Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Mikhail Botvinnik vs Salomon Flohr
USSR Championship (1944), Moscow URS, rd 7, May-30
Reti Opening: Advance Variation (A09)  ·  1-0



Click Here to play Guess-the-Move
Given 4 times; par: 140 [what's this?]

Annotations by Stockfish (Computer).      [20709 more games annotated by Stockfish]

explore this opening
find similar games 30 more Botvinnik/Flohr games
PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: Premium members can see a list of all games that they have seen recently at their Game History Page.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.


Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-10-07  outsider: was glad to remember this game and to watch it anew. flohr failed to understand the dangers of 43...rf6, and we should not forget the decisive touch of 61.Kc5. one of the best games of dr. botvinnik, and one of his favoured ones, and still no comments?!
Jun-14-07  YouRang: Perhaps Flohr might have made Botvinnik's win more difficult. After Botvinnik played 50. Kf5 (diagram:black to move)

click for larger view

Here, Flohr went with 50...bxa5?, which I think makes the outcome somewhat predictable.

More interesting, IMO, 50...Kxd5! This leaves white with a couple choices for move 51:

(1) bxa5
(2) Kxf5

=== If 51. bxa5, then 51...bxa5
52. Kxf6 Kc4!
53. Kg6 Kb3
54. Kxh6 Kxb2
55. Kg5 a4
56. h6 a3
57. h7 a2
58. h8=Q+ Kb1 (diagram:white to move)

click for larger view

But this is a known draw -- to keep black from promoting, white must keep checking or force stalemate.

=== If 51. Kxf5, then 51...Kc4! (diagram:white to move)

click for larger view

Here, white needs 52. Kg6! (since the tempting 52. bxa5? leads to the same draw above.)

Black might continue:
53. Kxh6! (again, white must avoid bxa5) Kxb2
53. Kg5! (again...) a4
54. h6 ... Black is out of tricks: 0-1

Premium Chessgames Member
  Eggman: To be fair to Flohr, the ending in your first diagram is so extremely well known that no-one could ever expect a master (let alone a Botvinnik) to fall into it. It seems to me that both yours and Flohr's attempts lose in ways that are not difficult for a master to calculate, although I do think that your variation is more entertaining.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <You Rang> <Eggman> If I'm not mistaken Botvinnik used the ending in this game to compose one of his six studies. It helped him compose Study No 5 I think. Anyway see my posts on these at the Mikhail Botvinnik thread.
Jun-14-07  LIFE Master AJ: < <YouRang> Here, Flohr went with 50...bxa5?, which I think makes the outcome somewhat predictable.>

I take it that you meant 50...axb4.

This is a very famous game ... played at a very high level.

Jun-14-07  YouRang: <Eggman> Oh, I suppose you're right. Had Flohr followed my line, he could probably resign on the second time Botvinnik declined to take the a-pawn.

However, I think that maybe even *I* might have figured out that after eating the h-pawn, I'd never get back in time to stop the b-pawn. I didn't understand why it took Flohr so long to resign. By playing 51...Kxd5, Flohr would have at least left open the option for white to blunder.

<LMAJ> <I take it that you meant 50...axb4.> Yes, thanks.

<Benzol> Thanks for the link. I wasn't aware of the significance of this game. I was just poking around in the Endgame Explorer, looking at K+2P vs K+2P endings. :-)

Jun-19-07  Marmot PFL: It must have been a significant game or Flohr could have resigned about 10 moves sooner.
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: A reversed Benoni which you rarely see black play nowadays. Botvinnik recommended 11 f4 at once as Flohr could have answered 11 Kh1 with 11..Bf5 giving black a reasonable game. Botvinnik did not think much of 19 Rh4 as blacks king is not really vulnerable but he did not offer an alternative. 21..hxg is dangerous as after 22 Be5 the black knight is pinned because of the threat of Rh8+. 21..fxg, however, helps Botvinnik in the endgame. In time pressure Flohr missed 37..Rf4 with the idea of 38 Qd3..Qc5+ & 39..Rd4. Botvinnik recommended 40..Kg8 with the idea of stopping the pawn at d7 as the white king would not be in time to support it. After 43..Ke7 Flohr still would have had some drawing chances but after 43..Rf6 he had no chances after 45 g4!, 46 h4 and 48 h5 opening up the kingside light squares for invasion.
Nov-09-09  Plato: Another very impressive endgame by Botvinnik, against one of the most solid, tough-to-beat players of the time.

Trading rooks with 43...Rf6 was the losing mistake. The complexity of the pawn endgame is evident when you consider that a player of Flohr's caliber had plenty of time to think it over after reaching the time control on move 40. Black's position was highly uncomfortable in any case, but maybe not objectively losing.

Mar-02-11  ToTheDeath: Very instructive.
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any gratuitous name-calling of any members—including Admin and Owners—or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific game and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.

This game is type: CLASSICAL. Please report incorrect or missing information by submitting a correction slip to help us improve the quality of our content.

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
Mikhail Botvinnik's Best Games
by KingG
Endgame Themes
by KingG
King vs Pawn Endings
by Patca63
USSR Championship 1944
by suenteus po 147
Botvinnik "100 Selected Games"
by nakul1964
Game 85
from book: Botvinnik: One Hundred Selected Games by Baby Hawk
iking's endgames favz
by iking
Strategy Models
by ALL
Inbetween days
from Grega's base vol. 4 by Grega
Botvinnik "100 Selected Games"
by nakul1964
Reti Opening
from Games by Opening by chessbuzz
Botvinnik "100 Selected Games"
by psherman31
31. Move 44
from Endgames k+p vs k by PinkLedDoor
King vs Pawn Endings from saveyougod
by fredthebear
from 55d_Middlegame motifs - Alekhine's gun by Jaredfchess
senakash's favorite games part 2
by senakash
Game 47
from Half a Century of Chess (Botvinnik) by Qindarka
White wins pawn ending with the opposition
from Basic Endings Compiled by avidfan by fredthebear
Game 85
from Selected Games (Botvinnik) by Qindarka
96c_The Unbearable Lightness of rook endgames 3
by whiteshark
plus 23 more collections (not shown)

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us

Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC