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Josef Emil Krejcik vs Richard Reti
Vienna (1922), Vienna AUT
Queen's Gambit Declined: Marshall Defense (D06)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
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Sep-15-09  kingfu: Beware the ides of September. I think one reason for having this puzzle is to see the great Reti getting smoked for moving his queen out too early! Perhaps, 9...a4 keeps hope alive.
Sep-15-09  kingfu: Well, excuseeeeee me. I meant 9.....a5!!!! I like Monday puzzles because they match my level of obfuscation.
Sep-15-09  ZUGZWANG67: 10.b4 (10. ...Qc6 11.Ne7+) traps the Q.

Time to check (GULP!)...


Always impressive to see such a thing happening to the elite.

Sep-15-09  YouRang: I tried to trap the black knight (it's almost trapped with 10.h3), and I tried to find a tactical win with 10.Nf6+, but no luck.

So I clicked on the puzzle diagram to open the game page, and during the few seconds that it takes for the old page to go away and the new page to load, I glanced at 10.b4 and noticed that it traps the black queen!

Sep-15-09  zealouspawn: Patriot: yep, thats how it works.
Sep-15-09  benjinathan: I think I would have missed it and played Qd4 for an easy win.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Once: Interesting discussion about how to find the answer. I don't think there is a single way to find solutions. Sometimes we alight on an interesting looking move like 10. b4 and we analyse it to see what it will do.

Other times, we will mechanically work through captures, threats and checks and the answer will pop out of one of those lines. So we might find the answer by looking at ways to give check (Ne7+) or threaten the black queen (10. b4).

In other situations, we spot an interesting motif and then look to see if we can create it. In today's puzzle, there are at least two tempters - Ne7+ looks like half a fork and the exposed black queen at c5 is nearly trapped.

In part, this comes down to your own thinking style. I am a basically disorganised creative type, so I tend to look for abstract patterns first and then try to find ways to create them. So I approached this by looking for ways to embarrass the black Qc5,which my fuzzy thinking had identified as the chief black weaknesses.

Others with a more ordered thinking style might follow a set procedure for finding a solution - eg threats, captures, checks.

And those with activist/ pragmatist tendencies might dive in by analysing promising looking moves.

I don't think there is a "correct" approach. As long as it works...

Sep-15-09  estrick: My 'approach' was somewhat different from what everyone else has posted.

This time I didn't look at the players' names, or count the material. Instead, I noticed that it was only move 10, yet it seemed that a lot had already happened. Then I tried to guess what opening had been played. I thought it could have been a Center Counter Game, since the queen was out in the middle of the board, with few of Black's other pieces developed. So, my focus was immediately on giving the Dame a hard time.

What took me the longest to see was that the Queen does not have d6 available for retreat, due to the pawn on e5.

Sep-15-09  cyclon: Oh, Ricky, Ricky! You were one of my Heroes!
Sep-15-09  Sankara: Took me a couple of minutes to get this.

First, same as others, I looked at ways to attack the black king - but could not find promising moves.

Then the black Queen got my attention. Checked her escape squares and could only find c6. Tried to trap the Q with 10. Ne4 to attack her with b4 subsequently. But it did not work out - black could create new escape spaces with f.e. 10. ...Re8.

So let's try to attack instantly with 10.b4. Now, after the black Q occupying her escape square c6, I could see royal fork 11.Ne7 immediately.

Sep-15-09  DarthStapler: Got it
Sep-15-09  zanshin: Well, I got this puzzle, but it took me longer than it should have because I was looking for a direct attack on the King - shows the problems with preconceptions. Interestingly, Reti was in trouble very early in the game - not one of his best ones .. almost looks like a simul.

Move 7 for White (Rybka 3):

click for larger view

[+2.81] d=20 7.Nxd5 Bc5 8.e3 Qd8 9.b4 Be7 10.h3 Nh6 11.Bd3 c6 12.Nxe7 Qxe7 13.Qc2 Nd7 14.Bc3 a5 15.bxa5 Nc5 16.OľO Nxd3 17.Qxd3 Be6 18.Rfd1 OľO 19.Qd6 Rfe8 20.Rac1 c5 (0:10.22) 67200kN

Sep-15-09  Suji: I'd like to thank <dzechiel>, <TheaN>, <Once>, and <johnlspouge> for their wonderful analysis day in and day out.

I like reading their solutions, and I especially like their explanations behind the puzzles.

Sep-15-09  Starf1re: trapped queen, saw it within 10 seconds, usually play blitz games so might not have found it OTB though...
Sep-15-09  BOSTER: White won the black queen with royal fork.
But the real reason was the fact,that the black queen was completely surrounded by white pieces. If you can imagine this position with pawn on c6 (instead c7) white trap the queen without any royal fork playing b4! <Once> <Two main ways to spot a " nudge into knight fork >. My opinion <...first...and then> is not correct. I guees, it supposed to be simultaneously.
Maybe something like this said <TCS>, but for me this is very vague.
Sep-15-09  Old Wolf: Superbull, they like to show off, plain and simple.
Sep-15-09  OneArmedScissor: that was the easiest puzzle i have ever seen on here
Sep-15-09  WhiteRook48: 10 b4! so obvious
10...Qc6 11 Ne7+
Sep-15-09  randomsac: Too bad the black queen's one escape square allows a knight fork. Of course, that was the idea.
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: What a final position;the queen has nowhere to go. A trip to c6 will be kaput for here after Ne7+!


Premium Chessgames Member
  minasina: No one else thought 10. h3?
Sep-16-09  LIFE Master AJ: (The following are my annotations of this game.)

Josef Emil Krejcik - Richard Reti [D06]
Vienna, 1922

This is the "Chess Games" daily puzzle or "Problem of The Day" for Tuesday; September 15th, 2009.

White to play, (move # 10. '?').

1.d4 d5; 2.c4 Nf6!?;
This move is not very reliable, 2...e6 or 2...c6 was better.

Now White could play 3.cxd5, and then 4.e4, grabbing space in the center, with a gain of time as well.

3.Nc3 e5!?; (Bad judgment.)

Sometimes Reti's creativity could get the better of him, this is a completely unsound pawn sack. (This move is very bad, today it would rate AT LEAST one full question mark. As this game was probably an experiment, and it was played in 1922, I am being lenient in my "grading" here.)

It looks like Reti was trying to play/invent a new variant of the Budapest Gambit. [ See (NN vs R Vassilev, 2009, yesterday's game or Opening Explorer) for more details on that particular opening.]

[It would have been correct to play: 3...e6; here - which would transpose to a Queen's Gambit Declined.]

4.dxe5 Ng4T; (The only decent move.) 5.Nf3,
This is a good, solid move for White - Black is now forced to exert himself to try and regain his lost pawn(s) ... especially the one on e5.

[ Better was 5.Qxd5 Qxd5; 6.cxd5, " " - Fritz 11. ]

To me, this is a natural move, which threatens to degrade White's Pawn structure with BxN/c3. (I must point out that the box does not like it, White's advantage nearly doubles.)

[Fritz prefers the following continuation for Black: >/= 5...Bc5; 6.e3 Nd7; 7.cxd5 Ngxe5; "<=>" (counterplay) however White remains a solid pawn ahead. (8.Be2, '▒'). ]

6.Bd2 , White plays it safe. (I really cannot blame him.)

[RR 6.h3 d4; (with some play) - Fritz 11. ]

6...Qe7?; (Better was: 6...Bc5; or 6...d4.)
This is a standard move in the (normal!?!) Budapest Gambit. However, this is not a "normal" position of that line, the big difference is that White's Bishop is on d2 - meaning that the WN on c3 is free to move.

Of course, this was a really bad move for Black ... ... ... and the machine sees it that way as well. (The evaluations nearly TRIPLE in favor of White! The Black Queen just turned into a clay duck.)

[Black had to play something like the following line: >/= 6...d4; 7.Nb5 Bxd2+; 8.Qxd2 Nc6; 9.Rd1▒ Qe7. (White retains a big advantage, he should remain a Pawn ahead -- no matter what branch Black should choose from here.) ]

7.Nxd5 Bxd2+;
At first glance, this looks forced. (The tricky 7...Bc5 kept pieces on the board.)

8.Qxd2 Qc5!?;
This looks agressive ... for all of one ply. [But just until White plays the simple move of P/e2-e3. The Black Queen was probably a lttle safer on the d8-square. Reti - of course - knew this, but was probably motivated to play "actively" ... (only) because he was two pawns down.]

[Or if 8...Qd8; then 9.Rd1, " " and White is way ahead. (Fritz shows White with over a four point advantage here!) ]

9.e3 0-0?; (Maybe even - '??')
Normally you castle as quickly as possible, but here Reti hangs his Queen out on a line (with the laundry), where it is left to rot. (To me, it looks like Black had to play 9...a5[].)

While its easy to brand this move as a mistake for Reti, finding good moves (for Black) is a much more difficult proposition! [The various engines already show that Black's game is beyond repair here.]

10.b4, " " Black Resigns.

The BQ is lost. If 10...Qc6; then White simply plays 11.Ne7+, with a vicious Knight fork.

For more analysis and discussion of this particular chess game, please see the following CG web page: J Krejcik vs Reti, 1922. (To me, it is not completely clear if this was a tournament game, or simply a casual encounter.)


Jun-01-11  waustad: Krejcek really liked trapping overeager queens. It seems to run through most of his selected games.
Oct-12-11  Whitehat1963: Not quite Reti!
Premium Chessgames Member
  sachistu: I don't know the source of the game score given here (although I have seen it in an online database). Regardless, the score as given in Deutsche Schachblatter, 1949, p134 is significantly different. It goes 1.d4 f5 2.c4 Nf6 3.Nc3 e5 4.dxe5 Ng4 5.Nf3 Bb4 6.Bd2 Qe7 7.Nd5 Bxd2+ 8.Qxd2 Qc5 9.e3 0-0 10.b4 A similar ending to the score given here, except the d-pawn is still on d7 and the f-pawn is on f5.

Unless someone can point to a source for the score given here, I would trust the one given in DSb. I should mention DSb does not give a location, so that is still in question.

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