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Mikhail Botvinnik vs Viacheslav Ragozin
Leningrad (1927), Leningrad URS, Jul-??
French Defense: Winawer. Advance Variation General (C16)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
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Jan-07-04  marekg248: Ragozin was a trainer of Botvinnik, I don't know whether at the time of this game, but in 1942 for sure.
Mar-08-04  perplex: 8 Nb5->Nd6+
15 e5 was a good try but a scene after 19 Qg5+ shows that Black's pawn center is rather a weakness.
Premium Chessgames Member
  meloncio: <marekg248> <...but in 1942 for sure.> And in the spring of 1936 too, says Botvinnik in a book.
Jun-11-05  lentil: things get hairy after (8. Nb5) ab+ 9. c3! Bc7 10. Bxa3. W has a big plus i think
Jul-23-05  schnarre: A case of the student surpassing the master?
May-17-07  Gouki: Kasparov was also a student of Botvinnik I believe... seems that the new generation does indeed surpass the old :D

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <25...exd3??> was a quick losing move and Botvinnik showed with good technique for what reason.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Botvinnik's combination starts with two retreating moves 23.♕e2 & 24.♗c1.
Dec-04-10  James Bowman: Bravo Mr Botvinnik this was pleasing.
Feb-21-12  backrank: The retreat 24. Bc1 being the strongest attacking move here (aganinst which Black is in fact helpless), leaves a very esthetic impression here and shows the mastery of then 16 year old Botvinnik.
Feb-21-12  RookFile: You get the feeling that Ragozin was trying to test Botvinnik in a murky middlegame. He certainly passed the test here.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: V.Ragozin was only 3 years older than M.Botvinnik, and at the time of the above game they didn't yet have a trainer/sparring partner relation. The game took place at the USSR Championship 1927, where Botvinnik tied for the 6th place and was awarded the Master's title.

I'm pretty sure the two started working together sometime in the late 1930s, and then on throughout the 1940s and '50s.

May-10-12  Alphonse1973: <brankat: V.Ragozin was only 3 years older than M.Botvinnik, and at the time of the above game...> At the time of the above game Ragozin was nineteen and Botvinnik sixteen. Botvinnik, three years younger, was a genius: look at the score of his games with Ragozin: "Classical games: Mikhail Botvinnik beat Viacheslav Ragozin 39 to 3, with 25 draws"
Apr-27-13  wlg: In his annotations,
one of the last [quick] comments in this game,
Botvinnik wrote after 24. ...Qd6:
Jul-31-13  TheFocus: From the Leningrad Tournament of Six.
May-15-16  CblP: What's wrong with Bxb4? positional disadvantages for black?
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Alphonse1973....Botvinnik, three years younger, was a genius: look at the score of his games with Ragozin: "Classical games: Mikhail Botvinnik beat Viacheslav Ragozin 39 to 3, with 25 draws">

Of their 67 games, the majority were played in training matches: Botvinnik never lost a 'serious' game to his long-time sparring partner.

Mar-13-18  Sourav: Why didn't white play 9. Nd6+ ?
Mar-13-18  ughaibu: This game doesn't seem to be from the Soviet championship of 1927: USSR Championship (1927) So what event was it from?
Mar-13-18  zanzibar: <ughaibu> RUSbase gives this xtab for the tournament:


Leningrad (Russia), 1927
Score Bo Ro Ro Pa Ra Yu Mo
1: Botvinnik Mikhail M (RUS) 4.5 / 6 XX 0= 1. 1. 1. 1. .. (+4 -1 =1)
2: Romanovsky Petr (RUS) 2.5 / 3 1= XX .. .. .. .. 1. (+2 -0 =1)
3: Rokhlin Yakov (RUS) 0.0 / 1 0. .. XX .. .. .. .. (+0 -1 =0)
4: Panchenko Nil 0.0 / 1 0. .. .. XX .. .. .. (+0 -1 =0)
5: Ragozin Viacheslav (RUS) 0.0 / 1 0. .. .. .. XX .. .. (+0 -1 =0)
6: Yuriev 0.0 / 1 0. .. .. .. .. XX .. (+0 -1 =0)
7: Model Abram (RUS) 0.0 / 1 .. 0. .. .. .. .. XX (+0 -1 =0)
7 games: +5 =1 -1


Too bad <CG> doesn't do verbatim formatting.

Mar-14-18  ughaibu: Thanks. That looks like a challenging game collection to construct.
Mar-14-18  zanzibar: <ughaibu> mostly it's just Botvinnik's games that got saved.

Given the language difficulties, if RUSbase doesn't have it, then it's really hard.

Actually, given RUSbase's completeness, if it doesn't have it, it's going to be hard/impossible to do better even if one does speak Russian.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Retireborn: The commercial (Convekta) Botvinnik database calls it "The tournament of six". It gives bracket dates June 26-August 1, and presents a complete crosstable showing Romanovsky first with an unbeaten 9/10, Botvinnik second with 7.5, and Model third with 5. It only has six Botvinnik games, including this one.

It does have two games against Panchenko, but attributes them to a different 1927 event, Moscow v Leningrad metalworkers, held in Moscow. It's possible that the Russbase guy is better informed, of course.

No explanation for the tournament of six (or seven!) is given, but I suspect that it may have been a qualification event for the 5th USSR ch (September 26-November 25 1927), given that the top 3 mentioned above were the ones who played there (and Romanovsky shared first place with Bogatyrchuk.)

Mar-14-18  zanzibar: <RB> as usual, a good lead, prompting me to look a little more into the matter.

<Convekta> is correct that there was a 6-RR2 (6-player, double RR) in Leningrad over the summer.

Botvinnik's <"Analytic and Critical Works (1923-1941)"> has some info:


In the winter and spring of 1927, I played only in team competitions (finished school). Then, when it became clear that sixteen-year-olds for exams in the Institute do not admit, returned to chess.

In the summer of the same year in chess club in the Palace of Labor there was a two-circle match-tournament six famous chess players. These were P. Romanovsky, S. Gotgilf [ed- Gotthilf], A. Model, Ya. Rokhlin, V. Ragozin and the author these lines.

For me, the competition had great importance, because In the autumn of 1927, the next, the 5th the championship of the USSR; in the case of a successful performances in the match-tournament I could be included in Candidate list of participants championship.

I spent the tournament with a big energy, lost the match only Petru Arsenyevich Romanovsky, the others won. Feeled I'm fine: I lived at the dacha in Sestroretsk (all the time on the beach), twice in week went to Leningrad, physical the state was excellent, head clear.


So, the tournament is worth noting for the important role it played in proving the then 16-year-old Botvinnik's competitive mettle.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Retireborn: <z> Of the Convekta databases I have, the Botvinnik one is probably the most detailed and accurate. ISTR it was the first one produced, may have had more enthusiasm put into it.

Those bracket dates are a bit surprising, but I suppose that qualification for the USSR ch was less formal then than it became later.

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