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Blackburne - Golmayo Match

Joseph Henry Blackburne6/10(+5 -3 =2)[games]
Celso Golmayo Zupide4/10(+3 -5 =2)[games] Chess Event Description
Blackburne - Golmayo (1891)

"Havana, Feb. 16. Mr. J. H. Blackburne, the English chess champion, arrived here on the afternoon of the 11th, and was welcomed on behalf of the Havana Chess Club by the secretary of that organization, Señor Adolfo Moliner. On the afternoon of the two following days Mr. Blackburne entertained some of the members of the Chess Club by playing off-hand games with them, and out of a large number of games so played Mr. Blackburne only lost one, and that to Señor Lopez. In the cool of the evening of the 14th there was a large gathering of members and devotees of the game in the club rooms to witness the commencement of the match between the English champion and Señor Golmayo, the Cuban champion. This match is for a small stake, and will be decided by the winning of five games by either player - drawn games not to count." - London Daily News, 3 March 1891, p. 3.

"Mr. Blackburne has been able, after all, to accept the invitation of the Havana Chess Club. He was to leave England for Cuba on January 28, under an agreement to give four simultaneous performances, of which two were to be blindfold; and to play matches of five games up, under a time limit of 20 moves per hour, with Senor Golmayo, and with Senor Vasquez. After leaving Havana be was to go to New Orleans, and probably to other American cities. There was some possibility, also, that arrangements would be made for a match between him and either Mr. Steinitz or Mr. Gunsberg." - The Australasian (Melbourne, Australia), 7th March 1891, p. 12.


Advices received from Havana, under date 17th February, announce that Mr J. H. Blackburne, the well known English Master, has commenced operations there, where he is on a visit at the invitation of the local Club, with a match with Senor Golmayo.

The first game between them was fought on Saturday, when a Scotch Gambit was played and resulted in a draw. Blackburne obtained an early advantage, but needlessly giving his opponent a chance the latter cleverly equalised matters, and the game resulted in a draw at the 38th move.

In the second fight the Vienna game was adopted. Blackburne obtained an early advantage, which he subsequently increased by good play, and succeeded in scoring the game in thirty-six moves.

Mr. Blackburne received a warm reception on arrival in Cuba, and his visit is expected to afford the local players considerable enjoyment, including as it will do blindfold and simultaneous exhibitions, as well as short matches. - The Chess Player's Chronicle, Saturday 21st February 1891.

Havana, Cuba, 14 Feb - 3 March 1891

Blackburne = 1 0 1 0 1 = 1 0 1 6 Golmayo = 0 1 0 1 0 = 0 1 0 4

Based on an original game collection by User: TheFocus. Text by User: Chessical.

 page 1 of 1; 10 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. C Golmayo vs Blackburne ½-½381891Blackburne - GolmayoC45 Scotch Game
2. Blackburne vs C Golmayo 1-0361891Blackburne - GolmayoC25 Vienna
3. C Golmayo vs Blackburne 1-0631891Blackburne - GolmayoC45 Scotch Game
4. Blackburne vs C Golmayo 1-0621891Blackburne - GolmayoD26 Queen's Gambit Accepted
5. C Golmayo vs Blackburne 1-0481891Blackburne - GolmayoC45 Scotch Game
6. Blackburne vs C Golmayo 1-0691891Blackburne - GolmayoD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
7. C Golmayo vs Blackburne  ½-½491891Blackburne - GolmayoB01 Scandinavian
8. Blackburne vs C Golmayo 1-0381891Blackburne - GolmayoB32 Sicilian
9. C Golmayo vs Blackburne 1-0681891Blackburne - GolmayoC45 Scotch Game
10. Blackburne vs C Golmayo 1-0341891Blackburne - GolmayoA07 King's Indian Attack
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-12-16  zanzibar: Anyone else notice that Black never won a game in this match?
Mar-12-16  morfishine: <zanzibar> Not me
Mar-12-16  zanzibar: Question for <TheFocus>...

Where'd you get these games from?

All the <CG> exactly match 365's games (that is, if you don't "check" too hard!).

Trouble is, I'm playing over against Vazquez's Blackburne book (p9), and spotted this in the first game...

<16... TR 1 D>

TR = King rook, but we have 16...Rcd8.

He also gives the game as from 2/14 and not 2/15.

Little details... yet again.

Mar-12-16  zanzibar: Anyways, I'm going to check over all the games, but I believe G-1 should have 16...Rfd8.

<ChessBase> online agrees with <CG>.

<NIC> online only has two of the match games (neither a draw).

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: Golmayo, the Korchnoi of his generation in terms of age. Even weirder, since Golmayo was practically unknown until he was about 60. In this match, Blackburne was 49 and Golmayo 70.
Mar-13-16  zanzibar: Of course, Golmayo was well-known enough for Morphy to play him during a visit to Havana in 1864. Though even Morphy underestimated his strength:

Morphy vs C Golmayo, 1864 (kibitz #6)


Mar-13-16  luftforlife: I believe the moves of the third through the tenth games of the 1891 match between Blackburne and C.F. Golmayo Zúpide can be checked by adversion to this preview of pages 307-09 of Tim Harding's Joseph Henry Blackburne: A Chess Biography (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. 2015):

Here's a link to a page on Tim Harding's website with some errata and corrigenda for his biography that have transpired since it went to press in hardcover (nothing to do specifically with this match):

Mar-13-16  luftforlife: I should have written "Dr. Tim Harding's."
Mar-17-16  TheFocus: <zanzibar> <Question for <TheFocus>... Where'd you get these games from?>

You seriously don't expect me to dig through a box of notes and coloring books to find that information, do you?

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <zed> is easy--he wants it all!
Mar-17-16  zanzibar: Why yes, <perf> I am looking for <perf>.

Nothing more than I expect of myself though.

<Focus> see here: Biographer Bistro (kibitz #13419)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: London Daily News, 3 March 1891, p. 3 also states that Game 3 was to begin on Feb. 18 (so I changed to that from Feb. 16). The same newspaper has at least two more reports, confirming the dates of Game 9 (Feb 28) and 10 (March 3). For Games 4-8, I don't know.

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