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Abbazia 1912
Compiled by sneaky pete
--*--

This King's Gambit Accepted (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4) theme tournament was organized by Georg Marco and took place in Abbazia on the Adriatic coast, then part of Austria-Hungary, known today as Opatija in Croatia. The venue was the Casino des Étrangers, a fitting location for the King's Gambit.

Of the 12 players, who met each other twice, only Spielmann, Duras, Cohn and Leonhardt were regarded as masters at the time. This may be one of the reasons that no tournament book appeared, and many of the games are apparently lost forever.

Aurbach forfeited his round 7 game against Flamberg, upset after he lost his round 6 game against Rosselli on time in a winning position, and withdrew from the second cycle for medical reasons. So only 120 games were played. 77 games are available here, including a few incomplete ones, 43 games are lost.

The tournament was s a big success for Rudolf Spielmann, but a tragedy for the King's Gambit. White scored only +40 -59 =21, even worse than in Vienna 1903 (+32 -37 =20). It's not just the "modern" systems of defence (with an early .. d5) that caused white trouble. From the games available, white scored +4 -6 =2 against the Abbazia Defence (3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Nf6) and +4 -9 against 3.Bc4 d5, but the Hanstein, Philidor and Muzio did just as bad.

For Spielmann's funeral oration a decade later, see Game Collection: Vom Krankenlager des Königsgambits

1. Spielmann 15/21 ** ˝0 1˝ 11 11 11 10 10 1˝ 10 1˝ 1- 2. Duras 13,5/21 ˝1 ** 10 10 ˝1 01 01 01 01 11 ˝1 1- =3 Cohn 11,5/21 0˝ 01 ** 00 01 01 11 ˝˝ 11 01 11 0- =3 Reti 11,5/21 00 01 11 ** 10 10 1˝ 10 1˝ 10 ˝1 0- 5. Lowcki 11/21 00 ˝0 10 01 ** 11 00 11 ˝1 01 11 0- =6 Flamberg 10,5/21 00 10 10 01 00 ** 00 1˝ 1˝ 11 1˝ 1- =6 Freymann 10,5/21 01 10 00 0˝ 11 11 ** 00 10 0˝ ˝1 1- 8. Szekely 9/21 01 10 ˝˝ 01 00 0˝ 11 ** 0˝ 01 01 0- 9. Leonhardt 8/21 0˝ 10 00 0˝ ˝0 0˝ 01 1˝ ** 01 ˝˝ ˝- =10 Nyholm 7,5/21 01 00 10 01 10 00 1˝ 10 10 ** 00 0- =10 Rosselli 7,5/21 0˝ ˝0 00 ˝0 00 0˝ d0 10 ˝˝ 11 ** 1- 12. Aurbach 5,5/11 0- 0- 1- 1- 1- 0- 0- 1- ˝- 1- 0- **

The missing games:

(Round 5) Flamberg vs Von Freymann (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1, 21 moves; Duras vs Lowcki (3.Bc4) draw

(Round 7) Rosselli vs Duras (3.Nf3) draw; Flamberg vs Aurbach (forfeit) 1-0; Leonhardt vs Von Freymann 0-1; Szekely vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1

(Round 8) Szekely vs Rosselli (3.Nf3) 0-1

(Round 9) Leonhardt vs Aurbach (3.Nf3) draw; Rosselli vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) 0-1

(Round 10) Cohn vs Reti (3.Nf3) 0-1; Aurbach vs Nyholm (3.Nf3) 1-0

(Round 11) Flamberg vs Lowcki (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1

(Round 12) Lowcki vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1

(Round 13) Flamberg vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Rosselli vs Nyholm (3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nc6 5.d4 d5 6.exd5 Nxd5 7.Nxd5 Qxd5 8.Bxf4 Bd6 9.Bxd6 Qxd6 10.c3 Bg4 11.Bc4 O-O-O 12.O-O f6 13.Qa4) 1-0

(Round 14) Cohn vs Duras (3.Bc4) 1-0; Reti vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0; Nyholm vs Flamberg (3.Bc4) 0-1; Leonhardt vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw

(Round 15) Rosselli vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Cohn (3.Pf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) draw

(Round 16) Nyholm vs Leonhardt (3.Bc4) 0-1; Reti vs Spielmann 0-1; Lowcki vs Duras (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 0-1

(Round 17) Leonhardt vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Spielmann vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 0-1; Flamberg vs Cohn (3.Bc4) 0-1; Szekely vs Duras (3.Nf3) 0-1

(Round 18) Cohn vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw

(Round 19) Nyholm vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Cohn (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 0-1; Reti vs Lowcki (3.Nf3) 0-1

(Round 20) Szekely vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Cohn vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Von Freymann vs Reti (3.Nf3) draw; Lowcki vs Rosselli (3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5) 1-0

(Round 21) Reti vs Cohn (3.Ne5 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.O-O d6 6.d4 h6 7.c3 Ne7 8.g3 g4 9.Nh4 f3 10.Na3 O-O 11.Bf4) 1-0; Flamberg vs Rosselli (3.Bc4) draw; Leonhardt vs Duras (3.Bc4) 0-1

(Round 22) Rosselli vs Spielmann (3.Bc4) draw; Szekely vs Leonhardt (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O) draw; Duras vs Nyholm (3.Bc4) 1-0; Cohn vs Von Freymann (3.Bc4) 1-0; Lowcki vs Flamberg (3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.h4) 1-0

Round 1, January 15
A Aurbach vs S Von Freymann, 1912
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 18 moves, 0-1

Round 1, January 15
Duras vs Reti, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 59 moves, 1-0

Round 1, January 15
J Szekely vs G Nyholm, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 34 moves, 0-1

Round 1, January 15
S Rosselli del Turco vs Leonhardt, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 47 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 1, January 15
Flamberg vs Spielmann, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 41 moves, 0-1

Round 1, January 15
E Cohn vs M Lowcki, 1912
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 71 moves, 0-1

Round 2, January 16
Leonhardt vs Flamberg, 1912 
(C39) King's Gambit Accepted, 27 moves, 0-1

Round 2, January 16
G Nyholm vs S Rosselli del Turco, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 18 moves, 0-1

Round 2, January 16
Reti vs J Szekely, 1912
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 52 moves, 1-0

Round 2, January 16
S Von Freymann vs Duras, 1912 
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 22 moves, 1-0

Round 2, January 16
E Cohn vs A Aurbach, 1912
(C39) King's Gambit Accepted, 27 moves, 0-1

Round 2, January 16
M Lowcki vs Spielmann, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 41 moves, 0-1

Round 3, January 18
Duras vs E Cohn, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 39 moves, 1-0

Round 3, January 18
J Szekely vs S Von Freymann, 1912 
(C38) King's Gambit Accepted, 21 moves, 1-0

Round 3, January 18
S Rosselli del Turco vs Reti, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 32 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 3, January 18
Flamberg vs G Nyholm, 1912
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 29 moves, 1-0

Round 3, January 18
Spielmann vs Leonhardt, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 1-0

Round 3, January 18
A Aurbach vs M Lowcki, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 43 moves, 1-0

Round 4, January 19
G Nyholm vs Spielmann, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 60 moves, 0-1

Round 4, January 19
Reti vs Flamberg, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 37 moves, 1-0

Round 4, January 19
S Von Freymann vs S Rosselli del Turco, 1912
(C39) King's Gambit Accepted, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 4, January 19
E Cohn vs J Szekely, 1912
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 4, January 19
A Aurbach vs Duras, 1912 
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 59 moves, 0-1

Round 4, January 19
M Lowcki vs Leonhardt, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 5, January 20
J Szekely vs A Aurbach, 1912
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 39 moves, 0-1

Round 5, January 20
S Rosselli del Turco vs E Cohn, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 24 moves, 0-1

Round 5, January 20
Leonhardt vs G Nyholm, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 20 moves, 0-1

Round 5, January 20
Spielmann vs Reti, 1912 
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 26 moves, 1-0

Round 6, January 22
Reti vs Leonhardt, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 38 moves, 1-0

Round 6, January 22
S Von Freymann vs Spielmann, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 24 moves, 0-1

Round 6, January 22
E Cohn vs Flamberg, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 26 moves, 0-1

Round 6, January 22
Duras vs J Szekely, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 58 moves, 0-1

Round 6, January 22
M Lowcki vs G Nyholm, 1912 
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 20 moves, 0-1

Round 6, January 22
A Aurbach vs S Rosselli del Turco, 1912 
(C38) King's Gambit Accepted, 37 moves, 0-1

Round 7, January 23
Spielmann vs E Cohn, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 17 moves, 1-0

Round 7, January 23
G Nyholm vs Reti, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 33 moves, 0-1

Round 8, January 25
S Von Freymann vs G Nyholm, 1912
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 0-1

Round 8, January 25
E Cohn vs Leonhardt, 1912 
(C39) King's Gambit Accepted, 39 moves, 1-0

Round 8, January 25
A Aurbach vs Spielmann, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 40 moves, 0-1

Round 8, January 25
Duras vs Flamberg, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 22 moves, 0-1

Round 8, January 25
M Lowcki vs Reti, 1912
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 58 moves, 0-1

Round 9, January 26
Flamberg vs J Szekely, 1912
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 30 moves, 0-1

Round 9, January 26
Spielmann vs Duras, 1912 
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 9, January 26
G Nyholm vs E Cohn, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 45 moves, 1-0

Round 9, January 26
Reti vs S Von Freymann, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 19 moves, 1-0

Round 10, January 27
J Szekely vs Spielmann, 1912 
(C38) King's Gambit Accepted, 30 moves, 0-1

Round 10, January 27
S Rosselli del Turco vs Flamberg, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 22 moves, 0-1

Round 10, January 27 (game is incomplete)
Duras vs Leonhardt, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 10 moves, 0-1

Round 10, January 27
M Lowcki vs S Von Freymann, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 0-1

Round 11, January 29
Spielmann vs S Rosselli del Turco, 1912
(C38) King's Gambit Accepted, 38 moves, 1-0

Round 11, January 29
Leonhardt vs J Szekely, 1912
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 32 moves, 1-0

Round 11, January 29
G Nyholm vs Duras, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 33 moves, 0-1

Round 11, January 29
Reti vs A Aurbach, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 24 moves, 0-1

Round 11, January 29
S Von Freymann vs E Cohn, 1912
(C39) King's Gambit Accepted, 38 moves, 0-1

Round 12, January 30
Reti vs Duras, 1912 
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 23 moves, 1-0

Round 12, January 30
G Nyholm vs J Szekely, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 33 moves, 0-1

Round 12, January 30
Leonhardt vs S Rosselli del Turco, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 14 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 12, January 30
Spielmann vs Flamberg, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 39 moves, 1-0

Round 13, February 1
Spielmann vs M Lowcki, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 37 moves, 1-0

Round 13, February 1
Duras vs S Von Freymann, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 24 moves, 1-0

Round 13, February 1
J Szekely vs Reti, 1912
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 32 moves, 1-0

Round 14, February 2
S Von Freymann vs J Szekely, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 57 moves, 0-1

Round 15, February 3
Spielmann vs G Nyholm, 1912
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 37 moves, 0-1

Round 15, February 3
Flamberg vs Reti, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 51 moves, 1-0

Round 15, February 3
Leonhardt vs M Lowcki, 1912 
(C36) King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense, 31 moves, 0-1

Round 16, February 5
S Von Freymann vs Flamberg, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 28 moves, 1-0

Round 16, February 5
E Cohn vs S Rosselli del Turco, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 1-0

Round 17, February 6
G Nyholm vs M Lowcki, 1912 
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 33 moves, 0-1

Round 18, February 8
Duras vs S Rosselli del Turco, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 60 moves, 1-0

Round 18, February 8
S Von Freymann vs Leonhardt, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 34 moves, 0-1

Round 18, February 8
Reti vs G Nyholm, 1912
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 48 moves, 0-1

Round 18, February 8
M Lowcki vs J Szekely, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 39 moves, 1-0

Round 19, February 9
Flamberg vs Duras, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 17 moves, 0-1

Round 19, February 9
S Rosselli del Turco vs J Szekely, 1912
(C37) King's Gambit Accepted, 34 moves, 0-1

Round 20, February 10
Duras vs Spielmann, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 31 moves, 1-0

Round 21, February 12
Spielmann vs J Szekely, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 35 moves, 0-1

Round 21, February 12
S Von Freymann vs M Lowcki, 1912
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 35 moves, 1-0

77 games

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