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Max Judd vs Henry Bird
6th American Chess Congress (1889), New York, NY USA, rd 26, Apr-26
Spanish Game: Bird Variation (C61)  ·  0-1



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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  InspiredByMorphy: Bird's Knight on d3 wins the game! Even though white blundered the game away with 31.Qf1, Bird's position was great anyhow. 31.Rf7+ 31.Kb8 32.Rg8+ Rxg8 33.Rxg8+ Kc7 34.g3 would have saved whites game, but I still believe Bird would have won. I'll look into this variation later and kibitz it...
Mar-18-04  shr0pshire: And there is that Bishop move again. Hmmm, I am really going to have to sit down to think about the rationale to that move. 7. ... Bc5 seems weak.

Move 8. Qf3 is another weak move. Who did Judd think he was playing?!? he is not going to get a checkmate like that agianst Bird. Also it is a very transparent attack. Once black refutes it with 8. ... Qe7, then white's queen becomes misplaced, and white essentially wastes a move with that. A better thought would have been to develop his knight and his bishop in order to attack/defend.

I don't think that the bishop trade on move 12 was a good idea either. white can just leave the bishop htere and if black trades on his own accord, then white can use his knight to take back, or use a pawn, and gain some time back that way. However, white doesn't do that, and loses time and some attacking power by trading off the white bishop.

A positional blunder was that white castled very early without having any defenders for the white king except the queen and the rook. This isn't a good idea. White was playing too romantically, and needed defense strategy, and that is the reason why black won. Black was thinking positionally, and white wasn't.

13. Nb3? Again this is a dubious move. Was defense even a thought in Judd's mind during this game? there is mounting pressure on the kingside, and white moves a possible defensive piece over to the queenside.

After that it is the queen to defend her man "the king". lol

Anyway, this was lost very similarly to H Davidson vs Bird, 1876

Premium Chessgames Member
  InspiredByMorphy: <Move 8. Qf3 is another weak move.> I agree. I cant find a better move for white than 8.cxd4

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 h5
6. c3 c6
7. Bc4 Bc5
8. cxd4 Bxd4
9. Nc3 d5
10. exd5 Bg4
11. Ne2 b5
12. f3 Bxf3
13. gxf3 Qh4+
14. Ng3 bxc4
15. dxc4 Kf8
16. Qb3 cxd5
17. cxd5 Ne7
18. Kd1 Be5
19. Ne4 Qh3
20. d6 Rd8
21. Qxf7+ Kxf7
22. Ng5+ Kf6
23. Nxh3 Rxd6+
24. Ke2 Rc8
25. Bg5+ Kf7
26. Rhc1 Rb6
27. Rab1 Rxb2+
28. Rxb2 Bxb2
29. Rxc8 Nxc8
and draws

w/8. O-O

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 h5
6. c3 c6
7. Bc4 Bc5
8. O-O d5
9. exd5 cxd5
10. Qb3 dxc4
11. Qb5+ Bd7
12. Qxc5 cxd3
13. Rd1 Nf6
14. Rxd3 dxc3
15. Nxc3 Qe7
16. Qxe7+ Kxe7
17. Bg5 Be6
18. Rf3 Rhd8
19. Ne4 Rd5
20. Re1 Rad8
21. Rxf6 gxf6
22. Bxf6+ Kf8
23. Bxd8 Rxd8
24. f3 Bxa2
25. Ra1 Bc4
26. Rxa7 Rd1+
27. Kf2 f5
28. b3 Bxb3
29. Rxb7 fxe4
30. Rxb3 Rd2+
31. Kf1 exf3
32. Rxf3+ Ke7
33. Rf5 h4
34. Rh5 Rd4
35. Rh6 Rc4
36. Ke2 Rb4
37. Kf3 Kf7
38. Rd6 Rb2
39. h3 Rb3+
40. Ke2 Rb2+
41. Rd2 Rb4
42. Ke3 Rb3+
43. Kd4 Ke6
44. Re2+ Kd6
45. Ke4 Rg3
46. Kf5 Rg8
47. Re6+ Kd5
48. Rg6 Re8
49. Rg4 Rh8
and draws

If 50.Kg5

50. Kg5 Ke5
51. Rxh4 Rg8+
52. Kh6 Rh8+
53. Kg5 Rg8+
54. Kh6 Rh8+
55. Kg5 Rg8+
1/2 - 1/2

Premium Chessgames Member
  InspiredByMorphy: 52.Rxg3 draws as well, as the black king is in a superior spot, and whites king is in an unfavorably cramped spot. The rook pawn cannot promote in this position.

Whites fatal error (which could have also been the winning move as it puts white up a pawn), was not accepting the pawn sacrifice Bird offered. Its hard to see what Bird had in mind if white had accepted w/ 14.hxg4

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 h5
6. c3 c6
7. Bc4 Bc5
8. Qf3 Qe7
9. O-O d6
10. h3 Be6
11. Nd2 g5
12. Bxe6 fxe6
13. Nb3 g4
14. hxg4 hxg4
15. Qxg4 dxc3
16. Nxc5 dxc5
17. Qg6+ Qf7
18. Qxf7+ Kxf7
19. bxc3 Rd8
20. Rd1 Nf6
21. f3 c4
22. d4 c5
23. Be3 cxd4
24. Rxd4 Rxd4
25. Bxd4 b6
26. Rb1 Re8
27. a4 e5
28. Bf2 Ke6
29. a5 Nd7
30. Rb4 Rc8
31. axb6 axb6
32. Bxb6 and wins

w/ 13.dxc3

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 h5
6. c3 c6
7. Bc4 Bc5
8. Qf3 Qe7
9. O-O d6
10. h3 Be6
11. Nd2 g5
12. Bxe6 fxe6
13. Nb3 dxc3
14. Nxc5 dxc5
15. bxc3 O-O-O
16. Qg3 g4
17. Qe5 Qf6
18. Bf4 Qxe5
19. Bxe5 Rh7
20. hxg4 Rxd3
21. gxh5 Rxh5
22. f4 Nh6
23. Rad1 c4
24. Rxd3 cxd3
25. Rd1 Ng4
26. Rxd3 Nxe5
27. fxe5 Rxe5
and draws

Mar-19-04  shr0pshire: As far as move 8 is concerned, an alternative to castling and the dubious 8.Qf3, there is 8.Nd2. When in doubt push it out, in the opening. i am all for development, while castling is also a strong idea, I think that getting the knight out there is very helpful, especially when Bird hasn't castled yet. In this line.

It can continue to something like this:

8. Nd2 B5
9. Bb3 d3
10.0-0 Bg4

This leaves white in a better position, and decent attacking and defending options. It is a very elastic position.

Premium Chessgames Member
  InspiredByMorphy: <shrOpshire> <An alternative to castling is 8.Nd2. This leaves white in a better position, and decent attacking and defending options. It is a very elastic position.> I can agree with everything but white having a better position. I cant say black has a "better position", but white's is no better, as everything is equal. However it is better than losing with 8.Qf3 :)

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 h5
6. c3 c6
7. Bc4 Bc5
8. Nd2 d5
9. cxd4 Bxd4
10. Bxd5 Qb6
11. Bb3 Bxf2+
12. Kf1 Bg4
13. Qc2 Bd4
14. h3 Be6
15. Bxe6 fxe6
16. Qb3 e5
17. Nf3 O-O-O

Apr-04-08  Knight13: <Bird's Knight on d3 wins the game!> And his successful attack!!

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