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USSR Championship 1976
Compiled by suenteus po 147
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The 44th Soviet Chess Championship was a category XII event played in the capital of Moscow from November 26th to December 24th in 1976. Eighteen of the USSR's best grandmasters and masters participated in the tournament, including (in order of ELO): Anatoli Karpov (2695), Tigran Petrosian (2635), Lev Polugaevsky (2635), Efim Geller (2620), Mikhail Tal (2615), Vassily Smyslov (2580), Oleg Romanishin (2560), Vitaly Tseshkovsky (2550), Rafael Vaganian (2550), Yuri Balashov (2545), Mark Taimanov (2540), Boris Gulko (2530), Evgeni Sveshnikov (2510), Viktor Kupreichik (2490), Karen Grigorian (2485), Nukhim Rashkovsky (2485), Alexander Zakharov (2435), and Josif Dorfman (2405). The world champion Karpov dominated the event, earning wins against almost half the field, and won with 12/17.

The final standings and crosstable:

1st Karpov 12/17 * 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

2nd Balashov 11/17 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 1

=3rd Petrosian 10.5/17 * 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1

=3rd Polugaevsky 10.5/17 0 * 1 0 1 1 1 1 1

5th Dorfman 9.5/17 0 * 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1

=6th Tal 9/17 1 * 0 0 1 1

=6th Smyslov 9/17 0 * 1 0 1 1 1 0

=8th Geller 8.5/17 1 1 * 0 0 1 1 0 0

=8th Sveshnikov 8.5/17 0 0 1 1 * 0 1 1 0

=8th Romanishin 8.5/17 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 * 0 1 0 1 0 1

11th Gulko 8/17 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 0 1 1 1 1

=12th Vaganian 7.5/17 0 1 0 1 0 * 1 0 0

=12th Grigorian 7.5/17 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 1

=14th Taimanov 7/17 0 0 1 1 0 0 * 0 1 0

=14th Rashkovsky 7/17 0 0 0 0 1 1 * 0

=16th Zakharov 6.5/17 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 * 0 1

=16th Tseshkovsky 6.5/17 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 * 0

18th Kupreichik 6/17 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 *

Round One, November 27th
Balashov vs A Zakharov, 1976
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Sveshnikov, 1976 
(D39) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin, Vienna Variation, 27 moves, 0-1

K Grigorian vs Vaganian, 1976
(D80) Grunfeld, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kupreichik vs Smyslov, 1976 
(C60) Ruy Lopez, 92 moves, 1-0

Petrosian vs Tal, 1976 
(A15) English, 28 moves, 0-1

N Rashkovsky vs Karpov, 1976 
(E17) Queen's Indian, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs I D Dorfman, 1976 
(B88) Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack, 32 moves, 0-1

Taimanov vs Gulko, 1976 
(A48) King's Indian, 65 moves, 0-1

Tseshkovsky vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(B30) Sicilian, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Two, November 28th
K Grigorian vs Tseshkovsky, 1976
(A57) Benko Gambit, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Geller, 1976
(D00) Queen's Pawn Game, 17 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov vs Taimanov, 1976
(B44) Sicilian, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs N Rashkovsky, 1976
(A28) English, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

Smyslov vs Romanishin, 1976 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 38 moves, 1-0

Sveshnikov vs Balashov, 1976 
(C02) French, Advance, 35 moves, 0-1

Tal vs Kupreichik, 1976
(B51) Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack, 43 moves, 1-0

Vaganian vs I D Dorfman, 1976
(A04) Reti Opening, 34 moves, 0-1

A Zakharov vs Petrosian, 1976
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Three, November 29th
Balashov vs Gulko, 1976
(D86) Grunfeld, Exchange, 36 moves, 1-0

I D Dorfman vs Smyslov, 1976
(A29) English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto, 17 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Karpov, 1976 
(C16) French, Winawer, 42 moves, 1-0

Kupreichik vs A Zakharov, 1976 
(C45) Scotch Game, 29 moves, 0-1

Petrosian vs Sveshnikov, 1976
(D14) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation, 28 moves, 1-0

N Rashkovsky vs K Grigorian, 1976
(D79) Neo-Grunfeld, 6.O-O, Main line, 17 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs Tal, 1976 
(A35) English, Symmetrical, 30 moves, 1-0

Taimanov vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(A04) Reti Opening, 42 moves, 0-1

Tseshkovsky vs Vaganian, 1976
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 14 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Four, December 1st
K Grigorian vs Taimanov, 1976
(A54) Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Petrosian, 1976 
(B94) Sicilian, Najdorf, 39 moves, 0-1

Karpov vs Balashov, 1976 
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 43 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky vs Geller, 1976
(D83) Grunfeld, Grunfeld Gambit, 18 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Kupreichik, 1976
(E15) Queen's Indian, 34 moves, 0-1

Tal vs I D Dorfman, 1976
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs N Rashkovsky, 1976
(B92) Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation, 19 moves, 1/2-1/2

Vaganian vs Smyslov, 1976 
(A15) English, 40 moves, 1-0

A Zakharov vs Romanishin, 1976
(C03) French, Tarrasch, 34 moves, 0-1

Round Five, December 2nd
Balashov vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(E15) Queen's Indian, 55 moves, 1-0

I D Dorfman vs A Zakharov, 1976
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs K Grigorian, 1976
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 37 moves, 1-0

Kupreichik vs Gulko, 1976
(C02) French, Advance, 30 moves, 0-1

Petrosian vs Karpov, 1976 
(E19) Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3, 63 moves, 1/2-1/2

N Rashkovsky vs Vaganian, 1976
(A32) English, Symmetrical Variation, 39 moves, 1-0

Romanishin vs Sveshnikov, 1976
(A13) English, 84 moves, 1-0

Smyslov vs Tal, 1976
(A05) Reti Opening, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taimanov vs Tseshkovsky, 1976
(A04) Reti Opening, 53 moves, 0-1

Round Six, December 5th
K Grigorian vs Balashov, 1976
(E00) Queen's Pawn Game, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Romanishin, 1976
(C10) French, 49 moves, 1-0

Karpov vs Kupreichik, 1976 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 41 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky vs Petrosian, 1976
(A28) English, 26 moves, 1/2-1/2

N Rashkovsky vs Taimanov, 1976
(E00) Queen's Pawn Game, 66 moves, 1-0

Sveshnikov vs I D Dorfman, 1976
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 53 moves, 1-0

Tseshkovsky vs Geller, 1976
(B44) Sicilian, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Vaganian vs Tal, 1976 
(A04) Reti Opening, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Zakharov vs Smyslov, 1976
(A21) English, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Seven, December 6th
Balashov vs Tseshkovsky, 1976
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 43 moves, 1-0

I D Dorfman vs Gulko, 1976 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 36 moves, 1-0

Geller vs N Rashkovsky, 1976
(B92) Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kupreichik vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(B51) Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack, 41 moves, 0-1

Petrosian vs K Grigorian, 1976
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs Karpov, 1976 
(C91) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Smyslov vs Sveshnikov, 1976
(A13) English, 65 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taimanov vs Vaganian, 1976
(A11) English, Caro-Kann Defensive System, 34 moves, 0-1

Tal vs A Zakharov, 1976
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eight, December 7th
K Grigorian vs Kupreichik, 1976
(E44) Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation, 5.Ne2, 28 moves, 1-0

Gulko vs Smyslov, 1976
(E54) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Gligoric System, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov vs I D Dorfman, 1976 
(B81) Sicilian, Scheveningen, Keres Attack, 50 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky vs Romanishin, 1976
(A29) English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto, 41 moves, 0-1

N Rashkovsky vs Balashov, 1976
(A32) English, Symmetrical Variation, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Tal, 1976 
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taimanov vs Geller, 1976
(A14) English, 48 moves, 1-0

Tseshkovsky vs Petrosian, 1976 
(C16) French, Winawer, 30 moves, 0-1

Vaganian vs A Zakharov, 1976
(A15) English, 53 moves, 0-1

Round Nine, December 9th
Balashov vs Taimanov, 1976
(A26) English, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

I D Dorfman vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 19 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Vaganian, 1976 
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 28 moves, 1-0

Kupreichik vs Tseshkovsky, 1976 
(B62) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer, 27 moves, 1-0

Petrosian vs N Rashkovsky, 1976 
(A77) Benoni, Classical, 9...Re8, 10.Nd2, 31 moves, 1-0

Romanishin vs K Grigorian, 1976
(A15) English, 35 moves, 1-0

Smyslov vs Karpov, 1976
(A15) English, 14 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Gulko, 1976
(E19) Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Zakharov vs Sveshnikov, 1976
(D47) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Ten, December 10th
Geller vs Balashov, 1976
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

K Grigorian vs I D Dorfman, 1976
(A13) English, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs A Zakharov, 1976
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 32 moves, 1-0

Karpov vs Tal, 1976 
(B67) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs Smyslov, 1976 
(A15) English, 41 moves, 1-0

N Rashkovsky vs Kupreichik, 1976
(D13) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation, 78 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taimanov vs Petrosian, 1976
(E17) Queen's Indian, 16 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs Romanishin, 1976
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 55 moves, 1-0

Vaganian vs Sveshnikov, 1976
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eleven, December 13th
Balashov vs Vaganian, 1976
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

I D Dorfman vs Tseshkovsky, 1976
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 44 moves, 0-1

Kupreichik vs Taimanov, 1976
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 35 moves, 1-0

Petrosian vs Geller, 1976 
(E86) King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs N Rashkovsky, 1976
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Smyslov vs K Grigorian, 1976 
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 24 moves, 1-0

Sveshnikov vs Gulko, 1976
(C16) French, Winawer, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Polugaevsky, 1976 
(A15) English, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Zakharov vs Karpov, 1976 
(E24) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 52 moves, 0-1

Round Twelve, December 14th
Balashov vs Petrosian, 1976 
(B06) Robatsch, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Kupreichik, 1976 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 33 moves, 0-1

K Grigorian vs Tal, 1976
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 74 moves, 1-0

Karpov vs Sveshnikov, 1976 
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs A Zakharov, 1976
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 42 moves, 1-0

N Rashkovsky vs I D Dorfman, 1976
(E95) King's Indian, Orthodox, 7...Nbd7, 8.Re1, 40 moves, 0-1

Taimanov vs Romanishin, 1976
(E41) Nimzo-Indian, 42 moves, 1-0

Tseshkovsky vs Smyslov, 1976
(C16) French, Winawer, 33 moves, 0-1

Vaganian vs Gulko, 1976
(A04) Reti Opening, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Thirteen, December 16th
I D Dorfman vs Taimanov, 1976 
(B30) Sicilian, 43 moves, 1-0

Gulko vs Karpov, 1976 
(B44) Sicilian, 66 moves, 0-1

Kupreichik vs Balashov, 1976 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 39 moves, 0-1

Petrosian vs Vaganian, 1976 
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 30 moves, 0-1

Romanishin vs Geller, 1976
(A15) English, 42 moves, 1-0

Smyslov vs N Rashkovsky, 1976
(A28) English, 52 moves, 1-0

Sveshnikov vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 26 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Tseshkovsky, 1976
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 42 moves, 1-0

A Zakharov vs K Grigorian, 1976
(B83) Sicilian, 37 moves, 0-1

Round Fourteen, December 17th
Balashov vs Romanishin, 1976 
(A17) English, 35 moves, 1-0

Geller vs I D Dorfman, 1976 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 39 moves, 1-0

K Grigorian vs Sveshnikov, 1976
(A13) English, 48 moves, 0-1

Petrosian vs Kupreichik, 1976 
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 23 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky vs Gulko, 1976 
(E19) Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3, 41 moves, 1-0

N Rashkovsky vs Tal, 1976
(A37) English, Symmetrical, 19 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taimanov vs Smyslov, 1976
(A14) English, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs A Zakharov, 1976
(C91) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 62 moves, 1-0

Vaganian vs Karpov, 1976 
(E19) Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3, 53 moves, 0-1

Round Fifteen, December 20th
I D Dorfman vs Balashov, 1976
(B44) Sicilian, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs K Grigorian, 1976
(A57) Benko Gambit, 35 moves, 0-1

Karpov vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(D47) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 17 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kupreichik vs Vaganian, 1976
(C02) French, Advance, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs Petrosian, 1976 
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 74 moves, 0-1

Smyslov vs Geller, 1976
(E67) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Tseshkovsky, 1976
(C41) Philidor Defense, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Taimanov, 1976
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Zakharov vs N Rashkovsky, 1976
(E24) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 45 moves, 1-0

Round Sixteen, December 21st
Balashov vs Smyslov, 1976
(D18) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Tal, 1976 
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

K Grigorian vs Karpov, 1976 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 39 moves, 0-1

Kupreichik vs Romanishin, 1976
(C45) Scotch Game, 22 moves, 0-1

Petrosian vs I D Dorfman, 1976
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

N Rashkovsky vs Sveshnikov, 1976
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 40 moves, 0-1

Taimanov vs A Zakharov, 1976
(A13) English, 58 moves, 1-0

Tseshkovsky vs Gulko, 1976
(C19) French, Winawer, Advance, 38 moves, 0-1

Vaganian vs Polugaevsky, 1976
(E10) Queen's Pawn Game, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Seventeen, December 23rd
I D Dorfman vs Kupreichik, 1976
(A11) English, Caro-Kann Defensive System, 46 moves, 1-0

Gulko vs N Rashkovsky, 1976
(E21) Nimzo-Indian, Three Knights, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov vs Tseshkovsky, 1976 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 29 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky vs K Grigorian, 1976
(A17) English, 33 moves, 1-0

Romanishin vs Vaganian, 1976
(A87) Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation, 15 moves, 1/2-1/2

Smyslov vs Petrosian, 1976
(E17) Queen's Indian, 16 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Taimanov, 1976 
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Balashov, 1976
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 15 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Zakharov vs Geller, 1976 
(B97) Sicilian, Najdorf, 38 moves, 1/2-1/2

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