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Miguel Najdorf vs Rodolfo Argentino Redolfi
Mar del Plata (1959), Mar del Plata ARG, rd 3, Mar-25
Nimzo-Indian Defense: Normal Variation. Bernstein Defense (E59)  ·  1/2-1/2

ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Oct-12-10  eblunt: It helped me to look at it from the black king point of view: a3, b3 and b5 need to be covered by the white queen to get a stalemate, which quickly homes in on d3 as the stalemating square.
Oct-12-10  zb2cr: Stalemate swindle! 67. ... Qd3+ does the trick. If White takes, the Queen then covers the Black King's previous flight square at b6. And of course, If White refuses, then HE loses!
Oct-12-10  carelessfills: <eblunt: It helped me to look at it from the black king point of view: a3, b3 and b5 need to be covered by the white queen to get a stalemate, which quickly homes in on d3 as the stalemating square.>

Very good observation! It's obvious that Black's only chance for a quick guarantee of a draw is for stalemate. But his King isn't even stalemated in the original position since Kb5 is available. So how do you get rid of your Queen, get White to cover b5, and get White to continue to protect his RP all at the same time? Easy to come up with Qd3+ once you know it's a problem, but not suprising that Najdorf fell into this especially since he wasn't stalemated ahead of time.

Oct-12-10  Patriot: Black has 2 options...draw by stalemate or draw by perpetual check. Perpetual check is dangerous since white could get into a position where he blocks a check with a check, trading queens into a winning king and pawn endgame. At first I turned toward luring the white queen to b2 and since it was not immediately obvious on how to accomplish that, I looked for another square and d3 became obvious.
Oct-12-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  benveniste: Monday was a smothered mate, Tuesday a forced stalemate. Is it "Classics Week" or just "Queen Sac Week?"
Oct-12-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  chrisowen: It was cry king fargo white strip checking and shooting the pawn. Rodolfo the red knows pick 67..Qd3+ draw is at hand. San Miguel tip iceberg Qc6+ chases down freed piece. 13Nh2?! he encourages now eye for 16..Qb8 blocking Ne5. Titanic endgame knot, wolf or fairy Najdorf? In position 54 queen lies heavy if only the grass hopper!
Oct-12-10  LIFE Master AJ: It took me several minutes to get this one.

Initially - I was trying to solve it for White. (I always seem to do this.)

I also had to map the chessboard ... and then go through my steps.

Then I finally saw 67...Qd3+! (White must capture ... or drop the Queen ... which results in a stalemate.)

Oct-12-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: I was looking for a perpetual check and none was imminent;the I looked for stalemate traps and none worked until I found Qd3+,the reply blocks off b3 and b5 as escape squares and creates a stalemate.

By the way,it took me about a minute.

Oct-12-10  Jim Bartle: Nothing original from me here. First it seemed impossible that black could win, so the only hope was a draw, probably via stalemate. So the trick was to find a queen check which did the trick, and I found it in a while.
Oct-12-10  kurtrichards: 67. ... Qd3+ =
Oct-12-10  turbo231: It was quite obvious that black needed a miracle up in here. I spent some time looking for magical move to wipe out white's overwhelming advantage.

Failing that I had to go back to the drawing board. When all of a sudden it hit me up side the head I needed a life saving stalemate. I then noticed that my precious King had assumed the position and was ready to take it.

I knew I needed to check the White King and Queen simultaneously, but pray tell how? Not only check them simultaneously but when my Queen's sacrificial life was taken (God save the Queen) I needed to force them into a unwanted stalemate.

I wrongly thought that I needed for all that to happen on the B file, so I tried to maneuver the White King into a position for that to happen. It is possible that it could be done that way maybe, even if it could be done that way it would take too many moves and my name isn't Fischer. I can't think 16 moves in advance.

Remembering today is Tuesday not Saturday I knew there had to be a easier way. That's when I saw, right in front of me Qd3+. No need for the B file.

Oct-12-10  chessgolfer: It didn't take more than 10 seconds to realize that forcing a stalemate was the only answer but then things got muddled. I too got hung up on the b file strategy and took much to long to solve this. Finally, after taking a brain break Qd3+ jumped out. Not a stellar perfomance on my part i'm afraid.
Oct-12-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: 18 of Black's previous 19 moves were queen moves, and 16 of them involved checks. Najdorf should have been alerted by 55...a5 as this was a change in the move pattern. I wonder how far back Redolfi saw the stalemate possibility.

And I think that a stalemate like this, particularly after a long game, makes Black (in this case) feel like a winner and White feel like a loser, despite the 1/2 point that each player gets. The only thing worse is resigning when you have a won game as a result of overlooking a hidden resource, and having it pointed out to you afterwards. Which, to my chagrin, happened to me once.

Oct-12-10  apiana: what about 67 queen g5??? is a forced draw too, because: 67:qg5 68:k x g5 draw
68: ke4 or ke6 68:qxg6+ equal material perpetual check or queen trade with pawn capture for black
Oct-12-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sastre: There is no stalemate after 67...Qg5+ 68.Kxg5 Kb5.
Oct-12-10  sfm: < apiana: what about 67 queen g5??? is a forced draw too, because: 67:qg5 68:k x g5 draw > Only if agreed ;-)
Oct-12-10  sfm: BTW, maybe the most elegant stalemate I have seen, and for the first time.
Oct-12-10  redorc19: <sfm> i totally agree at first i didn't understand how that was stalemate, but wow!!!
Oct-12-10  Moonwalker: I didn't even bother looking for a win (is it just my defeatist attitude?) because of the advanced extra pawn. After looking at a few queen sacrifices which went nowhere I saw <67. ...d3+!> which got the job done.

Next question was how did black manage to get to this position? The answer was <67. g6??>. I wonder what white's best 67th move was...

Oct-12-10  DarthStapler: Got it easily
Oct-12-10  drnooo: my god: Naidorf, no less. Odd that such a famous name and here such a little known swindle. But he had such a great sense to Yuma I mean tense of puma uhh sense of humor, betcha he got up from the board laughing. I have heard many a stories about his jokularity. A fine fell Miguelito
Oct-13-10  muralman: I couldn't find any winning moves. The advanced white pawn and king, with the aid or a queen can dance to the end zone eventually.

So, seeing there was only one move open for my king, I looked for the square that would sucker the white queen to cover my king's escape square. Q D3 was taylor made.

White sort of fell into a blunder here.

Oct-31-10  kevins55555: 67...Qd3+!! It forces white to draw or lose. Any King moves like Kf6? Qxc3 1/2 1/2 or Kf4??, Ke4?? Ke6??, or any other. Kf6? is not bad, as White can promote his pawn!! As it is a draw, that can be played.
Nov-10-10  atropos: Interestingly, Najdorf fell victim to a more complicated stalemating combination (involving a queen and double pawn sacrifice where the queen sacrifice was not the final move of the combination) in his game, as White, against the 1983 Uruguayan chess champion Ivo Kurtic at Mar del Plata 1984.

1. ...?=


click for larger view

Solution (annotations by Franco):
1...♕f2 2.♔g5[2.♕g3? g5 ]f6!! 3.♕f6 ♕h4![4.♔h4 g5=] 1/2:1/2

Maybe Najdorf calculated the variation as far as Black's queen sacrifice, but seeing that Black could then play g5 concluded there was no stalemate, thus overlooking that after this move all of White's four legal moves leave the black king stalemated.

The source of the game fragment itself was the combinations section of Chess Informant 37.

As for Kurtic (who is apparently unknown to Chessgames.com) he died in 1986 (according to Horacio Arevalo).

Jan-23-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: <atropos> That is just fantastic!
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