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WCC: Alekhine-Euwe 1935 part 2
Compiled by WCC Editing Project
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Match OPENING CEREMONY http://kickass.to/adobe-acrobat-xi-... 2 Oct. 1935 (Amsterdam)

Hans Kmoch:

<Opening ceremony headed by Slotemaker de Bruine (dutch <<<<Unterrichtsminister>>>>, something like minister of education), mayor of Amsterdam, members of the committee which prepared the match (head was Meester Levenbach), Meester Rueb the president of FIDE who gave his blessing for the event (<<<die der Veranstaltung ihren Segen gab>>>), the players, media, etc. Rueb draws the lot and Alekhine gets White in game 1 and after the drawing of lot, the ceremony ends. (a footnote explains that Meester means lawyer).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" October 1935, p. 289

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Match ROUND by ROUND

3 Oct. 1935 (Amsterdam)

1st game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<Same location as yesterday, a small room is connected to the large hall and in this small room, the players are seated, two glassdoors were removed so that they are visible. In order to not disturb the players, there is a deaf zone (<<<taube Zone>>>) in between playing room and spectator's room. There are <<<Wandbretter>>> (wand = wall, brett = board) to show the moves to the audience. Playing time between 17:30 and 22:30 and the first game begins shortly after 17:30 (small delay). Ring of the bell, dead silence, 500 spectators.

1st match game, October 3, Hotel Carlton, Amsterdam. After conclusion: White 1 h 35 min, Black 2 h 25 min. According to the game description, Euwe used up a lot of time following move 11 (problem is not which moves, but sequence of moves).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" October 1935, pp. 289-290

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6 Oct. (Amsterdam)

2d game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<Two days per game, so October 4 was free. The committee did not want to pass over the opportunity to start game 2 on a Sunday, so October 5 was also a free day. <<<Game 2>>> now in Militiezaal, Amsterdam, October 6.

Adjourned after 40...Qe7, resumed October 7 in Militiezaal, 19-23 pm. Time: White 2 h 43 min, Black 1 h 58 min. After move 26, Alekhine erroneously thought Euwe had only 1 min left and offered a draw (in game one, the clock was set on 12, in game 2 on 11:30 so it could be checked if the flag fell). Euwe explained it and they played on.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" October 1935, pp. 291-292

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8-9 Oct. (Amsterdam)

3d game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<Play back again in Hotel Carlton. The game began on time. Game 3 played on October 8 (adjourned after 40...Qxd4) - White 1 h 45 min, Black 2 h 28 min - and <<<resumed>>> on October 9 with 41.Qxd4 and Black resigned.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" October 1935, p. 293

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10-11 Oct. (The Hague)

4th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <0-1>

Hans Kmoch:

<Of the 30 match games, Amsterdam took 19, 's Gravenhave 4, Delft, Rotterdam, Gonda, Utrecht, Groningen, Ermelo and Eindhoven 1 game each. Kmoch calls this arrangement very strange (<<<höchst eigenartig>>>), assuming financial reasons. (btw, 's Gravenhave = The Hague) Game 4, October 10, Hotel "De Witte Brug", The Hague>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" October 1935, p. 294

===

The Hague, October 11
<Game 4 was adjourned after Euwe had sealed his 41st move and he soon found out that his game was lost. He wanted to resign without resumption but this would have troubled <<<die Regie>>> (probably the people organizing the match), so he made 4 additional moves.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung," October 1935, p. 295

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12 Oct. (Delft)

5th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Game 5 played in the <<<Studentengesellschaft>>> Phönix (possibly a fraternity). There was a short welcoming, the <<<Unterrichtsminister>>> (probably again Slotemaker de Bruine), an <<<Altminister>>> (old minister, possibly retired?)and a <<<Kommissar der Königin>>> (königin = queen) were also present. But Alekhine's wife was absent because of an illness (<<<leichte Erkrankung>>>) and his cat <<<Chess>>> - his <<<Glückskater>>> (cat bringing him luck, like a lucky charm) was also absent (Siamese, not white). Game 5, October 12, "Studenten Societeit Phönix", Delft. White 1 h 55 min, Black 2 h 17 min.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" October 1935, p. 296

-Page 297: <Game 5 was followed by <<<2>>> rest days, game 6 ended drawn.>

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15-16 Oct. (Rotterdam)

6th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Hotel Coomans. No welcoming this time. Game 6, October 15, Hotel Bristol, Rotterdam. Adjourned after move 40, White 2 h 52 min, Black 2 h 18 min.

Rotterdam, October 16
This time, they resumed the game already at 2 pm (6 hours playing time is set for <<<Hängetage>>> with 2 hours rest between play hours 4 and 5 so they have to start earlier. I guess <<<Hängetage>>> means the days reserved for resumption of adjourned games (also called in German <<<Hängepartie>>>, think also of the english expression hung jury).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" October-November 1935, pp. 305-306

-Page 307: <Resumption on October 16, Hotel Bristol, Rotterdam. Complete time consumption: White 4 h 15 min, Black 4 h 30 min. Dr. Lasker came from Moscow as correspondent for Russian press and <<<Chess>>> got a lovely bride (cost 20 Gulden, but Kmoch says that <<<Chess>>> didn't have to pay them himself).>

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17-18 Oct. (Utrecht)

7th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<Meeting in the great concert hall (<<<Konzertsaal>>>) and official welcoming. The mayor of Utrecht executed the first move for Alekhine. Game 7, October 17, Groote Concertzaal, Utrecht. Adjourned after move 40, White 2 h 15 min, Black 2 h 29 min. Page 309: Euwe wanted half an hour to look at the game after adjournment and decide if he resigns at once. He was too excited and could not come to a conclusion - adjournment followed. The reporters could not enter the <<<Telegraphenamt>>> (to send their telegrams) as the door was locked. The committee provided them with cars to travel to Amsterdam, The Hague or Rotterdam. Amsterdam, October 18: Euwe saw that the adjourned position was lost and resigned by telephone (Alekhine's sealed move was 41.Rb4).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" Oct.-Nov. 1935, pp. 307-308

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20-21 Oct. (Amsterdam)

8th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<Game 8, again in Militiezaal (planned was October 19, changed <<<den Zuschauen zuliebe>>> for the spectators but the audience was a bit smaller nonetheless. Euwe's fans were pessimistic, some believed that Euwe would eventually crack completely. Game started at 18:30. Game 8, October 20, Militiezaal, Amsterdam. Adjourned after move 40, White 2 h 22 min, Black 2 h 5 min. Page 311: Amsterdam, October 21, resumption of the adjourned game. Game began at 16 o'clock (on 1st day 40 moves in 2 h 30 min, then 32 moves in 2 h and 16 moves per h for the rest). Euwe won and the Netherlands gain new courage, except for Euwe who hadn't lost his old one. Page 312: The Dutch do not necessarily expect Euwe to win, they hope for exciting games and Euwe to put up strong resistance. They just don't want him to fail completely. Resumption October 21, Militiezaal, Amsterdam. White 4 h 13 min, Black 4 h 5 min.>

-"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung," October-November 1935, pp. 309-310

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22 Oct. (Amsterdam)

9th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<The playing venue was this time the school (<<<Mädchen-Mittelschule>>>, middle school for girls) where Euwe works as a teacher. The audience was mostly young people, especially female youth. Game 9, October 22, Amsterdam. The atmosphere had become hostile to 3...Bb4 in the French.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung," October-November 1935, pp. 312-313

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24 Oct. (Gouda)

10th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<In spite of his terrible loss in game 9, Euwe acted as if nothing had happened. He came to the game fresh and brisk, full of impertubable hope (<<<Er kam frisch und munter zur Partie, voll unerschütterlicher Hoffnungsfreude>>>). The biggest moral surprise in this match. Alekhine arrived with all signs of a cold (so far, Euwe had lead in this "projecting/protruding" point (<<<bisher hatte Euwe in diesem "vorspringenden" Punkt geführt>>> - this may be meant to indicate that Euwe had appeared sickly before but it is not obviously said)). They played in the large hall of the Societeit "Ons Genvegen" (German <<<unser Vergnügen>>> - our pleasure/delight). Game 10, October 24, Gouda Page 338: After 41.Rxc6 the game was adjourned and Alekhine had sealed 41...Ne7, yet he resigned that evening. There was a misunderstanding in the auditorium after Euwe's 41st move, as some spectators thought that Alekhine had resigned. Alekhine protested silently against it (<<<erhob dagegen stillen Protest>>>) by demanding adjournement and sealed his next move. Nonetheless, he resigned later that evening.>

-"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" November 1935, p. 337

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27 Oct. (The Hague)

11th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<played in <<<Hotel Wittebrug>>>. White 1 h 37 min, Black 1 h 27 min.>

-"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" November 1935, p. 339

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29 Oct. (Amsterdam)

12th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<played in the Amsterdam stock market. Three rooms - a big auditorium, the players behind glass and the press in a separate room. Short welcoming, the ladies got small presents and, of course, an exchange market joke was told at the end. Game began 18:30. Game 12, October 29, building of Amsterdam stock market (<<<Gebäude derAmsterdamer Effektenbörse>>>). White 1 h 30 min, Black 1 h 52 min.>

Neue Wiener Schachzeitung, November 1935, pp. 339-340 Amsterdam,

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31 Oct.-1 Nov. (Amsterdam)

13th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Amsterdam-Watergraafsmeer, Suburb Watergraafsmeer is Euwe's birthplace (back then, it was still independent) and here, Alekhine celebrated his <<<43rd birthday>>> on November 1, 1935. Game 13, October 31, Msterdam (Watergraafsmeer). Adjourned after 40 moves.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" November 1935, p. 341

p. 343:
1 November

<Amsterdam-Watergraafsmeer, November 1. <<<Alekhine's birthday,>>> he came with a short delay and good-homoured. Everyone congratulated him. Play was resumed and Euwe offered a draw on move 59, White 3 h 33 min, Black 3 h 58 min.>

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2 Nov. (Groningen)

14th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<Groningen is about 4 h by train away from Amsterdam, Euwe travelled there the eveneing before, Alekhine apparently on the day of their game (<<<Aljechin zog es vor am selben Tag zu reisen,>>> - I'm not sure if <selbe> (same) is same as Euwe or same as the start of the game). Alekhine took a wrong train and got into difficulties. The other ones travelled by a special bus (<<<Sonder-Autobus>>>, he probably means a bus specially chartered for them). They arrived in Groningen at about half past four (probably 16:30 as they started to play soon). Game 14, November 2, Groningen. White 2 h 26 min, Black 2 h 29 min. Page 345: The dutch chess circles were delighted. Now Euwe seemed like the slight favorite. Alekhine was downcast afetr game 14 and unrecognizable (? <<<nicht zu kennen>>> is a bit unusual). Kmoch emphasizes that Alekhine did nothing to narrow Euwe's achievement. But he was also alienated by Alekhine's calmness as in earlier days he observed him to become upset after a loss and play with ten-fold power. Where does this fatalism come from? Did he change or did his opponent change him? So far, we only knew how he reacts towards 1-2 losses, not 5.>

-"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" November 1935, p. 343-344

-p. 345
<It has to be accentuated laudingly, that <<<Alekhine behaved exemplarily>>> in sportive aspect and especially did not undertake anything to denigrate his opponent's accomplishment.>

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5-6 Nov. (Baarn)

15th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1/2 >

Hans Kmoch:

<In this location are many mansions (<<<Villenort>>>) and they played in the exclusive Badhotel. It's reiterated that 15 1/2 points are sufficient if 6 games were won and that it was clear that they wouldn't play 30 games as both had already scored 5 wins. Game 15, November 5, Baarn, Badhotel. White 2 h 16 min, Black 2 h 27 min. Game adjourned after 40 moves. >

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" December 1935, pp. 356-357

November 6
Page 358: <Baarn, November 6. Resumed game should have been played between 18 and 22 o'clock but at 18:30, <<<Alekhine>>> still wasn't there. The car broke down on the way from Amsterdam to Baarn, costing him about 40 min. White 4 h 5 min, Black 4 h 8 min.>

Page 353: <Sidenote: that their <<<rematch>>> would take place in early spring of 1936 in Austria, H W Zimdin, main stock holder of the Panhans Hotels, was willing to finance it and Euwe and Alekhine agreed to the invitation>

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8 Nov. ('s Hertogenbosch)

16th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <0-1>

Hans Kmoch:

<'s Hertogenbosch, November 8. They gathered in the newly erected <<<Casino>>> and the players were seated on the stage of a huge theatre hall. Playing time scheduled for 18:40 to 23:40. The mayor welcomed them. Game 16, November 7, ' Hertogenbosch, Casino. Game adjourned after 40 moves, White 2 h 30 min, Black 1 h 38 min. Page 360: 's Hertogenbosch, November 8. Resumption of play on November 8, White 3 h 58 min, Black 3 h 28 min.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" December 1935, p. 359

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9 Nov. (Eindhoven)

17th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Eindhoven, November 9. Antemeridian, they travelled from 's Hertogenbosch to Eindhoven by car. The Philips-Werke took over game 17. For a change, they played in the afternoon, 14:30 to 19:30. Low entrance fee led to a large audience. Game 17, November 9, Eindhoven, Philips-Ontspanningsgebouw (<<<Erfrischungsraum der Philipswerke>>> refreshment room). White 1 h 23, Black 1 h 39 min. Page 362: The Colle opening is said to possess more poison than strength (<<<mehr Gift als Kraft>>>). After 23. Rd1, Alekhine offered a draw but this was against FIDE rules of 30 moves and they played on until perpetual. In the following, the 30 move rule wasn't upheld any longer, in agreement with Rueb (Kmoch was happy about this decision).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" December 1935, p. 361

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12 Nov. (Amsterdam)

18th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1/2>

<Amsterdam, <<<Militiezaal.>>> White 40 min, Black 53 min.>

Article by J.H. Hannak:

<"Aljechins Niederlage - Aspern oder Waterloo" by j. h. <<<(I presume Hannak)>>> on pages 363-364. It is said that prior to the match 90% would have expected an easy win for Alekhine, after the 1st third of the match even 100%. The loss was deserved. Alekhine compared to Napoleon (hence the title).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" December 1935, p. 362

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14 Nov. (Zeist)

19th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<Zeist, Hotel Figi
Adjourned after 40 moves. White 2 h 3 min, Black 2 h 28 min. Page 5: Zeist, November 15. Resumption of game 19 in Zeist, Hotel Figi. Kmoch mentions the draw odds (<<<Da der Weltmeister nur gleichen Endstand nötig hatte um seinen Titel zu behalten, brauchte er aus den letzten 11 Partien nur 4 1/2 Punkte ziehen>>> - in short, the WC needs the same final standing to keep his title, so from the last 11 games just 4.5 points (after game 19, he was leading by 10.5 points ->
15 points needed)). Dr. Lasker travelled back to Russia. Alekhine was now believed to be close to defending his title. White 2 h 23 min, Black 3 h 2 min.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" January 1936, p. 4

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16 Nov. 1935 (Amsterdam)

20th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1-0>

<Amsterdam, Militiezaal, Although Euwe's fans were in gloom, Euwe had no worries and played with exquisite freshness (<<<köstlicher Frische>>>). Game 20, November 16, Amsterdam, Militiezaal. Adjourned after move 40, White 2 h 32 min, Black 2 h 3 min. Resumed on November 17 and resigned after 41.Bc8. Page 8: Amsterdam, November 17. 41.Bc8 was Euwe's sealed move and told to Alekhine who resigned by telephone on today's evening.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" January 1936, p. 6

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19-20 Nov. 1935 (Ermelo)

21st game "Alekhine drunk" controversy

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <0-1>

Alekhine: <"I have been the butt of a campaign of calumniation and misrepresentation organized by a part of the Dutch press and several members of the soi-disant 'Euwe-Alekhine' committee. This campaign reached its climax with the 21st game. This game was played absolutely without any <<<unpleasant incident>>>- contrary to press reports. This is officially confirmed by my adversary, Euwe; the director of the match, Kmoch and both our seconds, Maroczy and Landau.">

-"CHESS" 14 Dec. 1935, p.124.
In Edward Winter, Chessnote 7937 http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

------------------

Munninghoff: <"According to the reports, Alekhine arrived in the playing hall dead drunk and very late, caused a dreadful row, refused to play, threatened Euwe and, when finally forced to play, just banged out some <<<drunken moves...>>> and so Alekhine eventually lost the game.">

Munninghoff, p. 129

---

Euwe: <"The story that he was drunk is <<<utter nonsense...>>> the press did write something along those lines at the time, because they couldn't write about other things.... if, like Alekhine, you don't overdo it, then alcohol is an excellent remedy to help you get through certain down periods. Alekhine was just back from several tours with lots of simultaneous displays before he started this match... and you tend to get a bit chess-weary after such things; this is a well-known phenomenon. Then the combinations refuse to come and you have to really rack your brain to come up with ideas. This was Alekhine's problem, so I can well imagine that he drank to get back that creativity and that inspiration.">

Munninghoff, p.131

===

Hans Kmoch: Ermelo, November 19

<P. 17: Kmoch wants to report in all conscience, without drawing conclusions. The small Ermelo prepared the day well (<<<rührige Vorsorge getroffen>>>), among other things sending 3 cars to Amsterdam P. 18: to pick the whole company up. The cars drove in a single file. But their file was divided by a Amsterdam traffic policeman (<<<Verkehrsschutzmann>>>) and one car lost connection to the others. The driver was non-local and didn't know about chess (<<<orts- und schachfremd>>>) and didn't know the specific address. He arrived at the Hotel Carlton to pick up Alekhine with a delay of almost a whole hour. All the others had already gathered here. There was great nervousness as Alekhine was nowhere to be found. His wife was there and explained in excited tone that her husband considered the delay an insult and would not play today. This dispute took place in the public, in the hall of the Hotel. The <<<Reisemarschall>>> of the committee (<<<Reise>>> means journey/voyage, so he was probably the committee member organizing the travel) did not accept that. He explained that they would arrive 2 hours (<reichlich zwei Stunden>) before the start of the game in Ermelo. Apart from that, he only wanted to negotiate with Alekhine personally. Finally they found Alekhine. There was no doubt that he stood under the influence of alcohol which was not uncommon for him (<<<Er stand zweifellos unter dem Einfluß von Alkohol, was bei ihm keine Seltenheit ist.>>>). In earlier years, Alekhine had been observed in such a state. Then, he is will-less and calm. When he is drunk, you can hardly argue with him and today also, he didn't cause any trouble, agreeing to play. They asked him whether he wanted to travel to Ermelo by car or train and he chose train. His second Landau was entrusted to bring him to Ermelo. Furthermore, the committee decided to start the game half an hour later because of the delay in picking them up. The others left, while Alekhine went to sleep. He was supposed to come to Ermelo about <<<fünfviertel>>> hours (unusual expression, taken literally it's 5 times 15 min, so 1 h 15 min) prior to the game but didn't show up. It was told by telephone that he had missed the train and had to wait for the next one. This would suffice to reach the playing hall in time, i. e. at 7 pm. In the meantime, Alekhine had slept well and also in the train he appeared well-rested. Now he claimed that he would only play under moral protest. The committee refused to register this statement and suggested to let a physician decide whether Alekhine was capable of playing or not. Alekhine refused. The game began.

Kmoch says that Alekhine's appearance did not make a good, but also not an unsual impression on him. He played calmly and his behaviour during the game gave no reason for complaint to opponent and officials (committee, <<<Kampfleiter>>>, second). During the opening, after about 10-15 moves, Euwe disappeared together with his wife without attracting attention and remained absent for about 15 min. He said later that he needed fresh air to fight his inner unrest. The audience hadn't noticed his disappearance, but the organizers and reporters had. There were different speculations, e. g. that he wanted to resign the game and end the match. This was told Amsterdam. Kmoch's wife P. 19: had stayed in Amsterdam and phoned the editors of an Amsterdam newspaper to inquire about the game standing. She was told that Alekhine had caused outrageous scandals in Ermelo and Euwe was close to resigning the won game. The matter was unclear and there was no overview of it possible at the moment. Game 21, November 19, Ermelo. Adjourned after move 40, White 2 h 38 min, Black 2 h 28 min.

Page 20: Ermelo, November 20. They had spent the night in Ermelo and while the company met for breakfast, Alekhine had already resigned the game and travelled back to Amsterdam. His sealed move from yesterday was 41.Bb3. Now, the press became harsh towards Alekhine, claiming that he had come to the game totally intoxicated and he had done that out of expedience - a) to play better b) to upset his opponent with unsportive behaviour c) to denigrate his opponent's successes. The foreign press even claimed that Alekhine couldn't even move his pieces during the game and his second had to do that for him. Kmoch said that no one took into consideration that he may have drunk because he liked to. Alekhine reported a sickness that day and the medical report said affected heart (<<<angegriffenes herz>>>). Prescribed were a few days of absolute rest (<<<absolute ruhe>>>). In the afternoon, the committee held a press conference without a clear result. It was said that a drunken player should not be allowed to play and countered that thereby the players would have the means to overthrow the programme at will. Some eyewitnesses disputed that Alekhine was drunk during yesterday's game. You can argue about the condition of someone used to alcohol, especially if the alcohol consumption had taken place some hours before. Several experts reported that they hadn't observed something unusual about Alekhine's play yesterday. The debate ran dry and people left.>

Karpova's observation: It was said that while drunk, Alekhine doesn't argue and he had no objections to play. Yet once they had arrived, he filed a protest - so maybe this indicates that the effect of alcohol had worn down.

Neue Wiener Schachzeitung, Jan 1936, pp. 17-20

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24 Nov. (The Hague)

22d game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Hotel Witteburg (like in games 4 and 11). It became silent again pretty fast (<war sehr rasch Ruhe eingetreten>) after the great agitation on the 20th. The <<<"Incident">>> was discussed for not even one day in the press and then it was quiet (<<<Der "Incident" wurde kaum noch einen Tag lang in der Presse besprochen,...>>>). Alekhine had stayed in bed for 4 days and now came in company with his physician. Dr. Bernstein was among the kibitzers. Game 22, November 24, The Hague, Hotel Wittebrug. White 1 h 15 min, Black 50 min. (p. 34: Alekhine offered a draw after 17...Qh4).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" Feb 1936, p. 33

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26-27 Nov. (Amsterdam)

23d game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Back again in the Amsterdam stock market (like game 12). About 1,000 spectators. It was said before that 26 was <<<Alekhine's lucky number>>>. Game 23, November 26, Amsterdam, Effektenbörse. Adjourned after 40 moves, White 2 h 11 min, Black 2 h 18 min. P. 35: Resumption on November 27, Amsterdam, Effektenbörse. White 3 h 4 min, Black 3 h 12 min.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" Feb 1936, pp. 34-35

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28 Nov. (Delft)

24th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Unlike game 5, playing venue was today the <<<Societeis Eensgezindheit.>>> Game 24, November 28, Delft, Societeit Eensgezindheit. White 1 h 56 min, Black 2 h 13 min.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" Feb 1936, p. 36

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1-2 Dec. (Amsterdam)

25th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <0-1>

Hans Kmoch:

<Back again in the Militiezaal (like games 2, 8, 18 and 20). Game 25, December 1, Amsterdam, Militiezaal. Adjourned after move 40, White 2 h 37 min, Black 2 h 3 min. P. 41: Amsterdam, Militiezaal, December 2. Good atmosphere in holland, as Euwe was about to take the lead. Even non-chessplayers were drawn into it. The gmae was resumed but lasted only a few minutes. P. 42: Resumption, December 2, Amsterdam, Militiezaal. White 2 h 38 min, Black 2 h 4 min (compare with time after adjournment). Alekhine's goal for the match cannot be a win any longer but retaining his title with 15:15 score (<<<Der weitere Kampf kann für ihn kaum noch um den Sieg gehen, sondern um die Rettung des Titels bei einem Schlußstand 15:15.>>>). Alekhine said to feel comfortable so far, but he suffers from the psychological effect of unexpected losses (<<<Aljechin erklärte, er fühle sich soweit ganz wohl, leide jedoch unter dem seelischen Eindruck unerwarteter Niederlagen.>>>). He said that it should be considered that this could happen to the strongest man. Kmoch was estranged by Alekhine's quiet disheartenment as an Alekhine who doesn't fume after losses was no Alekhine. This is to be explained by attrition through the opponent (<<<Zermürbung durch den Gegner>>>).>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung," Feb 1936, pp. 38-40

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3-4 Dec. 1935 (Zandvoort)

26th game "The Pearl of Zandvoort"

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<The large hall of the Hotel Metropole was densely filled. Game 26, December 3, Zandvoort. Adjourned after move 40, White 2 h 40 min, Black 2 h 28 min. P. 70: Amsterdam, Militiezaal, December 4. The Zandvoort playing venue was not available, so the 2nd part of game 26 was relocated to Amsterdam. Although nobody expected the game to last long, there was terrible affluxion/crush (<<<fürchterlicher Andrang>>>, much too many people)).

Resumption, December 4, Amsterdam, Militiezaal. White 2 h 45 min, Black 2 h 40 min. It lasted only 17 min. As compensation, Euwe explained the game on the <<<Wandschach>>> (kind of chess board on the wall). Page 71: Kmoch explains that Alekhine can hardly catch Euwe who leads +2 with 4 games to play. Reiterating that a draw means that Alekhine would retain his title (<<<Wohl genügt dem Weltmeister gleicher Schlußstand um den Titel zu retten, aber selbst um sich mit 15:15 aus der Affaire zu ziehen, müßte er im Endspurt eine übermenschliche Leistung vollbringen.>>>). Euwe's overall condition is still improving, while the World Champion is in gloom. Great chess enthusiasm in the whole of holland.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" March 1936, pp. 67-68

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6 Dec. 1935 (The Hague)

27th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1-0>

Hans Kmoch:

<P. 83: After a rest day, the match was continued in Hotel Wittebrug (like games 4, 11 and 22) but today's game almost became a catastrophe for the hotel - the audience was soon overcrowded, about 600 people who couldn't gain access were in the public rooms and hallway, hundreds had to be repelled at the hotel entrance. the telephone rang without a pause for long until late night and again from early morning on as the the game was adjourned and only when the broadcasting company reported the next day that euwe had resigned, it stopped. Page 84: Game 27, December 6, The Hague. White 2 h, Black 2 h 5 min. P. 85: The game was adjourned after with 41.b6 being the sealed move, and Euwe called Alekhine the next day and resigned (<<<nächsten Tages nach Tisch>>> which may mean after lunch).>

(on a sidenote: <Jess>, it's interesting that skinner & verhoeven don't mention the Lasker/Grigoriew anaylsis as it is mentioned by Kmoch in his anlysis on p. 85).

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" March 1936, pp. 83-85

==============

<Dr. Lasker annotates (he got help from the Russian master Grigoriew) the 27th match game exclusively for the 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung' on pages 8-10 (January 1936 issue). This is just chess analysis, but his final comment on page 10: <<<Diese Partie ist eine glänzende Leistung Aljechins. Sie ist umso mehr anzuerkennen, als er offenbar eine seelische Krise durchzustehen hatte.>>> (this game is abrilliant achievement by Alekhine. It is the more to be acclaimed, as he was obviously getting through a mental/psychological crisis.)>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" January 1936, pp. 8-10

===

<<<In Friday’s game in this city (The Hague – the 27th match-game) Alekhine played, at Klein’s instigation, the Vienna Opening. This he is fully entitled to do. Euwe consults with Flohr and Maróczy. However, that happens outside the playing-room and not while a game is being played.

It seems that yesterday evening Alekhine consulted with Klein, who had just previously told other press representatives that the world champion was playing a variation analysed with him.>>>

"Het Vaderland" 9 December 1935, page A. In Edward Winter, Chessnote 5326. http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

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8-9 Dec. (Amsterdam)

28th game

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<P. 101: Hans Kmoch, Amsterdam-Militiezaal, December 8. P. 102: About 1,000 spectators, more couldn't be permitted. Game 28, December 8, Militiezaal, Amsterdam. Adjourned after 40 moves, White 2 h 28 min, Black 1 h 29 min. P. 104: There was an unfortunate incident, there was a young man - a foreigner and chessplayer with incipient kudos (<beginnendem renommee>) who attended the game with a <<<Pressekarte>>> (probably a special pass to show that he was a member of the press) who refused to follow orders of the committee, although obligation and sanction (loss of <<<Pressekarte>>>) were mentioned on the <Pressekarte>. A member of the committee ordered him to hand his <Pressekarte> and leave the building, but in return the young man hit the member of the committee with his fist in the face. The police took care of the <<<rasende Reporter>>> (<<<rasender Reporter>>>, something like roving reporter, is in a way a play on words as <<<rasend>>> can also mean raging/frenzied). This incident occurred not in public, yet the press found out about it. Amsterdam, Hotel Carlton, December 9. Resumption of the game had to be relocated as the Militiezaaal was occupied. White 3 h 48 min, Black 3 h 53 min.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" April 1936, pp. 101-105.

===

Chessnote 5326. Ernst Klein:

<‘An unpleasant incident during the 28th game of the Euwe-Alekhine match

During this very important (given the current situation of the match) game an unpleasant incident occurred.

It is known that the world champion has been analysing lately with the young Viennese master Ernest Klein, who is representing several foreign papers as a journalist and is therefore attending the match. <<<In Friday’s game in this city (The Hague – the 27th match-game) Alekhine played, at Klein’s instigation, the Vienna Opening. This he is fully entitled to do. Euwe consults with Flohr and Maróczy. However, that happens outside the playing-room and not while a game is being played.

It seems that yesterday evening Alekhine consulted with Klein, who had just previously told other press representatives that the world champion was playing a variation analysed with him.>>>

Klein was not sitting at the press-table; he had taken his seat in the area reserved for officials. During play, Alekhine, who became more and more excited – he smiled several times – went to Klein on more than one occasion and talked to him, and when he had entered the middle-game with a good position he shook hands warmly with Klein.

One of the Committee members pointed out to the Viennese master that it is improper to talk to a player during the game. If Klein would not stop doing so, the Committee member added, the Committee would have no option but to expel him from the playing-hall and forbid him access to the other games.

Klein protested that he could not stop the world champion talking to him.

As a result, <<<he was told to leave the room and to hand in his press-card. This request he answered by slapping the official’s face, after which the police became involved.>>>

Mr Klein’s conduct is clearly not correct, so we can – as far as we are able to judge from the facts – understand the Committee’s reaction.

However, there is one matter that we do not understand. Should not the Committee have first informed the world champion of his incorrect behaviour? Even if not a word was spoken about the game, Dr Alekhine should have prevented anyone from thinking otherwise.’>

"Het Vaderland" 9 December 1935, page A. In Edward Winter, Chessnote 5326. http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

#############################

12-13 Dec. (Amsterdam)

29th game

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Amsterdam, Militiezaal, December 12. As the committee wants the players to be well-rested for the last 2 games, 2 rest days were inserted (December 10 and 11). Additionally, a rest day between game 29 and 30 (December 14). Should Euwe win game 29, he would be WC with 15 1/2 points. Yet the 30th game would still have to be played, as an informal/friendly game though. P. 106: Reiterated that, if Alekhine won game 29, he would only need a draw in game 30 to retain his title. Great surprise when Euwe played 1...Nf6 and most people criticised that choice. Game 29, December 12, Militiezaal. Adjourned afetr 41.Ra3. White 1 h 47 min, Black 2 h 29 min.

P. 108: Another incident occurred, but it was merely a misunderstanding. Alekhine made his 41st move and left it his opponent to adjourn the game or not, i. e. to seal his next move or not. Playing time was not over yet and according to oral agreement, White had the right but not the duty to seal a move. In games 10 and 14, White (both times Euwe) had also executed his 41st move and not sealed it without any objection. But this time, a superfluous debate ensued, the game was adjourned and to a layman it must have looked as if Alekhine was being victimised. Euwe remained passive, and when his second Maroczy advised him to seal his move, he followed immediately. This ended the incident. Kmoch calls the incident not worth mentioning (<<<nicht der rede wert>>>) but the press reacted negatively towards Alekhine. So Kmoch feels that it is his duty as to say that Alekhine was merely asserting on his right. (Kmoch explains this with his own <<<in rücksichtsloser Objektivität bestehenden Kampfleiterpflicht>>>, which would men that he was the <<<Kampfleiter>>>, something like the match director?). P. 109: Amsterdam, Militiezaal, December 13. The game was resumed that evening. White 1 h 54 min, Black 2 h 38 min.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" April 1936, pp. 105-109.

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15 Dec. 1935 (Amsterdam)

30th game- Last Round

Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 <1/2>

Hans Kmoch:

<Amsterdam, Bellevue, December 15. Who would have thought at the beginning of the match taht the 30th game would be decisive? Again reiterating: If Alekhine wins, the match is drawn, the WC not beaten

P. 134: and like in Lasker - Schlechter 1910, veverything stays the way it was. The committee rented the biggest hall available, but the capacity of 2,000 people was not enough. a strong platoon of ploicemen on horses had to keep the people seeking entrance at bay. Snow fell, yet the enthusiast stood in the queue for hours. It was Sunday, or else the press would have printed a special for every phase of the game, but this way the resorted to posting the moves with chessplayers explaining them. One newspaper rented a hall for 1,000 people (completely full) wherein an international grandmaster explained the moves, as they didn't want the people to have to wait outside in the cold.

The game began at 7 pm, the committee had delayed the game for half an hour to lower the excitement. Euwe arrived at 6:30 pm and was hailed frenetically by the audience. In the last minute, Alekhine arrived. The WC was very elegantly dressed, though pale but glancing like during his lordliest/proudest days and welcomed with applause. he bowed down and said they meant his opponent (<<<Der Weltmeister trug Festkleidung: Frack, weiße Binde, Lackschuhe - eine blendend elegante Erscheinung. Wohl war sein Antlitz bleich, aber er hielt den Kopf hoch und blickte drein wie in seinen stolzesten Tagen. Die Menge klatschte. Da trat er an die Rampe, verneigte sich tief und sagte lächelnd: "Ich weiß, daß der Beifall meinem Gegner gilt". Es war eine wehmütige Ablehnung.>>>). P. 135: Game 30 (last), December 15, Hotel Bellevue, Amsterdam. White 2 h 10 min, Black 1 h 50 min. P. 136: Euwe offered a draw after 25.Rf2 but Alekhine declined, showing signs of earnest regret. P. 137: After move 34, Euwe repeated his draw offer but Alekhine rejected with tortured mien (<<<gequälter miene>>>) <<<"Ich muß, ich muß weiterspielen!">>> (i must, i must to play on). After Euwe had made his 40th move and prepared to sealhis following move, Alekhine understood that everything was over. <"Werden sie ihren nächten Zug abgeben?"> (are you going to seal your next move?) alekhine asked with low voice, Euwe shrugged <<<Wir haben es doch immer so getan.>>> (we always did it that way). The WC lowered his head for the fraction of a second, composed himself immediately and declared to be willing to accept the draw offer. Euwe gladly did, they stood up and Alekhine was the first one to congratulate him.

Kmoch has a hard time decribing what happened then as exaltation was breaking out. 40 guards stormed the hall. cohorts of filmmakers appeared (<<<Scharen von Filmoperateuren>>>). Euwe got a huge laurel crown around his neck and flowers, flowers, flowers. Mr and Mrs Alekhine got a lot (<<<wurden reichlich bedacht>>>). Alekhine congratulated chess-holland. Euwe managed to esape outside but he was spotted and carried on shoulders to Hotel Carlton, wherein an improvised victory party took place <<<wobei es derart toll zuging, daß sogar Euwe ein Glas Whisky an die Lippen hob>>> (it was so great/mad a party that even Euwe put a glass of whisky at his lips). The celebrations went on for some days. P. 138: Euwe slept at most 3-4 h per night. This is how his vacancies went by (he was granted 3 additional weeks). last great obeisanc on january 19 in Delft, the <<<Unterrichtsminister>>> awarded him the <<<Offizierskreuz des Oranje-Nassau-Ordens>>>. Now the chess company (most attended the official closing banquette) : Lasker & Mieses had left earlier, then followed Maroczy. Tartakower left, Flohr stayed longer and then left for Hastings.

official closing banquette: about 600 people in the hotel carlton. schort note by alekhine: he challenged the WC to a rematch. celebrations ended on january 30. "Alekhine-Euwe committee": van Dam, van Harten, mr. levenbach and liket. euwe surprisingly proved stronger in the field of psychology, which was the main battleground of the match. P. 139: Kmoch thinks that the new WC's strength may be his methodical way of thinking. a "weakness" rests on the fact that he doesn't have that much practice, so he can still improve. He could only beat Alekhine because in the critical time, chess was his only profession.>

"Neue Wiener Schachzeitung" May 1936, pp. 133-139

####################

AFTER THE MATCH

Alekhine's excuses for his loss at Alekhine-Euwe 1935

<"During one period, from the 10th to the 14th games, I was falsely persuaded into a belief that the match was virtually over. In consequence, I treated the openings of these games with a carelessness unpardonable and committed errors which to anybody with a knowledge of my powers seemed incomprehensible."

"From about this period, I have been the butt of a campaign of calumniation and misrepresentation organized by a part of the Dutch press and several members of the soi-disant 'Euwe-Alekhine' committee. This campaign reached its climax with the 21st game. This game was played absolutely without any unpleasant incident- contrary to press reports. This is officially confirmed by my adversary, Euwe; the director of the match, Kmoch and both our seconds, Maroczy and Landau. Such a <<<campaign>>> can hardly fail to have an unfortunate effect on a player engaged in a strenuous match, in which his title is at stake. In comparison with the atmosphere of this match, the one at Buenos Ayres in which I gained my title, and those against Bogoljubow in which I succeeded in retaining it, were ideal.">

"Chess" vol 1 1935, p.124. In Edward Winter, Chessnote 7937 http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1935 
(D17) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 30 moves, 1-0

1 game

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