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Greco's Knight Patterns Help Fredthebear
Compiled by fredthebear

Greco's mating pattern has many possible variations. Greco's Mate typically makes use of a distant bishop firing through the center into f2/f7, a knight up close, and a heavy piece on the h-file (or two if a sacrifice is necessary). Fredthebear will keep adding such mating patterns as they come along.

When the checkmate occurs on the king's side, note that the f-pawn has been advanced or removed, and a bishop or queen cuts off the diagonal, and a rook or queen comes to the h-file. The knight hits the king in the corner, often as a sacrifice to open the h-file. Or, the h-pawn is pinned and cannot capture the checking knight.

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At the top of the list is a Smothered Mate in just 13 moves by Gioachino Greco. When preceded by a queen sacrifice on the back rank to lock the king into the corner, it is known as Philidor's Legacy. Of course, the great player François-André Danican Philidor followed Greco by a more than a century, yet the pattern carries Philidor's name.

The point is that Giochino Greco performed a wide variety of checkmates, yet only some fit the pattern known as Greco's Mate using Bishop, Knight, and Queen (in most cases). Many of Greco's games were fabrication, for teaching purposes.

Smothered Mate - Philidor's Legacy sacrifices the Q next to K.
NN vs Greco, 1620 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 13 moves, 0-1

Italian, Classical Var (C53) 1-0 B-N-Q mating pattern vs. h6
Greco vs NN, 1620 
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 17 moves, 1-0

Italian Game: Classical (C53) 1-0 Fishin' Pole Attack battery
Greco vs NN, 1620 
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 9 moves, 1-0

Q's Gambit Declined: Q's Knight Var(D31) 1-0 Great Greco's Mate
S P Johnston vs Marshall, 1899 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 18 moves, 1-0

Q's Gambit Declined: Marshall Def (D06) 1-0 N sac for Greco's #
Alekhine vs A Stephan, 1925 
(D06) Queen's Gambit Declined, 21 moves, 1-0

Benko Gambit: Accepted. P Return Var (A57) 1-0 Greco Mate in 2
Suba vs O Peters, 1993 
(A57) Benko Gambit, 16 moves, 1-0

Horwitz Defense: General (A40) 1-0 Pure Greco's Mate!
R Hovhannisyan vs M Yudkevich, 2013 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 30 moves, 1-0

Modern Def. Double Fianchetto (A41) 1-0 Greco's # is coming!
Saidy vs H Karner, 1973 
(A41) Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6), 28 moves, 1-0

Dutch Def: Rubinstein Var (A84) 1-0 Less common than Greco's #
Swiderski vs D Bleijkmans, 1905 
(A84) Dutch, 23 moves, 1-0

Dutch Defense: Rubinstein Var (A84) 1-0 Greco's # w/a pin
A Pomar Salamanca vs L Gallegos, 1944 
(A84) Dutch, 16 moves, 1-0

Mikenas Defense: Lithuanian Variation (A40) 0-1 Greco Mate
R Koemetter vs G Welling, 1995 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 22 moves, 0-1

Slav Defense: Quiet Variation (D11) 0-1 Greco's Mate next
R Bates vs J Houska, 2019 
(D11) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 23 moves, 0-1

Greco's Mate is 34.KxQa2 Bc2+ 35.Ba5 RxBa5#
Santasiere vs Ed. Lasker, 1931 
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 33 moves, 0-1

Reversed Philidor vs French Def (C00) 0-1Greco's Mate on h-file
Nimzowitsch vs Capablanca, 1911 
(C00) French Defense, 33 moves, 0-1

20...fxg6 21.Nxg6+ hxg6 22.Rh3+ Qh4 23.Rxh4# Greco's Mate!
Alekhine vs Supico, 1941 
(C21) Center Game, 20 moves, 1-0

Bishop's Opening: Calabrese Countergambit (C23) 0-1 Greco Mate
Reichert vs E J Diemer, 1950 
(C23) Bishop's Opening, 23 moves, 0-1

Vienna Game (C25) 0-1 Clear the way! Greco Mate w/adjusted Knt.
Hamppe vs Steinitz, 1860 
(C27) Vienna Game, 31 moves, 0-1

Death by Doubled Pawns...Greco's Mate is coming!!
P Delekta vs Geller, 1992 
(C28) Vienna Game, 18 moves, 0-1

K's Gambit: Accepted. B's Gambit (C33) 0-1 Greco Mate threat
Janowski vs Steinitz, 1898 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 35 moves, 0-1

KGA. Bishop's Gambit Bogoljubow Def (C33)1-0 Q sac for Greco's#
J Silverman vs E Eliskases, 1937 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 20 moves, 1-0

KGA. Traditional Var (C38) 1-0 Q robs the pin for Greco's Mate
Blackburne vs W Hamilton, 1862 
(C38) King's Gambit Accepted, 16 moves, 1-0

Scotch Game: Horwitz Attack Miniature (C45) 0-1 Pins galore!
NN vs Bird, 1850 
(C45) Scotch Game, 15 moves, 0-1

Four Knights Game: Scotch. Accepted (C47) 0-1 f4? Greco's Mate
NN vs V Kahn, 1941 
(C47) Four Knights, 13 moves, 0-1

Giuoco Pianissimo. Italian Four Knights (C50) 0-1 Greco's Mate
Ulrich Lang vs R Gralla, 2003 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 17 moves, 0-1

Evans Gambit. Main Line (C51) 0-1 Q sac, Greco's Mate!
Anderssen vs J Finch, 1851 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 32 moves, 0-1

Two Knts Def Ponziani-Steinitz Gambit (C57) 0-1 Q sac, Greco #
Edelman vs I Mazel, 1928 
(C57) Two Knights, 17 moves, 0-1

Spanish Game: Cozio Def. (C60) 0-1 Dbl R sacs, Greco's Mate
NN vs Burn, 1866 
(C60) Ruy Lopez, 15 moves, 0-1

Spanish Game: Schliemann Def (C63) 0-1 Resembles Greco's #
E Shrader vs Marshall, 1904 
(C63) Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense, 48 moves, 0-1

Spanish, Closed Variations (C84) 0-1 Greco Mate in 2
Nijboer vs Adams, 1998 
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 38 moves, 0-1

Scotch Gambit (C44) 1-0 Fredthebear's Greco Mate collection
Euwe vs Wiersma, 1920 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 20 moves, 1-0

Scotch Gambit. London Defense (C44) 1-0 Greco Mate in 5
Charousek vs M Porges, 1896 
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 37 moves, 1-0

Italian Game: Classical. Giuoco Pianissimo (C53) 1-0 Greco's #
Lutikov vs B Malisov, 1968
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 32 moves, 1-0

Evans Gambit. Morphy Attk (C51) 0-1 N&Q sac opens h-file Greco#
NN vs Steinitz, 1862 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 16 moves, 0-1

Spanish Game: Bird (C61) 1-0 Q sac into Greco Mate on h-file
S Pencil vs G Goltsoff, 1976 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 13 moves, 1-0

Greco's Mate sequence; Black captures the Ng5
Short vs I Sokolov, 1995 
(C86) Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack, 24 moves, 1-0

Horwitz Defense/Hippopotamus (A40) 1-0Closed center ->Wing attk
Lasker vs Bird, 1890 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 43 moves, 1-0

Bird Opening: Anti-Bird (A02) 0-1 Bg1 clears the mating square
R Wyss vs G Barcza, 1968 
(A02) Bird's Opening, 14 moves, 0-1

Bird Opening: From Gambit (A02) 0-1Greco's "Mate" gains a piece
F Lazard vs Menchik, 1929 
(A02) Bird's Opening, 35 moves, 0-1

Sacs and clarinets, almost a jazz band. Greco Mate pattern.
J Banas vs A Ornstein, 1974 
(B07) Pirc, 30 moves, 1-0

Pirc Defense: Austrian Attack (B09) 1-0 23.?
Ponomariov vs Grischuk, 1994 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 23 moves, 1-0

Caro-Kann Defense (B10) 0-1 Greco Mate on h-file is coming!
I Berzina vs B I Franco Valencia, 2014 
(B10) Caro-Kann, 16 moves, 0-1

Sicilian Wing Gambit. Marshall Var (B20)1-0 N sac for Greco's #
Koltanowski vs D Saxton, 1940 
(B20) Sicilian, 25 moves, 1-0

Old Sicilian. Open (B32) 0-1 Variation of Greco's Mate!
K Gudmundsson vs H Olafsson, 2004 
(B32) Sicilian, 29 moves, 0-1

Sicilian Paulsen. Bastrikov Var (B47) 0-1 3-Piece Greco Mate
Leko vs Morozevich, 2006 
(B47) Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation, 42 moves, 0-1

Sicil Richter-Rauzer. Neo-Modern Var (B67) 1-0 Greco's # w/pin
Tal vs A Deze, 1974 
(B67) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7, 31 moves, 1-0

Sicilian Najdorf (B90) 1-0 Fredthebear's Greco Mate collection
J Emms vs A Blees, 1996 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 29 moves, 1-0

Sicilian Najdorf (B90) 1-0 Greco's Mate attack flushes K out
P Mach vs A Flumbort, 1998 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 30 moves, 1-0

Semi-Slav Defense: Stoltz Var (D45) 1-0 Lisitsin links
Lisitsin vs Goglidze, 1933 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 26 moves, 1-0

QGD: Orthodox Def. Classical (D68) 1-0 Greco's Mate threat
Pirc vs Tartakower, 1938 
(D68) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Classical, 22 moves, 1-0

Sicilian Def: Najdorf. Amsterdam (B93) 1-0 Elements of Greco
G Garcia vs Zuckerman, 1986 
(B93) Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4, 25 moves, 1-0

If 47.cxQd6 Bf2# Greco's Mate in Fredthebear's collection
Ivanchuk vs Kasparov, 1990 
(B97) Sicilian, Najdorf, 46 moves, 0-1

KGD. Queen's Knight Defense (C30) 1-0 clubbin'
Alberts Melnbardis vs Bodo von Dehn, 1926 
(C30) King's Gambit Declined, 16 moves, 1-0

KG Accepted. Bishop's Gambit (C33) 1-0 Blackburne's Mate
W Rudolf vs NN, 1912 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 12 moves, 1-0

Four Knights Game: General (C46) 0-1 Stockfish notes
N Kosolapov vs Nezhmetdinov, 1936 
(C46) Three Knights, 24 moves, 0-1

Italian, Evans Gambit. Accptd (C51) 1-0 Original Blackburne's #
Blackburne vs Wylde, 1875 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 26 moves, 1-0

Italian Game: Evans Gambit. Accepted (C51) 1-0 Q trap & mate
Blackburne vs Wylde, 1875 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 16 moves, 1-0

Italian Game: Evans Gambit. Lasker Defense (C52) 1-0 26.?
Kolisch vs Loyd, 1867 
(C52) Evans Gambit, 26 moves, 1-0

Italian Game: Classical. Giuoco Pianissimo (C53) 0-1 Exch Sac,
W So vs Aronian, 2019 
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 33 moves, 0-1

Spanish Game: Bird Variation (C61) 0-1 Q sac for Greco's Mate
Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1851 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 13 moves, 0-1

Renaud & Kahn's The Art of the Checkmate, pp. 79-80
Anderssen vs M Lange, 1859 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 19 moves, 0-1

Spanish Game: Berlin Def. l'Hermet Var (C67) 1-0 Blackburne's #
Ganguly vs A Ismagambetov, 2006 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 24 moves, 1-0

Discovered Check answered w/a Discovered Check!!
A Visitor vs H J Macthomas Thoms, 1924 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 12 moves, 0-1

Spanish Game: Open. St. Petersburg Var (C82) 0-1 Valiant Knight
Geller vs G Garcia, 1978 
(C82) Ruy Lopez, Open, 22 moves, 0-1

Spanish Game: Closed. Pilnik Variation (C90) 1-0 23.?
V Zurakhov vs Tolush, 1956 
(C90) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 32 moves, 1-0

Spanish Game: Morphy Def Chigorin Def Panov System (C99) 0-1xh3
S Bouaziz vs E Torre, 1983 
(C99) Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin,, 39 moves, 0-1

Semi-Slav, Bogoljubow Var (D46) 1-0 Deflection sets up JHB's #
Menchik vs Graf-Stevenson, 1937 
(D46) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 21 moves, 1-0

Semi-Slav Def: Meran. Wade Var (D47) 0-1Blackburne's Mate notes
Keresztely vs Benko, 1951 
(D47) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 19 moves, 0-1

Queen's Gambit Accepted: Normal (D25) 0-1 Damiano's Mate in 4
Baburin vs Adianto, 1993 
(D25) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 24 moves, 0-1

Greco assists Damiano's Mate Var (decoy sac h-file R for Q#)
K Wallach vs A Kornfeld, 1982 
(A62) Benoni, Fianchetto Variation, 30 moves, 0-1

Scandinavian Defense: Modern Var (B01) 0-1 21...?
N V Vlassov vs A Terekhin, 1994 
(B01) Scandinavian, 24 moves, 0-1

Cntr Cntr Defense 3.d4 e5 (B01) 1-0 Sitting double R sacs
O H Labone vs NN, 1901 
(B01) Scandinavian, 21 moves, 1-0

Bird Opening vs Copycat (A02) 1-0 Greco's Mate in 1
J D Adkins vs D Vercauteren, 2001 
(A02) Bird's Opening, 22 moves, 1-0

Sicilian Def. Dragon. Classical (B72)1-0 Brilliant Greco's Mate
A W Fox vs H L Dickerson, 1904 
(B72) Sicilian, Dragon, 27 moves, 1-0

Pirc Def: Austrian Attk (B09) 1-0 Greco's # or Damiano's # next
Nakamura vs A R Saleh Salem, 2018 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 37 moves, 1-0

"Running into the Stonewall" (game of the day Jun-26-2008)
Gruenfeld vs Carlos Torre, 1925 
(A90) Dutch, 13 moves, 0-1

QID: Classical. Traditional Nimzowitsch Line (E18) 2Ns & pin #
J McCormick vs S Rubin, 1971
(E18) Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 7.Nc3, 31 moves, 1-0

Sicilian Defense: Kan. Modern Var (B42) 1-0 30.?
Shirov vs K Spraggett, 2005 
(B42) Sicilian, Kan, 32 moves, 1-0

BDG Bogoljubow (D00) 1-0 Like a Barry Attack for Greco's Mate
E J Diemer vs Schonfuss, 1954 
(D00) Queen's Pawn Game, 17 moves, 1-0

Old Sicilian. General (B30) 1-0 Notes by Stockfish; 36.?
N Lopes vs U O'Boyle, 2008 
(B30) Sicilian, 37 moves, 1-0

English Opening: Agincourt Def. K's Knight (A13) 0-1 Greco's #
M Labollita vs E Schiller, 2003
(A13) English, 33 moves, 0-1

Colle 5.c3 System ML NxNe4, f5 (D05) 1-0 Greco's to Blind Swine
Koltanowski vs J Silverman, 1937 
(D05) Queen's Pawn Game, 24 moves, 1-0

Italian, Classical. Greco Gambit Moeller-Therkatz Attk (C54)1-0
V Dyakov vs Lazarev, 2012 
(C54) Giuoco Piano, 25 moves, 1-0

French Def: Advance (C02) 0-1 Damiano's Mate w/N support
Wemmers vs Metger, 1877 
(C02) French, Advance, 23 moves, 0-1

French Def: Steinitz. Bradford Attack Var (C11) 1-0 Corresp
A Zinkl vs R Huber, 1897 
(C11) French, 23 moves, 1-0

Owen Defense: General (B00) 1-0 Fabulous mating combo
Capablanca vs S Campos, 1927 
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 23 moves, 1-0

NID: Normal. Bronstein (Byrne) Var (E45) 1-0 Stockfish notes
Spassky vs Huebner, 1979 
(E45) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Bronstein (Byrne) Variation, 28 moves, 1-0

Spanish, Morphy Def. Modern Steinitz Def (C71) 0-1 No Greco #
H Villup vs K Pitksaar, 1956 
(C71) Ruy Lopez, 25 moves, 0-1

KID: Normal. Standard Development (E73) 1-0 Q sac for a K hunt
Quinteros vs L Fernandez Novas, 1995 
(E73) King's Indian, 32 moves, 1-0

A Dusek vs Nepustil, 1915 
(C48) Four Knights, 14 moves, 0-1

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