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David Bronstein vs Antonio Angel Medina Garcia
Gothenburg Interzonal (1955), Gothenburg SWE, rd 14, Sep-07
Queen's Gambit Declined: Exchange. Positional Variation (D35)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: When I first saw this position as the puzzle I wondered if Black was Steinitz or Petrosian. Anyway, had the right idea of trying to get the Queen but totally wrong execution. I thought of playing 24.a4 with the idea of 25.a5
Sep-28-05  ksk48fi: I am no so good chess player, but here: when you look at the situation, within seconds you can tell where is the pain point.
Sep-28-05  YouRang: Missed it. With black's cramped position, I figured it had to be either a smother mate or a queen trap.

I went nowhere with the smother mate idea, but I saw potential queen trap chances with 24. Na4...but I couldn't answer Qb4.

I failed to visualize the knight's other potential move to d5, which attacks the queen AND block's its escape squares at b4 and c7. All it took was the clearance move, d6.

Premium Chessgames Member
  al wazir: <jahhaj: I had 24.dxc6 with the same idea... But Black can escape with 24...Be6.>

I think your move (which was mine too) also wins, just not as quickly. After 24. dxc6 Be6 white plays 25. cxb7+. Now if 25...Kd7? then 26. Bb5+ Kc8 27. Na4+, winning the queen. If 25...Kxb7 then 26. Na4 Qe3 (26...Qb6? 27. Na5+) 27. Rhe1 Qg5 28. Nc5+, winning at least a rook. That leaves 25...Qxb7 26. Nd5+, winning at least a piece after 26...Nc7 or Bc5, and white's mating attack continues with undiminished strength.

Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: I looked at other moves,then I found that the way to win was to clear the runway for the white knight. Black's queen is trapped again---must be this week's theme.
Sep-28-05  TheSlid: I also thought this a hard Wednesday puzzle - maybe not many have a pawn move as the key one.
Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: David Bronstein - A. Medina-Garcia;
Gothenburg Interzonal; (R # 14), 09.1955

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 exd5 5.Bg5 Be7 6.e3 c6 7.Qc2 Nbd7 8.Bd3 Nf8 9.Nge2 Ne6 10.Bh4 g6!? 11.0-0-0, White has just a small (solid) edge.

I personally have played this line in many training games against Dr. J. Perciballi of Pensacola. Finding a good plan - to get all your pieces out - is not easy when playing the Black side of the exchange variation.

11...Ng7 12.f3! Nf5!?;
Fritz prefers that Black castle in this position.

13.Bf2 Qa5!?; 14.Kb1 Be6!?; 15.h3 0-0-0;
Through an entire series of naccurate moves, Black has 'helped' White build a small edge into a rather large one. (15...Nd6; might have been slightly better - at least according to Fritz.)

16.e4 Ng7 17.Bg3 Nge8 18.Be5 Rf8 19.Nc1 dxe4;
This is probably dubious - the opening of the center is one of the reasons why Black loses this game.

20.fxe4 Nd7 21.Bh2 Nb8?;
A mistake in an already miserable position.

[Probably 21...f6 was better.]

22.d5! Bd7; 23.Nb3 Qb6; 24.d6!,
White wins in all variations. ( )

[24.d6! Bxd6;
Several programs consider this to be forced in this position. (Not 24...Bf6?; as 25.Nd5!, wins Black's Queen.)
25.Bxd6 Nxd6; 26.Nd5, and once again - the poor Black Queen lacks a decent flight square. ]


Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: PS
Initially, I thought the winning move was Nb5.
Sep-28-05  meloncio: Antonio Angel Medina-Garcia got a face-to-face win over Alekhine in 1945. Yes, I know AA was in his last decadent & alcoholic years, but even so, only a few players could win him.

See Medina-Garcia vs Alekhine, 1945 and also Alekhine vs A Bonet, 1945 of the same tournament.

Sep-28-05  Brown: <LIFE Master AJ> If there are inaccurate moves, then <?!> or <?> commentary would be more appropriate than the <!?> as noted on three moves that supposedly increase white's advantage.
Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: <Brown>
I don't think this is the place for that. (But thanks for your input.)

Premium Chessgames Member
  LIFE Master AJ: <Brown, Postscript to last post>

Suggest you do two things, if you are interested in the correct way to play this line.

# 1.) Look up a few lines in a good reference book, like MCO or ECO.

# 2.) Find a good game between two players in the database, and go over it carefully.

- just a thought

Sep-28-05  erikcu: The queen in no mans land is a familiar pattern, just looking at the board I thought TAKE THE QUEEN.

It took me a while to see moving the pawn was in the the way and moving it was the solution. I kept looking at 24. Na4, with the queens only option being e3 and then somehow capturing it, but soon realized that did not work.

Sep-28-05  GannonKnight: I incorrectly had Nb5 as well. Nice puzzle.
Sep-28-05  renecon: Thanks for the analysis. No one brag that it took them one millisecond to solve the puzzle.I learned from all your analysis.Those who post here just to brag... better not waste your message.
Sep-29-05  snowie1: I wanted to play Na4, but but @#!% it didn't do stuff. After d6 then Nd5 and the lady has only to grab the N at b3 or die without cause.
Oct-01-05  Brown: <LMAJ> Your thoughts are interesting, no doubt helpful to some. Thanks for sharing.

My immediate interest, however, is not found in the correct play of this line.

Oct-07-05  patzer2: White's clearance move 24. d6! prepares to take advantage of the pinned pawn on c6 to trap the Queen after 25. Nd5!
Premium Chessgames Member
  plang: Nice positional game. must be bad. Perhaps 19..Nd7!?. Pandolfini mentions the line 24..Bh4 25 Nd5..Qf2 26 Qf2..Bf2 27 Ne7#
Oct-15-06  Suzuki50: <LIFE Master AJ:22.d5! Bd7; 23.Nb3 Qb6; 24.d6!, White wins in all variations. ( )

[24.d6! Bxd6;
Several programs consider this to be forced in this position. (Not 24...Bf6?; as 25.Nd5!, wins Black's Queen.)..>
What happens, if 25. Nd5 ?

Mar-01-09  WhiteRook48: I was thinking that 24...Bf6 25 Na4 traps the queen, maybe I'm wrong
Mar-01-09  mig55: No, Nd5 traps the queen...Or mate..
Dec-26-09  LeBronstein: There can be no doubt White's position is harmonious. The sneaky bishop on h2 controls the diagonal all the way to b8, the rooks co-operate and can assist each other at any moment. --D.B.
Dec-26-09  Winter: 24. d6! ... and it's over!
Sep-19-18  Sally Simpson: ***

'There was something in the air that day'

Gothenburg, 7th September 1955.

This mini piece of artwork by Bronstein could easily have been over shadowed by what was happening elsewhere in the tournament hall at the same time .

It was played in the same round as the famous Gothenburg Triangle.

Geller vs Panno, 1955

Keres vs Najdorf, 1955

Spassky vs Pilnik, 1955

Meanwhile in the same round Petrosian vs Guimard, 1955 Petrosian played what he thought this was his best ever game. (Petrosian vs Guimard, 1955 (kibitz #20))


Another Russian also had White that day but he could only draw.

G Ilivitsky vs Bisguier, 1955

Else it would have been Russia 6 Rest of the World 0

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