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Paulsen - Schwarz Match

Louis Paulsen5/7(+5 -2 =0)[games]
Adolf Schwarz2/7(+2 -5 =0)[games] Chess Event Description
Paulsen - Schwarz (1879)

This match between Louis Paulsen and Adolf Schwarz was quickly played, often at the rate of two games per day, over July 21-24, 1879. The match took place immediately following the end of the 1st DSB Congress⁽¹⁾ in Leipzig, and can be considered part of the Congress.

Paulsen emerged the winner of the match with a score of 5/7 (+5 -2 =0).

Leipzig GER, 1879.07.21 - 1879.07.24 —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Age Nat Score 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— 1: Paulsen, Louis 46 GER 5.0 / 7 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 (+5 -2 =0) 2: Schwarz, Adolf 42 AUT 2.0 / 7 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 (+2 -5 =0) ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

Unfortunately, the German chess periodicals from this period are missing from <jnpope>'s site Chess Archeology⁽²⁾. Since there was very little press coverage of even the main tournament outside of Germany, let alone this side match, detailed information is difficult to obtain. Luckily, Nordisk Skaktidende (1879)⁽³⁻⁴⁾ provided some coverage of the match. The following is drawn from this source.

After the recent death of Adolf Anderssen earlier in the year, Paulsen was widely regarded as the best player in Germany. However, Paulsen finished second in the main tournament, after Berthold Englisch. After the completion of the main tournament, Paulsen issued a défi to Englisch for a match. Previous obligations prevented Englisch from accepting, and he immediately returned to Vienna upon completion of the main tournament.

It was then arranged that Paulsen would play a seven game match with Schwarz, the third place finisher. Apparently the number of games were fixed, as Paulsen, after losing the first game, immediately won the next four, yet play continued, with each player winning one game apiece of the final two. No draws were scored during the entire match.

The Nordisk Skaktidende coverage seems to suggest that Paulsen won 100 M, and Schwarz 50 M for their play, suggesting the DSB⁽⁵⁾ sponsored the match as part of the Leipzig Congress.

click for larger view

The second game of the match, A Schwarz vs Paulsen, 1879, is noted by Horowitz⁽⁶⁾ as being the (tournament) debut of the King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack (E76).


(1) Leipzig (1879). Note this tournament has no reference for dates/rounds. 365chess was used for the match games.
(2) and by User: jnpope.
(3) Nordisk Skaktidende, vol. 7 (1879),
(4) Ibid., pp. 201-202.
(5) DSB = Deutschen Schachbundes. Leipzig (1879) was the first official tournament sponsored by this organization, which had been created two years earlier in the Anderssen-Feier Leipzig (1877) tournament. The 1879 tournament does have a tournament book, authored by Emil Schallopp, but it is very difficult to obtain:
(6) Chess openings: theory and practice by Israel Albert Horowitz (Simon & Schuster, 1964), p. 639.

Original collection: Game Collection: Paulsen vs Schwarz Match, Leipzig (1879) by User: zanzibar.

 page 1 of 1; 3 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Paulsen vs A Schwarz 0-1621879Paulsen - SchwarzC02 French, Advance
2. A Schwarz vs Paulsen 0-1361879Paulsen - SchwarzE76 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack
3. A Schwarz vs Paulsen 0-1781879Paulsen - SchwarzA16 English
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

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