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Sidney Johnston vs Frank Marshall
Marshall - Johnston (1899), Chicago, IL USA, rd 3, Dec-24
Queen's Gambit Declined: Queen's Knight Variation (D31)  ·  1-0



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sac: 13.Bc4 PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

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Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  fm avari viraf: After a wary glance, I could immediately figure out that a double check can bring the curtains down! So 15.Ne7++ Kh8 16.Ng6+ hxg6 17.hxg3+ Qh4 18.Rxh4# Usually, I see just puzzles on Mondays & Tuesdays.
Premium Chessgames Member
  takchess: <Seven S> that Nezh-Kotkov puzzle is quite famous. I've seen it in CT-Art and Sharpen Your Tactics. Do you know of any where else it appears? Unsure why I care about this sort of thing but I do. 8)
May-18-11  estrick: < Staunton's "the chess player's handbook" (1847) ... little gems in a section on the laws of the game:>

A couple of months ago I was playing in a tournament and had a pawn on the 7th rank. When it was my move, I picked up a queen and placed it on the 8th rank, one square in front of the pawn, and then removed the pawn from the board. My opponent protested that what I had done was illegal. He insisted that I must first move the pawn to the 8th rank, then declare what piece I would like to convert it to, then remove the pawn, and finally place my new piece on the board.

The TD was called over, and agreed that I had made an illegal move. I insisted that if it was 'touch move' I had touched a queen, and they couldn't not let me have one. The adjudication was to award my opponent with a few more minutes on the clock (can't remember the amount).

While technically he was right, I think the court of public opinion was not in his favor. Everyone there thought he was a jerk, and hoped I would win. Unfortunately, his antics did succeed in rattling me. I instantly found both of my queens and a rook simultaneously en prise, and did not play the next few moves well. When the dust settled, I was only up a minor piece, and he had counter play, which turned the game into a long drawn out affair.

May-18-11  MaczynskiPratten: <old coot>, <LMAJ>; a worse scenario at the game's conclusion is the one mentioned by Bill Hartston in "How to Cheat at Chess". A Bulgarian offered a draw in his native language; his Mongolian opponent thought he must be resigning and shook his outstretched hand. At the end of the match a furious argument broke out when the two captains realised the discrepancy in their team sheets. Hartston claims, probably apocryphally, that the dispute was resolved by the Bulgarian captain "Did you ever know a Bulgarian to shake hands with a man who just defeated him?", so everyone agreed to call it a draw...
May-18-11  Dr. J: Still more ways to double-check

click for larger view

And YES, IT IS POSSIBLE to double check with 2 Queens or with 2 Rooks!

Solution to be posted shortly.

May-18-11  squaresquat: This game is why we love knights.
May-18-11  dzechiel: <<estrick> The TD was called over, and agreed that I had made an illegal move.>

Back in my TD days I would have told your opponent to suck it up. What a bunch of baloney! Too bad you didn't win.

May-18-11  ZUGZWANG67: 15.Ne7++ Kh8 16.Ng6+ hxg6 17.hxg3+ mates. The power of both the bishop along the a2/g8 diagonal and the double check deadly combine!


Black played to the end!!

May-18-11  ZUGZWANG67: More often than not when Black plays his QN before his c-pawn he gets in trouble. Of course, there always the Chigorin, but in that case he usually plays ...e5 in one move; not two! Could the fact that the game was played more than 100 years ago explain for such an inacuracy?

Also, I'm wondering how one can even think of short castling when he's playing as to trade everything on g3 and so, help White clear the path in front of his KR!?

May-18-11  The17thPawn: Never heard of this Johnson fellow but anyone who can draw Pillsbury and play Marshall damn near even is a real player.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Once>, <et al.>: For the double check via en passant, see G Gundersen vs A H Faul, 1928

For an announced mate gone wrong, see C Golmayo vs Loyd, 1867. After <29.Ra3>:

click for larger view

Loyd announced mate in 8: <29...Ra1+ 30.Rxa1 Qg5+ 31.Kb1 Nd2+ 32.Kc1 Nb3+ 33.Kb1 Qc1+ 34.Rxc1 Nd2+ 35.Ka2 Ra8+ 36.Qa4 Rxa4#. Faced with this, his opponent resigned.

However, after <33...Qc1+>:

click for larger view

White can avoid immediate mate with 34.Ka2! The issue eventually went to an appeals committee, which ruled that the resignation stood.

May-18-11  DarthStapler: Got it
May-18-11  alachabre: Discovered checks are always sweet, and add a double-check on top, and it's even sweeter. A leisurely review of the knight's options after its first free move reveals the topping on the treat: a second discovered check that's saved under the counter as a nice surprise.

15. Ne7++ Kh7
16. Ng6+ hxg6
17. hxg3+


May-18-11  MaxxLange: double discovered checkmate ends the discussion


May-18-11  Dr. J: Double-check by 2 Queens:

click for larger view

1 bxc8=Q++ or 1 fxg8=R++

May-18-11  stst: 15.Ne7 dbl+ Kh8 <Note: NOT 15.Nf6+ as there's no continuation and check by R@h1.) 16.Ng6+ hxg6
17.hxN dis+ #
(hope mental doesn't get wrong, too late after the NBA game, and now bed time!)
May-18-11  HowDoesTheHorsieMove: My first fully correct Wednesday that I can recall. It may be a very easy puzzle for a Wednesday, but I'll take it.
May-19-11  Calli: Johnston announced the mate in four. Marshall, of course, would not have played it out as in the CG gamescore.
May-19-11  squaresquat: The Namesake of Marshall's opponent, Albert Sidney Johnston, subordinate to Winfield Scott in Mexico, commanded troops from the halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli.His army of the Mississippi caught Grant's army of the Tennessee at breakfast. Johnston was killed on the first day of battle.This relates to the principal that time and material are equivalent. Protect the King or press the attack.
May-19-11  Jim Bartle: Halls of Montezuma, yes. Don't think Johnston was ever on the shores of Tripoli, since that confrontation ended in 1805.
May-21-11  squaresquat: Yeah, ya got me; still, he commanded the army in a battle the marine corps sings about.
Nov-01-12  Naniwazu: Does Marshall have a namesake? Surely this can't be the Frank Marshall who was US champion between 1909 and 1936? They must have mixed the names up..
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Naniwazu> According to my source, the players are correct; they indeed played a match at Chicago in 1899, won by Marshall (+7 -6 =2). The source is missing the tenth and eleventh games, which accounts for their being only thirteen games in CG.
Nov-01-12  Naniwazu: <perfidious> thank you! The play is just so uncharacteristic of Marshall who I believe was renowned for his tactical ability.
Apr-14-20  MordimerChess: First, it's not the general Albert Sidney Johnston :D But some dude who lived in Chicago and played quite good chess.

And yes, this was Frank Marshall but keep in mind he was 22 years old at that time, he just started to get more serious experience in chess. And this one was quite important for him as he's gonna play Stonewall formation for almost all his life. So good lesson :D

And this is my video about the game:

I always tell viewers how old the players are because it's huge difference if we have 15y old player or 75y old player and a lot of questions "how is it possible that they lost" :D

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