegraf" (subtitle: "Illustrirte Familienblätter") of 1860, which instead of page numbers has column numbers.

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "P"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C52"]
[PlyCount "33"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 1527"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O Nf6 8. Ba3 d6 9. Qb3 Qd7 10. e5 dxe5 11. Re1 Qf5 12. Bb5 Nd7 13. Qd5 Bxc3 14. Nxc3 dxc3 15. Nxe5 Ne7 16. Nxd7 Qxd5 17. Nf6+ 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "N.N."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C50"]
[PlyCount "31"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 1719"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 h6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O Bc5 6. c3 d3 7. b4 Bb6 8. b5 Na5 9. Bxf7+ Kxf7 10. Ne5+ Ke6 11. Qg4+ Kxe5 12. Qf5+ Kd6 13. e5+ Kc5 14. Qxd3 Nc4 15. Na3 Qh4 16. f4 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "H"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C52"]
[PlyCount "39"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 1815"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O Nf6 8. Ba3 d6 9. e5 d5 10. Bb5 Ne4 11. Bxc6+ bxc6 12. cxd4 Bb6 13. Nbd2 Bg4 14. Re1 c5 15. Nxe4 dxe4 16. Rxe4 Bxf3 17. Qxf3 cxd4 18. e6 f6 19. Rxd4 Bxd4 20. Qc6+ 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "N.N."]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "White plays without Ra1 - FEN deleted, because CG generates diagram"] [PlyCount "39"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 1863"]

1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 g5 4. h4 d6 5. hxg5 Bg7 6. d4 Bg4 7. Bxf4 Bxf3 8. gxf3 Nc6 9. c3 Qe7 10. b4 O-O-O 11. Qa4 a6 12. b5 Nb8 13. Bh3+ Rd7 14. bxa6 Nxa6 15. Nd2 Nb8 16. Nb3 b6 17. Kf2 h6 18. Qa8 hxg5 19. Na5 Qf6 20. Nc6 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "N.N."]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "White plays without Ra1 - FEN deleted, because CG generates diagram"] [PlyCount "47"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 1911"]

1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 g5 4. Bc4 Bg7 5. d4 d6 6. O-O Nc6 7. c3 h6 8. g3 fxg3 9. Bxf7+ Ke7 10. Bxg8 Qxg8 11. e5 dxe5 12. Qd3 Qh7 13. Qc4 Qg6 14. d5 g4 15. Nh4 gxh2+ 16. Kh1 Qh5 17. dxc6 Be6 18. Qc5+ Ke8 19. cxb7 Rd8 20. b3 Qxh4 21. Qc6+ Ke7 22. Ba3+ Rd6 23. Qxc7+ Ke8 24. Qxd6 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "W"]
[Black "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C59"]
[PlyCount "48"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 1959"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. Ng5 d5 5. exd5 Na5 6. Bb5+ c6 7. dxc6 bxc6 8. Be2 h6 9. Nf3 e4 10. Ne5 Qd4 11. Ng4 Bxg4 12. Bxg4 Bc5 13. O-O e3 14. Bf3 exf2+ 15. Kh1 O-O 16. c3 Qd3 17. b4 Rae8 18. bxc5 Qxf1+ 19. Qxf1 Re1 20. Be2 Re8 21. g3 R8xe2 22. Kg2 Rxf1 23. Kxf1 Re1+ 24. Kxf2 Rxc1 0-1

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "P...a"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "White plays without Nb1 - FEN deleted, because CG generates diagram"] [PlyCount "35"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 2201"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. O-O Nf6 7. Ba3 Bb6 8. d4 exd4 9. Qb3 d5 10. exd5 Na5 11. Rfe1+ Be6 12. dxe6 Nxb3 13. exf7+ Kd7 14. Be6+ Kc6 15. Ne5+ Kb5 16. Bc4+ Ka5 17. Bb4+ Ka4 18. axb3# 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "N"]
[Black "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C44"]
[PlyCount "36"]
[Source "Telegraf 1860, column 2499"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 Bc5 5. O-O d6 6. c3 Bg4 7. Qb3 Bxf3 8. Bxf7+ Kf8 9. Bxg8 Rxg8 10. gxf3 g5 11. Qe6 Ne5 12. Qf5+ Kg7 13. Kh1 Kh8 14. Rg1 g4 15. f4 Nf3 16. Rxg4 Qh4 17. Rg2 Qxh2+ 18. Rxh2 Rg1# 0-1

To be continued.

Jan-01-19  Telemus: Before I continue with the games from volume 2 of "Telegraf" (1861), I would like to mention that I assume that Anderberg provides a lot of additional information, but I have not read his articles.

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "H"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C51"]
[PlyCount "43"]
[Source "Telegraf 1861, column 46"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Bc5 6. O-O d6 7. d4 exd4 8. cxd4 Bb6 9. d5 Na5 10. e5 Nxc4 11. Qa4+ Bd7 12. Qxc4 dxe5 13. Nxe5 Qf6 14. Nxd7 Qxa1 15. Nxb6 axb6 16. Qxc7 Qf6 17. Qxb7 Rxa2 18. Re1+ Kd8 19. Bg5 Qxg5 20. Qxb6+ Kc8 21. Re8+ Kd7 22. Qc6# 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Harrwitz, Daniel"]
[Black "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D20"]
[PlyCount "49"]
[Source "Telegraf 1861, column 91"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 dxc4 3. e4 e5 4. d5 f5 5. Nc3 Nf6 6. Bg5 fxe4 7. Bxc4 Bf5 8. Nge2 Be7 9. Bxf6 gxf6 10. Ng3 Bg6 11. Ngxe4 Nd7 12. d6 cxd6 13. Nxd6+ Bxd6 14. Qxd6 Nb6 15. Qe6+ Qe7 16. Bb5+ Kf8 17. Qh3 Qb4 18. O-O Kg7 19. a4 Qxb2 20. a5 Rhc8 21. axb6 Rxc3 22. Qd7+ Kh8 23. Qxb7 Rac8 24. Rxa7 Rg8 25. Qe7 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "Harrwitz, Daniel"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B44"]
[PlyCount "78"]
[Source "Telegraf 1861, columns 91-92"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 e6 5. Nb5 a6 6. Nd6+ Bxd6 7. Qxd6 Nge7 8. Nc3 O-O 9. Be3 f5 10. f3 b5 11. a3 fxe4 12. fxe4 Ng6 13. O-O-O Qe7 14. Be2 Qxd6 15. Rxd6 Nf4 16. Bf3 Ne5 17. b3 Nxf3 18. gxf3 Ng2 19. Bd4 Nh4 20. Rg1 g6 21. f4 Rxf4 22. Be3 Rf3 23. Bg5 Rh3 24. Bxh4 Rxh4 25. Rg2 Ra7 26. Rgd2 Rc7 27. Kb2 Rh3 28. Na2 Re3 29. Nb4 Rxe4 30. Nxa6 Bxa6 31. Rxa6 Kf7 32. Rb6 Re5 33. Rb8 Rh5 34. Rf2+ Ke7 35. c4 bxc4 36. b4 Rh3 37. a4 Ra7 38. a5 Rb3+ 39. Kc2 Rxa5 0-1

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "??.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Black "R."]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C56"]
[PlyCount "47"]
[Source "Telegraf 1861, column 237"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. O-O Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. e5 d5 7. exf6 dxc4 8. Re1+ Be6 9. Ng5 Qd5 10. Nc3 Qf5 11. g4 Qxf6 12. Nd5 Qd8 13. Rxe6+ fxe6 14. Nxe6 Qd7 15. Qe2 Be7 16. Ndxc7+ Kf7 17. Qxc4 Ne5 18. Qb3 Qd6 19. f4 Nxg4 20. Ng5+ Kg6 21. Qd3+ Kh5 22. Qh3+ Kg6 23. Qxg4 Qb6 24. Nge6+ 1-0

To be continued.

Jan-01-19  Telemus: I have heard that Anderberg wrote about the tournaments in Vienna in the early 1860s. Anyone who is familar with Anderberg's writings, knows that he provides only first class research.

I finish my small series of postings with games from "Waldheim's Illustrirte Zeitung" (1862).

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "1862.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz"]
[Black "L"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C30"]
[PlyCount "61"]
[Source "Waldheim's Illustrirte Zeitung 1862, page 166"]

1. e4 e5 2. f4 Qh4+ 3. g3 Qe7 4. fxe5 Qxe5 5. Nc3 Nf6 6. Nf3 Qh5 7. d4 Bb4 8. Bc4 O-O 9. e5 Ne4 10. O-O Nxc3 11. bxc3 Bxc3 12. Qd3 Bxa1 13. Ng5 d5 14. exd6 cxd6 15. Nxf7 Bxd4+ 16. Qxd4 Nd7 17. Bb2 Nf6 18. Nh6+ Kh8 19. Rxf6 Rxf6 20. Qxf6 Qc5+ 21. Kg2 Qc6+ 22. Kf2 Qc5+ 23. Kf3 Qc6+ 24. Ke3 Qc5+ 25. Kd2 Qb4+ 26. Kd1 Bg4+ 27. Nxg4 Rg8 28. Qf7 d5 29. Nh6 Qf8 30. Bxd5 Qd8 31. Qxb7 1-0

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "1862.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Nowotny"]
[Black "Steinitz, Wilhelm"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C56"]
[PlyCount "58"]
[Source "Waldheim's Illustrirte Zeitung 1862, page 202"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. O-O d6 5. c3 Nf6 6. d4 exd4 7. cxd4 Bb6 8. Nc3 Bg4 9. Bb5 O-O 10. Bxc6 bxc6 11. Bg5 h6 12. Bh4 g5 13. Bg3 Bxf3 14. gxf3 Nh5 15. Kh1 Qf6 16. e5 Nxg3+ 17. fxg3 dxe5 18. dxe5 Qxe5 19. f4 Qg7 20. fxg5 hxg5 21. Qd7 Rad8 22. Qxc6 Rd6 23. Qf3 Rh6 24. Nd5 f6 25. g4 Qh7 26. Qe2 Rf7 27. Rad1 Rxh2+ 28. Qxh2 Qe4+ 29. Qg2 Rh7# 0-1

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "1862.01.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Steinitz"]
[Black "Strauß"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C52"]
[PlyCount "47"]
[Source "Waldheim's Illustrirte Zeitung 1862, page 250"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O dxc3 8. Qb3 Qf6 9. e5 Qg6 10. Nxc3 Nge7 11. Ne2 O-O 12. Nf4 Qe4 13. Bd3 Qb4 14. Bxh7+ Kxh7 15. Ng5+ Kg8 16. Qh3 Rd8 17. Ba3 d6 18. Qh7+ Kf8 19. Bxb4 Bxb4 20. exd6 Bxd6 21. Qh8+ Ng8 22. Rfe1 Bf5 23. Nh5 Be5 24. Rxe5 1-0

I have tried to be complete, but you can never be sure.

Jan-04-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

Good work! The two Harrwitz games played probably in the 'WSG knockout tournament 1860/1861' see also - http://www.edochess.ca/tournaments/...

The 'Telegraf games' do not look trustworthy. For example: <"N" vs Steinitz> = Reiner vs Steinitz, 1860

...

Jan-07-19  Telemus: <JD: The two Harrwitz games played probably in the 'WSG knockout tournament 1860/1861'> Rumors spread the fastest.

<JD: The 'Telegraf games' do not look trustworthy. For example: <"N" vs Steinitz> = Reiner vs Steinitz, 1860>

Without the 'not' I understand the sentence at least, but even then I would say: it is rather the other way around.

Jan-07-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

Harrwitz gegen Steinitz und Hamppe

Im 2. Heft des II. Bandes von Telegraf. Illustrirte Familienblätter [13.1.1861] finden sich in den Spalten <91 und 92> die Notationen von zwei zwischen Harrwitz und Steinitz ausgetragenen Partien, ohne dass daraus erhellt, aus welchem Anlass sie gespielt wurden. Eine Gesamtschau der zum Wettkampf Harrwitz-Hamppe zusammengetragenen Details ergibt nach Auffassung des Autors, dass das Turnier der Wiener Schachgesellschaft von 16 Teilnehmern im K.O.-Modus („in Gängen“, wie man damals formulierte) ausgetragen wurde, in dem Steinitz im Halbfinale gegen Harrwitz verlor und schließlich nach Hamppe und Harrwitz den dritten Rang belegte. Dass auch im Finale zwischen Hamppe und Harrwitz zwei Partien absolviert wurden, deutet daraufhin, dass, anders als noch im Turnier des Vorjahres, generell nicht jeweils eine einzige Partie entscheiden sollte, sondern dass stattdessen zwei Partien mit wechselndem Anzug gespielt wurden. <Die beiden folgenden Begegnungen bilden demnach eines der beiden Halbfinals>.

Peter Anderberg (Caissa 1_2018, p. 16)

...

Jan-07-19  Chessist: http://caissa-journal.de/wp-content...

page 6 / 16 resp.

Jan-07-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

Another example:

Telegraf 1861, column 237 <Steinitz vs "R."> = Steinitz vs Meitner, 1860

...

Jan-08-19  Telemus: <Rumors> As Anderberg wrote: there is not the slightest hint about the occasion at which the two games were played. Nevertheless, he states later with some certainty, that these are the two games from the semi-final Harrwitz vs Steinitz. I think this is one possibility, but I consider it as completely unproved.

We know that Harrwitz spent many months in Vienna and he offered to play different formats. So, there was enough of (other) opportunities for these games to be played. Very little is known about the knockout tourney. Not even how many games or wins were necessary to advance.(*) Moreover, we do not have any evidence that Harrwitz played Steinitz in the semi-final! Steinitz's third place is only known from his pen in 1876, and he did not mention to whom he lost.

I have praised Anderberg here often, but I think his certainty about these two games is a weak spot in this great article. And the consequences are already visible in the the text at edochess: no doubts mentioned, new facts generated!

---
(*) The two games from the final Hamppe vs Harrwitz were also the final two games of their match, which stood 5:5 at this moment and was a match for seven wins. This match is given by Anderberg as an example on how easily games and results can be misinterpreted ...

Jan-08-19  Chessist: Anderberg wrote: "nach Auffassung des Autors" = "according to the Author's opinion". He does not state anything "with some certainty", therefore I consider your criticism not justified.
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