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Harrwitz - Williams Match

Daniel Harrwitz8.5/10(+7 -0 =3)[games]
Elijah Williams1.5/10(+0 -7 =3)[games] Chess Event Description
Harrwitz - Williams (1852)

London Chess Club, London, England; 29 October 1852—30 November 1852

1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Wins ——————————————————————————————————— Harrwitz 1 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 7 Williams 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 0 0 ——————————————————————————————————— Format: First to seven wins, draws not counting, is the victor.

"The match in question being one of two which were arranged to be played between these gentlemen by the London Chess Club. The terms on which the two matches were to be played, proposed by the London Chess Club with that spirit and liberality which have always distinguished this circle of amateurs, were as follows: On the conclusion of each match a handsome prize to be divided between the players in the proportion of three-fourths of the amount to the winner, and one fourth to the loser. The player first winning seven games, in each match, to be declared victor; the matches to be played throughout at the London Club...

The first match... commenced on the 29th October, and terminated on the 30th November, playing having taken place twice a week; the score standing at the close thus—Mr. Harrwitz, 7; Mr. Williams, 0; drawn 3."(1)

Missing Information
Dates to games 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 9.

(1) British Chess Review, v1 n1, January 1853, p8

Based on an original collection by User: TheFocus.

 page 1 of 1; 10 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Harrwitz vs E Williams 1-0761852Harrwitz - WilliamsC01 French, Exchange
2. E Williams vs Harrwitz ½-½611852Harrwitz - WilliamsA03 Bird's Opening
3. Harrwitz vs E Williams 1-0551852Harrwitz - WilliamsC41 Philidor Defense
4. E Williams vs Harrwitz 0-1371852Harrwitz - WilliamsD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
5. E Williams vs Harrwitz 0-1461852Harrwitz - WilliamsC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
6. Harrwitz vs E Williams ½-½731852Harrwitz - WilliamsC30 King's Gambit Declined
7. Harrwitz vs E Williams  1-0511852Harrwitz - WilliamsC30 King's Gambit Declined
8. Harrwitz vs E Williams 1-0331852Harrwitz - WilliamsC39 King's Gambit Accepted
9. E Williams vs Harrwitz ½-½251852Harrwitz - WilliamsA00 Uncommon Opening
10. E Williams vs Harrwitz 0-1601852Harrwitz - WilliamsA03 Bird's Opening
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-20-13  thomastonk: <TheFocus> Do you know where these games were published in 1852?

Background. The game Harrwitz vs E Williams, 1852 came to my attention when my pgn comparer told my that another database contains a copy with 35.♗b4 instead of 35.♗b6. A minor difference, of course. But then I observed that in the other database Williams played White and Harrwitz played Black! This seems to be correct, because Williams didn't win a game in this match, that's for sure.

BTW: that game cannot belong to the 1852/53 match, because 1.e4 e5 was forced there. I've found already additional information on both matches, which could be used for extending their introductions, but I've seen only a single game published by Staunton.

Dec-20-13  TheFocus: I got the three matches from <Quarterly for Chess History>. Let me take a look over the weekend.
Dec-21-13  thomastonk: <TheFocus: I got the three matches from <Quarterly for Chess History>.> I don't know that 19th century magazine. ;-)

Meanwhile I have found the primary source: Harrwitz' "British Chess Review", of course! Volume 1.

The game in question is the fourth game of the first match on pages 14-15. Williams is indeed White, and he played 35.♗b4. I leave it to you to submit a correction slip.

Jan-31-15  zanzibar: It's too bad <thomastonk> didn't publish the round dates here.

The period around 1852/53 is difficult to find properly documented via chess journals (at least at <Chess Archeology>). Perhaps the newspaper archive might be some help.

It's also too bad the players didn't meet in 1850, when, according to EDOchess, they were most evenly matched:

[Update - google books has copies of <British Chess Review> referred to by <thomastonk> above. For instance, the sixth game is reported to have taken place on Nov 25, 1852 on p33]

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Illustrated London News, November 27th 1852, p.467:


The interest at first felt in the progress of this little contest we regret to observe is manifestly subsiding, and the whole affair is threatened with oblivion before it is half over. The cause of this is undoubtedly the neglect of due provision for the publication of the games by the chief Chess organs, and the fault would seem to rest upon the authorities of the Club where the match is played. We hesitate to give credence to a report which has reached us, that the games are not published became the players claim them. This is too absurd. The players have not a vestige of right to the games. If A and B agree to play a match at Chess, without any stake or for a sum of their own, or if they play to oblige parties who have wagered with each other, on their respective powers, the games in such match are unquestionably their own property; but if, as in the present instance, a Club subscribe a purse to played for by two or more competitors engaged for the purpose, the subscribers have a clear and indisputable claim to all the games in the contest. This is so evident as hardly to admit of argument. But without stopping to inquire by whom the games are monopolised, we put it to all parties concerned whether they will not best consult the interests of their Club, and serve the cause of Chess generally by giving every facility for making the games public.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <For instance, the sixth game is reported to have taken place on Nov 25, 1852 on p33>

But it also said the match schedule was set for two games per week, and the match finished on November 30th.

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