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Max Marchand vs Jose Raul Capablanca
Hastings (1919), Hastings ENG, rd 2, Aug-12
Four Knights Game: Spanish Variation (C48)  ·  0-1

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Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-07-03  Lawrence: Marchand played a good game here and must have lost on time. This was the tournament where Capa won 10 of his 11 games and drew the other. (The really great Russian and German players were not present.)
Dec-08-03  dinoamascual: i do not understand. why did marchand lose? on time? so few moves yet so much time wasted?
Dec-09-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: <Dinoamascual> Perhaps Marchand resigned through an aggravated fear of Capablanca's prowess. In the same tournament two rounds later, Sir George Thomas resigned with a potentially won endgame mistaking a flashy but careless move of Capablanca's for a winning one. Capablanca vs George Alan Thomas, 1919
Dec-09-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Yes, but Thomas and Capablanca simply overlooked a move. This resignation is somewhat mysterious. I can check a book or two to see if a reason is mentioned.
Dec-10-03  Resignation Trap: According to my source, it was indeed a loss on time.
Dec-10-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <RT> Hard to imagine a 19 move time loss, but maybe Marchand arrived late for the game and much of his time had already elapsed.
Dec-10-03  Resignation Trap: Move 19? How??

According to my source (Weltgeschichte des Schachs #14 Capablanca), "Weiss uberschritt die Zeit, da er ubersah, das fur die erste Stunde 20 Zuge vorgeschrieben waren".

In other words, he lost on move 19 because the tournament had the unusual time control of 20 moves in the first hour. Fur

Dec-10-03
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Viel Dank!
Sep-24-04  WMD: "At his 20th move M.Marchand hesitated too long as to which pawn to capture a bishop with, and exceeded his time limit by two minutes. Capablanca quite rightly clamed the game, but it appears M. Marchand was under the impression that he was only bound to complete 40 moves in two hours.

"In the best sporting spirit possible Capablanca offered to play the game out in the circumstances if the committee agreed and the other players did not object. But the rules were so explicit that 20 moves must be completed in the first hour that the committee had no option in the matter. Everyone sympathised with M. Marchand for his unfortunate error, and he certainly had none the worst of the position at the time." (The Times, quoted in QCH, 2/1999)

Sep-25-04  Lawrence: <WMD>, thanks for finding that: it certainly reflects honour on Capa's fair-mindedness even if the committee couldn't accept his offer.
Jul-12-06  PaulKeres: Thanks <Resignation Trap>, and <WMD>, it is very useful to know that this was a loss over time, rather than a resignation. Great pity though, would have been interesting to see how the game would have panned out.
Dec-15-08  YoungEd: I second thanks for the interesting story. White certainly didn't look much worse at the break-off point. Too bad the game ended that way!
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