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Ernst Rojahn vs Jose Raul Capablanca
Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-4 (1939), Buenos Aires ARG, rd 5, Aug-30
Italian Game: Evans Gambit (C51)  ·  1/2-1/2

ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-06-04  Procopius: Unless I'm seeing things, why can't White simply play Knight-takes-Queen check (30. Nxe7+)? There must be some mistake on the score; Capablanca didn't hang Queens so egregiously.
Dec-06-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <chessgames.com> I think the game might have gone like this:

Rojahn,E - Capablanca,J [C51]
8th olm qual. group 4 Buenos Aires ARG (5), 30.08.1939

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bb6 5.a4 a6 6.c3 Nf6 7.Qb3 0-0 8.d3 d6 9.Bg5 Qe7 10.Nbd2 a5 11.b5 Nd8 12.0-0 Ne6 13.Be3 Nc5 14.Qc2 Be6 15.h3 Ncd7 16.Rfe1 Bxe3 17.fxe3 Bxc4 18.Nxc4 c6 19.d4 Nxe4 20.Ncxe5 Ndf6 21.Nd3 cxb5 22.axb5 Rfc8 23.c4 b6 24.Rac1 Ra7 25.Qb3 Rac7 26.d5 Nc5 27.Nxc5 Rxc5 28.Nd4 Nd7 29.Nc6 Qe4 30.Rc3 Re8 31.Nd4 Re5 32.Rf1 Rg5 33.Qc2 Qxc2 34.Rxc2 Ne5 35.Nb3 Rc7 36.Rd1 Kf8 37.Nd2 Rg6 38.Rc3 Rh6 39.Rf1 Ke7 40.Rf4 Rf6 ½-½

But that is a personal opinion based on two apparently garbled game-scores.

Dec-06-04  sneaky pete: 28... Qe4 29.Nc6 Re8 30.Nd4 Qg6 31.Rc3 Re5 32.Rf1 Rg5 33.Qc2 Qxc2 34.Rxc2 Ne8 35.Nb3 Rc7 36.Rd1 Rc8 37.Nd2 Rg6 38.Rc3 Rh6 39.Rf1 Kf8 40.Rf4 Rf6 draw is the score given by Caparrós (1994 Chess Digest edition of C.'s games).
Dec-06-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <sneaky pete: 28... Qe4 29.Nc6 Re8 30.Nd4 Qg6 31.Rc3 Re5 32.Rf1 Rg5 33.Qc2 Qxc2 34.Rxc2 Ne8 35.Nb3 Rc7 36.Rd1 Rc8 37.Nd2 Rg6 38.Rc3 Rh6 39.Rf1 Kf8 40.Rf4 Rf6 draw is the score given by Caparrós (1994 Chess Digest edition of C.'s games).>

That could be right, but 33...Ne4, and 37...Rxd5 - exploiting a pin - look like mighty moves to me. Capablanca could have missed them.

Apr-09-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: According to sources from Rojahn's hometown, printed in http://www.nsku.no/docs/Nr.%2005.pdf, the game went like this:

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bb6 5.a4 a6 6.c3 Nf6 7.Qb3 O-O 8.d3 d6 9.Bg5 Qe7 10.Nbd2 a5 11.b5 Nd8 12.O-O Ne6 13.Be3 Nc5 14.Qc2 Be6 15.h3 Ncd7 16.Rfe1 Bxe3 17.fxe3 Bxc4 18.Nxc4 c6 19.d4 Nxe4 20.Ncxe5 Ndf6 21.Nd3 cxb5 22.axb5 Rfc8 23.c4 b6 24.Rac1 Ra7 25.Qb3 Rac7 26.d5 Nc5 27.Nxc5 Rxc5 28.Nd4 Qe4 29.Nc6 Re8 30.Nd4 Nd7 31.Rc3 Re5 32.Rf1 Rg5 33.Qc2 Qxc2 34.Rxc2 Ne5 35.Nb3 Rc7 36.Rd1 Kf8 37.Nd2 Rg6 38.Rc3 Rh6 39.Rf1 Ke7 40.Rf4 Rf6 1/2

Does that make sense? I have not checked.

Btw I found this picture, http://www.ara.org.ar/chs/ajedrez/p... (Rojahn to the right) from a 1939 olympiad gallery: http://www.ara.org.ar/chs/ajedrez/p....

Apr-09-12  maxi: Funny Capa accepted a draw with an effective extra passed Pawn. What's the story with this game?
Apr-09-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <maxi> The game was played in 5th and last round of qual. group 4 in the 1939 Buenos Aires olympiad. Probably this draw sufficed for Cuba to enter the A-final (which they did and where they came 11th) - Norway went to the B-final where they came 3rd.
Apr-09-12  maxi: That makes sense. Thanks, <Tabanus>.
Nov-23-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Just to confirm <Tabanus>'s suggestion, Cuba entered this match four points ahead of Norway in the race for fourth place and the final slot in the Championship section. A single draw would be sufficient to qualifyl but they barely got it losing the atch 3-1. Theere was a slight chance Cuba could have caught Israel for 3rd place, but there was no advantage to doing so and there was no need to overtax the aging Capablanca.

As for the score, I favor the version given by <Tabanus> from the Rojahn site. It matches the one given in <Chess Review>, October 1939, p. 202, which means it was contemporaneous with the event.

In our score, I find Capablanca's 35...Rc7 and 36...Rc8 kind of suspicious. He knew how to play for a draw without shilly-shallying.

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Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
Preliminary Group D: Round 5, 30.08.1939
from Capablanca - Buenos Aires Olympiad 1939 by MissScarlett
October, p. 202 [Gae 158 / 1361]
from Chess Review 1939 by Phony Benoni

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