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🏆 London (1851)

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Some of the main organizers of the tournament were Bledow (who had passed away by the time the final proposals could be arranged), von der Lasa, Kennedy and Staunton ... [more]

Player: Marmaduke Wyvill

 page 1 of 1; 24 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. E Lowe vs Wyvill 0-1291851LondonC00 French Defense
2. Wyvill vs E Lowe 1-0411851LondonA20 English
3. E Williams vs Wyvill 0-1611851LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
4. E Williams vs Wyvill 0-1501851LondonA00 Uncommon Opening
5. Wyvill vs E Williams 1-0371851LondonA13 English
6. E Williams vs Wyvill 1-0361851LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
7. E Williams vs Wyvill 1-0321851LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
8. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 0-1281851LondonB32 Sicilian
9. Wyvill vs H Kennedy 1-0361851LondonA13 English
10. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 1-0371851LondonB46 Sicilian, Taimanov Variation
11. Wyvill vs H Kennedy ½-½621851LondonA13 English
12. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 0-1521851LondonB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
13. Wyvill vs H Kennedy 0-1351851LondonA13 English
14. H Kennedy vs Wyvill 1-0651851LondonA03 Bird's Opening
15. Wyvill vs H Kennedy 1-0571851LondonA13 English
16. Wyvill vs E Williams 0-1351851LondonA13 English
17. Wyvill vs E Williams 1-0361851LondonA13 English
18. Anderssen vs Wyvill 1-0241851LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
19. Anderssen vs Wyvill 1-0201851LondonB20 Sicilian
20. Anderssen vs Wyvill 1-0261851LondonB20 Sicilian
21. Wyvill vs Anderssen ½-½501851LondonD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
22. Wyvill vs Anderssen 0-1271851LondonA10 English
23. Wyvill vs Anderssen 1-0491851LondonA10 English
24. Anderssen vs Wyvill 0-1401851LondonB44 Sicilian
 page 1 of 1; 24 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Wyvill wins | Wyvill loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-27-17  zanzibar: Rookhouse has this interesting (but unsourced) Anderssen quote about the playing conditions:

<Additionally, the playing conditions were reportedly bad enough to inspire the following quote from Anderssen:

Things were not particularly comfortable; tables and chairs were both small and low; the large boards stuck out over both edges of the tables; any space near the player was taken away by the person recording the moves; in short, there was not the slightest amount of free space on which one could support one’s head which might be so full of care during the hard struggles.>

http://www.rookhouse.com/london-1851/

Feb-19-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <So where else can hope reside?>

I've been looking at some reports in the <Morning Chronicle>, a London daily, via the <BNA>. The print quality is generally poor, which hampers its searchability - presumably explaining why I wasn't aware of its coverage before - but I've already found some useful information regarding game dates.

Feb-19-19  zanzibar: <MS> unlikely I'll be able to access that source anytime soon.

But I'd encourage you to further the work, either here or on your own blog, and take up the work from where it was left off.

.

Feb-19-19  zanzibar: PS- There's only a select few "elite" posters I'd share this tip with, but <MS> is one of them, as concerns historical newspapers...

For some issues, particularly old German/Austrian newspapers, the layout can be extremely dense - tight multiple columns across the page, with just a brief mention of a chess item in a passing paragraph, often without a heading.

So, even knowing the page, the info can be hard to find - especially if in a foreign language.

<A useful aid, then, is to add a column number to the page citation, e.g. p6 -> p6c4>

Not often needed, but quite a convenience when it is.

Feb-19-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <There's only a select few "elite" posters I'd share this tip with, but <MS> is one of them, as concerns historical newspapers...>

Thanks, we'll just keep it between ourselves. Incidentally, no need to put elite between quotation marks - if I'm not part of the elite, the word has no meaning.

Feb-19-19  hashtag: 3l173 m0n0l06u35
Feb-20-19  zanzibar: <MS> don't let it give you a big head, but I've always put you in a "special" category, all your own!

* * * * *

<hashtag> what is that?

Gotta wonder if cryto-posts should be item #12. Hmmm...

Feb-20-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <<MS> don't let it give you a big head, but I've always put you in a "special" category, all your own!> #metoo

Started a collection: Game Collection: London 1851

Work in progress...

<<hashtag> what is that?> Just my Russian handler. #callyoulater

Feb-20-19  zanzibar: Looks like a good start. Might that be your first <CG> tournament in the making?!
Sep-22-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I'm interested in historical precedents for use of the knock-out format in other sports or pastimes. What about mediaeval jousting tournaments or even the ancient Olympic Games?

Wikipedia is singularly unhelpful:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singl...

Sep-22-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <MissScarlett> Or maybe you didn't look in the right place in Wikipedia:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pankr...

The ancient Olympic pankration is described as a 16-player, 4-round knock-out event with the pairings selected by drawing of lots.

Sep-22-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <MissScarlett> One finds random sources on the web that claim that mideaval jousting used elimination contests, but without citing authoritative sources.

For example http://www.lordsandladies.org/joust... "Joust a plaisance - A series of elimination jousting contests which were held over over several days. An overall jousting winner would be determined"

Other ancient civilizations like Egypt, China and India had sports competitions, but I couldn't quickly find any details about their tournament rules. You'd have to look for specialized academic literature.

Nov-17-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Chess Player (Kling & Horwitz), no.2, July 26th 1851, p.14:

<Mr. Staunton challenged Mr. Anderssen to play him a match of twenty-one games for 100l. Mr. Anderssen accepted the challenge, on condition that the match commence shortly instead of the time named by Mr. Staunton, that no less than five games be played weekly, and that any one absenting himself during any day fixed for the contest shall be considered to have lost one game. As Mr. Staunton complains of indisposition, and demands time to recruit his health, we think it not likely that he will agree to these conditions; on the other hand, Mr. Anderssen is not likely to yield, because he is not at home in England; his stay here is expensive, and his professional duties in Prussia render it absolutely necessary for him to be in Breslau before October.>

I see now this abortive match is referred to on the Wikipedia page of <London 1851>, but it had completely evaded my notice. Not sure if Anderssen ducked Staunton, or vice versa.

Nov-17-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <MissScarlett> Not to ask for free research, but off the top of your head do you know how 100 pounds compares with the stakes of other leading matches of the time?

Staunton says that he challenged Anderssen within a few hours of the conclusion of the Anderssen-Wyvill match, see pp. lxxi-lxxii at the link to his book of the tournament (many of the pages have been scanned out of order). Read the whole thing to learn of the London Club's perfidy and the vicious nature of Anderssen's partisans.

https://www.google.com/books/editio...

Nov-18-20  Z4all: <KP> you can scan through several contemporaneous tournaments:

Tournament Index

It appears that at least a couple of other matches were also played at a £100 wager.

(Which is worth 6 horses or 18 cows or 141 stones of wool in today's, err, "currency"...

https://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk...)

Nov-18-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Thanks!

(<zanzibar>, is that you?? Welcome back if so!)

Nov-18-20  Z4all: Yuppers, the Z is me.
Nov-18-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <Z> Well, great to see you, hope you stick around.
Nov-18-20  Z4all: Ha! Thanks.

(Whether here or there, I'm usually in Z-vicinity [of a bad pun or two?!])

Nov-18-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Something that I've never been sure about regarding stake matches (but was afraid to ask) - does the winner (and the loser, in some cases) keep all the loot, or do the victorious backers get their money back?
Nov-19-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <MissScarlett> For whatever it's worth, in Steinitz-Blackburne it appears that the winner took both sides' money.

From the match page:

<"(1) The stakes in the match shall be £60 a side, and either player who first scores seven games, exclusive of draws, shall be declared the victor, and be entitled to receive the stakes of both sides. (2) Each player shall deposit his stake of £60 with Mr J. H. Walsh, the chief editor of The Field newspaper, at least one day previous to the commencement of the match. (3) The rooms of the West-end Chess Club, No. 8, New Coventry-Street, W., shall be the place of meeting throughout the contest for the purpose of play. The first game shall commence on Thursday, the 17th of February, at 2 p.m. and play shall proceed on every subsequent Saturday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at the same time until the conclusion of the match. After four hours' play either party may claim an adjournment for an hour. After eight hours' play the game shall be adjourned to the next day, Sundays excepted. (4) Each player shall be allowed two hours for making his first series of thirty moves, and an hour for every subsequent fifteen moves, and the time gained in each series of moves shall be counted to the credit of the next series. This time limit shall be regulated by sand-glasses, and either player exceeding it by five minutes shall forfeit the game." - Chess match between Messrs. Steinitz & Blackburne, p. 7.>

Steinitz - Blackburne (1876)

I wonder if Baron Kolisch staked himself. Morphy certainly could have, but I don't think he did.

Nov-19-20  Z4all: From my sense of gentlemanly fair-play, I can't imagine the winner not reimbursing the promoter's wagers. But this sort of detail is very unlikely to be mentioned in the gentlemanly literature of the time.
Jan-18-21  Wanda Nida: London (1851)

Before this tournament matches for unofficial world championship were played but 1851 london knock out tournament is IT as the best played and Anderssen was crowned and most recognized him as world champ, official or not, he should be first world chess champion!

Jan-18-21  Wanda Nida: London (1851)

Before this tournament matches for unofficial world championship were played but 1851 london knock out tournament is IT as the best played and Anderssen was crowned and most recognized him as world champ, official or not, he should be first world chess champion!

encyclopediasupreme.org/0000/Champs.txt

Feb-14-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: For anyone wondering why Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint Amant was not amongst the fray, the <Morning Post> of June 3rd 1851, p.5, announced that <St. Amant, the great chess player, is appointed French consul at California.>
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