|New York (1924)|
In December 1923, following an aborted attempt to arrange a World Championship match between Capablanca and Alekhine, Hermann Helms, publisher of the American Chess Bulletin, Harry Latz, the General Manager of the Hotel Alamac in New York and Norbert Lederer, the Secretary of the Manhattan Chess Club, set about organizing (1) a tournament to rival Cambridge Springs (1904).
The tournament took place in the Hotel Alamac from the 16th of March to the 18th of April 1924.
The participants were Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine, Marshall, Janowski, Maroczy, Bogolyubov, Reti, Tartakover, Edward Lasker and Yates.
The time limit was 30 moves in two hours and 15 moves per hour thereafter.
Capablanca was expected to be the winner but the 55-year-old Dr. Lasker proved that he was by no means a spent force and ran away with the tournament. In a number of ways, the tournament paralleled the St. Petersburg (1914) tournament with the top three place getters ten years older. It was also notable for Reti's use of his own opening, resulting in Capablanca's first tournament loss in eight years, and a number of masterpieces that were created.
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 Pts
1 Em Lasker ** ˝0 1˝ ˝1 11 11 11 ˝1 ˝1 ˝1 11 16
2 Capablanca ˝1 ** ˝˝ ˝˝ 01 ˝1 11 11 1˝ ˝1 ˝1 14˝
3 Alekhine 0˝ ˝˝ ** ˝˝ 10 1˝ ˝˝ ˝˝ 11 ˝˝ 11 12
4 Marshall ˝0 ˝˝ ˝˝ ** ˝1 0˝ 01 ˝0 ˝1 1˝ 11 11
5 Reti 00 10 01 ˝0 ** ˝˝ 01 11 10 10 11 10˝
6 Maroczy 00 ˝0 0˝ 1˝ ˝˝ ** 01 ˝˝ 11 ˝1 10 10
7 Bogolyubov 00 00 ˝˝ 10 10 10 ** 01 11 ˝1 10 9˝
8 Tartakover ˝0 00 ˝˝ ˝1 00 ˝˝ 10 ** 10 ˝0 ˝1 8
9 Yates ˝0 0˝ 00 ˝0 01 00 00 01 ** 11 ˝1 7
10 Ed Lasker ˝0 ˝0 ˝˝ 0˝ 01 ˝0 ˝0 ˝1 00 ** 0˝ 6˝
11 Janowski 00 ˝0 00 00 00 01 10 ˝0 ˝0 1˝ ** 5
A silver cup and $75 in gold went to Reti for his win over Bogolyubov in Round 12 (Reti vs Bogoljubov, 1924).
$50 to Marshall for his win over Bogolyubov in Round 18 (Marshall vs Bogoljubov, 1924).
$25 to Capablanca for his win over Em Lasker in Round 14 (Capablanca vs Lasker, 1924).
New York (1927) was the next tournament of this series.
The main source for this collection was The Book Of The New York International Chess Tournament 1924 published by Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 486-20752-8.
(1) Wikipedia article: New York 1924 chess tournament. Original Collection: Game Collection: New York 1924, by User: Benzol.
| page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110
|1. Marshall vs Reti
||½-½||50||1924||New York||E60 King's Indian Defense|
|2. Ed. Lasker vs Maroczy
||½-½||41||1924||New York||B08 Pirc, Classical|
|3. Tartakower vs Bogoljubov
||1-0||58||1924||New York||C33 King's Gambit Accepted|
|4. Janowski vs Capablanca
||½-½||21||1924||New York||D67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line|
|5. Yates vs Alekhine
||0-1||35||1924||New York||C72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O|
|6. Lasker vs Capablanca
||½-½||30||1924||New York||C66 Ruy Lopez|
|7. Ed. Lasker vs Bogoljubov
||½-½||49||1924||New York||C41 Philidor Defense|
|8. Maroczy vs Alekhine
||0-1||24||1924||New York||B02 Alekhine's Defense|
|9. Yates vs Janowski
||½-½||45||1924||New York||C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred|
|10. Marshall vs Tartakower
||½-½||37||1924||New York||A84 Dutch|
|11. Alekhine vs Lasker
||0-1||36||1924||New York||D35 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|12. Capablanca vs Ed. Lasker
||½-½||27||1924||New York||D52 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|13. Tartakower vs Yates
||1-0||44||1924||New York||C33 King's Gambit Accepted|
|14. Reti vs Maroczy
||½-½||32||1924||New York||A37 English, Symmetrical|
|15. Bogoljubov vs Marshall
||1-0||56||1924||New York||D02 Queen's Pawn Game|
|16. Tartakower vs Maroczy
||½-½||57||1924||New York||A00 Uncommon Opening|
|17. Yates vs Ed. Lasker
||1-0||54||1924||New York||C91 Ruy Lopez, Closed|
|18. Janowski vs Lasker
||0-1||68||1924||New York||B83 Sicilian|
|19. Capablanca vs Alekhine
||½-½||62||1924||New York||C12 French, McCutcheon|
|20. Bogoljubov vs Reti
||1-0||45||1924||New York||C12 French, McCutcheon|
|21. Maroczy vs Bogoljubov
||0-1||27||1924||New York||D05 Queen's Pawn Game|
|22. Ed. Lasker vs Janowski
||0-1||62||1924||New York||A47 Queen's Indian|
|23. Marshall vs Yates
|| ||½-½||40||1924||New York||A48 King's Indian|
|24. Reti vs Capablanca
||1-0||31||1924||New York||A15 English|
|25. Lasker vs Tartakower
||½-½||26||1924||New York||B43 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3|
| page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110
< Earlier Kibitzing · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·
|Jun-02-16|| ||RookFile: This tournament even had the great Geza Maroczy in it, who put a 50 percent up on the board.|
|Jun-03-16|| ||offramp: <ughaibu: Had Tarrasch played, would he have scored 11.5?>|
That looks like a very likely score. Higher than Marshall and Réti but just below the big three. 11 or 11˝ looks reasonable.
|Jun-03-16|| ||keypusher: <offramp: <ughaibu: Had Tarrasch played, would he have scored 11.5?>
That looks like a very likely score. Higher than Marshall and Réti but just below the big three. 11 or 11˝ looks reasonable.>|
Poppycock. In March 1924 Tarrasch was ranked 19th in the world. Bogoljubov, Tartakower, Reti, and Maroczy were all in the top 10. Marshall was #26, largely because of inactivity, but was shortly to bounce back into the top 10.
Tarrasch would have ranked below everyone in the tournament except Marshall, Edward Lasker, Yates, and Janowski, and there is good reason to think his ranking overstated his actual strength. He was 62 and going through a steep rating decline. He had one really good tournament result in those years, +4 at Vienna (1922), finishing fourth. He was -2 at Hastings (1922), -1 at Karlsbad (1923), = at Maehrisch-Ostrau (1923), -5 at Baden-Baden (1925), and -4 at Breslau (1925).
He would have been very unlikely to reach 50% in this tournament.
|Jun-03-16|| ||offramp: <keypusher> I think you are right. |
Of course he might have had a good tournament, just like Efim D Bogo had a fairly bad one.
But I agree that 11 points might be too optimistic. WWI was shattering to Tarrasch.
|Oct-12-16|| ||MissScarlett: <When he had his good days Yates played some delightful chess. Alekhine didn't want him to play in the New York 1924 Tounament as Yates had beaten him in the two previous clashes.>|
Alekhine vs Yates, 1923
This is ambiguous - at first, I took it to mean that Alekhine had intervened in order to blackball Yates's participation, but then it occurred it could simply be that Alekhine had stated he was worried about having to meet Yates again. If the former, corroboration is requested.
Incidentally, Yates's wins over Alekhine weren't consecutive, but separated by Yates vs Alekhine, 1922.
|Oct-13-16|| ||JimNorCal: Wow! Thanks for posting the link, just awesome....|
Jonathan Sarfati: you can hear Capablanca pronouncing the name AlYEKHeen in this rare film footage.
|Dec-08-18|| ||MissScarlett: Great picture, better for lacking the cheese - how recently was it added and what's the source?|
|Dec-08-18|| ||WannaBe: 11 players, and Yates was a replacement/substitute. One player sat out each round(?)|
Anyway of knowing who sat out each round? (Without having to go through 110 games and look at each round...)
|Dec-08-18|| ||Retireborn: <WannaBe> Click on original collection (by Benzol) and you can see who played in each round, and deduce from that who didn't.|
|Dec-08-18|| ||WannaBe: <Retireborn> Thanks! =)|
|Dec-08-18|| ||zanzibar: <WannaBe> I think this is what you wanna:|
|Dec-08-18|| ||WannaBe: Thanks <Z>, looks like the tournament did not simply reverse colours but kept players the same; for the second half like most double-round robin tournaments of today.|
|Dec-08-18|| ||zanzibar: Here's another photo of the players,
(Great view of 71st st. and Broadway:
|Dec-08-18|| ||zanzibar: <WannaBe> I haven't really looked at the pairing strategy for this tournament - I just fed the CG PGN into my canned routines to get the bye list.|
Maybe they drew lots again for the 2nd half? Not sure.
|Dec-08-18|| ||Sally Simpson: ***
In the reprint of the 1924 book by Alekhine there is a Forward by Andrew Soltis who writes:
"They didn’t even know what color they would have each day or who their opponent would be until a drawing was held fifteen minutes before their clocks were started.
(This helps explain Réti’s collapse in the tournament’s second half. Due to luck of the drawing he had five Blacks in a row.)"
You can see this Forward at the link below - he also mentions, again, the Ed Lasker, Emanuel Lasker conversation about The good Lasker having no knowledge of the 'Marhsall Gambit'.
|Dec-09-18|| ||zanzibar: Good info <Sally>, thx.|
|Dec-09-18|| ||MissScarlett: It occurs to me the best explanation for the players' expressions in the above picture is that one of their number has broken wind with disagreeable report. My guess as to the culprit is <Fred Yates>, someone known to have problems with faulty gas leaks.|
|Dec-09-18|| ||zanzibar: Oh lordy.|
|Dec-09-18|| ||WannaBe: Great info <Sally Simpson>, much thanks and appreciation.|
|Dec-10-18|| ||Sally Simpson: ***
I was going to use that picture in my rant about increments.
Look how worried they look. They not getting any increments, they do even know who they playing in the first round.
Compare it with this smug pampered bunch. ('...and will those not wearing sponsors jackets pleas go to the back.')
But I could not quite make it work. I finally ditched it when I thought it might have been taken at the closing ceremony and I'm in danger of giving some nit-picker a thrill.
Lasker, Capablanca, Tartakower and Reti all appear to be distracted by something happening to their right...The dinner gong!
|Jan-21-19|| ||HarryP: Marshall did quite well in this tournament. The top three were the past, present, and future world champions. And who was next? Marshall.|
|Mar-04-19|| ||sudoplatov: Top five at St. Petersburg 1914:
Emanuel Lasker 13.5/18
Jose Raul Capablanca 13/18
Alexander Alekhine 10/18
Siegbert Tarrasch 8.5/18
Frank James Marshall 8/18
And the top 3 from Cambridge Springs 1904:
Frank James Marshall 13/15
David Janowski 11/15
Emanuel Lasker 11/15
Nice longevity from Marshall, Lasker, and Janowski.
|Dec-21-19|| ||HarryP: This is the only tournament I've played through all the games of. Surely it is one of the greatest, most exciting, and most lovable tournaments ever. And, to top it off, the tournament book has notes by the one and only Alekhine.|
|Dec-21-19|| ||HeMateMe: I'm thinking it must have been miserable being on a boat with Alekhine for two weeks. He doesn't seem to me like the ideal cabin mate.|
|Dec-21-19|| ||Howard: I browse through the tournament book quite regularly !|
< Earlier Kibitzing · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·
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