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Adolf Anderssen vs Paul Morphy
Anderssen - Morphy (1858), Paris FRA, rd 4, Dec-22
Spanish Game: Morphy Defense. Anderssen Variation (C77)  ·  0-1



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Kibitzer's Corner
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Nov-13-05  zarathustra666: ok, I thought it had something to do with the bishop check. He makes this move in many games, but why don`t his opponents try it, I wonder?
Jan-10-06  morpstau: No the fork trick works well for white its just that Anderssen knew he was up against the chess machine and prudently avoids 6...bxf2+!! Morphy would then use his ultra superior combinational skill to baffle and destroy the old german professor! A great game from a wide standpoint and one in which Paul Morphy took great pride in.
Feb-06-06  THE pawn: The first 20 moves really looked like 21first century chess.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <... Euwe and Tarrasch also played in Haague. It was a tournament possibly unlike any other in the history of chess. Players were given positions from classic chess games and task to "complete" tense positions with White- and with Black pieces. Thus it transpired, for instance, that Morphy played Black in [this game] from the critical position after the 19th move of White [19.Ne5...], much better in 1858 than Euwe against Tarrasch in 1922! ...> Jan Kalendovsky: "Richard Reti, A Chess Thinker".

Tarrasch vs Euwe, 1922

Feb-28-06  FHBradley: <morpstau: Morphy would then use his ultra superior combinational skill to baffle and destroy the old german professor!> I wouldn't call Anderssen 'the old german professor', as he was 40 at the time the game was played; I wouldn't call him professor, either, but that is another matter. Nor would I call Morphy's combinational skill ultra superior to Anderssen's, but that, too, is another matter.
Sep-20-08  heuristic: <center fork>
11.Nxe5 Nxe5 12.d4 Bxd4 13.cxd4 Nc6 looks better than the game line.

14...Nxd4 is preferred as the game line 14...Be6 should have seen 16.Qc2. BLK is under pressure in any continution
16...g6 17.Re1 Re8 18.Ba2 Nxd4 and WHT has the advantage.

although the game is won, 30...Kf6 with the idea of 31...g6 and 32...Rxe4 looks great. 30...Kf6 31.a4 g6 32.Qxh6 Rxe4 33.Qh8+

Nov-11-08  skemup: Reti wrote in backdays that both of this players have had almost the same talent for combinations, Anderssen even had more imagination than Morphy, but Morphy was first positional player and it was secret of his succes. About developing - white twice moved d-pawn, after 13..Nb4 blocked own queen rook which caused weekness of first line(for some time)which resticted potential of Anderssen attack.
Sep-12-09  kooley782: 45. ...Kc8 46.Rd5+ Rxd6 47.Rxc5 also favors Black.
Jul-07-10  aj415: Is 19... Qd6 the best move?
Feb-23-11  Llawdogg: Great story Gypsy!
Mar-11-13  AnotherNN: I thought that at move 32, Black would play 32...Bd4+, and then if White replies 33.RxB, he has 33...Qe1+ followed by a fork of the R & K with 34...Qe5+. But then White could just play 33. Kh1. Morphy would have seen that.
Mar-20-14  RookFile: Just another terrific game by Morphy.
Jan-18-18  CountryGirl: My favourite move here was 32...Qg6. No mucking around by Morphy! - he's got an extra queenside pawn and a much better placed king, so who cares about opposite colored bishops? A very modern feel to that.
Jan-18-18  WorstPlayerEver: Dunno. I prefer 39... Re8+
May-20-18  blevine: Anderson's excuse for losing: out of practice. Morphy's excuse (although he never made one): he just lost 2 pints of blood from leeches and couldn't stand! Yes he still won. Without the leeches, he might have swept Anderson.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Neither would Anderssen have offered up an excuse; he was the soul of chivalry.
Jun-01-18  Judah: 14...Nxd4 has been addressed here and confirmed to be a good move for Black. How about 14...Bxd4 ? Reti claims that this would be "falling into one of the many complicated traps which Anderssen sets....", giving the continuation <15. Ne2 Bb6 16. a3>, but I still don't see the trap. 16...Nd5 and now what? 17. Be4 seems adequately met by 17...Nce7.
Jun-01-18  Judah: Oh, I see it now: 17. Qc2 attacks the c6 Knight while threatening mate on h7.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Both of the Morphy Defenses in this match seem interesting; were these the first two chess games notable for the quality of the defense?
Aug-26-20  Boomie: <Neither would Anderssen have offered up an excuse; he was the soul of chivalry.>

When asked after this match why he didn't unleash one of his brilliancies, Anderssen said "Mr. Morphy didn't let me." He felt that no matter how convoluted an attack, Morphy would see it coming. To play good defense requires good tactical vision.

May-10-21  talhal20: Morphy has been master of end game play. Here the end game started at the end of 33rd move when exchange of queens was completed. There after it was Morphy all over the board till Anderssen resigned. It is said there was no worthwhile addition to the open game after Morphy. The same can be said about endgame too. But endgame is all logic and Morphy excelled in that as no one else till date.
May-10-21  sudoplatov: I think this game cost Anderssen the match. He realized that his opening theory was not up to date; Morphy knew this stuff better.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Messiah: <sudoplatov: I think this game cost Anderssen the match. He realized that his opening theory was not up to date; Morphy knew this stuff better.>

Yes, he should have used the Catalan.

Aug-22-21  paulmorphy1969: Morphy was at least 20 years old to his contemporaries. The difference comes out in this game. Richard Reti in his book explains that after White's seventh move:[From now on White plays with a fantastic offensive idea constantly in mind, he wants to mate on h7. Conceiving such a plan at this point in the game is not justified by any weakness of Black's position, according to modern theories , borders on the ridiculous, but we will see later what dangers Anderssen, in carrying out his idea, risks making his opponent run and we will be able to realize how he could have won brilliantly against a less strong opponent. (R.Reti)]In this game Anderssen think a lot of time for the pawn trap, and 'Morphy replied very quickly. At the end of the game anderssen asked Morphy if he had seen all the traps if he caught the pawn. Morphy's reply was' disarming:I have not seen anything, my instinct tells me that the position after I capture the pawn, the pieces do not find well positioned.This, as highlighted in Valeri Beim's book, makes it clear that Morphy was a player with great positional instincts.
Aug-22-21  paulmorphy1969: The principles of Morphy's game were not in the least understood by his contemporaries even by the best. When he finished the match with Morphy they asked Anderssen what he thought. Anderssen replied: Mr. Morphy's game seems to me to come from another planet.
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