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===4...0-0: lines with Ne2===
In general, the main line of the Rubinstein has held up very well for Black, so since the 1980s White has begun to look elsewhere for chances of obtaining an advantage. In the Rubinstein, White has often resorted to playing Ne2 rather than Nf3 at some point to be able to recapture on c3 with the knight, thus avoiding the doubled pawns. Two lines where White does this (following 4.e3 0-0) are:

:5.Nge2 (Reshevsky Variation)
:5.Bd3 d5 6.Ne2 (Modern Variation)

* The '''Reshevsky Variation''' was a specialty of GM Samuel Reshevsky. White will first play a3 to kick the bishop away, before moving his knight on e2 to a more active square. The main line runs 5.Ne2 d5 6.a3 Be7 7.cxd5, when both 7...exd5 and 7...Nxd5 are possible, the latter move leading to livelier play. GM Mikhail Gurevich (chess player)|Mikhail Gurevich is currently the foremost expert in the Reshevsky Variation.

* 5.Bd3 d5 6.Ne2 and the closely related variant 5.Bd3 d5 6.cxd5 exd5 7.Ne2 were collectively dubbed the '''"Modern Variation"''' by FM Carsten Hansen in his book on the Rubinstein Nimzo-Indian.<ref name="hansen">{cite book | author=Hansen, Carsten | title=The ♘imzo-Indian: 4 e3 | publisher=Gambit ♙ublications Ltd | year=2002 | isbn=1-901983-58-7}</ref> White again avoids the doubled pawns, but develops his bishop to d3 first so that it isn't blocked in by the knight on e2. Black usually continues 6...c5, putting more pressure on White's centre. While 7.a3 and 7.0-0 are playable, the main line is 7.cxd5 cxd4 8.exd4 Nxd5 9.0-0 Nc6, leading to an IQP position with White's knight on e2 rather than f3, as is normally the case. This gives Black the possibility of playing ...e5 at some point to completely liquidate the centre, although the resulting positions are rather drawish. White's main options on his tenth move are 10.a3, putting the question to the bishop, and 10.Bc2, intending 11.Qd3 with an attack on h7.

a b c d e f g h
8 Chessboard480.svg a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king h8 black rook a7 black pawn b7 black pawn d7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn e6 black pawn f6 black knight c5 black pawn b4 black bishop c4 white pawn d4 white pawn c3 white knight e3 white pawn a2 white pawn b2 white pawn f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn a1 white rook c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 white knight h1 white rook 8 7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position after 4.e3 c5
Black puts pressure on d4 and leaves open the option of playing ...d5, or ...d6 and ...e5. The game can still transpose to the main line mentioned above after moves such as 5.Bd3 d5 6.Nf3 0-0 7.0-0, but there are two major variations particular to 4...c5: 5.Bd3 Nc6 6.Nf3 (6.Ne2 will likely transpose to the Modern Variation) 6...Bxc3+ 7.bxc3 d6 is the Hübner Variation, popularized by GM Robert Hübner in the late 1960s and '70s and utilised by Bobby Fischer in his world championship match with Boris Spassky in 1972 with great effect in Game 5. It is slightly unusual in that Black captures on c3 without waiting for White to play a3, but this is because Black intends to immediately set up a blockade on the dark squares with ...d6 and ...e5. This is feasible because White's knight is on f3; if it were on e2 (as in some lines of the Sämisch), White could quickly advance his kingside pawns, but in the current line the knight must be moved away first. By closing the position, Black is able to make his knights superior to White's bishops, and the doubled c-pawns deprive White of any pawn breaks on the queenside. It was the success of this variation that motivated the current tendency for White players to choose lines where the doubled pawns are avoided. When he does play into this line, White has two main setups to choose from: he may immediately close the centre by playing 8.e4 e5 9.d5 Ne7, or play more flexibly with 8.0-0 e5 9.Nd2 0-0, but Black has full equality in both lines. 5.Ne2 the Rubinstein Variation (this is why 4.e3 is properly referred to as the Rubinstein "system" or "complex" to avoid confusion) is similar in spirit to the Reshevsky Variation: White prevents Black from doubling his pawns. After 5.Ne2, Black opens a path of retreat for his bishop with 5...cxd4 6.exd4, and now chooses between 6...d5 and 6...0-0. 6...d5 allows 7.c5, a typical continuation being 7...Ne4 8.Bd2 Nxd2 9.Qxd2 a5 10.a3 Bxc3 11.Nxc3 a4. White's c4–c5 push created a queenside pawn majority, which Black neutralized by playing a7–a5–a4. Black will now try to destroy the rest of White's pawn formation by playing ...b6 or ...e5, while White will try to use his lead in development to create attacking chances on the kingside. The alternative is 6...0-0 7.a3 Be7. Here Kasparov played 8.d5 exd5 9.cxd5 a few times early in his career, increasing his space advantage further but falling behind in development. A safer move for White is 8.Nf4.

Wikipedia article: Nimzo-Indian Defence

Anand's busted
Carlsen vs Anand, 2013 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 29 moves, 1-0

Reshevsky vs Botvinnik, 1938 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 50 moves, 1/2-1/2

Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E45) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Bronstein (Byrne) Variation, 35 moves, 0-1

Aronian vs Anand, 2004 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Kashlinskaya vs E Paehtz, 2013 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 36 moves, 1-0

Ponomariov vs Kramnik, 2003 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 38 moves, 1-0

Bareev vs G Timoshchenko, 1986 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 33 moves, 1-0

R Hallerod vs B Rabinowitz, 1957 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 15 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bogoljubov vs Keres, 1943
(E44) Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation, 5.Ne2, 40 moves, 0-1

P Bersamina vs A Moiseenko, 2014 
(E44) Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation, 5.Ne2, 45 moves, 0-1

V Selimanov vs M Gerusel, 1957
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 40 moves, 0-1

4...b6 5.Nge2 Ba6 6.Ng3 c5 7.d5 0-0 8.e4 Re8 9.f3 d6 10.Be2
Korchnoi vs Short, 1995 
(E45) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Bronstein (Byrne) Variation, 36 moves, 1-0

Gligoric vs Szabo, 1952 
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 39 moves, 0-1

M Gurevich vs Ulf Andersson, 1987 
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 113 moves, 1-0

Carlsen vs W So, 2015 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

Van Wely vs Acs, 2002 
(E48) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5, 18 moves, 0-1

Epishin vs Van der Wiel, 2001
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 43 moves, 1-0

W Michel vs Nimzowitsch, 1931 
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 48 moves, 0-1

Reshevsky vs Korchnoi, 1968 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

E Torre vs Korchnoi, 1982 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 43 moves, 0-1

A Preinfalk vs M Broeder, 1938
(E43) Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation, 24 moves, 1-0

Vaisser vs B Jacobs, 1987 
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 37 moves, 1-0

Gligoric vs Short, 1980 
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 33 moves, 0-1

Taimanov vs Averbakh, 1956 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 115 moves, 1/2-1/2

V Mikenas vs Bronstein, 1944 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 64 moves, 1-0

F Hand vs F Vangsgaard, 2017
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

d5 6. a3 Be7 7. cd5 ed5 8. Nf4 c6 9. Bd3 Na6 10. O-O Nc7 11. f3
A Hambleton vs S Bogner, 2017
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 51 moves, 0-1

Y Krupenski vs Gelfand, 2016 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 29 moves, 1-0

Rubinstein vs Ahues, 1930 
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 73 moves, 0-1

Spassky vs Gurgenidze, 1957 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 29 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky vs Tal, 1958 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 67 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Nickel vs Neptune, 2003
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 54 moves, 1/2-1/2

Caruana vs W So, 2018 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

L Gutman vs A Vitolinsh, 1979 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 27 moves, 0-1

Caruana vs Karjakin, 2012 
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 65 moves, 1-0

M Stolberg vs Botvinnik, 1940 
(E48) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5, 41 moves, 0-1

A Graf vs G Forintos, 2001
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 64 moves, 1-0

M Gerusel vs Ivkov, 1969
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 72 moves, 1/2-1/2

Utasi vs Sax, 1985
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 38 moves, 1-0

Suba vs Ribli, 1982 
(E41) Nimzo-Indian, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Bluebaum vs D Kosic, 2019
(E42) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein), 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

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