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Man vs. Machine: A chronology
Compiled by SkySports

A (personal) selection of games between men and computers. To think back over a long struggle, from the days when computers had no hopes to the current engine supremacy.

The first test: machines still have a lot to learn
Bronstein vs M20, 1963 
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 1-0

Other experiments...
Mac Hack VI vs Fischer, 1977 
(B27) Sicilian, 47 moves, 0-1

...but former WCs are still too much for machines
Euwe vs Sargon, 1979  
(B06) Robatsch, 51 moves, 1-0

Machines slowly improve...
J H Donner vs Belle, 1982 
(D52) Queen's Gambit Declined, 56 moves, 1-0

...they can be a serious test for former WCs...
Botvinnik vs Sargon, 1983 
(A21) English, 37 moves, 1-0

... and also get a draw with a current WC not in fighting mood
Karpov vs Mephisto, 1983 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

A milestone: the first defeat of a GM under tournament rules
Larsen vs Deep Thought, 1988 
(A20) English, 43 moves, 0-1

The days of the balanced games had started
A Ivanov vs Deep Thought, 1988 
(B01) Scandinavian, 40 moves, 1-0

WC Garry Kasparov starts his personal war with the machines
Deep Thought vs Kasparov, 1989 
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 52 moves, 0-1

David Bronstein will be another champion of men in this fight
Deep Thought vs Bronstein, 1992 
(C34) King's Gambit Accepted, 21 moves, 1-0

Kasparov vs Fritz 01
Kasparov vs Fritz, 1992 
(A01) Nimzovich-Larsen Attack, 70 moves, 0-1

Kasparov vs Fritz 02
Kasparov vs Fritz, 1992 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 54 moves, 1-0

A new super-machine appears on the horizon...
Deep Blue vs Polgar, 1993 
(B47) Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation, 73 moves, 1-0

... it still needs some tweaks though.
Larsen vs Deep Blue, 1993 
(C49) Four Knights, 43 moves, 1-0

Bron vs Dark Thought
Bronstein vs Dark Thought, 1996 
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 43 moves, 1-0

Deep Blue opens with a victory its match with WC Kasparov...
Deep Blue vs Kasparov, 1996 
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 37 moves, 1-0

...but it's the human WC who eventually wins the match
Kasparov vs Deep Blue, 1996 
(A49) King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4, 73 moves, 1-0

A game with Bron, and Deep Blue is ready for a rematch with GK
Bronstein vs Deep Blue, 1996 
(B20) Sicilian, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bronstein's last game in his battle against computers
Mephisto vs Bronstein, 1997 
(C15) French, Winawer, 37 moves, 0-1

Kasparov wins the first game of the rematch with Deep Blue...
Kasparov vs Deep Blue, 1997 
(A06) Reti Opening, 45 moves, 1-0

...but it's the machine (helped?) to clinch the final victory
Deep Blue vs Kasparov, 1997 
(C93) Ruy Lopez, Closed, Smyslov Defense, 45 moves, 1-0

Another former WC takes on a machine
Smyslov vs REBEL, 2000 
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 53 moves, 1/2-1/2

How to win with an opening out of the (machine) book
Fritz vs E F Pecci, 2001 
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 28 moves, 0-1

Smirin saves the game with a fortress
Smirin vs HIARCS, 2002 
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 60 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov continues to fight
Kasparov vs Deep Junior, 2003 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 27 moves, 1-0

A brilliant victory by young Karjakin
Karjakin vs Deep Junior, 2004 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 42 moves, 1-0

A new silicon monster (with nine heads)
Ponomariov vs Hydra, 2004 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 33 moves, 0-1

The monster can be brilliant
Hydra vs Adams, 2005 
(C91) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 28 moves, 1-0

"The biggest blunder ever"
Deep Fritz vs Kramnik, 2006 
(D20) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 35 moves, 1-0

An unexpected victory for men
S Gramlich vs Fritz, 2006 
(A60) Benoni Defense, 67 moves, 1-0

A long fight by Nakamura
Rybka vs Nakamura, 2007 
(B81) Sicilian, Scheveningen, Keres Attack, 255 moves, 1/2-1/2

The last great victory of mankind...
Rybka vs Nakamura, 2008 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 255 moves, 0-1

...nowadays humans can only fight for draw with super-computers
Stockfish vs Nakamura / Rybka, 2014 
(E77) King's Indian, 146 moves, 1-0

33 games

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