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New York Tournament

Emanuel Lasker16/20(+13 -1 =6)[games]
Jose Raul Capablanca14.5/20(+10 -1 =9)[games]
Alexander Alekhine12/20(+6 -2 =12)[games]
Frank Marshall11/20(+6 -4 =10)[games]
Richard Reti10.5/20(+9 -8 =3)[games]
Geza Maroczy10/20(+6 -6 =8)[games]
Efim Bogoljubov9.5/20(+8 -9 =3)[games]
Savielly Tartakower8/20(+4 -8 =8)[games]
Fred Dewhirst Yates7/20(+5 -11 =4)[games]
Edward Lasker6.5/20(+2 -9 =9)[games]
David Janowski5/20(+3 -13 =4)[games] Chess Event Description
New York (1924)

In December 1923, following an aborted attempt to arrange a World Championship match between Capablanca and Alekhine, Hermann Helms, publisher of the American Chess Bulletin, Harry Latz, the General Manager of the Hotel Alamac in New York and Norbert Lederer, the Secretary of the Manhattan Chess Club, set about organizing (1) a tournament to rival Cambridge Springs (1904). The tournament took place in the Hotel Alamac from the 16th of March to the 18th of April 1924.

The participants were Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine, Marshall, Janowski, Maroczy, Bogolyubov, Reti, Tartakover, Edward Lasker and Yates. The time limit was 30 moves in two hours and 15 moves per hour thereafter. Capablanca was expected to be the winner but the 55-year-old Dr. Lasker proved that he was by no means a spent force and ran away with the tournament. In a number of ways, the tournament paralleled the St. Petersburg (1914) tournament with the top three place getters ten years older. It was also notable for Reti's use of his own opening, resulting in Capablanca's first tournament loss in eight years, and a number of masterpieces that were created.


01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 Pts 1 Em Lasker ** ½0 1½ ½1 11 11 11 ½1 ½1 ½1 11 16 2 Capablanca ½1 ** ½½ ½½ 01 ½1 11 11 1½ ½1 ½1 14½ 3 Alekhine 0½ ½½ ** ½½ 10 1½ ½½ ½½ 11 ½½ 11 12 4 Marshall ½0 ½½ ½½ ** ½1 0½ 01 ½0 ½1 1½ 11 11 5 Reti 00 10 01 ½0 ** ½½ 01 11 10 10 11 10½ 6 Maroczy 00 ½0 0½ 1½ ½½ ** 01 ½½ 11 ½1 10 10 7 Bogolyubov 00 00 ½½ 10 10 10 ** 01 11 ½1 10 9½ 8 Tartakover ½0 00 ½½ ½1 00 ½½ 10 ** 10 ½0 ½1 8 9 Yates ½0 0½ 00 ½0 01 00 00 01 ** 11 ½1 7 10 Ed Lasker ½0 ½0 ½½ 0½ 01 ½0 ½0 ½1 00 ** 0½ 6½ 11 Janowski 00 ½0 00 00 00 01 10 ½0 ½0 1½ ** 5


1st $1500
2nd $1000
3rd $750
4th $500
5th $250

Brilliancy prizes:

A silver cup and $75 in gold went to Reti for his win over Bogolyubov in Round 12 (Reti vs Bogoljubov, 1924).

$50 to Marshall for his win over Bogolyubov in Round 18 (Marshall vs Bogoljubov, 1924).

$25 to Capablanca for his win over Em Lasker in Round 14 (Capablanca vs Lasker, 1924).

New York (1927) was the next tournament of this series.

The main source for this collection was The Book Of The New York International Chess Tournament 1924 published by Dover Publications, Inc. ISBN 486-20752-8.

(1) Wikipedia article: New York 1924 chess tournament. Original Collection: Game Collection: New York 1924, by User: Benzol.

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Yates vs Alekhine 0-1351924New YorkC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
2. Tartakower vs Bogoljubov 1-0581924New YorkC33 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Ed. Lasker vs Maroczy ½-½411924New YorkB08 Pirc, Classical
4. Marshall vs Reti ½-½501924New YorkE60 King's Indian Defense
5. Janowski vs Capablanca ½-½211924New YorkD67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
6. Maroczy vs Alekhine 0-1241924New YorkB02 Alekhine's Defense
7. Ed. Lasker vs Bogoljubov ½-½491924New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
8. Yates vs Janowski ½-½451924New YorkC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
9. Marshall vs Tartakower ½-½371924New YorkA84 Dutch
10. Lasker vs Capablanca ½-½301924New YorkC66 Ruy Lopez
11. Bogoljubov vs Marshall 1-0561924New YorkD02 Queen's Pawn Game
12. Tartakower vs Yates 1-0441924New YorkC33 King's Gambit Accepted
13. Reti vs Maroczy ½-½321924New YorkA37 English, Symmetrical
14. Alekhine vs Lasker 0-1361924New YorkD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. Capablanca vs Ed. Lasker ½-½271924New YorkD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. Capablanca vs Alekhine ½-½621924New YorkC12 French, McCutcheon
17. Bogoljubov vs Reti 1-0451924New YorkC12 French, McCutcheon
18. Janowski vs Lasker 0-1681924New YorkB83 Sicilian
19. Tartakower vs Maroczy ½-½571924New YorkA00 Uncommon Opening
20. Yates vs Ed. Lasker 1-0541924New YorkC91 Ruy Lopez, Closed
21. Maroczy vs Bogoljubov 0-1271924New YorkD05 Queen's Pawn Game
22. Ed. Lasker vs Janowski 0-1621924New YorkA47 Queen's Indian
23. Marshall vs Yates ½-½401924New YorkA48 King's Indian
24. Lasker vs Tartakower ½-½261924New YorkB43 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3
25. Reti vs Capablanca 1-0311924New YorkA15 English
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 110  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <ughaibu: Had Tarrasch played, would he have scored 11.5?>

That looks like a very likely score. Higher than Marshall and Réti but just below the big three. 11 or 11½ looks reasonable.

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <offramp: <ughaibu: Had Tarrasch played, would he have scored 11.5?> That looks like a very likely score. Higher than Marshall and Réti but just below the big three. 11 or 11½ looks reasonable.>

Poppycock. In March 1924 Tarrasch was ranked 19th in the world. Bogoljubov, Tartakower, Reti, and Maroczy were all in the top 10. Marshall was #26, largely because of inactivity, but was shortly to bounce back into the top 10.

Tarrasch would have ranked below everyone in the tournament except Marshall, Edward Lasker, Yates, and Janowski, and there is good reason to think his ranking overstated his actual strength. He was 62 and going through a steep rating decline. He had one really good tournament result in those years, +4 at Vienna (1922), finishing fourth. He was -2 at Hastings (1922), -1 at Karlsbad (1923), = at Maehrisch-Ostrau (1923), -5 at Baden-Baden (1925), and -4 at Breslau (1925).

He would have been very unlikely to reach 50% in this tournament.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <keypusher> I think you are right.

Of course he might have had a good tournament, just like Efim D Bogo had a fairly bad one.

But I agree that 11 points might be too optimistic. WWI was shattering to Tarrasch.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <When he had his good days Yates played some delightful chess. Alekhine didn't want him to play in the New York 1924 Tounament as Yates had beaten him in the two previous clashes.>

Alekhine vs Yates, 1923

This is ambiguous - at first, I took it to mean that Alekhine had intervened in order to blackball Yates's participation, but then it occurred it could simply be that Alekhine had stated he was worried about having to meet Yates again. If the former, corroboration is requested.

Incidentally, Yates's wins over Alekhine weren't consecutive, but separated by Yates vs Alekhine, 1922.

Oct-13-16  JimNorCal: Wow! Thanks for posting the link, just awesome....

Jonathan Sarfati: you can hear Capablanca pronouncing the name AlYEKHeen in this rare film footage.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Great picture, better for lacking the cheese - how recently was it added and what's the source?
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: 11 players, and Yates was a replacement/substitute. One player sat out each round(?)

Anyway of knowing who sat out each round? (Without having to go through 110 games and look at each round...)

Dec-08-18  Retireborn: <WannaBe> Click on original collection (by Benzol) and you can see who played in each round, and deduce from that who didn't.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <Retireborn> Thanks! =)
Dec-08-18  zanzibar: <WannaBe> I think this is what you wanna:

1 Lasker
2 Reti
3 Janowski
4 Marshall
5 Alekhine
6 Bogoljubov
7 Tartakower
8 Yates
9 Lasker
10 Maroczy
11 Capablanca
12 Marshall
13 Yates
14 Reti
15 Lasker
16 Maroczy
17 Capablanca
18 Janowski
19 Bogoljubov
20 Tartakower
21 Alekhine
22 Lasker

Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: Thanks <Z>, looks like the tournament did not simply reverse colours but kept players the same; for the second half like most double-round robin tournaments of today.
Dec-08-18  zanzibar: Here's another photo of the players,

(Great view of 71st st. and Broadway:


Dec-08-18  zanzibar: <WannaBe> I haven't really looked at the pairing strategy for this tournament - I just fed the CG PGN into my canned routines to get the bye list.

Maybe they drew lots again for the 2nd half? Not sure.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

Hi Zanzibar,

In the reprint of the 1924 book by Alekhine there is a Forward by Andrew Soltis who writes:

"They didn’t even know what color they would have each day or who their opponent would be until a drawing was held fifteen minutes before their clocks were started.

(This helps explain Réti’s collapse in the tournament’s second half. Due to luck of the drawing he had five Blacks in a row.)"

You can see this Forward at the link below - he also mentions, again, the Ed Lasker, Emanuel Lasker conversation about The good Lasker having no knowledge of the 'Marhsall Gambit'.


Dec-09-18  zanzibar: Good info <Sally>, thx.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: It occurs to me the best explanation for the players' expressions in the above picture is that one of their number has broken wind with disagreeable report. My guess as to the culprit is <Fred Yates>, someone known to have problems with faulty gas leaks.
Dec-09-18  zanzibar: Oh lordy.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: Great info <Sally Simpson>, much thanks and appreciation.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

Hi MissScarlett,

I was going to use that picture in my rant about increments.

Look how worried they look. They not getting any increments, they do even know who they playing in the first round.

Compare it with this smug pampered bunch. ('...and will those not wearing sponsors jackets pleas go to the back.')

But I could not quite make it work. I finally ditched it when I thought it might have been taken at the closing ceremony and I'm in danger of giving some nit-picker a thrill.

Lasker, Capablanca, Tartakower and Reti all appear to be distracted by something happening to their right...The dinner gong!


Jan-21-19  HarryP: Marshall did quite well in this tournament. The top three were the past, present, and future world champions. And who was next? Marshall.
Mar-04-19  sudoplatov: Top five at St. Petersburg 1914:

Emanuel Lasker 13.5/18
Jose Raul Capablanca 13/18
Alexander Alekhine 10/18
Siegbert Tarrasch 8.5/18
Frank James Marshall 8/18

And the top 3 from Cambridge Springs 1904:

Frank James Marshall 13/15
David Janowski 11/15
Emanuel Lasker 11/15

Nice longevity from Marshall, Lasker, and Janowski.

Dec-21-19  HarryP: This is the only tournament I've played through all the games of. Surely it is one of the greatest, most exciting, and most lovable tournaments ever. And, to top it off, the tournament book has notes by the one and only Alekhine.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: I'm thinking it must have been miserable being on a boat with Alekhine for two weeks. He doesn't seem to me like the ideal cabin mate.
Dec-21-19  Howard: I browse through the tournament book quite regularly !
Jun-08-22  RookFile: Best tournament result by a player in his mid 50's ever. Forget about it, nothing else comes close.
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