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Overloaded/Overworked Tactic-- OTB Examples
Compiled by trh6upsz

Whereas Removing the Guard works on a single defender, an Overworked or Overloaded piece has responsibility for two or more friendly chessmen. Make that guardian your first target, then an attack on one of the dependents will be much easier and probably successful.

Note the game collection by patzer2, Overworked Piece, with 43 games. Only a few games are common to both collections.

This tactic has also been called Distraction by ICCF Grandmaster Maxim Blokh.

This game collection is a project in progress. Games are listed in date order, not in order of importance.

22. ...Rxc3!! makes the White Queen overloaded.
Rotlewi vs Rubinstein, 1907  
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 25 moves, 0-1

27. Ne8! reveals Overloaded Black Queen (save c7 Rook or mate)
Botvinnik vs P Sharov, 1929 
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 29 moves, 1-0

Last move takes full advantage of Overworked Queen-- mate next!
R Nezhmetdinov vs Y Kotkov, 1957 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 25 moves, 1-0

39. Re1 takes advantage of Overloaded Black Rook
Evans vs O Bazan, 1960
(B44) Sicilian, 43 moves, 1-0

Gheorghiu vs O Kinnmark, 1961 
(E11) Bogo-Indian Defense, 30 moves, 1-0

Parma vs Balashov, 1971 
(B96) Sicilian, Najdorf, 22 moves, 1-0

12. ...Qxg5! to Overloaded White Queen (no 13. Qxg5 or 13. Qf3)
H Bohm vs Hernandez Onna, 1979 
(C69) Ruy Lopez, Exchange, Gligoric Variation, 12 moves, 0-1

At end, c8 Rook is Overloaded (protects Q and prevents mate)
Nunn vs I Raicevic, 1982 
(B15) Caro-Kann, 24 moves, 1-0

At end, h7 Pawn is Overloaded and mate is imminent.
Miles vs Timman, 1984 
(A29) English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto, 31 moves, 1-0

At end, King is Overworked, for g3 capture and saving Bishop
Kosten vs Adorjan, 1988 
(B81) Sicilian, Scheveningen, Keres Attack, 62 moves, 0-1

17...e4? loses by 18. Qxg4! on Overloaded Queen (3 foci)
Z Kozul vs Barbero, 1990 
(E00) Queen's Pawn Game, 20 moves, 1-0

At end, Pawn Kick on Overworked Queen (no Qxg2# or Qxd1)
R Gonzalez vs Tal, 1992 
(B32) Sicilian, 26 moves, 0-1

At end, Overloaded Rook (no Qd6+ or Re8); mate in 3 anyway!
L B Hansen vs Timman, 1994 
(E34) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation, 34 moves, 1-0

White Rook is Overloaded guarding Queen and mate square at end
B Franciskovic vs R Svaljek, 2001 
(A12) English with b3, 32 moves, 0-1

29. ... Re1! against Overloaded f1 Rook (fights mate two ways)
Krasenkow vs Karpov, 2003 
(E12) Queen's Indian, 29 moves, 0-1

At end, Overloaded King is vulnerable to Skewer next move
Nakamura vs S Muhammad, 2004 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 28 moves, 1-0

At end, g2 Pawn is Overloaded and under Absolute Pin
B Esen vs Vitiugov, 2010 
(D38) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation, 33 moves, 0-1

30. ... Bxh3! Overloads the g2 Pawn
Nisipeanu vs Giri, 2010 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 31 moves, 0-1

18 games

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