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Mikhail Tal vs W R Chandler
"Tal Order" (game of the day Sep-04-2007)
Simul, 27b (1974) (exhibition), Knotty Ash, Liverpool ENG, Jan-18
Scandinavian Defense: Ilundain Variation (B01)  ·  1-0

ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 1 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-17-03  THE GENERAL: what is four roses?
Jan-17-03  ughaibu: A brand of rye whisky.
Jul-31-03  Brian Watson: After 21...Qxc4 (unpinning the knight at e6, defending the knight at c3 and threatening Qxf1#)what does white do next? 22.Rf8+ no longer works.
Jul-31-03  xu fei: <Brian Watson> 21...Qxc4 22.Qxe6+ simply removes the defender of f8 with tempo, and then either recapture allows 23.Rf8+ Rxf8 24.exf8=Q++.
Aug-01-03  Brian Watson: Right, of course, I didn't see that both defenders are gone after 21...Qxc4 22.Qxe6+
Mar-20-06  zev22407: Tal "sac" his knight' his rook and twice his queen.
Mar-20-06  Jim Bartle: Just from memory, rule #1 with black against Tal: don't let a knight get a shot at the f7 pawn, ever.
Jun-18-06  notyetagm: Position before 21 ♕e5!!:


click for larger view

Amazing how the White g5-bishop attacks the d8-square through the White e7-pawn along the h4-d8 diagonal while the Black c5-queen defends the f8-square through the White e7-pawn along the a3-f8 diagonal.

Tal was just a pure tactical genius.

Jun-18-06  notyetagm: <Jim Bartle: Just from memory, rule #1 with black against Tal: don't let a knight get a shot at the f7 pawn, ever.>

This game is the subject of an ICC lecture on the topic of ♘xf7 sacrifices.

Jun-18-06  notyetagm: <Brian Watson: Right, of course, I didn't see that both defenders are gone after 21...Qxc4 22.Qxe6+.>


click for larger view

Yes, this variation demonstrates a beautiful example of <ILLUSORY PROTECTION>, a form of <REMOVAL OF THE GUARD>.

After 21 ... ♕x♗ 22 ♕x♘+!, neither the Black c8-bishop nor the Black c4-queen which defended the Black e6-knight can perform the defensive task that this knight was performing, that of defending the f8-mating focal point.

Dr. Tarrasch referred to this as <ILLUSORY PROTECTION>: the Black c8-bishop and c4-queen protect the Black e6-knight from material loss but they cannot perform the critical defensive task of the piece that they are replacing by recapturing.

Jun-18-06  notyetagm: <xu fei: <Brian Watson> 21...Qxc4 22.Qxe6+ simply removes the defender of f8 with tempo, and then either recapture allows 23.Rf8+ Rxf8 24.exf8=Q++.>

What a beautiful variation that is: 21 ♕e5!! ♕x♗ 22 ♕x♘+! ♗x♕ 23 ♖f8+ ♖x♖ 24 exf8=♖+.

Jun-18-06  notyetagm: 21 ♕e5!! is one of the best examples of <REMOVE THE GUARD> that I have ever seen.

Attack the defender, <REMOVE THE GUARD>. Attack the defender (Black c5-queen) of the f8-mating focal point with a non-mating piece (White e2-queen) from a square not in the defensive complex (e5-square) and attack something else at the same time (undefended Black c3-knight, <DOUBLE ATTACK>).

It is very important that 21 ♕e5!! also threatens 22 ♕x♘c3, otherwise Black would just move his c5-queen to a3 or b4, keeping it in contact with the f8-mating focal point (i.e., relocate the defender to another square in the defensive complex). Doing that in this position loses the Black c3-knight to 22 ♕x♘c3!, since the Black queen cannot leavc the a3-f8 diagonal without allowing mate on f8.

21 ♕e5!! ♕a3 22 ♕xc3! ♕x♕? 23 ♖f8+ ♖xf8 24 exf8=♕#

Jun-18-06  notyetagm: <xu fei: <Brian Watson> 21...Qxc4 22.Qxe6+ simply removes the defender of f8 with tempo, and then either recapture allows 23.Rf8+ Rxf8 24.exf8=Q++.>

I really like this variation. The Black e6-knight does not defend the f8-mating focal point because it is fully <PINNED> to the Black g8-king along the a2-g8 diagonal by the White c4-bishop. The defensive power of a pinned piece is merely illusory; here the Black e6-knight only pretends to defend the f8-square because what it actually does is block the a2-g8 diagonal.

With 21 ... ♕xc4, Black breaks this <PIN> by capturing the pinning piece. Now the Black e6-knight does indeed defend the f8-square since it is no longer pinned to the Black king, i.e., it no longer must block the a2-g8 diagonal.

White needs this e6-knight -not- to defend the f8-square, so what does he do then since this knight is not pinned anymore? White plays 22 ♕x♘+!, <REMOVING THE GUARD> by illusory protection, and with check to boot. A knight defender must itself be defended by the other knight in order not to have its guard removed by capturing it. Since the Black e6-knight is defended not by another knight but by the Black d7-bishop and c4-queen, no matter how Black recaptures he will have lost a defender of the critical f8-square and mate will result.

21 ♕e5!! ♕xc4 22 ♕xe6+! ♕xe6 23 ♖f8+ ♖xf8 24 exf8=♕#

Jun-18-06  notyetagm: This game has so many <X-RAYS>.

1) White g5-bishop <X-RAYS> the d8-square through the White e7-pawn

2) Black c5-queen <X-RAYS> the f8-square through the White e7-pawn

3) White d8-rook <X-RAYS> the f8-square through the Black e8-rook

4) Black a8-rook tries to <X-RAY> the f8-square through the White d8-rook but -fails(!)- to do so because the White d8-rook is not forced to go to the f8-square.

This fourth point is critical. The White d8-rook <X-RAYS> the f8-square through the Black e8-rook because the Black e8-rook is forced to capture on f8 after 23 ♖f8+ ♖xf8, thereby extending the line of attack of the White d8-rook to f8. But the Black a8-rook does -not- <X-RAY> the f8-square through the White d8-rook because the White d8-rook never actually goes to f8 (which -would- extend the line of action of the Black a8-rook to the f8-square). The White d8-rook just stays put on the d8-square and supports the e7-pawn promoting on f8.

Jun-18-06  notyetagm: This tactical bludgeoning is what it must have been like to play Anderssen.
Sep-04-07  CapablancaFan: <notyetagm> has already analyzed this game extensively, so I won't add to much to it, but to say...wow! Sidenote: The light-squared bishop on c4 played a very critical part to Tal's whole combonation. How far ahead had he seen?
Sep-04-07  Calculon: Wouldn't 17 ... be6 enable black to put up better resistance?
Sep-04-07  Manic: Wow I'm surprised that this game has not been commented on more. This could have been a good puzzle at move 20 or, of course, move 21. I wonder how many people would see 21.Qe5!! in a real game.
Sep-04-07  notyetagm: <CapablancaFan: <notyetagm> has already analyzed this game extensively, so I won't add to much to it, but to say...wow! Sidenote: The light-squared bishop on c4 played a very critical part to Tal's whole combonation. How far ahead had he seen?>

Tal was simply a tactical =genius= with tactical skills =far= beyond those of mere mortal GMs.

Sep-04-07  notyetagm: I have not looked at this game since my extensive comments from last year.

Having just reviewed this game today, all I can say is "***damn, Tal was a tactical genius!".

Sep-04-07  notyetagm: <Manic: ... I wonder how many people would see 21.Qe5!! in a real game.>

Many of the kibitzers here would have spotted 21 ♕e5!! instantly, it is such an obvious move. :-)

Sep-04-07  MostlyAverageJoe: <notyetagm> & <Manic>

I think most would see that 21.Bxe6 wins handily, so it would not have been a good puzzle.

But indeed, Qe5 is really pleasant. I wonder whether the black really missed seeing the mate in two after QxQ, or did he play this to terminate the lost game quickly (could've refused the sac, after all).

Sep-04-07  gandu: ...and yet, wouldn't have 21 Bxe6+ even better than 21 Qe5 ?? Then 21...Kh8 (taking with the bishop leads to mate) and 22 Qh5.
Sep-04-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  BishopofBlunder: Not since the likes of Morphy has there been a player with the tactical prowess of Tal.
Sep-04-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: Incredible game!
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