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Jose Raul Capablanca vs Edward S Maddock
Simul, 40b (1922) (exhibition), New York, NY USA, Feb-23
King's Gambit: Accepted. Breyer Gambit (C33)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-07-04  Lawrence: Oh my goodness gracious me! The massacre began on move 31. Black should have taken the Bishop not the Rook. (Fritz 8)
Jan-25-04  pilot: This is one of the crazier King's Gambits I've ever seen. I'm surprised Black didn't just crush White after he played 3.Qf3 I'm fairly certain that was a mistake.
Jan-26-04  Yuri54: White plays the Breyer version of the King's Gambit. If white becomes infatuated with the pawn on f4 then Black can take advantage. Capablanca develops quietly and plays an uncommon, yet lethal game.
Aug-20-04  mack: I've played far too many King's Gambits, but never have I had a game like this...
Jul-29-05  refutor: unbelievable game by capablanca
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: 3.Qf3 is Spielmann's idea.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: < At the beginning of 1912 (I just turned 22) I played the gambit tournament in Abbazia, where KGA was the required opening. After several rounds I already noted that, similarly as in the Vienna (1903) gambit tournament and later in the gambit tournament in Baden (1914), Blacks won the majority of the matches because Whites always had the notion that they had to play in a handicap-game style. I personally could have been pleased with my result: I won the majority of my games with White and earned the special prize for the best result with White pieces. Still, I could not shake off an impression that, given better defense, my attacks would not have succed. This fundamental dificulty facing KGA led me to a search for new dirrections hidden in this opening. That is when I got interested in the variation 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Qf3... The threat 3...Qh4+ is suddenly benign, because after 4.g3 fxg3 5.hxg3 the rook on h1 is protected. At the same time, the queen move seemed beter to from the strategic standpoint than the usual 3.Nf3. After all, after 3.Qf3 White immediately exerts pressure on the f-file, which is a key motive of the move 2.f4. In contrast, 3.Nf3 blocks the open file. I came to the conclusion that the knight stands better on e2, from where it attacks the gambitted pawn f4.

When I showed the move 3.Qf3 to the other participants of the [Abbazia] tournament, I was reminded that we are supposed -- as commonly known -- to first develop the light pieces and that pemature moves with queen lead to no good.

Since back then I still had too much respect for the opinions of the other masters, I under that influence gave up on additional explorations of this variation. I had to clear up in my understanding of the fundamental principles of chess first. > Richard Reti, Algemeen Handelsblad, Oct. 1 1919.

Sep-05-05  larsenfan: Please, does anyone has more information about 3 Qf3? I have found just a few games in this database.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: Here is another famous game where Capablanca turns the exposed position of the queen into an asset:

Capablanca vs A Chase, 1922

Hard to believe 3 Qf3 is any good though. MCO-14 gives 3...d5 4 ed Nf6 5 Bc4(?) Bd6 6 Nc3 0-0 7 Nge2 Bg4

H Ree vs Gligoric, 1972

Sep-10-05  larsenfan: <keypusher: Here is another famous game where Capablanca turns the exposed position of the queen into an asset: >

Thanks for the advise key, I already know Capa-Chase, and no doubt: Capa is a genius, but this time not very original, if u like these lines take a look at Spielmann-Moller 1920, a very similar sac, for sure Capa knew.

Sep-10-05  paladin at large: <Capa is a genius, but this time not very original> This hardly constitutes valid criticism, especially when you consider the following game was a simul. How many masters would be able -and then actually dare - to embark on such a path with only seconds to calculate?

Capablanca vs A Chase, 1922

Sep-10-05  ughaibu: Larsenfan: thanks for pointing out Spielmann vs J Moeller, 1920, as you say, it predates the Capablanca games and there's a fair possibility that Capablanca would've seen it.
Sep-10-05  MarvinTsai: <Lawrence> is right, after 31.Qxf3, it might have been a wholly different ending.
Apr-01-07  shoorrk: this game has features of the fischer-byrne "game of the century". Both games involve a queen sac which draws their opponents into an inescapable mating net with the minor pieces.
Apr-01-07  Gouki: why didnt black just take the bishop on 27...♕xe5?
Apr-01-07  technical draw: <why didnt black just take the bishop on 27...Qxe5?> Cause he would lose the queen
Apr-01-07  technical draw: 27..Qxe5 28.Bxb7 Kb8 and 29. Nc6 check and queen is gone next move.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Garech: Capa with the Breyer variation; just awesome. Definitely GOTD material!


Premium Chessgames Member
  Garech: The queen sac itself is sound, and Capa played a nearly perfect game...

The one moment where he went wrong was with 28.Nxb7 - much stronger was 28.Bxb7+ or 28.Nc4.

For example: 28.Nc4 forces ...Qa6, and then comes 29.Ne4 and how does black defend the c5 pawn? (b6 is losing after Nd6+) he can try Rd5 but now 30.Rg1!

click for larger view

and black has huge problems. His safest bet is ...Rxe5 (if Ne8 Rg8 Kd7 Rxe8 Kxe8 Nf6+) but after Nxe5 black is just hopeless.

Alternatively, 28.Bxb7+ Kb8 29.Nc6+ Kxb7 30.Nxd8+ Ka8 31.Nd7! is crushing:

click for larger view

31...Qa6 is again forced, and now comes Rg1 again, and black is busted. This line is a lot more clear-cut and forcing, thus it's even more surprising that Capa did not play it.

After his 28.Nxb7 Maddock found the correct move in ...c4 but followed up incorrectly; 31...Qxf3! was the correct way to play; a hard move to play when your opponent also has a rook hanging! Best play continues 32.Nxf7 Ne8 with the resultant position:

click for larger view

which is almost exactly equal, although it's hard to fancy black's chances in the long run.

Very interesting game anyway!


Mar-10-13  IndigoViolet: Putting down a Mad Dog.
Oct-19-14  Owl: why not 33...Kb8 more safe than putting your king out there with its queen. A Knight Fork bound to happen
Aug-03-15  Old Chess: Nova York, 23 de Janeiro de 1922.

Capablanca em simultânea no Manhattan Chess Club, contra 40 tabuleiros. (+37 =3 -0)

Os três empates: David Warburgh, de 14 anos de idade, jogador de Stuyvesant High School, NYC. Os outros foram E. Tholfsen e B. Bacchkiroff. Esta foi a primeira exibição do cubano em NY após a conquista do Título Mundial.

Fonte das informações: "American Chess Bulletin", Março de 1922, pág. 42.

Aug-08-15  Old Chess: Errata: a data correta é 23 de Fevereiro de 1922, de acordo com David Hooper e Dale A. Brandreth in "The Unknown Capablanca",pág.189.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: From a simultaneous exhibition in New York, New York on February 23, 1922.

Capablanca scored +37=3-0.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Had he been so inclined, Capablanca would have been a marvelous end game study composer. His pieces have magic.
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