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Jacques Mieses vs Lucien Didier
Monte Carlo (1901), Monte Carlo MNC, rd 10, Feb-19
Bishop's Opening: Vienna Hybrid (C28)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: "Robbing the pin" is different than "Piling on the pin." Robbing takes advantage of the lack of defensive coverage by the pinned unit, for it dare not move -- it's pinned to remain on it's square and cannot re-capture.

19.QxNf5 is a clear example of what I call "robbing the pin." In this case, the e6-pawn is pinned, and can no longer defend the Nf5 by rule (else the Black king would be exposed to check -- an illegal move).

If 19...QxQf5 20.RxQf5 and the capturing rook is immune from re-capture by rule because the e6-pawn is pinned; it provides no defensive coverage.

Premium Chessgames Member
  KEG: Didier, on his way to one of the worst finishes in a major tournament in chess history (1/4 of a point out of a possible 13) got demolished in this game by Mises.

1. e4 e5
2. Nc3

The Vienna Game. A Mieses favorite with which he had won many spectacular victories.

2. Nf6
3. Bc4 Nc6
4. d3 Bb4

"!"--(Tournament Book)

The text is one of several normal lines for Black (4...Bc5 and 4...Na5 being the major normal alternatives). It is hard to understand why the Tournament Book awarded Didier a "!" for this standard line

5. Nge2 d5

Probably best.

6. exd5 Nxd5
7. 0-0 Be6

"!"--(Tournament Book)

Likely the best choice for Black, though 7...Nb6 is also good. Once again, it is hard to explain the decision to assign an "!" to this move.

8. a3

Though recently played by Nakamura, and though it is perhaps to second-guess Mieses in an opening in which he was a great authority, 8. NxN and 8. BxN seem better.

After the text, Black should be able to equalize with ease, the position not being:

click for larger view

To this point, Didier had very much held his own in this Vienna Game against Mr. Vienna Game (Mieses). But beginning here he began to falter.

8... NxN

As the Tournament Book correctly pointed out, 8...Ba5? would fall into a Noah's Ark trap after 9. NxN [9. BxN obviously works just as well) BxN 10. BxB QxB 11. c4 (or 11. b4) .

But the text saddles Black with a poor position. The Tournament Book says that 8...Be7 was best. That move does indeed avoid any major trouble for Black. But perhaps even better was 8...BxN (9. bxB 0-0 or 9. BxN BxB 10. NxN 0-0).

9. bxN!

Far better than 9. NxN BxB 10. axB Be6 with at best a small edge for White.

9... BxB

9...Bd6; 9...Ba5; and 9...Be7 were all better than the text, which allowed White to dominate the center and obtain excellent open lines.

10. axB Be6

click for larger view

11. f4!

click for larger view

11... Qd7

"?"--(Tournament Book)

In fact, Didier's move was definitely best. By contrast, the Tournament Book's proposed 11...exf4 would lead to an extremely difficult game for Black after 12. Nxf4 0-0 (as given by the Tournament Book) in light of 13. b5!

But even after the text, White had the better chances, especially after Mieses' response.

12. b5 Ne7
13. fxe5 Qxb5
14. Nd4 Qxe5

"?"--(Tournament Book)

The Tournament Book's 14...Qd7 was no improvement.

The position after 14...Qxe5 was:

click for larger view

Didier had emerged with an extra pawn, but Mieses' open files gave him more than adequate counterplay.

As will be seen, Mieses' one serious error in this game came in the above position. But after that, Didier--as seemed inevitable in his game--collapsed and he was run off the board without even reaching move 20.

Premium Chessgames Member
  KEG: Post II

15. NxB

Mieses' only real piece of sloppiness in this game. He would have had a significant if not winning bind on the position with 15. Ba3 or 15. Qf3 or 15. Rb1 or 15. Re1. The text set a little trap which Didier side-stepped:

15... fxN

The Tournament Book correctly points out that 15...QxB would be bad, but gives the wrong counter by White. If 15....QxB 16. Ba3 (the Tournament Book's suggested move), Black can survive with 16...0-0-0. Instead, after 15...QxB White wins with 16. Re1 exploiting the devastating pin on the e-file.

16. Qf3

click for larger view

Didier was not completely out of the woods yet, and a modicum of care was required. But Didier worried about his hanging b7 pawn, perhaps forgetting that he was a pawn up and could afford to shed a pawn so long as he took care of his Queen and his King. But Didier, thinking only of saving his b7 pawn, played:

16... c6??

click for larger view

Didier could have stayed alive with 16...Kd7 or 16...Nf5 or even 16...Qxc3. But now he was dead after Mieses found the crusher:

17. Ba3!

click for larger view

Black is busted. Didier, however, promptly made matters even worse for himself:

17... Nf5?

It is perhaps unfair to bash Didier for this lemon since even after the "better" 17...Kd8 or 17...Kd7 he would lose a bunch of pawns and still be subject to a vicious attack, e.g., 17...Kd7 18. BxN KxB 19. Rae1 Qd6 20. Qf7+ Kd8 21. Qxb7 Rc8 22. Qxg7 Re8 23. Qxa7 [a similar line would ensue after 17...Kd8.

After the text, however, Didier got annihilated after:

18. Rae1 Qf6
19. QxN

click for larger view

<fredthebear> has aptly called this a nice example of "robbing the pin."

Poor Didier!


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