Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing
Garry Kasparov vs Nigel Short
Kasparov - Short PCA World Championship Match (1993), London ENG, rd 9, Sep-25
Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical. Noa Variation (E34)  ·  1-0



Click Here to play Guess-the-Move
Given 23 times; par: 83 [what's this?]

Get this game explained with Decode Chess
explore this opening
find similar games 91 more Kasparov/Short games
sac: 15.Bxc3 PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: You can get computer analysis by clicking the "ENGINE" button below the game.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.


Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-26-06  DaveyL: I'm pretty sure it was the Nimzo. I recall Lawson describing it in his book (in the usual layman's terms) as a maneuver with the queen to the edge of the board. Or something like that. I'm prepared to be corrected though!
Nov-26-06  euripides: <Davey> I think Qa5 in Kasparov vs Short, 1993 came from Smyslov.

Certainly the innovation in the Nimzo was connected with Kavalek and with onr of the 1992 Fischer-Spassky games; Kavalek has written a column about it (though he rather avoids the tricky point that if this was his main theoretical contribution it's not a great advertisement, as Kasparov busted it in this game after drawing the first one).

Nov-26-06  DaveyL: Ah, OK - thanks! I find a few similar games, including the Smyslov game from Rostov-on-Don in 1993 mentioned in Lawson's book.

Short tried it against Beliavsky

Beliavsky vs Short, 1995

And lost - he's not doing well with repeating innovations.

After that match, I often wondered what Short had in mind for the Marshall, but I can only find a few post-1993 games for Short in the Marshall and the results are pretty poor.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: <maoam: Short didn't invent 10...Qa5, it had been played before: Spassky vs Fischer, 1992> No it had not been played before, at least not at the top level. Maybe he got the idea from Fischer but those are two different positions!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: Where did Short go wrong he looks as though he had a stronger position than Kasparov after Qa5?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: Remember that Kasparov had had years of tournament and match practice in which he learnt from Karpov and other opponents - and he also had a big team of really top GMs and so on working for him round the clock using computers and so on...

Of course this still means he is/was great player...but the score of this match here may not quite reflect the relative strenghts of the players.

All players make errors. 46 e4 is a common enough and understandable error. These endings are very difficult - deceptive.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: The ending looks to me to drawn in any case all the time. Earlier on Kasparov had the advantage, but from about move 40 on it looked drawn.
Premium Chessgames Member
  cu8sfan: A Russian, sacrificing his Queen vs. Short. No banner here.
Dec-02-08  WhiteRook48: There was another game Short played against Kasparov and lost. They made the pun "Stopped Short."
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: After only 9 games Kasparov leads with +5 =4 -0.

Looks like the worst start of a WC ever.

Feb-26-11  Atking: Is there a deep reason Kasparov gave up his good Bishop for a corner Knight at move 43? Simple 43.e4 is that bad?
Feb-26-11  kudubux: He just reduced any chance of counterplay and simply converted the position into an elementary winning Rook ending.
Feb-26-11  Atking: Well indeed this wasn't an elementary win as 46.e4? Rc5! draws... 43.e4 seems to do what you said, Kudubux, even better. Black Nh1 looks dead and White Bd5 so wonderful. But I could miss a tactical point so my question about.
Mar-28-11  Atking: The idea of a quick Bf5 is indeed clever. As far I can see 12...Bg6!? looks playable as 13.BxRh8 Nxc5 ~ 14...Nd3+ xf2+ favors Black.
Mar-30-11  Atking: More I look to Black dynamic setup, more I like it. I tried to "refute" 12...Bg6!? but I found nothing convincing. If someone has a new idea he is welcome. On the materialistic 13.BxR Nxc5 14.Qd1 (14.Qd2 Nd3+ 15.Kd1 Nxf2+ 16.Kc1 Nd3 is at least equal) 14...Nd3+ 15.Kd2 Nxf2 16.Qe1 Ne4+ (16...NxR?! 17.Nc1~18.Bd3 White Bh8 is still free but not Black Nh1) 17.Kd1 (An amazing misplacement of the K&Q. But 17.Kc1 Nd7 and 18...Rc8) 17...Nc6 18.a3 f6 19.Rc1 BxN 20.NxB Kf7 21.NxN Qa4+ 22.Ke2 QxN 23.Bxf6 KxB E.g 24.Kf2 d4 25.exd Qxd4+ 26.Qe3 Qxb2+ 27.Be2 Re8 28.Qf3+ Kg7 29.Qc3+ QxQ 30.RxQ Nd4 More pragmatic seems 13.Qd1 O-O 14.Nc1 Nxc5 15.Nb3 NxN 14.axN Qd8 d5 is weak but as well is b2-b3 E.g 15.BxN!? RxB 16.Qd4 a5 17.Be2 b6 18.O-O Bc5 19.Qxd QxQ 20.NxQ Rfd8 21.Bf3 Kg7 threatening g4 and with Bc2 Black seems to keep the balance.
Apr-03-11  Atking: About 12...Bg6!!?

More I analyse this position more I'm convinced a rook could be the price of this beautiful diagonal 13.BxR Nxc5 14.Qd1 Or 13.Qd1 Nxc5 14.BxR Nd3+ 15.Kd2 Nxf2 16.Qe1 Ne4+ (NxR maybe dubious as this Knight can't escape from the corner but white B can (e.g 17.Nc1 &Bd3) 17.Kd1 (On 17.Kc1 Nd7-Nc5 and Rc8 are new possibility of an attack) 17...Nc6 18.a3 (White best plan seems to be a3&Rc1) 18...d4!!? This move makes me happy for the day. Why Black should ask to the Bishop to come back in the game is the question. The d file is obvious but the real point is f5 square for the Queen. Now 18.Bxd4 Rd8! (better than O-O-O as White is playing for Rc1. Else 18.Nxd4? NxNc3+ 19.bxNc3 Bxc3 xe1 & xa1 For if 20.NxNc6? then 20...Qa4+. 18.exd4?! is more raisonnable but then 18...O-O-O 19.Rc1 Qf5 20.axBb4 Nf2+ 21.QxNf2 QxQf2 22.Be5 Kd7! (Freedom for the Nc6j23.Bg3 Qe3 24.Be1 (24.b5 Nb4!) 24...Bh5! 25.Bd2 Qxd4 Black looks better. E.g 26.h4 Nxb4 27.hxg5 Ke6 28.Nb1 Qxb2 Still the pattern mat Qb3+&Nd3)

Here I tried

A. 19.Kc1!? Kf8! ~ Re8 is the idea. This position looks incredible to me but I fail to see how White can make alive its piece up (Is it a form of zugwang like Saemisch vs Nimzowitsch ?). For example the natural 20.h4 then 20...Re8! here some tries

21.Ra2? NxBd4 22.axBb4 Nb3+ 23.Kd1 Rd8+ 24.Nd4 NxNc3+ 25.QxNc3 QxRa2 21.hxg5 NxBd4 22.NxNd4 NxNc3 23.Qh4 Nd5! 24.Qxh6+ Ke7 ~ 25...Bd2+ 21.h5 Bh7 22.Rh3 g4...
21.Bh8 Nc5 22.Qd1 Rd8 23.Bd4 NxBd4 24.exNd4 Nd3+ 25.Kd2 gxh4 ~ 26...Qg5+

B.19.Rc1 which looks more natural but here too Black seems to equalize by 19...BxNc3 20.NxBc3 (If 20.RxBc3?! Qa4+ 21.b3 (21.Kc1 Nb4!) then 21...Qxa3 Black is better. I can't resist to give you a line in which Bg6 is the master of the board: 22.g4 Qa1+ 23.Rc1 Qb2 24.Rc3 NxBd4 25.exNd4 Kf8! 26.Re3 Kg8 27.Bg2 Rc8! 28.BxNe4 Rc2!! and Black wins!) 20...NxBd4 21.exNd4 Rxd4+ 22.Kc2 Qe5!! Again a major piece taking some risk to free the Knight 23.Kb1 (23.NxNe4 RxNe4 24.Bd3 Re2+! 25.Kd1! BxBd3 26.Qc3 Qd5 Or 23.Bd3 RxBd3! 24.KxRd3 Nd6+ 25.Kd2 Nc4+ 26.Kd1 Nxb2+ At least a draw) 23...NxNc3++ 24.Ka1 QxQe1+ 25.RxQe1+ Ne4 ... A little material handicap but black pieces are more active.

Of course such lines (if correct. I still doubt) which gave me many hours of joy could occured in a postal chess game, but difficultly under a usual time control. Nevertheless I hope this analysis will help to enjoy the idea of Bf5 deeper.

Apr-03-11  Atking: I would just add that 13.Qd1 Nxc5 14.Nc1 O-O 15.Nb3 NxNb3 16.axNb3 Qd8 may be a more simple (positionnal) approach. True that d5 is a bit weak. But in case of 17.BxNb8 RxBb8 18.Qd4 a5 19.Be2 Black could defend by 19...b6 20.O=O Bc5 21.Qxd5 QxQ 22.NxQ Rfd8 23.Bf3 Kg7 is adequate (g4 is the threat) as next Bc2 will recover the pawn.
Apr-05-11  Atking: On 12...Bg6!? Nigel Short suggested an even better positionnal approach by 13.Qd1 Nxc5 14.Ng3 (My previous 14.Nc1 only focus on black weak pawn d5) here the knight could work on the weakened king side (E.g Nh5~Nf6) which means a long term active bishop on the diagonal a1-h8 may help (In my previous try I was hurry to exchange this Bishop to stop the d pawn. (BxNb8 then no more Nc6-d4)) Still the position is (For me ) incredibly complex:

14...BxR seems still too greedy. 15...NxN 16.BxN BxB+ 17.bxB Qxc3+ 18.Ke2 (With Nc1 - instead of Ng3 - 18.Qd2 is possible 18...QxR 19.Bb5+ Nc6 20.O-O White is better) 18...Qc4+ 19.Kd2 Qb4+ is draw. 15.a3 BxN+ 16.bxB f6! 17.Bxf6 O-O 18.Bd4 Nc6 20.Rc1 NxB 21.QxB Rac8 22.Be2 Nxc3 23.O-O Qxa3 This position is unclear. In one hand Black king side is weakened but in other hand the connected pawns on queen side. 15.Rc1 may be more building. 15....O-O 16.a3 BxN+ 17.BxB NxB 18.RxN Rc8! 19.b4 (19.Ne2 Rc4!) 19...Qd8 20.RxR QxQ 21.Qa1 (21.Qa2 a5 22.b5 Qc5 with Nd7 and Rc8 Black should able to defend) 21...d4! 22.exd Nc6 d5 Nd4!! forces the perpetual. Esle 15.Qd2 (Not the best square for the queen. Nevertheless 15.Qb3 Nc5 is only going to repeat the position (16.Qxd5?? Nd3+!)) 15...O-O 16.h4!? Nc6 17.a3 exchange on c3 then Ne5 should keep the balance. Asking to a chess program I got a surprising 15.Bb5+!? QxB 16.BxR but I suspect the control of d3 square may counter balance the piece handicap after 16...f6!? The threat is of course c3 but the hidden idea is to win a precious tempo by Nd7-Nc5 17.Bxf6 the most natural 17...Nxb2 18.Qb3 Nd3+ 19.Kf1 Qa6! 20.Qa4+ QxQ 21.NxQ Nd7 Black is a minor exchange down but all its pieces are very active. The main idea is Rc8-Rc2. I don't know if that's enough. But yes for today.

Jun-09-12  Ulhumbrus: After 11 Nge2 one justification for the move 11...Nb8-a6 is that on e2 White's king's knight does not attack the point e5 as the move Ne5 attacks the point e5, and this suggests that it becomes then easier for Black to leave the point e5 undefended by his queen's knight by playing Black's queen's knight to a6 instead of to c6 or to d7
Jun-24-14  RookFile: A memorable game. Short had a miracle draw in the rook and pawn ending, but missed it.
May-17-18  Toribio3: Despite kamikaze counter attack by GM Short, Kasparov remains calm and eventually won the end game. This is vintage Kasparov!
Premium Chessgames Member
  woldsmandriffield: I remember watching the game live on C4.

46..Rc5!! is the famous 'miracle draw' 47 a5 Rc3+ 48 Ke2 Kxe4 49 a6 Rc8 50 Kd2 Ra8 51 Kc3 Kd5 52 Kb4 Kc6 for example.

Jun-26-19  jinkinson: Sorry but there's no way 15 Bxc3 is a sacrifice. White gets the queen back immediately.
Aug-15-20  Ulhumbrus: If after 12 Be5 the move Nd4 counts as a threast one alternative is 12...f6 eg 13 Nd4 Bd7
Aug-16-20  Ulhumbrus: If after 12 Be5 the move Nd4 counts as a threat one alternative is 12...f6 eg 13 Nd4 Bd7
search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>

NOTE: Create an account today to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users. Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username, then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.

Please observe our posting guidelines:

  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
  3. No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
  6. No trolling.
  7. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.
  8. Do not degrade Chessgames or any of it's staff/volunteers.

Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.

Blow the Whistle

See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a moderator.

NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic. This forum is for this specific game only. To discuss chess or this site in general, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.

This game is type: CLASSICAL. Please report incorrect or missing information by submitting a correction slip to help us improve the quality of our content.

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
World Championship match?
from Grandmasters blundering endgames by azaris
Black can Draw by Activating his Rook with 46...Rc5!
from Endgames That Need to be Mastered by Mating Net
great E35 sac: 15.Bxc3!
from Kasparov! by larrewl
p. 64
from Secrets of Practical Chess (Nunn) by AdrianP
Kasparov the King
by Bufon
Round 9
from WCC Index [Kasparov-Short 1993] by Hesam7
46.e4 Ke6
from World Championships Blunders by amadeus
Moves 45(W), 45(B). A double blunder...
from Tragicomedies (Dvoretsky) by Nasruddin Hodja
endgame blunder festival
from 96b_The Unbearable Lightness of rook endgames 2 by whiteshark
Zugged's Nimzo Krush
by Zugged
Essential Kasparov
by vonKrolock
Nimzo-Indian Defense: Classical. Noa Variation
from deniznba's favorite games by deniznba
CoachJay's Rook & Pawn Endgames
by coachjay
...cracked! (incl that ending)
from Nimzo-Indian, Classical by Xmas elf
Game collection: 101
by cgrob
15 (a+e)
from 22_R+PP vs R by whiteshark
Match Short!
by amadeus
Game 9, Kasparov leads 7-2
from 1993 Classical World Chess Championship by Penguincw
senakash's favorite games nimzo
by senakash
R + ae pawns vs R
from Classical rook endgames by Nerwal
plus 25 more collections (not shown)

Home | About | Login | Logout | F.A.Q. | Profile | Preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | New Kibitzing | Chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | Privacy Notice | Contact Us

Copyright 2001-2021, Chessgames Services LLC