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🏆 Nuremberg (1883)

  PARTICIPANTS (sorted by highest achieved rating; click on name to see player's games)
Louis Paulsen, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Curt von Bardeleben, Alexander Fritz, Arnold Schottlaender, Henry Edward Bird, Emil Schallopp, Wilfried Paulsen, Max Lange, Isidor Gunsberg, Simon Winawer, Fritz Riemann, James Mason, Max Weiss, Johann Nepomuk Berger, Martin Bier, Jacques Schwarz, Vincenz Hruby, Carl Leffmann

Chessgames.com Chess Event Description
Nuremberg (1883)

The 3rd Deutscher Schachkongress took place in Nuremberg in 1883. It included the 3rd Meisterturnier (masters' tournament) organized by the Deutscher Schachbund (DSB); the first two were Leipzig (1879) and Berlin (1881).

Nuremberg, German Empire (Bavaria), 16-30 July 1883

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 Winawer * 0 1 1 1 1 = 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 = 14.0 2 Blackburne 1 * 0 = = 1 1 0 1 1 1 = = 1 1 1 1 1 = 13.5 3 Mason 0 1 * = = 1 = = = = = 1 1 1 = 0 1 1 1 12.0 4 Berger 0 = = * 0 = = 1 1 1 = = = 1 = = 1 1 1 11.5 5 von Bardeleben 0 = = 1 * 0 = 0 1 = 0 = = 1 1 1 1 1 1 11.0 =6 Bird 0 0 0 = 1 * 1 0 = 1 1 0 1 1 1 = = 1 = 10.5 =6 Riemann = 0 = = = 0 * 1 0 = 0 = 1 1 1 1 1 = 1 10.5 8 Schallopp 0 1 = 0 1 1 0 * 0 1 1 0 1 = 0 0 1 1 1 10.0 9 Schwarz 0 0 = 0 0 = 1 1 * = = = 1 0 = 1 = 1 1 9.5 =10 Weiss 1 0 = 0 = 0 = 0 = * = 1 0 = = 1 1 1 = 9.0 =10 Hruby 0 0 = = 1 0 1 0 = = * = = = = 1 1 0 1 9.0 12 Schottlaender 0 = 0 = = 1 = 1 = 0 = * = 0 0 1 1 = = 8.5 =13 Paulsen, L 0 = 0 = = 0 0 0 0 1 = = * 1 1 = 1 1 0 8.0 =13 Bier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 1 = = 1 0 * 1 = 1 1 1 8.0 15 Paulsen, W 0 0 = = 0 0 0 1 = = = 1 0 0 * 0 0 1 1 6.5 16 Fritz 0 0 1 = 0 = 0 1 0 0 0 0 = = 1 * 0 0 = 5.5 =17 Gunsberg 1 0 0 0 0 = 0 0 = 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 * 0 1 5.0 =17 Lange 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 0 0 1 = 0 0 0 1 1 * 1 5.0 19 Leffmann = = 0 0 0 = 0 0 0 = 0 = 1 0 0 = 0 0 * 4.0

Lange forfeited his last five rounds. There were also two forfeits in the last round: Wilfried Paulsen against his brother Louis, and Bier against Mason.

As in the previous edition, the round robin tournament was an international event, pitting German masters against the best of Europe at the time. Germany was represented by its usual field of strong masters - including Louis and Wilfried Paulsen, Max Lange, and the winner of the Berlin Hauptturnier (1881), Curt von Bardeleben. England was represented by James Mason, Henry Edward Bird, and the previous Meisterturnier winner, Joseph Blackburne. Isidor Gunsberg and Max Weiss represented the Austro-Hungarian empire, and Simon Winawer had journeyed from Poland. The contests that ensued were hard fought and showcased the brilliance of the best players at the time. Winawer, who had shared first in Vienna with the great Wilhelm Steinitz the previous year, finished sole first here with the score of fourteen points out of eighteen games. Blackburne almost duplicated his finish from Berlin two years earlier, defeating tournament winner Winawer in their head-to-head game, but his greater number of draws was only good enough for second place, half a point behind. Mason took third, and the next places were taken by German masters Johann Berger and newly titled master von Bardeleben. Finally, this was a last hurrah for Winawer. He had been one of the world's strongest chess masters for the past 15 years, but his poor showing at London earlier in the year convinced him to retire. It was only by being ambushed by the tournament organizers in Nuremberg (he had traveled there to see a dentist) that he was convinced into participating, making this his last great international chess tournament victory.

The Nuremberg Hauptturnier (1883) that ran concurrently with the Meisterturnier was won by a young Siegbert Tarrasch, qualifying him for DSB's 4th Meisterturnier in Hamburg (1885).

(1) Detailed report with illustrations: http://www.chessarch.com/archive/00.... (2) Original collection: Game Collection: Nuremberg 1883, by User: suenteus po 147.

 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 164  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. F Riemann vs Blackburne 0-1341883NurembergC01 French, Exchange
2. C Leffmann vs W Paulsen  0-1491883NurembergB43 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3
3. Gunsberg vs Winawer 1-0551883NurembergD02 Queen's Pawn Game
4. Gunsberg vs M Lange 0-1971883NurembergD05 Queen's Pawn Game
5. J N Berger vs Paulsen ½-½271883NurembergB58 Sicilian
6. Max Weiss vs F Riemann  ½-½461883NurembergC49 Four Knights
7. J Schwarz vs M Bier 0-1241883NurembergC77 Ruy Lopez
8. Blackburne vs M Bier 1-0361883NurembergC45 Scotch Game
9. A Fritz vs W Paulsen 1-0661883NurembergB40 Sicilian
10. Von Bardeleben vs Winawer 0-1581883NurembergD04 Queen's Pawn Game
11. C Leffmann vs Max Weiss  ½-½491883NurembergC70 Ruy Lopez
12. Bird vs J Schwarz ½-½101883NurembergC13 French
13. A Schottlaender vs Bird 1-0751883NurembergB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
14. E Schallopp vs V Hruby 1-0341883NurembergC22 Center Game
15. Paulsen vs V Hruby  ½-½401883NurembergC49 Four Knights
16. A Schottlaender vs J N Berger  ½-½221883NurembergC50 Giuoco Piano
17. Von Bardeleben vs M Lange 1-0271883NurembergD02 Queen's Pawn Game
18. A Fritz vs J Mason 1-0211883NurembergC13 French
19. V Hruby vs M Bier ½-½441883NurembergD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
20. A Schottlaender vs Von Bardeleben ½-½241883NurembergC77 Ruy Lopez
21. F Riemann vs J N Berger ½-½601883NurembergC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
22. A Fritz vs C Leffmann  ½-½231883NurembergC49 Four Knights
23. Winawer vs Bird 1-0311883NurembergC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
24. Max Weiss vs E Schallopp 0-1201883NurembergC77 Ruy Lopez
25. J Mason vs Gunsberg 1-0401883NurembergA40 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 164  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-24-13  thomastonk: See also http://www.chessarch.com/archive/00....
Dec-24-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <thoomastonk> That is exactly how I picture Bird, gently contemplating yet another eccentricity.
Jan-10-14  thomastonk: I got this week a copy of the tournament book, and this confirmed my sneaking suspicion: the introduction needs improvement and correction.

+++

Joost van Winsen mentions in his excellent article (link see above) that the 'tooth story' is not mentioned in German sources and the tournament book, and that no particulars have been found of Winawer's time of arrival. But the tournament book (p 27) gives a little bit of information and confirms everything else of Hoffer's story: "Die Vorwoche des Kongresses führte eine stattliche Anzahl von Schachspielern und Schachfreunden in Nürnberg zusammen. Ohne die Absicht, sich daselbst längere Zeit aufhalten zu wollen, berühte S.Winawer Nürnberg auf der Reise von London nach Wien, wohin er sich zunächst begeben wollte, und wurde selbstverständlich von den Nürnbergers nicht wieder losgelassen; -- dafür nahm er auch später den ersten Preis mit sich."

Rough translation: "In the week before the congress, a considerable number of chess players and chess lovers were present in Nuremberg. On a journey from London to Vienna Winawer arrived in Nuremberg without the intent to stay there for a longer time, and naturally the people from Nuremberg don't let him go; -- in exchange he took afterwards the first prize with him."

After Winawer the chess players from England and Vienna are mentioned, and then both Paulsens.

Apr-23-16  zanzibar: In the previous DSB Congress' intro (Berlin (1881)) on <CG> is this statement:

<... a formula from this event would serve as a template for all future chess congresses in Germany before the Great War.>

Leipzig (1879)

I took issue with the comment over there:

Berlin (1881) (kibitz #32)

This tournament, <Nuremberg (1883)>, actually returned to the older German formula of 2 games/day that had been abandoned in <Berlin (1881)> - the latter having adopted the more "standard" rate of 1 game/day used by most international tournaments.

So, being interested in the evolution of the "formula" of international play - I still wonder about the statement in the previous tournaments' intro.

Apr-23-16  zanzibar: From the intro <"not any more the sole strongest event in which to participate">.

Where's OCF when you need him?!

Apr-23-16  zanzibar: The following comments really could be made about any tournament:

<Commenting upon the Nuremberg tournament, the Field remarks that "Chess-players, as a rule, consider themselves at least pawn and move stronger than they really are; hence competitors entering a tournament hope to gain a prize by reasoning that they will be able to draw with the recognised favourites and beat those whom they consider—estimating their strength at the above standard—inferior to themselves." The outside world might conclude from this that Chess-players are very conceited persona, but this does not follow. Every player naturally judges of himself at his best, and takes little account of games lost by careless blunders. These he willingly forgets as fast as possible. His error consists in believing himself capable of avoiding mistakes when there is every inducement for him to play correctly. To play well is the gift of fortune; but to make mistakes comes by nature.>

<BCM v03 (Aug-Sep 1883) p340/351>

Apr-23-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <zed> Vastly amusing; I suppose by the above named criterion, in my best days I should have at been least GM strength, though not quite good enough to emulate Steinitz' supposed claim near the end of his life that he could offer God odds of pawn and move.
Jun-27-17  zanzibar: And talk about grinds, the Germans decided to play under this schedule:

9am-1pm, 2pm-6pm, 7:30pm-12am

That's 8 + 4½ = 12½ hrs/day.

(H.E. Bird - Renette p312)

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