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Aron Nimzowitsch vs Jose Raul Capablanca
"Heavy Artillery" (game of the day Aug-18-2018)
New York (1927), New York, NY USA, rd 15, Mar-13
Caro-Kann Defense: Advance Variation (B12)  ·  0-1



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Given 90 times; par: 90 [what's this?]

Annotations by Raymond Keene.      [407 more games annotated by Keene]

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 1 OF 7 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-16-02  bishop: The finish could be 47.Qe2 Qg1+ 48.Kh3 Re1! 49.Qxe1 Qg4 mate.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: Is the position after 45 ...Rc1 zugzwang?

It seems to be. In that position, Black has no immediate threats. But on the other hand, with White to move, White is lost.

Aug-16-02  pawntificator: It seems like they were both just moving around alot with no real intent for a while, especially white. I mean moves 25 26 and 27, Red2, Re1, Red2...what the heck is that? I guess the subtler points of this game are lost on me.
Aug-16-02  pawntificator: oops I meant 26. Re2, not Re1. doh!
Aug-16-02  sudiptokanti: how abt 32.Qh5? turns the pressure on to black!
Aug-17-02  pawntificator: 32. Qh5 Rh8 33. Qf3 then maybe ...Rh4 and white has more pressure on him
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: White's 25, 26, and 27th moves may have truly been aimless. White doesn't have any plan to pursue... the Queen cannot invade the Black camp. There are no pawn breaks to be had. A least one rook must be tied to the duty of protecting b2. And I don't see any possible way to sink the knight into one of the holes (d6, f6, h6). And so he slid his rook hither and fro, waiting to see what Black's plan would be in order to react to it.

The real beauty of this game, to me, is the way Black went from that position (move 27) to one where he had a Queen and Rook on his opponent's first rank.

Aug-17-02  bishop: sudiptokanti, after 32.Qxh5 Rh8 33.Qf3 Rh4 and White is again in trouble.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: I think there's an echo in here :)
Apr-16-03  tud: Nimzowitsch plays overcentralizing the pieces and respecting his principles. Unfortunately his rules don't apply here.
Feb-02-04  Lawrence: Keene reckons that Capa read "My System" and used Nimzo's theories against him. Garry K. mentions the same line that <bishop> did in the first posting whereas Junior 8 finds a way for White to hang on for 13 more moves.
Feb-02-04  Calli: Capablanca read a chess book? Keene must be joking. Capablanca annotated this game and remarks at the end:

"For this game Black was awarded the special prize for the best played game of the Tournament." - JRC

Feb-04-04  lordhazol: 18...0-0 black has no fear abaut his king.White hasnt any change to win except blacks blunder. 23...Re8 is not a good place for the rook.However white has no plan so black has a lot of time to find some correct ways. This is not only a good endgame position but winning position after opening.
Feb-04-04  Kenkaku: <Calli> I've heard that Capablanca read many, many endgame books actually, perfecting his technique.
Feb-04-04  Catfriend: Can you say more about this? I thought Capa almost never worked on his skills, relying on his natural talent
Feb-04-04  lordhazol: you are right Catfriend,someone said something like that"Chess you cant learn but you must imagine"
Feb-04-04  Calli: <Kenkaku> Probably what you are thinking of is Capablanca writing about his youth. IIRC, he relates that he was loaned an opening book or two and could quickly see that the analysis was all wrong. He later got a an endgame book and thought it was wonderful. But that was only one book.

Capablanca, Rubinstein, Tarrasch etc were writing new chapters for endgame books by winning games thought to be drawn. They were inventing techniques not in books at the time.

Mar-15-04  notyetagm: This game is just the most beautiful positional squeeze. Special Prize for the Best Played Game indeed. I also love Capa's crushing of Alekhine with the 2 knight outposts on b3/d3 and his First Brilliancy Prize Game miniature victory over Spielmann from the same New York 1927 Tournament.

Still can't believe he lost 6-3 to Alekhine just a few months later.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: It was really imperious of Capa to play 15...g6. One can just imagine the smirk, and appraising glance that went with it. But there is really nothing active White can do in response. <Carroll> 16 Bc5 allows 16...Ncxe5 17 fxe5 Qxc5+ 18 Nd4 h5 and black benefits from not castling. 16 Bc1 is an idea, but still Black's position after 16 h5 has the look of a huge bear trap ready to spring in slow motion. Kasparov thinks you have to go back to the opening play which he labels as "too inoffensive." He points to 4 Bd3 as falling in with Black's plans. The latest idea is to exploit the unstable position of the bishop on f5 with a super early g4--4. Nc3 e6 5 g4!?
Apr-12-04  Carroll: I believe that Bc1 should seriously be considered since g4 is more powerful if Black is stuck without a piece to trade his N for (two N's often do not coordinate well). He would then have g4 as a follow up. If Capablanca plays h5 then c4 is an interesting idea (even b3 preparing c4 and allowing Ba3 stopping 0-0 is an idea). I suppose the pawn sacrifice Bc5 may not work as Nxe5 hitting the queen Qb5+ Qc6 (Nc6 g4 Ne7 (Nd6 Bxd6 Qxd6 Qxb7 Rb8 Qa6 Rb6 (Rxb2 Nd4wins) Qd3 Rxb2 c4 is interesting) c4 is unclear to me) Qb4 seems interesting, but is hardly clear.
Apr-12-04  Carroll: When I gave the original line I was not thinking. I always planned to meet Nxe5 with Qb5 check. Anyway things are not so clear as simply playing to discover an attack on the unprotected bishop.
Apr-12-04  Carroll: I agree that Bd3 is not the best try, Tamar, but I cannot believe that Capablanca's position is that much better before g4, afterall white is entitled to a small mistake or two historically. I omitted, my first time around, Qb5 Qc6 Qb4 b6 when my line then works with Qc5 meant instead of Qb6. I apologize for the faulty impression.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Now that I look at Kasparov's notes, Carroll, the downside of 16 ♗c1 is clearer to me: it loses control of d4 square, and also allows some checks that turn the tactics in black's favor. For example, 16 ♗c1 h5 17 c4 ♘b4 18 ♕b3 ♕xc4 or 17 b3 ♕a5 18 a4 ♕b6+ 19 ♘d4 ♘cxd4 20 cxd4 ♕b4 and black has pressure and the c1 bishop has to go to b2 or e3 without prospects. I like Alekhine's idea of 16 ♗f2 h5 17 ♖d2 0-0 18 ♖c1 preparing c4. That looks about equal. Kasparov gives a gambit line similar to yours, but starting with 16 ♗f2 h5 also--17 c4 ♘b4 18 ♕a3 ♕xc4 19 ♘d4!that looks promising.
Apr-12-04  Kenkaku: <Calli> Actually I found the quote I was referring to earlier. It states that he is rumored to have studied one thousand rook and pawn endings to perfect his technique.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Carroll, You're right. Using my own brain, I underestimated the point of 16 Bc5 and was planning 16...♘xe5 17 ♕b5+ ♘c6 (17...♕c6 is better) which is poor as you indicate, mainly because White can break things open immediately with 18 c4. Shredder 8 found a new possibility however that appears to be a complete answer 16 ♗c5?! ♘xe5 17 ♕b5 ♘e5-d7! The ♗ can not go 18 ♗b4 because of 18...♘e3, and if instead 18 ♗f2 0-0 is safe and winning. Or 18 ♗d4 0-0! again with a healthy extra pawn and no worries.
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