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William Ewart Napier
W Napier 
Number of games in database: 120
Years covered: 1894 to 1905

Overall record: +53 -37 =28 (56.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (16) 
    C78 C64 C65 C80 C84
 Orthodox Defense (9) 
    D60 D52 D53 D55 D51
 Sicilian (6) 
    B45 B30 B44 B40
 French Defense (5) 
    C00 C02 C10
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
 Petrov (4) 
    C42 C43
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (12) 
    C67 C77 C70 C65 C80
 Sicilian (8) 
    B22 B34 B32 B45 B23
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
 Petrov (5) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   W Napier vs NN, 1904 1-0
   W Napier vs W T Dickinson, 1904 1-0
   W Napier vs Chigorin, 1902 1-0
   J F Barry vs W Napier, 1904 0-1
   Von Bardeleben vs W Napier, 1902 0-1
   W Napier vs Tarrasch, 1902 1/2-1/2
   W Napier vs Marshall, 1896 1/2-1/2
   Marshall vs W Napier, 1905 0-1
   Marshall vs W Napier, 1896 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Napier - Marshall (1896)
   Buffalo (1901)
   13th DSB Kongress (Hanover) (1902)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   1901 Buffalo by Calli
   1905 Napier - Marshall by gauer

Search Sacrifice Explorer for William Ewart Napier
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(born Jan-17-1881, died Sep-06-1952, 71 years old) United Kingdom (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]
William Ewart Napier was born in Camberwell London, England. He was British champion in 1904 (after a play-off) but is probably best remembered for a game he lost to Emanuel Lasker (See Lasker vs W Napier, 1904).

He passed away in Washington D.C. in 1952.

Wikipedia article: William Ewart Napier

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Showalter vs W Napier 0-1471894Brooklyn Chess Club, simulB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
2. W Napier vs C G Griswold  1-0411895Handicap Tour YMCAC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
3. S G Ruth vs W Napier  ½-½481896Brooklyn CC mD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
4. A Y Hesse vs W Napier  0-1351896Brooklyn CC Junior tC67 Ruy Lopez
5. W Napier vs S G Ruth 1-0101896Boston Chess ClubB30 Sicilian
6. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1231896Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
7. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0471896Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
8. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1771896Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
9. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
10. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½721896Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
11. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0351896Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
12. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1341896Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
13. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0681896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
14. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0271896Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
16. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1381896Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
17. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0651897Ch CityC02 French, Advance
18. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0541897Ch CityD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
19. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0461897Ch CityA80 Dutch
20. W Napier vs Lipschutz  0-1331897Thousand IslandsB30 Sicilian
21. Steinitz vs W Napier  1-0321897Thousand IslandsD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. Lipschutz vs W Napier  1-0331897Thousand IslandsC77 Ruy Lopez
23. W Napier vs Steinitz 1-0631897Thousand IslandsC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
24. S T King vs W Napier 0-1341898cr USAD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
25. W Napier vs B Selover 0-1351898Corr gameD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Napier wins | Napier loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-16-13  thomastonk: <rookhouse> Thank you and Mr Hilbert!

The often mentioned game Showalter vs Napier from a simultaneous exhibition is neither in this database nor in a few others which I have checked. Here is it as published in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, December 3, 1894.

[Event "Brooklyn Chess Club, simul"]
[Site "Brooklyn"]
[Date "1894.12.01"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Showalter, Jackson Whipps"]
[Black "Napier, William Ewart"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B45"]
[PlyCount "94"]

1. e4 c5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. Nf3 e6 4. d4 cxd4 5. Nxd4 Nf6 6. Be2 Bb4 7. Bf3 d6 8. O-O Bxc3 9. bxc3 Nxd4 10. Qxd4 e5 11. Qd3 O-O 12. Ba3 Ne8 13. Rfd1 Be6 14. Bxd6 Nxd6 15. Qxd6 Qxd6 16. Rxd6 Rac8 17. Rd3 Rc7 18. a4 Rfc8 19. Ra3 Rc4 20. Kf1 f5 21. Re3 f4 22. Rd3 R4c6 23. Ke1 Kf7 24. h3 Rc4 25. Kd2 Ke7 26. a5 R8c6 27. Rb3 Rc7 28. Rb4 R4c5 29. Ra4 Bc4 30. Rd5 Bxd5 31. exd5 Rxc3 32. Be4 g6 33. a6 b6 34. Bd3 Kd6 35. Be4 R3c4 36. Rxc4 Rxc4 37. f3 Ra4 38. Bd3 Kxd5 39. Be4+ Kc5 40. Bb7 Kb5 41. Bc8 Rxa6 42. c4+ Ka5 43. Kd3 b5 44. Bxa6 Kxa6 45. c5 Kb7 46. Ke4 Kc6 47. Kxe5 Kxc5 0-1

Before I will submit it, I would very much appreciate to see it checked. There is at least one database that contains a completely different version: after 7.f3 (instead of 7.♗f3) White's bishop is placed for 30 moves differently. Moreover the game score there is shorter. Finally, some of Black's rook moves in the c-file could differ, too. Thank you very much in advance!

Apr-03-13  rookhouse: <thomastonk> Sorry, I did not see your comment until last evening. Yes, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle has 7.Bf3 and the Brooklyn Standard-Union reported 7.f3.

I have not personally played through the game as of yet and I am still looking for a third source to gain some clarity on the issue.

I will keep you posted.

Apr-03-13  thomastonk: <rookhouse> Thanks. The Standard-Union was not my source for 7.f3. But the next move of the king bishop there is 32.♗d3 as in the database I mentioned.

So, let's assume 7.f3 happened. Then, after 7... d6 8.0-0?, Black could have won a piece easily by 8.. ♘xd4. Moreover, following the game until 14.♗xd6, Black could again win, this time by 14.. ♕b6+ and 15.. ♖d8, but this is a little bit more complicated. There are some more occassions like this. So, 7.♗f3 is more likely, I think.

May-13-13  Graham1973: Found an article with three games, one of which may have been his last from 1942.

Oct-13-13  redwhitechess: from the Sunday Times Perth 1905:

Creassey Edward C Tattersall vs William Ewart Napier, Hastings 1st British Champ 1904

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8. Qxd8+ Kxd8 9.Rd1+ Ke8 10.Nc3 h6 11.b3 Bb4 12.Bb2 Bxc3 13.Bxc3 a5 14.Rd2 Ne7 15.Rad1 Nd5 16.Bb2 Bg4 17.c4 Nf4 18.h3 Bxf3 19.gxf3 Nxh3+ 20.Kh2 Nf4 21.Rd7 Ne6 22.Ba3 c5 23.f4 g6 24.Kg3 b6 25.Bb2 Kf8 26.a4 Kg7 27.Kf3 Rhd8 28.Ke4 Rxd7 29.Rxd7 Rd8 30.Rxd8 Nxd8 31.e6+ Kf8 32.Bg7+ Ke7 33.exf7 Nxf7 34.Be5 Nxe5 35.fxe5 Ke6 36.f4 c6 37.Kf3 Kf5 38.Kg3 g5 39.Kf3 gxf4 40.e6 Kxe6 41.Kxf4 h5 0-1

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Napier's Trick Problem>

click for larger view

White to play and mate with the knight on f4 in three moves. ("Brooklyn Daily Eagle", September 30, 1900).

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Mentioned here:

March 15, 1900 Brooklyn Daily Eagle (p14):

<W.E. Napier, Brooklyn's former champion, is now in Paris France where he expects to remain some time. After leaving Berlin quite recently he visited Dresden and Cologne and may cross over to London for the cable match. He contemplates returning to this country during the summer.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Of chess it has often been said that life is not long enough for it - but that is the fault of life, not chess> - William Napier.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <In the laboratory the gambits all test unfavorably, but the old rule wears well, that all gambits are sound over the board> - William Ewart Napier.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <The pawn move is a capital investment. Every one of the forty-eight should, from the beginning, be spent as if it were one of the last forty-eight apprehensive and responsible dollars between yourself and starvation> - William Ewart Napier.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Castle if you will, or if you must, but not when you can> - William Napier.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Focus - that last quote is Napier quoting Pillsbury, I believe.

Better check all your other Napier quotes as well...

* * * * *

Napier's sole book is the basis of this wonderful collection by <Phony>

Game Collection: Amenities and Background of Chess-play

Might have been mentioned in the past, but well deserving of a rerun if so.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: The chess quotes attributed to Napier are from
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: I thought that might be the case... too bad since Napier is the source of many great quotes.

His book, (Horowitz edition), is on hathitrust:

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Yes, he is. I wish I had that book. Wish list material.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Here's a good breakdown of quotes garnered from Napier's <Amenities and Background> book:

Thanks to Edward Winter.

Some of content looks like direct quotes of Napier, e.g.

<237. ‘Spielmann plays always like an educated cave-man, who fell asleep several thousand years ago, – and woke up quite lately in the Black Forest.’>

(Item numbers from Napier's work (sans page numbers))

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Zanzibar> Hmm. Another project I need to get back to.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, William Napier.
Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: More bio is definitely needed on Napier. While we know he pursued business interests besides chess, there must be more amplifying information on his life


Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <morfishine> <More bio is definitely needed on Napier. While we know he pursued business interests besides chess, there must be more amplifying information on his life>

John Hilbert did an excellent book about Napier. Lots of info there.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Biographer Bistro (kibitz #13682)
Apr-19-16  bengalcat47: Does anyone know why Napier appears to have "retired" from competing in major chess events after 1905? I'm just wondering, that's all.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <bengalcat47: Does anyone know why Napier appears to have "retired" from competing in major chess events after 1905? I'm just wondering, that's all.>

Just wondering, eh? TBH it sounds like more than that. I think I may know the answer to your question but I would need proof that you are really Just Wondering.

One can't be too careful these days.

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <bengalcat47>

Like many chess masters down to the present, he seems to have decided there were easier ways to make a living. He became an insurance executive.

Here's a short article about him from the amazing <Chess Archeology> site.

And here's an 1920 advertisement for an insurance agent position with the Scranton Insurance Company. Applications to W.E. Napier, Secretary. God, I love the internet.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, William Napier.
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