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Robert James Fischer vs Arthur Bisguier
US Championship (1963/64), New York, NY USA, rd 4, Dec-19
Spanish Game: Closed Variations. Chigorin Defense (C98)  ·  1-0



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Premium Chessgames Member
  kingscrusher: These comments are pre-Rybka. Now we are in a great position to see critical variations and Fischer thinking in my view - with modern technology , independent of finding the relevant annotations in books.

Fischer's conception after Nd5 was I believe that after 20..Rxd5, White plays a4!! :-

click for larger view

And what does black do ?! The b3-g8 diagonal is very sensitive. If black plays Rb8 then c4! winning the b5 pawn in effect.

But before this I think Fischer might have had this great idea in mind, when he allowed the pawn structure to be symmetrical by playing earlier in the game d4xc5, keeping the d5 square available for a piece outpost.

Nov-05-07  RookFile: Yes, absolutely, Fischer in his writings did say that the purpose of d4xc5 was to bring a piece such as a knight to d5.
Premium Chessgames Member
  kingscrusher: I have done a video annotation now of this game:

May-28-09  Eyal: There's a rather amusing comment by Fischer in MSMG following 31...Na5: <A useless excursion, but there was no good defense. Strangely enough, Black's difficulty stems from his third move and its consequent weakening of b6. If the pawn were still on a7 (preventing a later Bb6) he might well hold.> Surely Bisguier should have considered this when playing 3...a6 ...
May-28-09  Jim Bartle: What does Fischer say in the more authoritative "My 61 Memorable Games"?
Jun-06-09  totololo: To <Jim Bartle>
He said the 63 is better!

Sorry for the pun....

Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Now that the title contest is over, I finally thought of a submission. In Evans' introduction to the game, he quotes Bisguier as saying that he expected a Two Knights Defense, but Fischer "surprised" him with the Ruy Lopez. Hence my candidate title:

"I certainly wasn't expecting the Spanish Inquisition."

Jun-07-09  kurtrichards: Very good game by then 20-year old Bobby Fischer.
Aug-29-12  TheFocus: This is game 47 in Fischer's <My 60 Memorable Games>.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Poor <Jim>, still waiting for the 'authoritative' reply to his query of 2009.....

Another fine example of how White gets the better game in the Closed Spanish when he is able to play Nd5 after having played dxc5.

Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: <perfidious> I don't know but if you are to believe this article,, "A number of (purported) quotes from masters of the past have also been added as fillers. In the case of the original 60 games, the annotational differences are extensive, with frequent improvements proposed."

Regardless of its authenticity, I think it's a fascinating article. But poor <Jim Bartle> may have to wait a little longer for the "authoritative" answer . . .

Nov-28-12  qqdos: <AylerKupp> Many thnx for the link to Bobby's 61 Memorable Games - whether authentic or not! The more Winter examines in detail, the more I feel Bobby's voice comes through - e.g. insisting on calling Kasparov, Weinstein. That is not to say that every word is genuine. Fascinating to read "his" revised analysis of games such as Fischer vs Geller, 1967.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <qqdos> In the 2007 version Bobby writes after move 25. h5 "In M60MG I originally gave this move a (?) believing that 25. Be3 was stronger. There's really no reason why Be3 could not be played in follow-up, as in this actual game, so I'm siding with my original gut reaction."


"And in M60MG this was given an (!) for "alertness", but in some of the original play, post mortem, and later analysis, all involved were 'seeing ghosts'. The truly gutsy 25...Kg7! deserves the mark, for valor as well as precision. Now on 26. Be3 Nc5! (intending both the "threat removing"...Qe6 and the annoying...Nd3) 27. Qh3 Qe6! 28. Qh2 Nd3! 29. hxg6 hxg6 30. Qh6+ Kf7 31. Qh7+ Ke8 32. Qxg6+ Kd7 Black is down a Pawn and his King has been chased across the board, but he's not bad with the d-file plugged. Trying to open things with 33. Bxd3 cxd3 34. Qh7+ Qe7 35. Qh5 Kc7 will eventually pay dividends, but Black already outlasted this game."

26. Kg2

"Originally in M60MG I said: "On 26. hxg6 Rg8 White is in trouble!" This is what I meant about 'seeing ghosts' earlier. Once playing through the dangerous looking lines, most of the attacks had 'dodging resources' though they were not fully repelled. So, some of the trouble was illusionary. Still, best to avoid it all by playing for a position that doesn't mandate nerves of steel."

Dec-03-12  Conrad93: 16.g3 must have been an innovation in this game.
Premium Chessgames Member
  PawnSac: < knight: Fischer's 35.Qxd7! left black with no hope. >

It occured to me there may be some for whom the position is not so clear, and might think it's not that bad. After all, black is only down a pawn, right? Here is the final position:

click for larger view

Due to multiple threats, the queen trade (35. ..Qxd7 36.Rxd7) is pretty much forced. So after white played 35.Qxd7, this is the position Bisquier is evaluating..

click for larger view

If a rook on the 7th rank is worth a pawn, then white in effect is up 2. But there are other factors. White has control of the open D file, and also threatens Rd6 simultaneously attacking the A and F pawns. A counter attack with ..Rc8 is too slow since white will win 2 pawns for 1. If black tries to defend with 36. ..Re6 (leaving the back rank weak) white can play 37.h6 threatening mate in 2 with 37.Rd8+. So after the sequence 35. ..Qxd7 36.Rxd7 Rd6 37.h6 Kg8 38.Bc5! we arrive at the following position:

click for larger view

Black's king is stuck in the corner. White's king on the other hand has several avenues of penetration into blacks position. The obvious stroll down the light diagonal (Kh3-g4-f5) can't be prevented with ..g4? since Rg7+ picks up the pawn. Black's rook also appears stuck on e6 since if it moves off the 6th rank white will play Rd6, and of course not ..Rc6 since Bb4 and the knight is lost. Black can only eliminate the H pawn by giving white a passed F pawn.

White has overwhelming threats which black can not answer. Black has been stripped of all counter play and can only sit and wait to be overrun. It really is that bad! The 34 year old GM Bisquier, 4 time US champion, has been completely outplayed.

It's Miller time!

Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: R.J. Fischer – A. Bisguier [C98]
USA-ch / New York (4) / 19,12,1963.

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 0-0 8.c3 d6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bc2 c5 11.d4 Qc7 12.Nbd2 Nc6 13.dxc5 dxc5 14.Nf1 Rd8 15.Qe2 Nh5 16.g3 g6 17.h4 Be6 18.Ne3 f6 19.Nd5 Qb7;

[19...Bxd5 20.exd5 Rxd5 21.a4 Rb8 22.c4 Rd7 23.cxb5 axb5 24.axb5 Nd4 25.Nxd4 cxd4 26.Ra4 Kf7 27.Bd3, " "]

20.Nxe7+ Qxe7 21.Nh2 Ng7 22.Ng4 c4 23.Qf3 Bxg4 24.Qxg4 Ne6 25.h5 Kh8 26.Kg2 g5 27.Be3 Nf4+ 28.Kh2 Nd3 29.Bxd3 cxd3 30.Red1 Rd7 31.Rd2 Na5 32.b3 Qd6 33.Rad1 Re8 34.Rxd3 Qxd3 35.Qxd7 1-0

Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: Fritz 13 analysis.
Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: What's wrong with 16...Bxh3? If. 17. Nxe5 then Nxg3, and?
Dec-17-16  Granny O Doul: On 16...Bxh3 White plays 17.Ng5 and if takes, then takes back, and if then ...f6, Qxh5 attacks Black's Bh3.
Premium Chessgames Member
  ChessHigherCat: Aha, thanks!
Jun-22-19  thegoodanarchist: Nice play by Bisguier until he misses White's winning x-ray tactic.

I like how Black uncovered a tactical point to get his knight on the dream square d3, forcing White to give up the bishop pair.

Unfortunately for Arthur, Fischer was the better player and Bisquier's clever maneuverings came to naught.

Dec-31-21  jerseybob: <qqdos: <AylerKupp> Many thnx for the link to Bobby's 61 Memorable Games - whether authentic or not! > If it's not authentic, is it "Bobby's"? Remember the Howard Hughes hoax back in the 70's?
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Maybe <joshie> will weigh in on the veracity of 61MG for the uninitiated....
Jan-02-22  jerseybob: Yeah maybe. Happy new year.
Jan-02-22  jerseybob: And I see, thanks to good old GMT, we're living tomorrow, today.
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