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Frank James Marshall vs Jose Raul Capablanca
"Hone On The Lange" (game of the day Aug-01-2019)
Max Lange thematic m (1910) (other), New York, NY USA
Italian Game: Scotch Gambit. Max Lange Attack Long Variation (C55)  ·  1-0

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Kibitzer's Corner
Aug-12-04  Saruman: Great game by Marshall!
Jul-31-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  gambitfan: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/kibit...

The Kibitzer by Tim Harding


The Eternal Appeal Of The Urusov Gambit

Last month's column dealt with the opening 1 e4 e5 2 Bc4 and I mentioned that one option for White, after Black's normal reply 2...Nf6, is the central strike, 3 d4. I promised to come back to this, so here we are.

I got onto the Internet, around New Year 1996, and discovered the University of Pittsburgh Archive. One of the very first things I discovered there was an article about the Urusov Gambit, which caught my eye because this was one of the little-known gambits that featured in my very first chess book, "Bishop's Opening" 25 years ago.

There were several Russian chessplayers called Urusov. The gambit 1 e4 e5 2 Bc4 Nf6 3 d4 exd4 4 Nf3 is named after Prince Sergey Semyonovich Urusov who was born on August 3, 1827 and lived until November 20, 1897 (old-style calendar, I think). (See Diagram)

Sergey Urusov, who became a Major-General in the Army, was the elder brother of another strong player, Dmitry Urusov (1829-1903). Interestingly, the Soviet Chess Encyclopaedia describes Sergey as a friend of Tolstoy and an originator of new ideas in various classical open games including the King's Gambit and the Scotch. Unfortunately games of his with the gambit do not appear to have survived.

Dmitry is described as a player of positional style - and a friend of the writer Turgenev! (In a later generation, but not mentioned in the Encyclopaedia, was N. Urusov who played at least one correspondence game against Alekhine in the first decade of the 20th century.)

Jul-31-05  Koster: Without getting too deep into theory 16...Bd6 looks much better than Be7. White has to trade N for B and after black recaptures with the Q the e pawn is free to advance. Very complicated still but black seems no worse.
Oct-19-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Bishoprick: Urusov Gambit? Why does it look so much like the Max Lange?
Nov-17-06  syracrophy: <bishoprick> The Urusov Gambit is: 1.e4 e5 2.♗c4 ♘f6 3.d4!?
Apr-01-07  beginner64: I like how white allows black to capture the pawn on a3, knowing that bishop then has to make many moves to get back to g file. I don't think in such an open game it would have been possible for either side to calculate the pawn progression path after 46..Bxa3, but I think white just knew that g file pawn would be unstoppable after that.
Nov-17-08  hrvyklly: <Koster: Without getting too deep into theory 16...Bd6 looks much better than Be7.> I don't know, ask Tarrasch... Marshall vs Tarrasch, 1910
Mar-03-09  Owl: I don't think Capablanca ever lost a (Capa)Rook -Bishop vs. Rook-Knight endgame. It shows how skilled he was with the Bishop kind like Bobby Fischer
Oct-21-09  The Chess Express: The position after 21. Qe3 Bc5 22. Rxe5 Bxe3 23. Rxd5 Bxh6 24. Rxd7 Kxd7 25. Nxc4 Rxg7 26. h3 is probably winning for white.


click for larger view

Black's d-♙ is lost. It seems to me that this tactical sequence works much better if black first plays 21...b5! to stop white's ♘ from taking on c4. Now if 22. b3 Bc5 23. Rxe5? doesn't work anymore. For example 23...Bxe3 24. Rxd5 Bxh6 25. Rxd7 Kxd7 26. Ne4 Rxg7 27. h3


click for larger view

Black has an easy win. After 21. Qe3 b5 22. b3 Bc5 White should probably try 23. Qg3 when one sample line might go 23...Nf7 24. bxc4 bxc4 25. Be3 Rxg7 26. Bxc5 Qxc5 27. Rxc4 Qe5


click for larger view

In this complicated position I prefer black.

Aug-01-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  al wazir: Lange is pronounced "long-e" (with a hard 'g'). It doesn't rhyme with range.
Aug-01-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  sfm: LOL, trust this to be a Marshall game. Wonderful!

This is one of the two games where he beat his great opponent. In their encounters the db reports wins 22 wins to Capa and 28 draws.

Aug-01-19  tino72: <al wazir: Lange is pronounced "long-e" (with a hard 'g'). It doesn't rhyme with range.>

He was German, so phoenetically I would pronounce his name "lang-e" (to rhyme with "banger".

Aug-01-19  Ironmanth: LOVE this game! Intricate, lovely, fantastic. Thanks, chessgames.
Aug-01-19  Krishanu Chatterjee: Great chess.
Aug-01-19  Momentum Man: @ tino72

My German instructor in college didnt teach us to put an r sound at the end of an e. Does the Deutsche spelling of Lange put an umlaut on e?

That would change the pronunciation but still not give an r sound

Aug-01-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Any Fritz Lange games in the DB?
Aug-01-19  cormier:


click for larger view

Analysis by Houdini 4 d 22 dpa done

1. + / - (1.14): 30.Nd2 a5 31.Ne4 a4 32.Kg2 Rg6 33.Rd8 hxg4 34.fxg4 Rg7 35.Rd3 Rh7 36.b3 axb3 37.axb3 Rh6 38.c4 Be5 39.g5 bxc4 40.bxc4 Rh4 41.Nd2 Bd6 42.Rf3 Rh5 43.Ne4 Rh4 44.Re3 Bf4 45.Rd3 Be5 46.Nd2

2. + / - (0.89): 30.Ne3 a5 31.Kg2 a4 32.Nd1 hxg4 33.fxg4 Bg5 34.Nf2 Bh4 35.Re3 Kd6 36.Ne4+ Kd5 37.Nd2 e5 38.Rd3+ Ke6 39.Ne4 Be7 40.Kf2 a3 41.b3 Rg8 42.Rf3 Bg5 43.Nxg5+ Rxg5 44.Ke3

Aug-01-19  cormier:


click for larger view

Analysis by Houdini 4 d 22 dpa done

1. + / - (0.95): <29...Rh7 30.Kg2 b6 31.Nd2 Rh8 32.Ne4 a5 <33.Kf2 hxg4 34.fxg4 b5 35.Ke2 Rh4 36.Kd1 Rh7 37.Rf3 e5 38.Rd3 Rg7 39.Ke2 a4 40.Kf2 Rg8 41.b4 axb3 42.axb3 Rg7 43.Ke2 Rh7 44.g5>>

2. + / - (0.95): 29...a6 30.Kf2 <Rh7 31.Kg2 b6 32.Nd2 a5 33.Ne4 Rh8 <34.Kf2 hxg4 35.fxg4 b5 36.Ke2 Rh4 37.Kd1 Rh7 38.Rf3 e5 39.Rd3 Rg7 40.Ke2 a4 41.Kf2 Rg8 42.b4 axb3 43.axb3 Rg7 44.Ke2 Rh7 45.g5>>

3. + / - (0.95): 29...Rg8 <30.Nd2 a5 31.Ne4 Rh8 32.Kg2 b6 <33.Kf2 hxg4 34.fxg4 b5 35.Ke2 Rh4 36.Kd1 Rh7 37.Rf3 e5 38.Rd3 Rg7 39.Ke2 a4 40.Kf2 Rg8 41.b4 axb3 42.axb3 Rg7 43.Ke2 Rh7 44.g5>

4. + / - (0.98): 29...b6 30.Nd2 Rg5 31.Kf2 Rd5 32.Rxd5 Kxd5 33.Ke2 h4 34.b3 Bh6 35.Nc4 Bg5 36.Kd3 a6 37.a4 a5 38.Na3 Ke5 39.Nb5 c6 40.Na7 c5 41.Nb5

5. + / - (0.98): 29...Rg6 30.Nd2 Rg5 31.Kf2 b6 32.Rd4 Rd5 33.Rxd5 Kxd5 34.Ke2 h4 35.b3 Bh6 36.Nc4 Bg5 37.Kd3 a6 38.a4 a5 39.Na3 Ke5 40.Nb5 c6 41.Na7 c5 42.Nb5

Aug-01-19  cormier:


click for larger view

Analysis by Houdini 4 d 23 dpa done

1. + / = (0.70): 28...Ke7 29.f3 b6 30.Kf2 Rh7 31.Kg2 Rg7 32.a4 c5 33.Nd2 Rg5 34.c4 Be5 35.Ne4 Rg8 36.b3 Bd4 37.Rd2 hxg4 38.hxg4 Rh8 39.Kg3 Kf7 40.Kf4 Kg6 41.Nd6

2. + / - (0.75): 28...Ke8 29.f3 b6 30.Rd4 e5 31.Re4 Re7 32.gxh5 Kf7 33.Kf2 Kf6 34.Ne3 Kg5 35.h6 Bxe3+ 36.Kxe3 Kxh6 37.b4 a6 38.Rg4 Kh5 39.a4 Rf7 40.Ke4 Re7 41.a5 bxa5 42.bxa5 Rf7 43.Rg3 Rf4+ 44.Kxe5 Ra4 45.Rg4 Rxa5+ 46.Ke6 Ra3

Aug-01-19  cormier:


click for larger view

Analysis by Houdini 4 d 22 dpa done

1. + / = (0.60): 27...e5 28.Rxd3+ Ke6 29.Kg2 h5 30.f3 hxg4 31.fxg4 Bc1 32.b3 Rf7 33.Rd1 Bg5 34.Na5 c6 35.Nc4 Rg7 36.Rd6+ Ke7 37.Rd3 Ke6 38.Rd1 b5 39.Na5 c5 40.c4 a6 41.Kf3 Rf7+ 42.Ke4 Rf4+ 43.Kd3

2. + / = (0.64): 27...h5 28.Rxd3+ Ke7 29.f3 e5 30.Kg2 Kf6 31.Nd2 Bxd2 32.Rxd2 e4 33.fxe4 hxg4 34.h4 Ke5 35.Kg3 Kxe4 36.Rd4+ Kf5 37.Rf4+ Ke5 38.Ra4 a6 39.h5 Rh7 40.Ra5+ b5 41.Kxg4 Rg7+ 42.Kh4 Rg2 43.h6 Kf4 44.Kh5 Rg5+ 45.Kh4 Rg4+ 46.Kh3

Aug-01-19  cormier:


click for larger view

Analysis by Houdini 4 d 23 dpa done

1. + / = (0.42): 25...Ke7 26.Rd1 b5 27.Na5 d2 28.h3 Rxg7 29.Nb3 Rg8 30.Kf1 Bf4 31.Nxd2 h5 32.gxh5 Rh8 33.Ne4 Rxh5 34.Kg2 a5 35.Rh1 Rh4 36.Re1 Rh6 37.Nc5 a4 38.Nd3 Bd6 39.Ne5 Rh7 40.Ng4 Rh8 41.a3 Kf7

2. + / = (0.51): 25...Rxg7 26.h3 Ke7 27.Rd1 Rg5 28.Rxd3 Rc5 29.Rd4 e5 30.Re4 Ke6 31.Ne3 Bxe3 32.Rxe3 Rd5 33.a4 Rd1+ 34.Kg2 Rd2 35.b3 a6 36.c4 b6 37.Kg3 Kf6 38.h4 a5 39.f3 Rd1 40.g5+ Kf5

Aug-01-19  cormier:


click for larger view

Analysis by Houdini 4 d 20 dpa done only

1. = / + (-0.38): 21...b5 22.a4 Bc5 23.Qg3 Nf7 24.Bf4 a6 25.axb5 axb5 26.Rxe6 Rxg7 27.Ne4 Re7 28.Rxe7 Bxe7 29.Qg2 Rg6 30.Ra7 Ne5 31.h3 Kb8 32.Ra1 Re6 33.Nd2 Qxg2+ 34.Kxg2 Kb7 35.Be3 Kc6 36.Ra5 Nd7 37.Ra7 Rg6

2. = (-0.14): 21...b6 22.Rd4 Bc5 23.Rxd5 Bxe3 24.Rxe5 Bxh6 25.Nxc4 Bxg7 26.Re4 b5 27.Na5 Rd5 28.Rd1 Kd7 29.Kg2 h5 30.c4 bxc4 31.Nxc4 Ke7 32.h3 hxg4 33.hxg4 Kf6 34.Rde1 Kf7 35.Rxe6 d2 36.Re7+ Kf6 37.R7e6+ Kg5 38.Rd1 Rd4 39.Nxd2 Rxg4+ 40.Kf3 Rf8+ 41.Ke2 Bxb2

Aug-02-19  tino72: @Momentum Man:

You are quite right - there would not be an "r" sound - I should have tried to find a better rhyming word than "banger" but I couldn't think of one in English! And there is no umlaut on Lange.

Aug-05-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  Diademas: <Owl: I don't think Capablanca ever lost a (Capa)Rook -Bishop vs. Rook-Knight endgame. It shows how skilled he was with the Bishop kind like Bobby Fischer>

Eh? Wasn't that exactly what happened here?

Aug-05-19
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Pointing out that Capablanca was Fischer-like is very clearly putting the cart before the horse; for much of the clarity and directness in the Brooklyn grandmaster's style was attributable to his study of Capa's games.
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