The XII Torneo Internacional de Ajedrez "Ciudad de Linares" was held in Linares, Spain from February 23rd to March 14th. It was sponsored by Match and Philips. Fourteen of the world's best players competed in a round robin format. They were: PCA World Champion Garry Kasparov (Elo rated #1 in the world), FIDE World Champion Anatoly Karpov (#2), Viswanathan Anand (#3), Alexey Shirov (#4), Vassily Ivanchuk (#5), Vladimir Kramnik (#6), Gata Kamsky (#7), Evgeny Bareev (#8), Boris Gelfand (#9), Alexander Beliavsky (#16), Veselin Topalov (#20) from Bulgaria, the best female player Judit Polgar (#22) from Hungary, Joel Lautier (#26) from France, and Miguel Illescas Cordoba (#68) from Spain. Of the the top 10 players, only Valery Salov (#10) was missing. When asked in advance about the strength of the tournament, Kasparov stated that the winner could consider himself the world champion of tournament chess. Ironically, it was to be Karpov, his longtime rival, who would be the man of destiny. There were no less than seven rest days between the rounds, which started in Hotel Anibal at 3 pm.
Karpov won with 11/13, probably the greatest single tournament performance of all time (but see e. g. Sinquefield Cup (2014)). Bareev made a historical blunder against him in Round 2 (35...Ba7??). Round 4 saw Karpov vs Topalov, 1994 which was later dubbed "Karpov's Immortal", and in Round 7, after six straight wins, Karpov held Kasparov to a draw with Black. Kasparov placed behind Karpov in a tournament for the first time since Moscow (1981). Of the teenagers, two were Linares debutants: Polgar and Topalov. In Judit Polgar vs Kasparov, 1994 (Round 5), Kasparov apparently let go of his knight when playing 36...Nc5 and then retracted the move. But Polgar did not protest, and the arbiter did not either. Kasparov went on to play 36...Nf8 and win the game. The tournament director Luis Rentero Suarez was later accused of having the video removed from the public. There are some letters and pictures addressing the matter in Ocho x Ocho 146 (pp. 28, 32-33). Lautier beat Kasparov with the black pieces in the last round. "Possibly the worst defeat that Kasparov has ever suffered", according to Raymond Keene. Bareev won the brilliancy prize for Topalov vs Bareev, 1994.
Hotel Anibal, Linares, Spain, 23 February - 14 March 1994
Category: XVIII (2686). Chief arbiter: Carlos Falcon Martin.
Age Elo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4
1 Karpov 42 2740 * = = 1 1 1 1 = = 1 1 1 1 1 11.0
2 Kasparov 30 2815 = * = 1 0 0 = 1 1 1 = 1 1 = 8.5
3 Shirov 21 2715 = = * 0 0 1 1 = 1 1 = 1 1 = 8.5
4 Bareev 27 2685 0 0 1 * = = 1 = = 1 0 1 = 1 7.5
5 Lautier 20 2625 0 1 1 = * = 1 1 0 0 = 0 1 = 7.0
6 Kramnik 18 2710 0 1 0 = = * 0 = = = = 1 1 1 7.0
7 Topalov 18 2640 0 = 0 0 0 1 * 1 = 1 1 = 0 1 6.5
8 Anand 24 2715 = 0 = = 0 = 0 * 1 0 = 1 1 1 6.5
9 Kamsky 19 2695 = 0 0 = 1 = = 0 * = = 1 = 1 6.5
10 Ivanchuk 24 2710 0 0 0 0 1 = 0 1 = * = 1 = 1 6.0
11 Gelfand 25 2685 0 = = 1 = = 0 = = = * 0 = = 5.5
12 Illescas 28 2590 0 0 0 0 1 0 = 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 4.5
13 Polgar 17 2630 0 0 0 = 0 0 1 0 = = = 0 * 1 4.0
14 Beliavsky 40 2650 0 = = 0 = 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 0 * 2.0
Video (Round 4): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IgT...
FIDE rating list January 1994 (http://fidelists.blogspot.com/2008/...)
Ocho x Ocho 145 (April 1994), pp. 4-19 (https://es.scribd.com/document/7303...)
Ocho x Ocho 146 (May 1994), pp. 4-33 (https://es.scribd.com/document/7303...)
El Mundo Deportivo, 4 March 1994, p. 40 (http://hemeroteca.mundodeportivo.co...)
Tidskrift för Schack, March 1994, pp. 114-118 (http://www.schack.se/tfsarkiv/histo...)
Tidskrift för Schack, April 1994, pp. 194-203 (http://www.schack.se/tfsarkiv/histo...)
Raymond Keene in The Spectator, 19 March 1994, p. 52 (http://archive.spectator.co.uk/arti...)
Previous: Linares (1993). Next: Linares (1995)
Original collection: Game Collection: Linares 1994, by User: suenteus po 147. Round dates: February 23, 24, 26, 27, March 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 14, matching those in El Mundo Deportivo.
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91
|1. Kramnik vs Gelfand
|| ||½-½||41||1994||Linares||E92 King's Indian|
|2. Bareev vs Kasparov
||0-1||31||1994||Linares||A58 Benko Gambit|
|3. Lautier vs Karpov
||0-1||49||1994||Linares||A29 English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto|
|4. Beliavsky vs Shirov
|| ||½-½||56||1994||Linares||B33 Sicilian|
|5. Illescas Cordoba vs Judit Polgar
|6. Topalov vs Ivanchuk
||1-0||54||1994||Linares||B13 Caro-Kann, Exchange|
|7. Anand vs Kamsky
||1-0||39||1994||Linares||B90 Sicilian, Najdorf|
|8. Gelfand vs Ivanchuk
|| ||½-½||20||1994||Linares||E47 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3|
|9. Kamsky vs Beliavsky
||1-0||31||1994||Linares||E47 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3|
|10. Judit Polgar vs Topalov
||1-0||48||1994||Linares||A46 Queen's Pawn Game|
|11. Karpov vs Bareev
||1-0||36||1994||Linares||C07 French, Tarrasch|
|12. Kramnik vs Anand
|13. Kasparov vs Illescas Cordoba
||1-0||43||1994||Linares||D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch|
|14. Shirov vs Lautier
||0-1||60||1994||Linares||D31 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|15. Beliavsky vs Kramnik
||0-1||31||1994||Linares||B65 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...Be7 Defense, 9...Nxd4|
|16. Illescas Cordoba vs Karpov
|17. Ivanchuk vs Judit Polgar
|| ||½-½||24||1994||Linares||E97 King's Indian|
|18. Bareev vs Shirov
||1-0||40||1994||Linares||D47 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|19. Topalov vs Kasparov
||½-½||44||1994||Linares||E76 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack|
|20. Lautier vs Kamsky
|21. Anand vs Gelfand
||½-½||44||1994||Linares||B80 Sicilian, Scheveningen|
|22. Kasparov vs Ivanchuk
||1-0||39||1994||Linares||D44 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|23. Shirov vs Illescas Cordoba
|24. Karpov vs Topalov
||1-0||39||1994||Linares||A32 English, Symmetrical Variation|
|25. Kamsky vs Bareev
|| ||½-½||43||1994||Linares||D15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav|
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91
|Jan-09-14|| ||Samuel David: karpov a truly brilliant chess player and one of the most misunderstood world champions.It is an honour to be able to play through your games.|
|Sep-07-14|| ||AngeLa: kudos' to GM Karpov, boa constrictor :P
ahihihi cheers guys :P
|Sep-07-14|| ||Penguincw: Karpov started out the tournament 6/6. His streak was snapped when he drew Kasparov with black, who was champion at the time. Fast forward 20 years to Sinquefield Cup (2014), Caruana started out 7/7 before he drew Carlsen, the current world champion with white to snap the streak. Anyone predicting something like this to happen in 2034?|
Anyway, it's amazing how many players in this tournament are still active, including Topalov who participated in both tournaments.
|Sep-29-14|| ||SpiritedReposte: What a score and against that field...Maybe the best tournament performance ever?|
|Dec-09-14|| ||Fusilli: <Samuel David> <one of the most misunderstood world champions> Hmm... why this statement?|
|Mar-10-15|| ||OhioChessFan: It is mind boggling to see what Karpov did in the tournament. Shirov was the only player with Black able to hold Karpov to a draw.|
|May-22-15|| ||Benzol: Another tournament with past, present and future World Champions with Kramnik, Anand and Topalov having only middling results and Karpov showing what he could do when he put his mind to it. Kasparov might have regretted his earlier comment about the winner being regarded as the World tournament champion.|
|Jun-27-15|| ||PawnSac: < Penguincw: Karpov started out the tournament 6/6. His streak was snapped when he drew Kasparov with black, who was champion at the time. Fast forward 20 years to Sinquefield Cup (2014), Caruana started out 7/7 before he drew Carlsen, the current world champion with white to snap the streak. Anyone predicting something like this to happen in 2034? > |
The Karpov / Linares - Caruana / Sinquefield comparison is interesting, and in the Singuefield post game commentary and closing ceremony there was the same discussion.
I do not wish to detract from either player, as the performance of both was superb, providing some wonderful games for chess fans! And overall the win/draw ratio is as equal as possible given the 10 to 13 game ratio.
There are however some distinct differences. Sinq.. was a small field double round robin, so everyone played everyone once with each color. Linares was a larger field with everyone playing once. The bottom ranked players (Bareev, Polgar and Cordoba) all lost to both current champ Kaspy and Karpov, and frankly, Polgar was an easy win. Tho a creative and aggressive player, Judit was never in the same class as the KK's. Whereas the low man out at Sinque.. (MVL) actually managed to draw champ Magnus! This suggests a slightly stronger field. And lastly, there were some errors at Sinque, but NOBODY blew a drawn game, or even a lost game with a gross blunder like Bareev's ..Ba7?? That was an amazing blunder gift game that should have drawn. These factors seem to tip the vote in Caruana's favor, especially from a non-WCC champ or challenger, tho I must say I have enjoyed Karpov's games immensely over the decades, and see him still as beyond what Fab has yet to demonstrate. Karpov was for a long time the leader of the pack in every rite. The clash of the titans raged from 1978 to 1998. During the KK battles those two were a whole other level above the rest. But Fab will get his fair shot.
|Jul-07-15|| ||Zhbugnoimt: This is the second best tournament performance of all time. Caru in 2014 Sinquefield Cup was the best. The field was stronger, and THERE WAS ONLY ONE REST DAY FOR 10 GAMES. I am therefore not surprised he didn't beat naka in a winning position. 9/10 would have been too much. Also, Caru got 85% of possible points, Karpov about 84.6%.|
|Jul-07-15|| ||nok: But sustained over more games.|
|Jul-07-15|| ||perfidious: Re <PawnSac>'s post: Eric Schiller went so far as to write that Karpov's sterling achievement was possible due, in large part, to the fact that most players had to face Karpov, then Kasparov in successive rounds; believe the phrase used by Schiller was 'softened up'.|
|Jul-08-15|| ||Troller: <perfidious> I have seen that theory put forward also. It is a difficult claim to verify - one might also say that the players had instead been "toughened up" to play better.|
The Bareev game has one of the worst blunders in modern top level chess (although of course it decided ˝ point, not from 1 to 0). Also Ivanchuk played quite bad vs Karpov and resigned prematurely. On the other hand, in 3 out of Karpov's 4 draws he was actually pushing for the win with an extra pawn, but his opponents (Kasparov, Shirov and Kamsky) defended stubbornly. So his 11 pts seem well deserved and not the result of opponents blundering away their games.
|Nov-06-15|| ||Mr. V: <perfidious>
And also on that subject, it's a pretty empty claim because Karpov even performed quite well against the players who were not "softened up" by Kasparov - those who beat Kasparov or managed a draw.
Karpov beat the two players in the tournament who beat Kasparov: Kramnik and Lautier.
Karpov had a good score against the players who drew Kasparov: Beliavsky, Gelfand, Topalov. He only managed to draw against Shirov. None of those players can be said to be "softened up" by Kasparov, especially not the two who beat him.
|Jan-12-16|| ||Mr 1100: BTW, wondering if anyone's got any newspaper reports on this tournament?|
Most online newspaper archives don't seem to go that far back...
There was no Chessgames.com back then... nor even a Chessbase.com, if I'm not mistaken...
Just curious to look back and see how it was reported back then...
|Aug-07-16|| ||tonim: Great performance by Karpov is certanly main feature of this tournament, but there are 2 other amazing facts:
- very low percentage of draws (33/91), cca 36%
- worst tournament for Beliavsky ever, only 2/13(+0 -9 =4)
|Apr-12-19|| ||Messiah: Enormous win by Karpov.|
|Apr-24-19|| ||thegoodanarchist: Having read the text describing this tournament, I can honestly say that the description makes it sound like the greatest chess event in the history of this universe.|
And all other universes.
And... That MUST be true! Here's why:
1. Karpov did astounding things that only Paul Morphy is permitted to imagine.
2. Topping Karpov in astoundingness, the amazing GM Ivanchuk (who is considered both a prodigy and an idiot savant by those who know nothing about chess) managed to <not> amaze anyone commenting on this thread.
3. This tournament contained no fewer than four - THAT'S RIGHT I SAID FOUR!!! - World Champions. Maybe 5 if Judit Polgar was women's world champion at some point (I don't see it in her bio).
4. Like Karpov in this tourny, Kasparov also did astounding things (that he wishes to stop imagining). He lost to Lautier, who was a super strong GM yet still a patzer compared to the WC GK
5. GK managed to cheat and not cheat at the same time, against the world's first <hot chick + super GM>, who was playing in the tournament and still in her teens. (She's not hot anymore, but that happens to everyone.)
6. One must consider the fact that some of these folks may have won some FIDE stupid WC tournament at some point, like when Alexander Khalifman became "WC" (quote/unquote) by winning some Las Vegas absurdity.
It was called the <FIDE Is Run By Idiots World Knockout Tournament and Rum Jumbee Drink Fest>, or something like that.
And if IIRC, both Gelfand and Topalov played for the WC, making them WC challengers. Combined with the number of quote/unquote <Amazing Champions and Challengers> plus weird events (like the aforementioned Lautier win over GK), this is no doubt the most strange bizarre and amazing tournament ever.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply.
Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it
entitles you to features otherwise unavailable.
Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should
Please observe our posting guidelines:
- No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
- No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
- No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any gratuitous name-calling
of any members—including Admin and Owners—or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests.
- Nothing in violation of United States law.
- No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
- NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
- Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
- The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
- The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
- All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
- Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page.
This forum is for this specific tournament and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or
this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.
your profile |
Premium Membership |
Kibitzer's Café |
Biographer's Bistro |
new kibitzing |
Tournament Index |
Player Directory |
Notable Games |
World Chess Championships |
Opening Explorer |
Guess the Move |
Game Collections |
ChessBookie Game |
Chessgames Challenge |
privacy notice |
Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC