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TOURNAMENT STANDINGS
Gothenburg Interzonal Tournament

David Bronstein15/20(+10 -0 =10)[games]
Paul Keres13.5/20(+9 -2 =9)[games]
Oscar Panno13/20(+9 -3 =8)[games]
Tigran V Petrosian12.5/20(+5 -0 =15)[games]
Efim Geller12/20(+7 -3 =10)[games]
Laszlo Szabo12/20(+6 -2 =12)[games]
Miroslav Filip11/20(+4 -2 =14)[games]
Boris Spassky11/20(+7 -5 =8)[games]
Herman Pilnik11/20(+4 -2 =14)[games]
Georgy Ilivitsky10.5/20(+4 -3 =13)[games]
Ludek Pachman10.5/20(+3 -2 =15)[games]
Miguel Najdorf9.5/20(+5 -6 =9)[games]
Carlos Enrique Guimard9.5/20(+5 -6 =9)[games]
Braslav Rabar9/20(+3 -5 =12)[games]
Andrija Fuderer9/20(+6 -8 =6)[games]
Wolfgang Unzicker8.5/20(+3 -6 =11)[games]
Gideon Stahlberg8/20(+3 -7 =10)[games]
Arthur Bisguier8/20(+4 -8 =8)[games]
Antonio Angel Medina Garcia5.5/20(+2 -11 =7)[games]
Jan Hein Donner5.5/20(+2 -11 =7)[games]
Bogdan Sliwa5.5/20(+3 -12 =5)[games]
*

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Gothenburg Interzonal (1955)

The Gothenburg interzonal tournament was played between 15th August and 21st September 1955. It was a 21-player round robin, with the top nine players qualifying for the Amsterdam Candidates (1956) tournament. The winner was Bronstein with 15/20 (+10 =10 -0), Keres was second with 13.5, Panno had 13, Petrosian 12.5, Geller and Szabo each had 12 and the other qualifiers were Filip, Pilnik and Spassky with 11. Just missing out with 10.5 were Ilivitsky and Pachman (but see the Prague Candidates Reserve Playoff (1956)).

Picture of participants: http://es.chessbase.com/portals/0/f...

Of particular theoretical note is that the 14th round saw three unsuccessful tries of the novelty 9 ... g5 10. fxg5 ♘d7 by players from Argentina when three Soviets tested their sacrifices in the move-order 1. e4 c5 2. ♘f3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. ♘xd4 ♘f6 5. ♘c3 a6 6. ♗g5 e6 7. f4 ♗e7 8. ♕f3 h6 9. ♗h4, so the so-called Vespers - (Argentine or Göteborg) variation - with the main continuation being 11. ♘xe6 (11. 0-0-0 saw the game Rodolfo Cardoso vs Fischer, 1957 0-1) 11 ... fxe6 12. ♕h5 ♔f8 13. ♗b5 - and remained under a cloud for more than 2 years, until Paul Keres suggested the improvement 13 ... ♖h7 which was later played in Gligoric vs Fischer, 1958 1/2-1/2 and resurrected that Sicilian, Najdorf (B98) line. (1)

Gothenburg, Sweden, 15 August - 21 September 1955

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 1 Bronstein * 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15.0 2 Keres 0 * 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 0 1 ½ ½ 1 13.5 3 Panno 0 0 * ½ 0 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 13.0 4 Petrosian ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 12.5 5 Geller 0 ½ 1 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 12.0 6 Szabo ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ * ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 12.0 7 Filip ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ * 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 11.0 8 Spassky ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 * 1 1 0 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 0 1 1 ½ 11.0 9 Pilnik ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 * ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 11.0 10 Ilivitsky ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ * ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 10.5 11 Pachman ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ * ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 10.5 12 Najdorf ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ * 0 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 0 9.5 13 Guimard ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 * ½ 1 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 9.5 14 Rabar ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 0 0 1 0 9.0 15 Fuderer 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ * 1 1 1 1 0 ½ 9.0 16 Unzicker 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 * ½ ½ ½ 1 1 8.5 17 Stahlberg 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ * 1 ½ ½ 1 8.0 18 Bisguier 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ 0 * ½ 1 1 8.0 19 Medina Garcia 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 1 0 ½ ½ ½ * 0 0 5.5 20 Donner 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 0 1 * ½ 5.5 21 Sliwa 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 1 ½ * 5.5

(1) https://web.archive.org/web/2010070...

Original collection: Game Collection: Interzonals 1955: Gothenburg, by User: capybara.

Previous: Stockholm Interzonal (1952). Next: Portoroz Interzonal (1958)

 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 210  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Bisguier vs Najdorf 0-1431955Gothenburg InterzonalE70 King's Indian
2. Bronstein vs Stahlberg 1-0831955Gothenburg InterzonalD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
3. Geller vs Sliwa  1-0651955Gothenburg InterzonalE58 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line with 8...Bxc3
4. Keres vs J H Donner ½-½561955Gothenburg InterzonalB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
5. Pachman vs Filip  ½-½201955Gothenburg InterzonalE17 Queen's Indian
6. Spassky vs Szabo ½-½301955Gothenburg InterzonalC77 Ruy Lopez
7. Panno vs Pilnik  ½-½361955Gothenburg InterzonalA22 English
8. B Rabar vs A Fuderer  ½-½311955Gothenburg InterzonalB01 Scandinavian
9. A Medina Garcia vs Guimard  1-0411955Gothenburg InterzonalC02 French, Advance
10. G Ilivitsky vs Unzicker  1-0411955Gothenburg InterzonalE52 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line with ...b6
11. Guimard vs Bisguier  ½-½201955Gothenburg InterzonalD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
12. Unzicker vs Bronstein 0-1421955Gothenburg InterzonalB92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation
13. Szabo vs Geller  ½-½131955Gothenburg InterzonalC01 French, Exchange
14. Petrosian vs Keres ½-½221955Gothenburg InterzonalE43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation
15. Najdorf vs Panno 0-1411955Gothenburg InterzonalA07 King's Indian Attack
16. Stahlberg vs Pachman  ½-½401955Gothenburg InterzonalA12 English with b3
17. J H Donner vs Spassky 0-1321955Gothenburg InterzonalE62 King's Indian, Fianchetto
18. Filip vs B Rabar  ½-½291955Gothenburg InterzonalD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. A Fuderer vs A Medina Garcia  1-0331955Gothenburg InterzonalD54 Queen's Gambit Declined, Anti-Neo-Orthodox Variation
20. Sliwa vs G Ilivitsky 0-1511955Gothenburg InterzonalD87 Grunfeld, Exchange
21. Bisguier vs A Fuderer 0-1281955Gothenburg InterzonalA07 King's Indian Attack
22. Bronstein vs Sliwa 1-0381955Gothenburg InterzonalE58 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line with 8...Bxc3
23. Geller vs J H Donner  ½-½291955Gothenburg InterzonalC11 French
24. Pilnik vs Najdorf  ½-½551955Gothenburg InterzonalA15 English
25. Pachman vs Unzicker  ½-½131955Gothenburg InterzonalE53 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3
 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 210  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-26-22  Z free or die: Here's the google translation of the relevant section of <valiant>'s ref:

<On 11 and 12 August, a national match was played on ten tables in the Art Gallery in Gothenburg, a kind of general rehearsal if you will before the big interzonal tournament, which begins in the same venue on Monday 15 August. The location of the venue is the best imaginable and the spaces are well-disposed, although the circular entrance hall must probably be shielded in a more efficient way from the tournament hall itself to neutralize the disturbing echo effects of the audience. The relatively small crowd, which now wandered around the Art Gallery, had a good place, but it will probably be - at least the first few days - very crowded about the bliss during the interzonal tournament. The Russians, who of course took the opportunity to get acquainted with the venue, thought that it seemed far too small - they are also used to a huge audience connection in our own country for our conditions. This time, the organizers were not put to any major tests - most of the work has already been postponed - and the showdown with the Danish friends took place in silence without any disturbing events.>

This reading does say the international tn will begin at the same location, but doesn't seem to state it will be entirely held there, at least not explicitly.

<Den 11 och 12 augusti utkämpades en landsmatch på tio bord i Konsthallen i Göteborg, ett slags generalrepetition om man så vill inför den stora interzonalturneringen, som tar sin början i samma spellokal måndagen den 15 augusti. Spellokalens belägenhet är den bästa tänkbara och utrymmena väldisponerade även om den cirkelrunda entréhallen nog måste avskärmas på ett mer effektivt sätt från själva turneringssalen för att neutralisera publiksorlets störande ekoeffekter. Den relativt fåtaliga skara, som nu vandrade omkring i Konsthallen, hade god plats, men förmodligen blir det - åtminstone de första dagarna - mycket trångt om saligheten under interzonalturneringen. Ryssarna, som naturligtvis passade på att bekanta sig med lokalen, tyckte att den verkade alldeles för liten - de är ju också vana vid en för våra förhållanden enorm publikanslutning i sitt eget land. Denna gång ställdes alltså arrangörerna inte på några större prov - det mesta arbetet är redan undanstökat - och kraftmätningen med de danska vännerna försiggick i stilla ro utan några som helst uppskakande händelser.>

(Besides, it's from the publication before the international was held, therefore would always be predictive in an a priori sense).

Apr-26-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  Troller: The Interzonal started in "Konsthallen" where also the Sweden-Denmark match was played earlier.

Apparently due to very hot weather the Interzonal during its second half relocated to the cooler hall in "Studentkåren": <man flyttede under turneringens senare hälft över til Studentkårens visserligen mere luftiga aula> (https://tfsarkiv.schack.se/pdf/1955... p.203).

Unzicker played some rounds in shorts - maybe Anton Kovalyov could have pointed to this precedent when he was penalized for the same misdeed...

Apr-26-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  valiant: Thanks <Troller>. My parents often talked about those hot summers of 1950s ... <Z free or die> got it right then!
Apr-26-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Chessmetrics sees this, along with Budapest Candidates (1950) as the best performance of Bronstein's career. He also played some beautiful games; Bronstein vs Keres, 1955 made Burgess, Nunn, and Emms' greatest games collection. <Everett> wrote <I think it helped that he secured Furman as his second for the tournament. I think it shows in his focused play.>
Apr-26-22  Z free or die: <keypusher> - trying to do a google search on <Bronstein's Best Tournament> is an interesting, but slightly frustrating, experience.

Few claims of his "best" seem to be out their, maybe because he had so many?

(Admittedly I only did a quick scan - and to tell the truth, I don't even know how many 1st's he made in his career off the top of my head)

* * * * *

To my Swedish colleagues - is there a clear placement for the < Studentkårens>?

And do we know the actual location of the Gotenburg CC back in 1955?

Just a bit curious at this point... thanks.

Apr-26-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Z free or die: <keypusher> - trying to do a google search on <Bronstein's Best Tournament> is an interesting, but slightly frustrating, experience.>

Of course there are lots of criteria you could go by; Bronstein himself might say "X is my best tournament because it was there that I played most creatively" or "where I joined the elite" or whatever.

Chessmetrics is a quantitative measure; more knowledgeable people than I can opine on how valid it is. This and Budapest are the two tournaments where Bronstein had the highest performance rating, according to Chessmetrics. Maybe I should have just said that.

Here's a list of his highest-rated performances from the CM site.

http://www.chessmetrics.com/cm/CM2/...

Apr-27-22  Radmankaruf: Thanks everyone who contributed! Power of crowd sourcing never cease to amaze me.
Apr-27-22  Z free or die: <Radmankaruf:> Be sure to check back in later to see if <Olavi> posts an update from the tb (tournament book).
Apr-27-22  Olavi: <Z free or die> I intend to do so in about 10-11 hours. Is there something in particular that you would want to know? Apart from the playing site question, I trust that has been dealt with to satisfaction.
Apr-27-22  Z free or die: <Olavi> Everything! I want to know everything!

Just kidding (well, kinda!)...

No, at the moment please just include what you think is interesting.

Though I'm still wondering exactly the what & where of the Student Union. Oh, and perhaps the location of the Gotenburg CC itself.

Oh, and can we perhaps get a group photo posted online? (Did I see one somewhere already? ... hmmm, I forget).

Thanks.

.

Apr-27-22  Z free or die: A little more seriously, on a second pass...

I see there is a poor quality group photo already posted above - it would be nice to get a higher resolution scan.

For tournaments in general I tried to have a little template of info, ie. the facts on hand, in a format making it easy for a quick look. I tried to include most of the general stuff applicable for all tournaments.

Here's an example:

https://zanchess.wordpress.com/2016...

Comparing to the intro above, I see we could use the time control, entrance fee(?), and actual prizes, as well as the playing session info.

I also think all intro's should include a link to the tournament book (if available), or at least the biblio info for it - of course, if the tournament had one.

OK, thanks again.

Apr-28-22  Olavi: First bits.

The tournament book is a bit disappointing on general information: Världsschackturneringen Göteborg 1955, Gideon Ståhlberg, Sveriges Schackförbunds Förlag AB 1956. Individual games analyzed by Bronstein, Botvinnik, Barcza, Geller, Furman, Keres, Flohr, Ilivitsky, Petrosjan, Kotov, Krogius, Spassky, Lilienthal, Mikenas. Includes an eleven page article by Kotov: "Världseliten i aktion"; one page by Bondarevsky: "Sagt om pristagarna"; 31 page "Teoretisk översikt" by O'Kelly de Galway; seven pages by Jostein Westberg: "Rysk offensiv på bred font", a report of simultanious exhibitions after the tournament by Botvinnik, Flohr, Bondarevsky, Lilienthal, Kotov, Tolush, Spassky, Bronstein, Keres, Geller, Petrosjan, Barcza, Gligoric, Ilivitsky, Mikenas, Furman, Fuderer.

Page three informs us that the tournament moved to the house of the Student Association on the Götabergsgatan at the start of September, as was planned in advance. (No mention of a heatwave.)

From Schach-Echo 17/1955 (Lothar Schmid, Unzicker's second) we learn that playing hours were 17-22 (so must have been the usual 40 moves / 2½ hours), always after two rounds a day for adjournments from 10 am. Altogether six free days.

To be continued

Apr-29-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  valiant: <Olavi: [..] the tournament moved to the house of the Student Association on the Götabergsgatan at the start of September [..]>

University of Gothenburg

https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unive...

Studenternas Hus

https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stude...

Apr-30-22  Z free or die: Thanks to both <olavi> and <valiant> - exactly the stuff filling out the details.

Looking forward to <olavi>'s 2nd installment...

Apr-30-22  Z free or die: PS- I was surprised to see how "young" University of Gotenburg was.
Apr-30-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Brits invented universities.
Apr-30-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <MissScarlett: The Brits invented universities.>

Bologna is older than Oxford. But according to this the Arabs may have beaten everyone.

https://www.mastersavenue.com/artic...

Apr-30-22  Z free or die: !
Apr-30-22  Olavi: Just a quick correction: Westberg's article is of course "Rysk offensiv på bred front", not -font.

The FIDE congress was held just prior to the tournament 9.-13.8. at the Palace Hotel.

Apr-30-22  Olavi: Schach-Echo 17/1955/Lothar Schmid:

The congress rejected the application (it's not stated, whose) to admit Bolbochan, Pirc and Kotov to the tournament. Botvinnik's application to be allowed to play hors concours was also rejected.

The drawing of lots, performed by Rogard and tournament director Fritz Andersson, was conducted so that players from the same country would play each other by the tenth round latest. Reshevsky and Evans didn't appear, they played at the concurrent US Open with a.o. a 3000$ car as prize...

Otherwise Schmid gives quite detailed comments on the games (and some anecdotes) in issues 17-20. He mentions that David Oistrah was invited to the closing dinner, but not whether he actually played the violin.

Back to the book next time.

May-01-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Had never known that Botvinnik wished to play in this event; curious desire, that!
May-01-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  valiant: <Z free or die: PS- I was surprised to see how "young" University of Gotenburg was.">

The city isn't that old either (contemporary with New Sweden in North America, Delaware). Because of annoying neighbors, it was a troublesome part of the kingdom for a long time.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%8...

The oldest universities ...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppsa...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lund_...

May-10-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  Troller: Sweden is a "young" kingdom, as the Sveers and the Goths were two factions striving for power back in the formative 10-12th centuries. The coastal areas to the West and South were part of Denmark; the University of Lund owes its location to the fact that this was where the first archbishopric of Scandinavia was founded around 1100.

Anyway, thanks to <Olavi> for shedding further light on the event. Admittedly, the article in "Tidskrift för Schack" does not claim that the move of location was due to the heatwave. But there is a lengthy paragraph on the hot weather, and the relocation is mentioned en passant here.

May-11-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  valiant: <The fraternization was so great that at a meeting in Lödöse in 1257 it was decreed that:>

"If any one mock a Norwegian, or call him norrbagge, or by other revil names, he shall lose nothing but his throat bone!"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%...

May-11-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: I have the book on this event by Igor Bondarevsky.

https://d3525k1ryd2155.cloudfront.n...

I could walk 200 yards to Edinburgh University and get the intro read out to me over a cup of coffee but under the present climate if I go in and start asking where the Russian students hang out I'd get arrested and deported.

All I know is that on the 7th September 1955 (round 14) the planets were in alignment and the gods smiled on chess.

The was the day the Gothenburg Triangle was played...

Geller - Panno, Keres - Najdorf, and Spassky - Pilnik.

...a few tables away Petrosian was playing what he called his 'greatest ever game.' Petrosian vs Guimard, 1955 and in the same round Bronstein was weaving out a mini masterpiece Bronstein vs A Medina Garcia, 1955

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