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Jose Raul Capablanca vs Edward S Maddock
Simul, 40b (1922) (exhibition), New York, NY USA, Feb-23
King's Gambit: Accepted. Breyer Gambit (C33)  ·  1-0

ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-26-04  Yuri54: White plays the Breyer version of the King's Gambit. If white becomes infatuated with the pawn on f4 then Black can take advantage. Capablanca develops quietly and plays an uncommon, yet lethal game.
Aug-20-04  mack: I've played far too many King's Gambits, but never have I had a game like this...
Jul-29-05  refutor: unbelievable game by capablanca
Jul-29-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: 3.Qf3 is Spielmann's idea.
Aug-31-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: < At the beginning of 1912 (I just turned 22) I played the gambit tournament in Abbazia, where KGA was the required opening. After several rounds I already noted that, similarly as in the Vienna (1903) gambit tournament and later in the gambit tournament in Baden (1914), Blacks won the majority of the matches because Whites always had the notion that they had to play in a handicap-game style. I personally could have been pleased with my result: I won the majority of my games with White and earned the special prize for the best result with White pieces. Still, I could not shake off an impression that, given better defense, my attacks would not have succed. This fundamental dificulty facing KGA led me to a search for new dirrections hidden in this opening. That is when I got interested in the variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Qf3... The threat 3...Qh4+ is suddenly benign, because after 4.g3 fxg3 5.hxg3 the rook on h1 is protected. At the same time, the queen move seemed beter to from the strategic standpoint than the usual 3.Nf3. After all, after 3.Qf3 White immediately exerts pressure on the f-file, which is a key motive of the move 2.f4. In contrast, 3.Nf3 blocks the open file. I came to the conclusion that the knight stands better on e2, from where it attacks the gambitted pawn f4.

When I showed the move 3.Qf3 to the other participants of the [Abbazia] tournament, I was reminded that we are supposed -- as commonly known -- to first develop the light pieces and that pemature moves with queen lead to no good.

Since back then I still had too much respect for the opinions of the other masters, I under that influence gave up on additional explorations of this variation. I had to clear up in my understanding of the fundamental principles of chess first. > Richard Reti, Algemeen Handelsblad, Oct. 1 1919.

Sep-05-05  larsenfan: Please, does anyone has more information about 3 Qf3? I have found just a few games in this database.
Sep-05-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Here is another famous game where Capablanca turns the exposed position of the queen into an asset:

Capablanca vs A Chase, 1922

Hard to believe 3 Qf3 is any good though. MCO-14 gives 3...d5 4 ed Nf6 5 Bc4(?) Bd6 6 Nc3 0-0 7 Nge2 Bg4

H Ree vs Gligoric, 1972

Sep-10-05  larsenfan: <keypusher: Here is another famous game where Capablanca turns the exposed position of the queen into an asset: >

Thanks for the advise key, I already know Capa-Chase, and no doubt: Capa is a genius, but this time not very original, if u like these lines take a look at Spielmann-Moller 1920, a very similar sac, for sure Capa knew.

Sep-10-05  paladin at large: <Capa is a genius, but this time not very original> This hardly constitutes valid criticism, especially when you consider the following game was a simul. How many masters would be able -and then actually dare - to embark on such a path with only seconds to calculate?

Capablanca vs A Chase, 1922

Sep-10-05  ughaibu: Larsenfan: thanks for pointing out Spielmann vs J Moeller, 1920, as you say, it predates the Capablanca games and there's a fair possibility that Capablanca would've seen it.
Sep-10-05  MarvinTsai: <Lawrence> is right, after 31.Qxf3, it might have been a wholly different ending.
Apr-01-07  shoorrk: this game has features of the fischer-byrne "game of the century". Both games involve a queen sac which draws their opponents into an inescapable mating net with the minor pieces.
Apr-01-07  Gouki: why didnt black just take the bishop on 27...♕xe5?
Apr-01-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  technical draw: <why didnt black just take the bishop on 27...Qxe5?> Cause he would lose the queen
Apr-01-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  technical draw: 27..Qxe5 28.Bxb7 Kb8 and 29. Nc6 check and queen is gone next move.
Mar-10-13  Garech: Capa with the Breyer variation; just awesome. Definitely GOTD material!

-Garech

Mar-10-13  Garech: The queen sac itself is sound, and Capa played a nearly perfect game...

The one moment where he went wrong was with 28.Nxb7 - much stronger was 28.Bxb7+ or 28.Nc4.

For example: 28.Nc4 forces ...Qa6, and then comes 29.Ne4 and how does black defend the c5 pawn? (b6 is losing after Nd6+) he can try Rd5 but now 30.Rg1!


click for larger view

and black has huge problems. His safest bet is ...Rxe5 (if Ne8 Rg8 Kd7 Rxe8 Kxe8 Nf6+) but after Nxe5 black is just hopeless.

Alternatively, 28.Bxb7+ Kb8 29.Nc6+ Kxb7 30.Nxd8+ Ka8 31.Nd7! is crushing:


click for larger view

31...Qa6 is again forced, and now comes Rg1 again, and black is busted. This line is a lot more clear-cut and forcing, thus it's even more surprising that Capa did not play it.

After his 28.Nxb7 Maddock found the correct move in ...c4 but followed up incorrectly; 31...Qxf3! was the correct way to play; a hard move to play when your opponent also has a rook hanging! Best play continues 32.Nxf7 Ne8 with the resultant position:


click for larger view

which is almost exactly equal, although it's hard to fancy black's chances in the long run.

Very interesting game anyway!

-Garech

Mar-10-13  IndigoViolet: Putting down a Mad Dog.
Oct-19-14  Owl: why not 33...Kb8 more safe than putting your king out there with its queen. A Knight Fork bound to happen
Aug-03-15  Old Chess: Nova York, 23 de Janeiro de 1922.

Capablanca em simultânea no Manhattan Chess Club, contra 40 tabuleiros. (+37 =3 -0)

Os três empates: David Warburgh, de 14 anos de idade, jogador de Stuyvesant High School, NYC. Os outros foram E. Tholfsen e B. Bacchkiroff. Esta foi a primeira exibição do cubano em NY após a conquista do Título Mundial.

Fonte das informações: "American Chess Bulletin", Março de 1922, pág. 42.

Aug-08-15  Old Chess: Errata: a data correta é 23 de Fevereiro de 1922, de acordo com David Hooper e Dale A. Brandreth in "The Unknown Capablanca",pág.189.
Dec-15-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: From a simultaneous exhibition in New York, New York on February 23, 1922.

Capablanca scored +37=3-0.

Jun-02-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Had he been so inclined, Capablanca would have been a marvelous end game study composer. His pieces have magic.
Jun-25-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  louispaulsen88888888: I have been playing this recently (Q-B3), but it doesn’t seem very good. The main strength is black will probably be completely on his own, never having seen it before. White usually gets back the pawn and has 2 center pawns to one, and some cheap possibilities. On the other hand, black easily gets at least equality and white often ends up moving the Q too much. Here’s me struggling to equalize, then missing a few wins, then settling for a draw:

Event "ICC 25 10"]
[Site "Internet Chess Club"]
[Date "2020.06.25"]
[Round "-"]
[White "korbindallas"]
[Black "Inkol"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ICCResult "Game drawn because neither player has mating material"] [WhiteElo "1869"]
[BlackElo "1992"]
[Opening "KGA: Breyer gambit"]
[ECO "C33"]
[NIC "KG.03"]
[Time "11:55:02"]
[TimeControl "1500+10"]

1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Qf3 Nc6 4. Qxf4 Bd6 5. Qf2 Nf6 6. Nc3 Qe7 7. d3 Bc5 8. Qh4 Nd4 9. Kd1 d6 10. Nf3 Be6 11. Bg5 O-O-O 12. Nd5 Bxd5 13. exd5 Nxf3 14. gxf3 Qe5 15. c3 Qxd5 16. Bxf6 Qxf3+ 17. Kc2 gxf6 18. Qh3+ Qxh3 19. Bxh3+ Kb8 20. d4 Bb6 21. Raf1 Rde8 22. Rxf6 Re2+ 23. Kc1 a5 24. Rxf7 a4 25. Bg4 Rg2 26. Bh3 Re2 27. Bg4 Rg2 28. Bh3 Re2 29. a3 c5 30. Bg4 Re3 31. Bf3 Bc7 32. dxc5 dxc5 33. Rd1 Bxh2 34. Bxb7 Rhe8 35. Bh1 R3e7 36. Rd7 Re1+ 37. Kc2 Rxh1 38. Rxh7 Kc8 39. Rd2 Ree1 40. Rhxh2 Rc1+ 41. Kd3 Rhf1 42. Rh7 Rcd1 43. Rh2 Rf3+ 44. Ke2 Rdf1 45. Rh4 R1f2+ 46. Ke1 Rf1+ 47. Ke2 R1f2+ 48. Kd1 Rxd2+ 49. Kxd2 Rf2+ 50. Kd3 Rxb2 51. Rxa4 Kc7 52. Kc4 Kb6 53. Kd5 Rb3 54. c4 Rd3+ 55. Ke6 Rc3 56. Ra8 Rxc4 57. Rb8+ Kc6 58. Rc8+ Kb6 59. Rb8+ Kc6 60. Rc8+ Kb6 61. Rh8 Rc3 62. a4 Ka5 63. Rh4 Ra3 64. Kd5 Rxa4 65. Rxa4+ Kxa4 66. Kxc5 Game drawn because neither player has mating material 1/2-1/2

Jun-25-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  louispaulsen88888888: I meant cheapo possibilities
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