Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Wallace - Crane Match

Albert Edward Wallace10/16(+6 -2 =8)[games]
William Crane6/16(+2 -6 =8)[games] Chess Event Description
Wallace - Crane (1893)

Wallace ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 10 Crane ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 6

Wallace won the match with +6 -2 =8


Under the auspices of the Sydney School of Arts Chess Club, a match for a stake of £25 and the Championship of Australasia, was begun at Gunsler’s Café, Pitt Street, Sydney, on Tuesday, July 18th, between Mr. W. Crane, junr., present holder of the championship, and Mr. A. N. Wallace, the champion of Queensland, but now resident in New South Wales. “Prior to the Adelaide Chess Congress of 1887 there was no recognized chess champion of Australasia. In that year Mr. H. Charlick became the first holder of the title, defeating, among other well-known exponents of the game, Messrs. Gossip and Heiman, of Sydney, Esling and Tullidge, of Melbourne, and Hookham, of Canterbury (N.Z.). Mr. Crane was unable to take part in the 1887 congress, but in the following year, when a congress was held in Melbourne, he met and defeated Mr. Charlick after a severe contest. Among the unsuccessful competitors were Messrs. Tullidge and Stanley, of Melbourne, and Brockelbank and Hay, of New Zealand. Since his defeat of Mr. Charlick, Mr. Crane’s possession of the title has been unchallenged until a few weeks since, when the present match was projected. It may be interesting to many to know that the present champion is a native of the colony, where he has participated in chess rivalry with such marked success that he has for many years past been regarded as one of the leading players of Australia.” Mr. Wallace is quite a young man, being only about nineteen years of age. He is a native of Dublin, and graduated in chess in Belfast circles, where we believe he met most of the leading players of he North of Ireland, and against whom he was fairly successful. The player who first wins seven games wins the match. Draws are not counted until five draws have been played. - British Chess Magazine, October 1893, pp. 430-431.

CHESS CHAMPIONSHIP OF AUSTRALASIA. A match for the chess championship of Australasia ...

The contestants are Mr. William Crane, jun., the present holder of the coveted honour, and Mr A. E. N. Wallace, a player who has achieved considerable distinction in the chess circles of the United Kingdom. During his brief sojourn in the Antipodes Mr Wallace has won the chess championship of Queensland. Recently he has taken up his residence in this colony. The match takes place under the auspices of the Sydney School of Arts Chess Club, whose officials made admirable arrangements for the conduct of the match. A comfortable room has been secured, and the convenience of both players and spectators has been studied. The players have their board in one room, and in an adjoining apartment a duplicate board keeps the onlookers informed of the state of the game .... The following are the conditions under which Messrs. Crane and Wallace and their respective supporters have agreed that the match shall be played, and it may be mentioned that they are in all essentials similar to those usually adopted in similar contests in Europe and America.

1. The stakes shall be £25 a side, and the match to be for the championship of Australia. 2. The player who first wins seven games shall be declared the winner of the match. Drawn games not to count until after five games have been drawn; any game thereafter drawn to count as half a win to each player. 3. The time limit shall be 15 moves an hour, and time shall be kept by one set of double stop clocks, which are to be tested by the umpires before the match begins. 4. The days and hours of play shall be Tuesday and Saturday in each week from 6.30pm to 10.45pm. 5. An engagement to play shall be binding, unless reasonable notice and explanation be given for any postponement required , and failure to give such notice shall be deemed forfeiture, except in cases of accident or sudden illness. At the time fixed for play, if either of the players is absent, his clock shall be set going, except in such cases provided for above. 6. No game shall be adjourned until after four hours' play, except by mutual consent of the players. 7. An adjourned game shall be finished before a new game is started, but either player may decline to begin a new game after 8.30 p.m. 8. The stakeholder and referee shall be Mr. H. W. Apperly. 9. That Mr. P. M. Scott be umpire for Mr. Crane, and Mr. J. L. Jacobsen umpire for Mr. Wallace. 10. The games shall be played at Gunsler's Cafe, Pitt-street, Sydney, within a partition which shall only be accessible to the players, umpires, and referee. 11. Tickets of admission to the match shall be signed by the umpires, and may be cancelled at any time at the request of the umpire of either player. 12. The spectators shall be requested to keep strict silence, and to refrain from any applause or signs of disapproval. 13. Neither player shall absent himself from the room during the hours appointed for play except for a reasonable time, to be agreed upon by the umpires. 14. The player whose turn it is to play shall remain near the board, but his opponent may move about inside the partition reserved for the players at such distance from the board as shall be fixed by the umpires. 15. The player whose turn it is to move at the time of adjournment shall enclose his move in an envelope, which shall be sealed and handed over to the referee; the move thus made shall be written in ink in words. 16. Either player who shall analyse a pending game by himself over the board, or with others even without the board, shall forfeit such game. 17. The games of this match shall be governed by the code of laws published in Lowenthal's book of the London Chess Congress of 1862, with the exception that if either player repeat the same move three times in succession, then his opponent may claim a draw. 18. The games played in this match shall be the property of the players.

- The Sydney Morning Herald, Wednesday, July 19, 1893.

Original collection: Game Collection: Wallace-Crane 1893 Australian Title Match by User: optimal play.

 page 1 of 1; 16 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. A Wallace vs W Crane ½-½191893Wallace - CraneC67 Ruy Lopez
2. W Crane vs A Wallace ½-½421893Wallace - CraneC67 Ruy Lopez
3. A Wallace vs W Crane ½-½201893Wallace - CraneD05 Queen's Pawn Game
4. W Crane vs A Wallace 1-0501893Wallace - CraneC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
5. A Wallace vs W Crane 1-0691893Wallace - CraneC22 Center Game
6. W Crane vs A Wallace 0-1301893Wallace - CraneC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
7. A Wallace vs W Crane ½-½241893Wallace - CraneC29 Vienna Gambit
8. W Crane vs A Wallace ½-½501893Wallace - CraneC13 French
9. A Wallace vs W Crane ½-½451893Wallace - CraneC67 Ruy Lopez
10. W Crane vs A Wallace 1-0271893Wallace - CraneC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
11. A Wallace vs W Crane 1-0331893Wallace - CraneA13 English
12. W Crane vs A Wallace ½-½321893Wallace - CraneC77 Ruy Lopez
13. A Wallace vs W Crane 1-0461893Wallace - CraneD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
14. W Crane vs A Wallace ½-½541893Wallace - CraneC44 King's Pawn Game
15. A Wallace vs W Crane 1-0441893Wallace - CraneD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
16. W Crane vs A Wallace 0-1221893Wallace - CraneC29 Vienna Gambit
 page 1 of 1; 16 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
May-31-15  zanzibar: Current status is 13/16 games are lacking round numbers. Is this due to the identity of Crane?

A Wallace vs W Crane, 1893 (kibitz #1)

But <optimal_play>, who made the original collection, made these comments in 2013.

A Wallace vs W Crane, 1893 (kibitz #1)

They suggest the collection was promoted long after the 2004/2010 comments, and should have all the round numbers from the original collection proper:

Game Collection: Wallace-Crane 1893 Australian Title Match

Out of the 16 total games, 13 are currently without round numbers.

Jun-04-15  optimal play: The dates for the games in this match have been queried due to their apparently odd intervals and extended period of play for only sixteen games.

This is explained by the following factors:-

*Condition (4) of the match states <The days and hours of play shall be Tuesday and Saturday in each week from 6.30pm to 10.45pm.> (see above).

Since Wallace and Crane were amateurs, they only played twice per week, thus an extended period for the match was anticipated at the outset.

*Many of the games were not completed in one night, but adjourned until the next scheduled date of play (see below).

*Both Wallace and Crane were indisposed at separate times during the match, presumably due to illness or some other personal constraint, thereby necessitating early adjournments on a couple of occasions, and even the suspension of play at one point.

The dates for the commencement of each game are as follows:-

Round: 01 Date: 07/18/1893
Round: 02 Date: 07/22/1893
Round: 03 Date: 07/25/1893
Round: 04 Date: 07/29/1893
Round: 05 Date: 08/05/1893
Round: 06 Date: 08/12/1893
Round: 07 Date: 08/15/1893
Round: 08 Date: 08/19/1893
Round: 09 Date: 08/29/1893
Round: 10 Date: 09/05/1893
Round: 11 Date: 09/09/1893
Round: 12 Date: 09/12/1893
Round: 13 Date: 09/19/1893
Round: 14 Date: 10/04/1893
Round: 15 Date: 10/10/1893
Round: 16 Date: 10/19/1893

The playing schedule was as follows:-

Tuesday July 18 game 1 commenced & concluded

Saturday July 22 game 2 commenced & adjourned

Tuesday July 25 game 2 resumed & concluded; game 3 commenced & concluded

Saturday July 29 game 4 commenced & adjourned

Tuesday August 1 game 4 resumed & concluded

Saturday August 5 game 5 commenced & adjourned

Tuesday August 8 game 5 resumed & concluded

Saturday August 12 game 6 commenced & concluded

Tuesday August 15 game 7 commenced & adjourned

Saturday August 19 game 7 resumed & concluded; game 8 commenced & adjourned

Tuesday August 22 game 8 resumed & adjourned

Saturday August 26 game 8 resumed & concluded

Tuesday August 29 game 9 commenced & adjourned

Saturday September 2 game 9 resumed & adjourned

Tuesday September 5 game 9 resumed & concluded; game 10 commenced & adjourned

Saturday September 9 game 10 resumed & concluded; game 11 commenced & adjourned

Tuesday September 12 game 11 resumed & concluded; game 12 commenced & adjourned

Saturday September 16 game 12 resumed & concluded

Tuesday September 19 game 13 commenced & adjourned

Saturday September 23 game 13 resumed & adjourned

Tuesday September 26 game 13 resumed & concluded

Saturday September 30 play suspended

Tuesday October 3 play suspended

Wednesday* October 4 game 14 commenced & adjourned

Saturday October 7 game 14 resumed & adjourned

Tuesday October 10 game 14 resumed & concluded; game 15 commenced & adjourned

Saturday October 14 game 15 resumed & adjourned

Tuesday October 17 game 15 resumed & concluded

Thursday* October 19 game 16 commenced & concluded

*additional playing days added.

Jun-04-15  zanzibar: <optimal_play> that is surely most excellent and super-detailed info, save for one point...

What's the source?

In an extensive case like this, each item need not be sourced, but some indication of the Paper and time period, e.g.

<The Sydney Morning Herald - (various) Jul 19, 1893 - Oct 19, 1893>

which is what I assume is correct. I would assume the newspaper reporting generally came on the following day from the game play. If that's not the case, maybe a note could be added.

Sorry to be such a stickler (well, just a little sorry!)

It does seem that it all hangs together nicely now that I understand how the scheduling was done.


(Some biographer should add a perm-link in the intro to your post btw).

Jun-05-15  optimal play: <zanzibar> The source is

The dates and details of adjournments etc were ascertained from various newspapers covering the period of play, but unfortunately I didn't keep a record of each particular source.

I usually go through each of the games in my collections and post contemporary reports, which I have so far only done with game 1 of this collection, but will eventually get around to doing for the remainder.

In the meantime, game details and dates can be easily checked using the Trove search function.

Jun-05-15  zanzibar: Thanks <optimal>. I think I've used that resource before. But you've given me an excuse to re-familiarize myself with it.

Good luck then and cheers.

NOTE: Create an account today to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users. Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username, then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.

Please observe our posting guidelines:

  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
  3. No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
  6. No trolling.
  7. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.

Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.

Blow the Whistle

See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a moderator.

NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic. This forum is for this specific tournament only. To discuss chess or this site in general, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.

Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

Copyright 2001-2021, Chessgames Services LLC