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Paul Keres vs Efim Bogoljubov
Salzburg (1943), Salzburg (AUT), rd 1, Jun-09
Sicilian Defense: Scheveningen Variation. Keres Attack (B81)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-28-03  Kenkaku: Opening theory in the making.
Jun-28-03  caseyclyde: The perils of leaving your king in the center all day long. Maybe 19... 0-0-0 is better.
Jun-28-03  jmcd2002: 19...0-0-0 looks like it couldn't be any worse. 20. ...Bd8 might be an error, too - prevents castling, pens in the rook, etc. Just looking at the end position, black is so cramped it might not matter though.
Jun-28-03  drukenknight: 19....RxR looks okay to me, he's ahead in material he's exchanging.

Now on the 20th move, I think it makes sense to look at that. I am still looking for exchanges and I am looking at 20....Nc6 and Im thinking that's okay and Im not too worried about the check on h5 yet.

Then I'm still looking at that and Im thinking "what about 20...Nc4" but no that's just BxN "no wait a second he's secured on c4 by the Queen so..".Hmmm.

Jun-28-03  jmcd2002: Looking at it really quickly, I like 20...Nc4. It avoids the cramping, sets up a possible exchange and permits castling later if desired. (for example, 21. Bxc4 Qxc4 22. Qd1 0-0-0 with 23...Rf8 in mind.)
Apr-17-06  jamesmaskell: Keres goes King hunting. Black didnt seem good on the Queenside and the pieces looked restrained. White had the positional advantage through the game.
Oct-28-07  nimh: Keres stated in his book that he had gotten this idea during the game.
Nov-28-07  M.D. Wilson: Keres surely must be one of the best Sicilian players of all time.
Dec-20-07  DrGridlock: jmcd2002: Looking at it really quickly, I like 20...Nc4. It avoids the cramping, sets up a possible exchange and permits castling later if desired. (for example, 21. Bxc4 Qxc4 22. Qd1 0-0-0 with 23...Rf8 in mind.)

I'm not sure White would accomodate with Qd1 on move 22. Black's b pawn is going to fall, and Qe3 bangs away on that in a way Black cannot defend. Castling queenside in your variation moves black's king into his soon to be obliterated queenside pawn cover.

Dec-20-07  RookFile: Bogo got slapped around pretty good in this game.
Nov-25-14  visayanbraindoctor: if this is the first Keres attack in chess history, then it is quite appropriate that it was played by Keres himself and ended in a Keresian smash attack. Decades later, Karpov specialized in it, although he usually played it in his patented positional squeeze manner.

Old timer Bogoyubov cooperated by essaying the Sicilian Scheveningen, an opening that many chess fans associate with the adjective 'modern'. By the late 1930s and the war years, openings in top tournaments look virtually indistinguishable from those played just yesterday.

Nov-25-14  nimh: <Oct-28-07
Premium Chessgames Member nimh: Keres stated in his book that he had gotten this idea during the game. >

By 'his book' I meant 'Our Keres' a biographical book on Keres' life and career by Valter Heuer.

It's regrettable that no English trnaslation exists yet.

Jun-24-21  tympsa: It sounds fun : I dont know exactly what to do against strong black center in Scheveningen, so I play g4 ! Bogo was washed up has-been in war years anyway so there was no big danger to fail .
Jun-25-21  gary11201: Washed up has-been? Sure, not as strong as he was in the 20s and 30s, but I wish I were as washed up!
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Bogolyubov was well past his salad days by 1943, but I would venture to say he would have taken a big chunk out of <tympsa>, who clearly regards himself as the greatest player ever.
Jun-23-23  kereru: The now standard 6.g4 must have been quite a shock for Bogoljubow.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: In his complete games published in 1972 Keres states it was OTB inspiration. (page 267 - the games date from 1932 to 1962)
Jun-23-23  kereru: Yes I have that book, and I'm skeptical of that claim. He must have at least analyzed it at home even if he didn't prepare it specifically for that game.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: I'd go with Keres on this. Maybe it was an idea he had previously without really looking at it and he recalled it during the game so decided to give a go. It does appear to be a move that is crying out to be tried.

However, acting as the devils advocate, playing it off the cuff does go against one of Keres quotes;

"An innovation need not be especially ingenious, but it must be well worked out."

But if Keres says it was an OTB idea then that is good enough for me.

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