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Third Rosenwald Trophy Tournament

Samuel Reshevsky9/11(+8 -1 =2)[games]
Arthur Bisguier7/11(+5 -2 =4)[games]
Edmar Mednis6.5/11(+4 -2 =5)[games]
Arthur Feuerstein6.5/11(+5 -3 =3)[games]
Donald Byrne5.5/11(+5 -5 =1)[games]
Sidney Norman Bernstein5.5/11(+4 -4 =3)[games]
Abe Turner5.5/11(+5 -5 =1)[games]
Herbert Seidman4.5/11(+3 -5 =3)[games]
Robert James Fischer4.5/11(+2 -4 =5)[games]
Eliot Hearst4.5/11(+3 -5 =3)[games]
Max Pavey4/11(+2 -5 =4)[games]
George Shainswit3/11(+1 -6 =4)[games]
* Chess Event Description
Third Rosenwald Trophy (1956)

This was the third tournament of a series which was made possible through a philanthropic contribution by Lessing Julius Rosenwald.

Rosenwald was Chairman of Sears from 1932-1939 and later became a collector of rare books and art. Rosenwald's father, Julius Rosenwald, was instrumental in the education and chess career of Samuel Reshevsky.

The Rosenwald Trophy tournaments later officially became the U.S. Championship events.

Despite a first-round loss to Donald Byrne, Reshevsky clinched first place with one round to spare.

This tournament was also the first true test of skill for the 13-year old U.S. Junior Champion, Bobby Fischer. In spite of his lukewarm performance, Bobby attracted attention with his famous brilliancy D Byrne vs Fischer, 1956, "The Game of the Century".

The game E Hearst vs Mednis, 1956 witnessed a double forfeit because Hearst's time ran out and Mednis was disqualified for failure to keep up his scoresheet.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 1 Reshevsky * 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 9 2 Bisguier 0 * 0 1 1 1 1 1 7 3 Feuerstein * 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 6 4 Mednis 0 1 * 1 1 1 0 0 6 5 Bernstein 0 1 0 0 * 1 0 1 1 5 6 Byrne 1 1 0 0 * 1 0 0 1 0 1 5 7 Turner 0 0 1 0 1 0 * 1 0 1 1 5 8 Fischer 0 0 1 0 * 1 0 4 9 Seidman 0 0 0 1 1 0 * 0 1 4 10 Hearst 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 * 0 1 4 11 Pavey 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 * 4 12 Shainswit 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 * 3

Original collection: Game Collection: Third L. J. Rosenwald Trophy Tournament, 1956, by User: Resignation Trap.

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 66  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Bisguier vs Fischer 1-0331956Third Rosenwald TrophyE78 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, with Be2 and Nf3
2. E Hearst vs S Bernstein  ½-½921956Third Rosenwald TrophyD43 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
3. Mednis vs A Turner 1-0791956Third Rosenwald TrophyC86 Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack
4. Shainswit vs A Feuerstein 0-1291956Third Rosenwald TrophyA65 Benoni, 6.e4
5. M Pavey vs H Seidman  ½-½331956Third Rosenwald TrophyB03 Alekhine's Defense
6. D Byrne vs Reshevsky 1-0401956Third Rosenwald TrophyA65 Benoni, 6.e4
7. A Turner vs Fischer 1-0501956Third Rosenwald TrophyE63 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Panno Variation
8. S Bernstein vs Bisguier  1-0421956Third Rosenwald TrophyB23 Sicilian, Closed
9. A Feuerstein vs E Hearst  1-0391956Third Rosenwald TrophyD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. H Seidman vs Shainswit 1-0141956Third Rosenwald TrophyC01 French, Exchange
11. Reshevsky vs M Pavey 1-0261956Third Rosenwald TrophyA08 King's Indian Attack
12. Mednis vs D Byrne 1-0271956Third Rosenwald TrophyB77 Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack
13. D Byrne vs A Turner  1-0461956Third Rosenwald TrophyD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
14. Bisguier vs A Feuerstein ½-½401956Third Rosenwald TrophyA70 Benoni, Classical with 7.Nf3
15. Fischer vs S Bernstein ½-½561956Third Rosenwald TrophyC70 Ruy Lopez
16. M Pavey vs Mednis  ½-½251956Third Rosenwald TrophyE60 King's Indian Defense
17. Shainswit vs Reshevsky  0-1401956Third Rosenwald TrophyA34 English, Symmetrical
18. E Hearst vs H Seidman  1-0571956Third Rosenwald TrophyC42 Petrov Defense
19. A Turner vs S Bernstein  1-0771956Third Rosenwald TrophyD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
20. Reshevsky vs E Hearst  1-0371956Third Rosenwald TrophyE29 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch
21. Mednis vs Shainswit  0-1291956Third Rosenwald TrophyB29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein
22. D Byrne vs M Pavey  0-1411956Third Rosenwald TrophyE19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3
23. H Seidman vs Bisguier  0-1331956Third Rosenwald TrophyA07 King's Indian Attack
24. A Feuerstein vs Fischer ½-½311956Third Rosenwald TrophyE63 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Panno Variation
25. Bisguier vs Reshevsky  0-1331956Third Rosenwald TrophyC78 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 66  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: From reading "End Game", by Brady, I never realize/knew that the <Game of the Century> was 'merely' a local tournament.
Jun-14-13  PhilFeeley: <WannaBe> Not only that, but one of his only two wins!
Jun-14-13  syracrophy: <PhilFeeley> And it's only this kind of extraordinary events that make this sort of tournaments worth remembering!
Sep-21-14  Mudphudder: Was this tournament played at the Marshall Chess Club, NYC?
Jan-27-15  Susan 707: I love the ending moves
Apr-09-16  Captain Hindsight: <1956: "America Peaked Back Then And We've Been In Decline Ever Since">

Nov-04-19  chessrookstwo: Was a classic game, booby style 👍
Nov-04-19  ughaibu: <Was a classic game, booby style>

As far as your one-liners go, this is easily the best, but which game are you referring to?

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <WannaBe: From reading "End Game", by Brady, I never realize/knew that the <Game of the Century> was 'merely' a local tournament.>

In <Profile of a Prodigy>, Brady describes it (IIRC) as the unofficial U.S. championship, which looks about right when you see who was playing.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: I'm going to amend the crosstable to reflect the double forfeit in E Hearst vs Mednis, 1956.

As that drops Mednis down a place, it'll require a little more surgery.

I note that the crosstable in Brady's <Profile of a Prodigy> errs, not with this game, but in wrongly scoring Mednis-Shainswit as drawn instead of 0-1

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