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Samuel Reshevsky vs Miguel Najdorf
Reshevsky - Najdorf (1953), Buenos Aires ARG, rd 15, Jun-??
King's Indian Defense: Orthodox Variation. Positional Defense Closed Line (E95)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-16-05  Albertan: Modern Theory suggests that it is better for Black to defer the move ...Re8, so the move 8...c6 is preferred to 8...Re8.
Feb-16-05  Albertan: The move d4-d5 is rarely played on move If 9.d5 then play might continue: 9...Nc5 10.Bf1 a5 11.b3 (or 11.g3).
Feb-16-05  Albertan: Today, modern theory suggests closing the center via 10.d5 is preferred (due to the fact that Black has already moved his rook to e8),closing the center would be a good idea for White.
Feb-16-05  Albertan: GM Marovic suggests that Najdorf should have simplified the game on move 10 by playing ...exd4. This would have given him equality after 10...exd4 11.Nxd4 d5 12.cxd5 cxd5 13.exd5 Rxe1 14.Qxe1 Nb6
Feb-16-05  Albertan: On move 12 the move 12...a5 breaks the principle, "Do not advance pawns on the wing where the opponent is going to play". The idea behind Najdorf's move is to limit White's queenside play. Better was 12...Nh6 with the idea of 12...Nf7. If Najdrf had played 12...Nh6 play might have continued 13.d5 Nf7 14.b4 a5 15.b5 Nc5 16.dxc6 bxc6 17.Be3 Be6.
Feb-16-05  Albertan: If instead of 15...Qe7, Najdorf had played 15...exd4 play might have continued: 16.Nxd4 Qc7 17.a3 Nc5 18.b4 Ne6 19.Nbd1 Qe7 20.Nf3 axb4 21.axb4 Nf8. 22.Be2 Be6
Feb-16-05  Albertan: Najdorf could not play the move 16...Nf8 due to the idea of 17.Na4 ie. 17.. exd4 18.Bxd4 Ne6 19.Be3 Nc5
Feb-16-05  Albertan: 18...exd4 was played in order to prevent Reshevsky from playing 19.c5.
Feb-16-05  Albertan: Apparently Najdorf felt his a-pawn needed protection when he played the move 20...b6.

I wonder if Reshevsky considered playing the move 22.f4 at all? ie 22...Ba6 23.Bd3 Nc5 24.Nbxc5 dxc5 25.Qf2 Qc7 26.b3 Rbd8 27.Qh4 Re6 28.Nc3 Bc8

Feb-16-05  Albertan: By playing 24.h4 Reshevsky seems to intend to play g3 and then develop his bishop on the h3-c8 diagonal.
Feb-16-05  Albertan: By playing 27.g3 Reshevsky threatens to play 28.Bh3.

Instead of 31...Nde5 Najdorf could have tried 31...Bc2 ie. 32.Rd2 Bf5 33.Bg2 Kg7 34.f4 Rb8 35.Bc6 Nf8 36.Nd6 Nxd6 37.Rxd6 Ne6.

Reshevksy had to play Bg2 on move 33 in order to end the threat of 33...Nf3+.

Feb-16-05  Albertan: The move 37...Nc2 looks dubious. Why not try 37...Nc6 ie. 38.Ke4 Ne7 39.g4 Kf8 40.Nc3 Nc6 41.Nd5 Nd4 42.b4 Nc2 with counterplay? ie. 43.bxa5 bxa5 44.a4 Nd4 45.Nb7 Nc6 46.Nd6 Kg7 although it will be difficult for Black to hold this 47.f4 Nd4 48.f5 Nb3 49.Nb7 gxf5 50.Kxf5 Kf7 and White would be winning.
Feb-16-05  Albertan: If Najdorf had tried 43..Kd6 then after 44.Kc4 f5 45.b6 Kc6 46.b7 Nb8 47.Nxc5 Kb6 48.Nd7+! Kxb7 49.Nf8 he would have lost.
Feb-16-05  Jamespawn: This must be what Benko meant about kibitzers. People use computers and unlimited time to second guess a man making moves under intense pressure... a man who is in the arena and thinking for himself.
Feb-16-05  Albertan: LOL Jamespawn you just made a fool of yourself because the annotationswere found in GM Marovic's book. You are calling him a kibitzer?
Feb-16-05  Milo: Marovic is indeed a kibitzer of sorts, in this case.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: It's curious that Najdorf went into the c4, e4 versus ...c6, ...d6 pawn formation with the Knight on f7 instead of f6 and the Bg7 long since gone from the game. If ...exd4 was forced, then hasn't Reshevsky already a won game?
Feb-17-05  Albertan: An Englishman a good evening to you.
The threat of 19.c5 is pretty strong don't you think? Maybe Najdorf could have tried the move 18...Nf7 instead? ie 18...Nf7 19.d5 c5 and the position is closed.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Albertan, 19.c5 is a strong threat; 18...Nf7 might not be weaker than 18...exd4, but it presents Black with different problems. For example, White can look into 19.c5 followed by Bc4; if Black plays 19...d6-d5, then White has an eventual e4xd5 at his disposal (look at that Rook facing the Black Queen). 19.c5,dxc5; 20.dxc5 might be better, but now Black's minor pieces have little mobility, while White can manouver a b2-b4-b5 break with proper preparation. What about 18...b6? Perhaps White can sacrifice a pawn: 19.c5!?,dxc5; 20.dxc5,Nxc5 (b6-b5!?); 21.Nxc5,Qxc5; 22.Qxc5,bxc5; 23.Bc4 or 23.Rd6.

This is looking worse and worse. Maybe my hypothesis is correct--do you think Black is already busted after 18.Na4?

Feb-17-05  Albertan: Good Morning Englishman. The idea of 18...exd4 (as we both know) seemed to be an attempt to reduce the tension in the center, and simultaneously reduced White's influence over e5. Najdorf was concerned about Reshvesky's threat of d5.

If 19.c5 then after 19....exd4 20.cxd6 Nxd6 Black is so very passive in his position.

I agree with you that after 19. c5 d5 the move exd5 (ie. 20.exd5 was a distinct possiblity ie and after 20...dxe4 21.exf6 Nxf6 22.Nb6 Rb8 23.Bc4 Be6 24.Bxe6 Qxe6 ... White's pawn center has largely been dismantled.) As you suggest 19.c5 dxc5 20.dxc5 seems better, due to the immobility of the black pieces and their passivity.

Englishman after 18...b6? you line for White looks good...Hiarcs 8 suggests your idea of 19...b5 is best after which 20.Nb6 is possible ie.20...Nxb6 21.cxb6 Qb7 and the position is somewhat level. However Black is still passive. In the King's Indian Defense as you know, Black must seek counterplay quickly.

After your line of 19.c5!?,dxc5; 20.dxc5 Nxc5 the move 21.Nxb6 is also possible: after which 21...Rb8 22.Nxc8 Rexc8 might be played and Black might have problems defending his two weak isolated pawns in the endgame.

Englishman I do agree with you that your hypothesis is correct.If a program like Hiarcs 8 suggests that the best move after 18.Na4 is 18...exd4 all I see is alot of weak pawns and weak squares in the Black position. Possibly this is why in this variation after White plays 10.Rb1 today's theory suggests that the move 19...a5 is best after which these moves are most often played: 20.d5 Nc5 21.b3 Bd7 22.dxc6 Bxc6 23.Qc2 Rc8 (the position after ..Rc8 seems to give Black better prospects.

Feb-17-05  Jamespawn: Absolutely. He`s a kibitzer. Reshevsky and Najdorf were 2 of the all time greats on a par with Botvinnik at one time. Then someone with plenty of time and no pressure breaks the game down. Lay off my boys Reshevsky and Najdorf...they`re the stuff.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: 34...Nd7,

click for larger view

an ending of ♘♘+6♙s each.

In the final position,

click for larger view

which was probably the adjourned position, it seems that black's queenside pawns are too weak, and the b-pawn too strong.

Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <offramp>
After 44. Kc4 Kd6 45. b6 Kc6 <46. b7>, Black can either take a lost pawn ending with 46...Kxb7 47. Nxc5+ due to White's advanced king, or he can drop the pawn with 46...Kc7 47. Nxc5 Nf6 48. Kb5 which also looks like an easy win for White.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: At that first diagram stage, after...Nd7, if black had offered me a draw I would have taken it.
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