Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing
Alexander Alekhine vs Frank Marshall
St. Petersburg (1914), St. Petersburg RUE, rd 8, May-19
Four Knights Game: Spanish. Symmetrical Variation (C49)  ·  1/2-1/2



Get this game explained with Decode Chess
explore this opening
find similar games 13 more Alekhine/Marshall games
PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: Premium members can suggest a game for Guess-the-Move with the Guess-the-Move Suggestion Queue.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-23-11  grasser: Rybka has White up 1.09 in the final position.
Jun-15-19  mifralu: Different move order:
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 < Nc6 > 3. Nc3 < Nf6 > 4. Bb5 Bb4 5. < O-O O-O 6. d3 d6 >

< Skinner&Verhoeven, Alexander Alekhine's Chess Games 1902-1946, p. 99 >

Correction slip submitted.

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <mifralu: Different move order: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 < Nc6 > 3. Nc3 < Nf6 > 4. Bb5 Bb4 5. < O-O O-O 6. d3 d6 > < Skinner&Verhoeven, Alexander Alekhine's Chess Games 1902-1946, p. 99 >

Correction slip submitted.>

According to Tarrasch’s tournament book, Marshall as Black reached the position after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 seven other times in this event, and played 2....Nf6 each time. Based on that, I would say it’s unlikely that the chessgames game score is incorrect.

Please stop submitting correction slips on the authority of Skinner & Verhoeven.

Jun-15-19  ughaibu: What should be concluded about Skinner and Verhoeven? Hang on! Who in the living forest of dreams are Skinner and Verhoeven? (other than authors of dubious scholarship)
Jun-15-19  ughaibu: MISS SCARLETT!! Who are Skinner and Verhoeven, other than authors of dubious scholarship?
Jun-15-19  sneaky pete: I agree that <ughaibu> needs professional care, but is <MissScarlett> a qualified doctor or a quack?

Dr. Tarrasch also has 2... Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 Bb4 5.O-O O-O 6.d3 d6 in his tournament book (page 173).

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: < sneaky pete: I agree that <ughaibu> needs professional care, but is <MissScarlett> a qualified doctor or a quack?>


<Dr. Tarrasch also has 2... Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 Bb4 5.O-O O-O 6.d3 d6 in his tournament book (page 173).>

Guessing that the source of the cg score is the American Chess Bulletin 1914 per Phony's collection below. Which source would you regard as authoritative?

What I'd really like to see is a newspaper article from the day after the game.

Game Collection: American Chess Bulletin 1914

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Verily, being caught between the millstones of <ughhaibu> and <the divine misss> is truly a dilemma on par with Scylla and Charybdis.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: It's refreshing to see otherwise reasonable people get so worked up about an historical question that The Rogoff Effect sets in. Usually such queries generate total indifference

This is one reason I rarely post about discrepancies between ACB and <CG>. That, and the fact that doing so would prevent me from getting anything else done!

I'm also very hesitant to submit changes to opening moving order. That would require more resources than I have available -- and you can rarely be sure.

But I do keep notes in my files, so here goes.

ACB (July 1914, p. 157) gives the "Tarrasch" move order(<1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 Bb4 5.0-0 0-0 6.d3 d6>). The source of the score is not mentioned. ACB has a lot of notes from "The Field" (London) for its St. Petersburg games, and in other reports frequently quoted Dutch newspapers. There may also have been reports or bulletins from the tournament itself.

However, with my limited resources, I can't find a contemporary newspaper account. (It's hard to find Alehine games at this time because you never know how his name is going to be spelled.)

Now, here's where Skinner & Verhoeven can help. What is important is not so much what they say, but whom they cite. If they just quote Tarrasch, we're back where we started. But if they happen to have found a newspaper account, that's gold.

I have only one other resource for the game: a collection of Alehine's game in the "Chess Stars" series, edited by Khalifman. (v. 1, p. 244, game #278). It has the "Petroff" move order given on this page. No sources are cited, but I've often noticed that these volumes are based on the score appearing in ChessBase.

This might also explain the origin of the score in <CG>. The Game ID# indicates a very early addition, in the early days when most of the games came from database dumps. I suspect this is the version appearing in ChessBase, and I generally preder a contemporary source like ACB to a database.

Finally, as for the question of Marshall suddenly switching from 2...Nf6 to 2...Nc6. From the Capablanca match match in 1909 to New Yor 1918 he did generally play the Petroff, though he would occasionally play 2...Nc6 against less-than-top competition. Thing is, going into this game, his seven Petroffs at St. Petersburg had resulted in four draws and three losses.

On the other hand Alehine had played 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 seven times. Six opponents had played 2...Nc6, and Alekhine had no wins in those games, with four ddraws and two losses. In the seventh game, Marshall had played the Petroff and Alehine had won.

With those stats, Marshall might well have thought it time for a quick switch!

But that's speculation. What would be useful now, as <keypusher> suggests, would be to find a contemporary newspaper account,, and there might be a good lead in Skinner / Verhoecen.

And now you now why I don't spend a lot of time posting about these discrepancies in ACB. This took a full afternoon, and there are many of these in every volume.

NOTE: Create an account today to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users. Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username, then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.

Please observe our posting guidelines:

  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
  3. No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
  6. No trolling.
  7. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.

Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.

Blow the Whistle

See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a moderator.

NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic. This forum is for this specific game only. To discuss chess or this site in general, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.

This game is type: CLASSICAL. Please report incorrect or missing information by submitting a correction slip to help us improve the quality of our content.

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
St Petersburg 1914
by Benzol
from 4 Knights by raydot
St Petersburg 1914
by JoseTigranTalFischer
July, p. 157 [Game 84 / 2804]
from American Chess Bulletin 1914 by Phony Benoni

Home | About | Login | Logout | F.A.Q. | Profile | Preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | New Kibitzing | Chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | Privacy Notice | Contact Us

Copyright 2001-2021, Chessgames Services LLC