Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Chessgames premium membership fee will increase to $39 per year effective June 15, 2023. Enroll Now!

Monte Carlo Tournament

Carl Schlechter12/17(+9 -2 =6)[games]
Semion Alapin11.5/18(+6 -1 =11)[games]
Mikhail Chigorin11/17(+8 -3 =6)[games]
David Janowski10.5/14(+9 -2 =3)[games]
Theodor von Scheve9/12(+8 -2 =2)[games]
Jacques Mieses8/15(+6 -5 =4)[games]
Isidor Gunsberg8/16(+5 -5 =6)[games]
Georg Marco7.5/16(+4 -5 =7)[games]
Joseph Henry Blackburne7/14(+6 -6 =2)[games]
Frank Marshall5.5/16(+2 -7 =7)[games]
Arturo Reggio4.5/13(+4 -8 =1)[games]
James Mason4.5/14(+2 -7 =5)[games]
Simon Winawer3.5/12(+2 -7 =3)[games]
Lucien Didier0.5/12(+0 -11 =1)[games] Chess Event Description
Monte Carlo (1901)

Monte Carlo, Monaco; 4 February 1901—1 March 1901

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Score Place/Prize ———————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— 1 Janowski •• 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 ¼¼ ¼½ 1 0 1 1 10¼ 1st 5000₣ 2 Schlechter 0 •• 0 ¼½ ¼¼ 1 1 ¼½ 1 ¼¼ 1 1 1 1 9½ 2nd 3000₣ 3 von Scheve 0 1 •• 0 ¼¼ 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 ¼¼ 1 9 3rd* 2000₣ 4 Chigorin 0 ¼0 1 •• ¼¼ 0 1 1 ¼½ ¼¼ 1 1 1 1 9 4th 1000₣ 5 Alapin 1 ¼¼ ¼¼ ¼¼ •• ¼¼ ¼½ ¼¼ 0 1 1 ¼¼ ¼½ 1 8½ 5th 800₣ 6 Mieses 0 0 0 1 ¼¼ •• 0 ¼¼ 1 1 1 1 0 1 7 6th 500₣ 7 Blackburne 0 0 0 0 ¼0 1 •• 0 1 1 ¼- 1 1 1 6½ 8 Gunsberg 0 ¼0 1 0 ¼¼ ¼¼ 1 •• 0 ¼½ 0 ¼- 1 1 6¼ 9 Marco ¼¼ 0 0 ¼0 1 0 0 1 •• ¼0 1 ¼¼ ¼¼ 1 6 10 Marshall ¼0 ¼¼ 0 ¼¼ 0 0 0 ¼0 ¼½ •• 1 1 ¼0 + 5½ 11 Reggio 0 0 0 0 0 0 ¼+ 1 0 0 •• 1 1 1 4¾ 12 Mason 1 0 0 0 ¼¼ 0 0 ¼+ ¼¼ 0 0 •• 1 ¼½ 4½ 13 Winawer 0 0 ¼¼ 0 ¼0 1 0 0 ¼¼ ¼½ 0 0 •• + 4 14 Didier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 0 ¼0 - •• ¼ ———————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Unplayed games: + for a win, = for a draw, - for a loss. Note: Draws scored ¼, on the replay game a win scored ½. * von Scheve had more non-replay wins as the first tie-break.

In 1901, in order to stimulate tourism to the seaside resort of Monte Carlo (1) during the winter season, Prince Andrey Dadian of Mingrelia and Jules Arnous de Riviere organized a master chess tournament, to be held from February 1st to March 1st. (2) Fourteen masters were invited to participate, but play was delayed until the 4th of February to observe the funeral of Queen Victoria I of England. The scoring format for this tournament gave ¼ of a point to each player for a draw played. The two players were then required to replay the game with colors reversed, where a win was worth ½ a point, a draw worth another ¼ point, and a loss worth 0. David Janowski won the tournament and the grand prize of 5000 Francs, while the second through sixth place finishers enjoyed their share of a 7300 Francs prize pool. The remaining players received minor compensation for their participation. Several games, although their scores and partial move orders still exist, are omitted from this collection due to being incomplete.

"The following are the prize winners: Janowsky, first, 5000fr. and a bronze trophy; Schlechter, second, 3000fr.; Scheve, third, 2000fr.; Tchigorin, fourth, 1000fr.; Alapin, fifth, 800fr.; Mieses, fifth [sic; sixth], 500fr."(4)

"Schönheitspreise. Den Herren Mieses, Marco und Reggio wurde vor kurzem das Turnier zu Monte - Carlo in sehr angenehmer Weise in Erinnerung gebracht. Der Turnierleiter Herr A. de Rivière machte nämlich den genannten Herren die Mittheilung , dass er ihnen die Schönheitspreise zuerkannt habe. Den ersten Preis (500 Francs), gestiftet von Freihernn Albert von Rothschild in Wien, erhielt Herr Mieses für seine Partien gegen Marco und Mason. Der zweite Preis (250 Francs), gestiftet von Professor Isaac Rice in New-York, wurde den Partien Marco-Gunsberg und Alapin-Marco zugesprochen. Den dritten Preis (125 Francs), gestftet von Herrn Crosskill in London, nahm Herr Reggio — wahrscheinlich für seine treffliche Partien gegen Gunsberg und Mason."(5)

Brilliancy Prize Games
Mieses won 500₣ for G Marco vs J Mieses, 1901 and J Mieses vs J Mason, 1901 (Rothschild prize)
Marco won 250₣ for G Marco vs Gunsberg, 1901 and Alapin vs G Marco, 1901 (Rice prize)
Reggio won 125₣ for A Reggio vs Gunsberg, 1901 and A Reggio vs J Mason, 1901 (Crosskill prize)

Missing Games
The following games are known to have been played based on the descriptions given by Hoffer from the Field reports.

R2 Winawer-Marshall, Russian, ½-½ (~100 moves)
R5 Alapin-Scheve, Queen's Gambit Declined, ½-½ (~20 moves)
R6r Marshall-Marco, Scotch, 1-0 (38 moves)
R8 Winawer-Mason, Spanish, 1-0 (~100 moves)
R9 Janowski-Scheve, French Defense, 1-0 (~52 moves)
R10 Alapin-Gunsberg, Queen's Pawn, ½-½ (23 moves)
R10r Marco-Winawer, Spanish, ½-½ (48 moves)
R12 Mason-Alapin, Spanish, ½-½ (38 moves)
R13 Scheve-Winawer, French, ½-½ (72 moves)

The Monte Carlo (1902) event followed in similar style to this inaugural event.

(1) Wikipedia article: Monte Carlo casino
(2) Wikipedia article: Monte Carlo chess tournament
(4) London Field, 1901.03.09, p309
(5) Wiener Scachzeitung,v4 n4, April 1901, p70

Original collection: Game Collection: Monte Carlo 1901, by User: suenteus po 147.

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 103  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Mason vs Blackburne 0-1401901Monte CarloB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
2. Janowski vs Winawer 1-0251901Monte CarloC66 Ruy Lopez
3. Marshall vs Chigorin ½-½601901Monte CarloC15 French, Winawer
4. G Marco vs J Mieses 0-1301901Monte CarloB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
5. L Didier vs Alapin 0-1311901Monte CarloC11 French
6. A Reggio vs Gunsberg 1-0591901Monte CarloC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
7. Schlechter vs Von Scheve 0-1681901Monte CarloD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
8. Blackburne vs Gunsberg 0-1351901Monte CarloC46 Three Knights
9. J Mason vs Janowski 1-0481901Monte CarloC50 Giuoco Piano
10. J Mieses vs Alapin ½-½381901Monte CarloC01 French, Exchange
11. G Marco vs A Reggio 1-0351901Monte CarloC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
12. Schlechter vs L Didier 1-0371901Monte CarloC77 Ruy Lopez
13. Von Scheve vs Chigorin 0-1661901Monte CarloD02 Queen's Pawn Game
14. Chigorin vs Marshall ½-½541901Monte CarloC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
15. Alapin vs J Mieses  ½-½211901Monte CarloB22 Sicilian, Alapin
16. Blackburne vs J Mieses 1-0321901Monte CarloA10 English
17. L Didier vs Janowski 0-1451901Monte CarloB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
18. Marshall vs Gunsberg ½-½621901Monte CarloD00 Queen's Pawn Game
19. G Marco vs Chigorin ½-½351901Monte CarloC78 Ruy Lopez
20. Schlechter vs Alapin ½-½301901Monte CarloD05 Queen's Pawn Game
21. J Mason vs Von Scheve 0-1641901Monte CarloC50 Giuoco Piano
22. A Reggio vs Winawer 1-0361901Monte CarloC67 Ruy Lopez
23. Janowski vs A Reggio 1-0431901Monte CarloD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. Alapin vs Marshall 1-0601901Monte CarloD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
25. J Mieses vs J Mason 1-0391901Monte CarloC01 French, Exchange
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 103  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-08-13  TheFocus: From the <Mechanics Institute Newsletter>: Two discoveries from Monte Carlo 1901 and 1902

NM John Blackstone Las Vegas, a member of the 1968 US team that competed in the Student Olympiad at Ybbs, Austria, has uncovered two previously-forgotten games from the great Monte Carlo tournaments of 1901 and 1902.

Ruy Lopez C77
M. Didier,M – T. Von Scheve
Monte Carlo (7), 1901

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3 Bc5 6.Nc3 d6 7.Bg5 Bb4 8.0-0 Bxc3 9.bxc3 h6 10.Bh4 0-0 11.Qd2 Be6 12.Rae1 Kh7 13.Bb3 Qe7 14.d4 Bxb3 15.axb3 Rae8 16.h3 Rg8 17.g4 g5 18.Bg3 Rg6 19.d5 Nb8 20.Kg2 Reg8 21.Rh1 Kg7 22.h4 Kf8 23.h5 R6g7 24.Nh2 Rh8 25.f3 Qd8 26.Nf1 Ng8 27.Ne3 f6 28.c4 Rd7 29.b4 c5 30.bxc5 dxc5 31.Rb1 Ne7 32.c3 Nc8 33.Bf2 b6 34.Qa2 Nd6 35.Rb2 Ra7 36.Rhb1 Nd7 37.Qa4 Qc7 38.Qc6 Rh7 39.Nf5 Nxf5 40.gxf5 Rf7 41.Rxb6 Nxb6 42.Bxc5+ Kg7 43.Rxb6 a5 44.Qb5 Ra8 45.Ba3 Qc8 46.c5 Kh8 47.Kg3 g4 48.fxg4 Qg8 49.c6 Qg5 50.Qe2 Rg8 51.Rb7 Rxb7 52.cxb7 Rb8 53.Qf3 Rxb7 54.d6 a4 55.Qd3 Rg7 56.Qe2 Rg8 57.Kh3 Kh7 58.Bc5 Qc1 59.Qd3 Qh1+ 60.Kg3 Qxh5 61.Qd1 Qg5 62.d7 Qf4+ 63.Kh3 h5 64.d8Q Qxg4+ 65.Qxg4 hxg4+ 66.Kg3 Rxd8 67.Kxg4 Rd3 0-1

[New York SUN 1901, April p.08]

Queen’s Gambit Declined D53
A. Reggio – R. Teichmann
Monte Carlo (19) 1902

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 b6 6.cxd5 exd5 7.Bd3 Bb7 8.Nf3 Ne4 9.Bf4 0-0 10.0-0 c5 11.Rc1 Nd7 12.Bb1 Rc8 13.Nd2 Nxc3 14.Rxc3 Bf6 15.Nf3 Re8 16.Qd3 g6 17.Rfc1 c4 18.Qf1 b5 19.a3 a5 20.R3c2 b4 21.g4 Qb6 22.h4 Bc6 23.h5 Ba4 24.hxg6 fxg6 25.Qh3 Bxc2 26.Bxc2 b3 27.Bb1 Qe6 28.Re1 c3 29.bxc3 Rxc3 30.Qg2 b2 31.g5 Bg7 32.e4 dxe4 33.Ne5 Nxe5 34.dxe5 e3 35.Bxe3 Qxe5 36.Ba2+ Kh8 37.Qf1 Qf5 38.Qg2 Rc1 39.Rxc1 bxc1Q+ 40.Bxc1 Re1+ 0-1

[NY Sun 1902.06.29 p.05 Su]

I will leave it to the authors of those Collections to submit the games.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: Regarding the above game score submitted by <The Focus>, Didier - Von Scheve, Monte Carlo 1901, The Chess Player tournament book by A. J. Gillam, confirms Didier - Von Scheve, was played in round 7 on February 14, 1901.

The Chess Player tournament book gives the same opening moves: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5, and then it provides the same moves from 47.Kg3, to 53....Rxb7, and states the game ended with Black winning on move 67.

The above game score should be submitted to the CG database.

Mar-27-16  TheFocus: "The following are the prize-winners:

Janowsky, first, 5,000 fr. and a bronze trophy; Schlechter, second, 3,000 fr.; Scheve, third, 2,000 fr.; Tschigorin, fourth, 1,000 fr.; Alapin, fifth, 800 fr.; Mieses, sixth, 500 fr. The special prizes of 500, 250 and 125 francs, the latter given by an English visitor, will be rewarded by M. de Rivière, M. Clere, and Mr. Hoffer after examination of the competing games. The unsuccessful competitors received consolation money towards their expenses," - <The Field>, March 9, 1901, pg. 66.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: At Monte Carlo there's a famous casino.

At Monte Cassino there's a guy named Carlo.

Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Who was M. Didier?
Sep-11-19  Jean Defuse: ...

An Englishman: Who was M. Didier?

see: M Didier


Apr-25-20  cameosis: his full name is lucien didier:

Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: Wow. It's been 7 years since I found Lucien? M Didier (kibitz #32)

The next time I mention making a run to Cleveland can someone remind me to ask about that brochure:

<We have had sent us, by the courtesy of its president, M. Delaire, a little brochure containing the rules and list of members of the Philidor Club, Paris, for 1901. There are no less than 248 members, and among them we notice the names of M. de Riviére, and of M. Didier, who is a competitor in the Monte Carlo tourney.>
source: British Chess Magazine, 1901.03, p99

I really should finish what I started...

Apr-25-20  cameosis: yes, i the continued clicking after i posted and found your comment/source for his name, but the damage was already done. XD
Apr-25-20  cameosis: on another note, does anybody know if the monte carlo booklet by morgan’s shilling chess library is available as a pdf? the only reference i found was here:

Mar-14-22  Z truth 000000001: In case anybody was wondering why Pillsbury didn't attend, this might supply the answer:

<Pillsbury's absence from the Monte Carlo tournament is explained by the fact that his marriage was fixed for January 20 at St. Louis . He is going to the Pacific coast on one of his professional tours . He was 28 on December 22 last .>

Literature 1901-02-02 p90

Mar-14-22  Z truth 000000001: <cameosis> there is a weird strictness in Google Books where it basically follows the copyright laws of the country where the source was published, rather than the local country holding the reference material.

I believe Google Books is wrong in this (in a legal sense), and have written them about it, but they wrote a very perfunctory reply maintaining their policy.

As for other titles in Morgan's series:


NOTE: Create an account today to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users. Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username, then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.

Please observe our posting guidelines:

  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
  3. No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
  6. No trolling.
  7. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.
  8. Do not degrade Chessgames or any of it's staff/volunteers.

Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.

Blow the Whistle

See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a moderator.

NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic. This forum is for this specific tournament only. To discuss chess or this site in general, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.

Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

Copyright 2001-2023, Chessgames Services LLC