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Adolf Anderssen vs Daniel Harrwitz
Manchester (1857)
King's Gambit: Declined. Classical Variation General (C30)  ·  0-1

ANALYSIS [x]

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sac: 21...Nxe6 PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

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Kibitzer's Corner
Nov-17-03  drukenknight: heres another fun one in the Kings Gambit. Is that Bobby Fischer stuff really deeper than these old guys playing chess?
Jan-06-06  Boomie: Harrwitz defensive strategy of luring his opponents into overextending presages Steinitz, who must have studied his games.
Jan-06-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Anderssen's play with 20 Bxd6 looks correct, but gives Harrwitz the opportunity to swindle by tempting Anderssen to take the corner rook when Harrwitz knights come swarming back in with 22...Nf4+

Boomie's description of this as "luring into overextending" is certainly true, I enjoy watching him save games by wild skirmishes where his opponents lose their bearings.

Max Lange summed up his impressions of Harrwitz as opportunist:

<His play is ready and elegant, rather than deep, and his combinations appear more to be isolated, though ingenious manoeuvres, than well combined and premeditated designs. He is very skilful in profiting by the mistakes of his adversaries, and knows how to gain an advantage by speculating upon their probable miscalculations>

Jan-06-06  LancelotduLac: Anyone who faced Anderssen didn't have to do much luring to get him to overextend ... but not many players back then had the defensive skill to take advantage of this!
Jan-06-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Anderssen had the right idea, but missed that he could get rid of the knight on e6 and still get the rook.

22 Nd5 Qd7 23 fxe6 Qxe6 24 Nc7 and White wins the exchange in much better circumstances

Jan-06-06  LancelotduLac: <tamar> That does not work, because if 22.Nd5 black just plays ...Nf4ch and is a piece up. The simple 22.fxe6 was much better than 22.Nxa8, but Anderssen overestimated his attacking chances
Jan-06-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <That does not work, because if 22.Nd5 black just plays ...Nf4ch and is a piece up.> 23 Qxf4!

Looking at the position fresh though, Anderssen could have avoided all the complications and achieved a dream position with

20 Nxb6 cxb6 21 Bd5 where his two bishops act as sentries and the simple plan of g4-g5 will overrun the Kingside. There is no counterplay for Black I can see

Jan-07-06  LancelotduLac: You are correct <tamar>, my mistake
Jan-08-06  Boomie: 6...Nge7 is a beginner's mistake. How could these two tactical masters (not to mention those of us here) miss 7. Bxf7+? Go figure.

7. Bxf7+ Kxf7 (7...Kf8 8. Rf1) 8. Ng5+ Kg8 9. Qxg4

Jan-08-06  Boomie: Another clue that Harrwitz was sleepwalking through this one is this missed opportunity.

9...Nxb4 10. Bb3 (10. cxb4 Bd4) Qb5 11. Bc4 Qb6 12. Bb3 Nbc6

Another oversight by Anderssen was 13. Qh5+.

13. Qh5+ Kf8 14. g4 Qe8 15. Qxe8+ Kxe8

18. Ke2 is a bit odd. After 18. Nc4 Kh8 19. Nxb6 cxb6 20. O-O-O, white is winning.

Jan-08-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Are you telling me I missed 6...Nge7? Bxf7+ Ouch, that hurt, <Boomie>

Just to save face, let me propose an explanation.
If the score is corrupt, what might have occurred is

6...Qd7 7 h3 Bxf3 8 Qxf3 Nge7

with an even, even slightly better position for Black. But my Harrwitz pgn games collection gives the same order as here.

Jan-08-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: After 9...Nxb4 10 cxb4 Bd4, 11 fxe5 looks worrisome for a moment, with the double attack on f7, but 11...0-0 takes care of any danger and would win.

Harrwitz, who prided himself on the quickness of his play, probably missed this one, and played 9...Bb6 on reflex.

Jan-09-06  Boomie: <tamar> Don't feel bad about missing Bxf7+. We all missed it. I stumbled on it after a closer look at the opening. As I posted, I could hear foreheads being slapped all over the world.
Jan-09-06  Boomie: <tamar> Taking the 9...Nxb4 line out a few moves finds white in serious trouble.

9...Nxb4 10. cxb4 Bd4 11. fxe5 O-O 12. e6 fxe6 13. Qg4 Rf6 14. Bg5 Rg6 15. h4 d5 16. exd5 Bxa1 17. dxe6 Qd6 18. O-O Qb6+ 19. Kh1 h6

Jan-09-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <Taking the 9...Nxb4 line out a few moves finds white in serious trouble.> Agreed. I couldn't find a decent line for White either.
Jul-06-14  ljfyffe: <James Russell-Alfred Hood (1874 Canadian correspondence):1e4 e5 2Nc3 Bc5 3f4 d6 4Nf3 Nc6 5Ng5 exf4 6d4 Qxg5 7dxc5 Qh4+ 8Kd2 Be6 9Nd5 0-0-0 10cxd6 Rxd6 11c4 f5 12c5 Qf2+ 13Qe2 Qxc5 14Ke1 Nd4 15Qd3 fxe4 16Qxe4 Rxd5 17Bxf4 Nc2+ 18Qxc2 Qxc2 19Be2 Qe4 20Rf1 Bg4 21Be3 Qxe3 22Rf8+ Rd8 0-1.>
Jul-06-14  DanielBryant: Surely castling on move 17 isn't actually correct, is it?
Jul-06-14  ljfyffe: <DanielBryant>the score sheet is correct so you mean Black should come up with a better move on 17 -the word "actually" is a bit confusing?
Jul-06-14  DanielBryant: <ljyffe> Yes, I mean to question whether it is sound.
Jul-06-14  ljfyffe: The self-pin is dubious indeed. But what else is there?
Jul-06-14  ljfyffe: Not 17... Nd8 18Bd5 Nhf7 19Nc4! , for instance.
Jul-07-14  ljfyffe: Surely not 17...Nd8 20Bd5 Nhf7 21Nc4!
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