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Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30 Match

Heinrich Wagner8.5/12(+7 -2 =3)[games]
Herbert Heinicke3.5/12(+2 -7 =3)[games] Chess Event Description
Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30

A match of 12 games duration between Herbert Heinicke and Heinrich Wagner, held in Hamburg, Germany between November 1929 and January 1930. (1) Heinicke (aged 24) had made his entrance to master chess winning the Hamburg (1927) tournament. At first he only slowly grew in strength, but then significantly improved in the German tournaments 1936-1948. (2) Wagner (aged 41) was at his peak in the mid-1920s; (3) his best performance was to be joint third at Breslau (1925) (24th DSB Congress). He remained a strong master until his withdrawal from chess due to his distaste for the Nazi regime.

Progress of the match

The match had a disastrous start for Heinicke who was five points down before he scored his first win. Heinicke's stubborn persistence with the French, Exchange (C01), despite Wagner's mounting and rapid score of victories as white, cost him dearly. Heinicke lost five points and only made one draw with this defence in this match. He tended to emerge with a small disadvantage from the opening, and then, in defending a passive position, fall victim to a tactical shot.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 Wagner 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 0 1 ½ 1 0 8½ Heinicke 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 1 0 ½ 0 1 3½

Progressive scores:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Wagner 1 2 2½ 3 4 5 6 6 7 7½ 7½ 8½ Heinicke 0 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 2 2 2½ 2½ 3½

Wagner had White in the odd-numbered games.

The games

Game 1. Heinicke had almost equalized on the black side of a French Exchange variation when he fell into a trap:

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26...Nd5 seems a natural move (26...Na8 was necessary), but Heinicke overlooked that his opponent's two bishops and <d> pawn could weave a subtle mating net. 27. Bc4 forced an immediate resignation as, for example, 27...Nb4 28. Bc5 Nc6 29. d7+ Ne7 30. d8=Q mate.

Game 2. Wagner employed an Old Indian defence, which he would use three further times in the match. In a game of opposite wing attacks, Heinicke was breaking through to Black's king when in a winning but tactically sharp position he blundered away a piece.

Game 3. Wagner as White played a passive variation of the French Exchange variation with a very early <h3>. With no advantage for white, the game was drawn at move 17.

Game 4. Having nearly lost using the Old Indian defence in Game 2, Wagner reverted to a Queen's Gambit Declined. Heinicke was content not to press too hard and to draw with the White pieces. After a disastrous start, Heinicke had made two successive draws.

Game 5. As in Game 3, Wagner played the French Exchange variation with a very early <h3>.

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Heinicke blundered with 20...f6? and White broke through after 21.Nc5! with his domination of the <e> file. He was now three games down in the match.

Game 6. Wagner returned to an Indian defence, having put it to the side after his fright in Game 2. This time he fianchettoed his King's bishop. Heinicke played passively swapping off pieces and then began to make mistakes culminating in the loss of a piece.

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48...Rxg4+ threatening to skewer the King against the Rook with 49...Rg8+.

Game 7. This was a very similar disaster for Heinicke to Game 5. He continued to play the French after being crushed twice. Perhaps he saw no problem only random miscalculations, rather than the positions he had to defend playing to his opponent's taste whilst emphasizing the flaws in his own play? Heinicke played more positively, but then a series of inaccuracies led to a final denouement:

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24.Nxe4!! allows the overloading of the black Queen with <Re5>.

Game 8. Finally, Heinicke won his first game of the match. Wagner defended with the Old Indian Defence.

Game 9. Another French Exchange variation and yet another disastrous short loss for Heinicke with the black pieces. This was the shortest decisive game of the match. Heinicke allowed White immense pressure against his King-side for no counterplay and was quickly overwhelmed.

Game 10. Wagner again defended with an Old Indian defence, having won Game 6 with it. This was to be the longest game of the match in which neither player established any significant advantage. This was the most accurate game of the match.

Game 11. Heinicke maintained his costly predilection for the French Exchange variation. He finally established near equality from the opening but then blundered losing a pawn to his very tactically aware opponent. After 28...Qe6?

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29. Bxh6! wins a pawn as after 29...gxh6 30. Bf5 overloads the Queen which cannot protect both black Knights.

Game 12. Despite being 2½-7½ down, Heinicke managed to win this last game of the match. Wagner remained faithful to the Old Indian defence, although again he varied the disposition of his pieces in the opening. Wagner blundered in a complex ending allowing his opponent two connected passed pawns which proved to be a decisive advantage.


(1) User User: mifralu found the dates of the match in the Hamburger Nachrichten newspaper by researching

Game dates

The match was played in in the 'Hamburger Schachklub' and 'Schachheim'. The match started on Tuesday, 19 November 1929. The last two games (#11 and #12) were played in January 1930.

Game 01 Tuesday 19 November - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-11-21, p. 8.
Game 02 Saturday 23 November - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-11-25, p. 16.
Game 03 Tuesday 26 November - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-11-25, p. 16.
Game 04 Saturday 30 November - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-12-02, p. 8.
Game 05 Tuesday 03 December - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-12-04, p. 18.
Game 06 Saturday 07 December - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-12-09, p. 8.
Game 07 Saturday 14 December - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-12-16, p. 15.
Game 08 Tuesday 17 December - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1929-12-18, p. 17.
Game 09 Saturday 21 December - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1930-01-04, p. 44.
Game 10 Saturday 28 December 1929 and 04 Jan 1930.
Game 11 Tuesday 07 January 1930 - Hamburger Nachrichten, 1930-01-08, p. 16.
Game 12 Saturday 11 January 1930 - Hamburger Nachrichten Abend-Ausgabe, 1930-01-13, p. 4.

User: Chessical - original text and compilation.

 page 1 of 1; 12 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. H Wagner vs H Heinicke 1-0271929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30C01 French, Exchange
2. H Heinicke vs H Wagner  0-1461929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30A54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3
3. H Wagner vs H Heinicke  ½-½171929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30C01 French, Exchange
4. H Heinicke vs H Wagner  ½-½231929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30D67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
5. H Wagner vs H Heinicke  1-0301929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30C01 French, Exchange
6. H Heinicke vs H Wagner  0-1481929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30A53 Old Indian
7. H Wagner vs H Heinicke  1-0291929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30C01 French, Exchange
8. H Heinicke vs H Wagner  1-0321929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30A54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3
9. H Wagner vs H Heinicke  1-0211929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30C01 French, Exchange
10. H Heinicke vs H Wagner  ½-½731929Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30A53 Old Indian
11. H Wagner vs H Heinicke 1-0451930Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30C01 French, Exchange
12. H Heinicke vs H Wagner 1-0571930Heinicke - Wagner 1929/30A53 Old Indian
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: As Black, Herbert Heinicke persevered with the trusty old French, Exchange (C01). Sadly his results with French, Exchange (C01) gave him =1 -5. Must try harder.
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: The harder you fall, the heavier your heart; the heavier your heart, the stronger you climb; the stronger you climb, the higher your pedestal. — Criss Jami

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