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Harry Davidson vs Henry Edward Bird
4th American Chess Congress (1876), Philadelphia, PA USA, rd 11, Aug-28
Spanish Game: Bird Variation (C61)  ·  0-1

ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-18-04  InspiredByMorphy: The Kingside pawn march clenches the win!
Mar-18-04  shr0pshire: move 5 is interesting by black. 5. ... Bc5 I don't think is a good move and I would like to know the rationale behind his move. Black's D pawn is not being threatened immediately, and that bishop doesn't do much good on that diagonal.

I think a mistake that is made in this game is that Davidson doesn't have a clear plan with where he is going with his attack. 10. Bf4 is a questionable move. I think that 10. Re1 would have been a stronger move blocking in the black king. 10. Nf3.

I think 13. f3 is a weak move. This permanently weakens the kingside, and allows black's attack to take full strength. A better move would be 13. Nf3.

14. Nb3? is a very dubious move. It removes a defender from the king side, and the knight looks serverely misplaced on the queenside.

Then after all of this, with an precise attack black comes away with an easy victory!

Mar-19-04  InspiredByMorphy: <shrOpshire> <I would like to know the rationale behind his move> Move 5 isn't about placing the bishop on an effective diagonal. It is used to defend the d-pawn (in most cases Ive seen black lets white exchange), and more importantly develop a piece. <Bc5 I don't think is a good move> I agree in a sense that it probably isnt the most effective move, but it does have its merits which shouldn't be discounted. <I think that 10. Re1 would have been a stronger move blocking in the black king. 10. Nf3.>

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 Bc5
6. O-O c6
7. Bc4 d5
8. exd5 cxd5
9. Bb5+ Kf8
10. Re1 Nf6
11. c4 dxc3ep
12. Nxc3 Qb6
13. Qc2 Bf5
14. Bf4 Rc8
15. Rac1 Kg8
16. Nxd5 Qxb5
17. Re5 Nxd5
18. Rxd5 b6
19. Rxf5 Bxf2+
20. Kh1 Rxc2
21. Rxb5 Rxc1+
and draws

<I think 13. f3 is a weak move. A better move would be 13. Nf3.>

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 Bc5
6. O-O c6
7. Bc4 d5
8. exd5 cxd5
9. Bb5+ Kf8
10. Bf4 h5
11. Re1 Ne7
12. Nd2 Bg4
13. Nf3 Qa5
14. c4 dxc3ep
15. Qa4 Qxa4
16. Bxa4 cxb2
17. Rab1 Ng6
18. Bg3 Bxf3
19. gxf3 Bd4
20. Bb3 h4
21. Bd6+ Kg8
22. Ba3 Nf4
23. Red1 Nh3+
24. Kf1 Nxf2
25. Rd2 Nh3
26. Bxd5 Rh5
27. Be4 Nf4
28. Bxb2 Be3
and wins

Mar-19-04  InspiredByMorphy: <14.Nb3? is a very dubious move> I can find no better move, and even personally believe that Bird would have played it himself. However I tryed to find the best move I could come up with besides it 14.Ba4

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bb5 Nd4
4. Nxd4 exd4
5. d3 Bc5
6. O-O c6
7. Bc4 d5
8. exd5 cxd5
9. Bb5+ Kf8
10. Bf4 h5
11. Re1 Ne7
12. Nd2 Bg4
13. f3 Bf5
14. Ba4 Bd6
15. Bxd6 Qxd6
16. Bb3 Rh6
17. Qe2 Bd7
18. Qe5 Qxe5
19. Rxe5 Be6
20. c4 dxc3ep
21. bxc3 Rc8
22. c4 Nc6
23. Ree1 dxc4
24. Bxc4 Bxc4
25. dxc4 Na5
26. Rac1 Rhc6
27. Re5 Nxc4
28. Rxh5 Nd6
29. Rh8+ Ke7
30. Rxc8 Rxc8
31. Rxc8 Nxc8
and wins

Good post <shrOpshire> ! Feel free to give me opinions on any of the above analysis.

Mar-19-04  shr0pshire: As far as f3 being a weak move I still stand by that, but let me change my response, because by your analysis I realize that my response was a blunder. 13. Qc1 is a much better move. It gets the knight out of harm's way.

Here is the continuation I come up with:
13. Qc1 Qa5
14. f3 Be6
15. Rxc1 fxe6
16. Bd7 h4
17. Nb3

This leaves the position about even.

As for Nb3, I was mistaken. I went back and reanalyzed and you are correct again. 14. Nb3 is the correct move. My mistake.

Apr-04-08  Knight13: 17. f4 looks good.
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